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Western Europe

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Subject Source: Local sources

Found in 427 Collections and/or Records:

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(Untitled), 05 Sep 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/16/16-17
Scope and Contents "Weekly Intelligence Commentary no. 55" from the War Office General Staff. Covers 29 August to 5 September 1940 and divided into sections on: 1. Germany: a) possible use of gliders; b) distribution of German divisions; 2. Italy and Italian possessions; 3. Balkan States and Turkey: a) Turkey; b) Greece; c) Yugoslavia [later Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia]; d) Hungary; e) Bulgaria; f) Romania; 4. Americas (expansion of the US army);...
Dates: 05 Sep 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 12 Sep 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/16/18-19
Scope and Contents "Weekly Intelligence Commentary no. 56" from the War Office General Staff. Covers 5 to 12 September 1940 and divided into sections on: 1. Germany a) information on invasion of the United Kingdom; b) motorization in the German Army; 2. Italy and Italian possessions; 3. Balkan States and Turkey: a) Yugoslavia [later Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia]; b) Greece; c) Rumania [Romania], Bulgaria and Hungary; 4. Aden and the Aden...
Dates: 12 Sep 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 19 Sep 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/16/20-24
Scope and Contents "Weekly Intelligence Commentary no. 57" from the War Office General Staff. Covers 12 to 19 September 1940 and divided into sections on: 1. Germany: a) invasion of the United Kingdom; b) re-organisation of the German Army; c) artificial smoke screen in invasion; d) the attack on Waalhaven, Rotterdam [Netherlands] (from a German Air Force Journal); e) mobile troops in the Battle of France (from the German press); f) distribution of German divisions; 2. Italy and Italian possessions; 3. Balkan...
Dates: 19 Sep 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 26 Sep 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/16/25-31
Scope and Contents "Weekly Intelligence Commentary no. 58" from the War Office General Staff. Covers 19 to 26 September 1940 and divided into sections on: 1. Germany: a) invasion of the United Kingdom; b) activities in South-East Europe; c) "German sentiments towards this country"; d) "Changes in the art of war" (from the German press); e) fortifications 696, 678 and 699 (from the German press), "A Report on how the Engineers broke through the Maginot Line"; f) distribution of German divisions; 2. Italy and...
Dates: 26 Sep 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/17/1
Scope and Contents

Old file cover: "Norway" and "Operation Paul" [mining of Scandinavian shipping channels to prevent ore being exported to Germany].

Dates: 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 02 May 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/17/2
Scope and Contents

Minute from WSC to "M.C.C" [Military Co-ordination Committee] and [Major-]General [Hastings] Ismay [Secretary, Committee of Imperial Defence] asking if a Commander in Chief of a North West Expeditionary Force [?Major-General Pierse Mackesy] is still required simply to deal with Bodo, Mo and Mosjeon, now that operations are limited to Narvik [all in Norway] under the command of [Admiral of the Fleet, 12th] Lord Cork [and Orrery]; initialled by WSC.

Dates: 02 May 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 28 May 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/75/102
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt, with minutes of a meeting held at 10 Downing Street at 11am on Friday 22 May between representatives of the British Government and Vyacheslav Molotov [Soviet Commissar for Foreign] and his advisers concerning the opening of a second front in Europe by Britain and the United States.

Dates: 28 May 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 01 Jun 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/75/126-127
Scope and Contents Telegram from the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt, to WSC marked "secret" regarding his discussions with Vyacheslav Molotov [Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs]: thanks WSC for the gift of his books; confirms that he has sent invitations to Field Marshal Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] and John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia]; comments on the precarious nature of the Soviet position; comments on his anxiety to proceed with "Bolero" [codename for build-up...
Dates: 01 Jun 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 05 Aug 1943

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/94A/85
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to King George VI informing him that he will be proud to convey his message to all those concerned in the organization and planning of the invasion and conquest of Sicily and thanking him on their behalf for this "gracious message" Signed.

Dates: 05 Aug 1943
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 01 Nov 1943 - 31 Dec 1943

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/104/5
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, November and December 1943. Some written by WSC when in the Middle East [and Carthage, Tunisia, and Marrakesh, Morocco].Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet]; the Chiefs of Staff; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; Sir Alexander Cadogan [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs]; Desmond Morton [Prime Minister's...
Dates: 01 Nov 1943 - 31 Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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(Untitled), 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/27/88
Scope and Contents

Proof copy of "The Twenty-Five Days" by John Masefield. [Printed, separate item in box].

Dates: 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 06 Nov 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/28/79-81
Scope and Contents

Letter from Sir Lancelot Oliphant [British Ambassador to Belgium] to Anthony Eden [Foreign Secretary, later 1st Lord Avon] reporting on his detention in Germany [2 printed copies]; annotated by WSC, with filing note.

Dates: 06 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 07 Nov 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/4A/60-65
Scope and Contents

Printed parliamentary proceedings of the debate on the loss of HMS Glorious, speakers: Richard Stokes; Austin Hopkinson; A V Alexander [First Lord of the Admiralty]; Commander Robert Bower and 6th Lord Winterton [earlier Lord Turnour].

Dates: 07 Nov 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 20 Nov 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/4A/75
Scope and Contents

Extract from official report of personal explanations made in Parliament by Commander Robert Bower on the evacuation of Narvik [Norway] and the loss of HMS Glorious.

Dates: 20 Nov 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 02 Jan 1942 - 28 Feb 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/67/1
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, January and February 1942. Some written by WSC when in the United States.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: Major-General Leslie Hollis [Military Assistant Secretary to the War Cabinet]; Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin, British Ambassador to the United States]; the Chiefs of Staff; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to...
Dates: 02 Jan 1942 - 28 Feb 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 01 Mar 1942 - 30 Mar 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/67/2
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, March 1942.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: Major-General Leslie Hollis [Military Assistant Secretary to the War Cabinet]; the Chiefs of Staff; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; the Chief Whip [James Stuart].Subjects covered by the minutes include: matters concerning the command structure, including...
Dates: 01 Mar 1942 - 30 Mar 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 01 Jun 1942 - 27 Jun 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/67/5
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, June 1942.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; the Chiefs of Staff; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet].Subjects covered by the minutes include: discussion of proposed operations against Germany in northern Norway ("Jupiter"), Spitsbergen ("Jackpot") and France...
Dates: 01 Jun 1942 - 27 Jun 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 03 Jul 1942 - 28 Aug 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/67/6
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, July and August 1942. Some written by WSC when in the Middle East.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; the Chiefs of Staff; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; Major-General Leslie Hollis [Military Assistant Secretary to the War Cabinet]; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet].Subjects covered by the...
Dates: 03 Jul 1942 - 28 Aug 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 02 Sep 1942 - 30 Sep 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/67/7
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, September 1942.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; Major-General Leslie Hollis [Military Assistant Secretary to the War Cabinet]; the Chiefs of Staff; Colonel John Bevan [Head of the London Controlling Section]; Vice-Admiral Sir Henry Moore [Vice Chief of the Naval Staff]; Air Chief Marshal Arthur Harris [Commander in Chief Bomber...
Dates: 02 Sep 1942 - 30 Sep 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 01 Nov 1942 - 30 Nov 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/67/9
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, November 1942.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: Desmond Morton [Prime Minister's Personal Assistant]; Colonel Ian Jacob [Military Assistant Secretary to the War Cabinet]; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; the Chiefs of Staff; senior civil servants, including Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War...
Dates: 01 Nov 1942 - 30 Nov 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 01 Dec 1942 - 31 Dec 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/67/10
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, December 1942.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; the Chiefs of Staff; Director of Movements [War Office, General Noel Holmes]; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; Colonel Ian Jacob [Military Assistant Secretary to the War Cabinet]; Chief Whip [James Stuart].Subjects covered by the minutes include:...
Dates: 01 Dec 1942 - 31 Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 10 Mar 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/71B/121-122
Scope and Contents Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC containing proposals for the simplification of operational Command: suggests that the United States assume all operational responsibility for the Pacific area and comments on implications for decision making; suggests that Britain assume all operational responsibility for the area extending from Singapore to India, the Indian Ocean, the Persian Gulf, the Red Sea, Libya and the Mediterranean; suggests that Britain...
Dates: 10 Mar 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 17 Apr 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/73/124-125
Scope and Contents Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] informing him of the conclusions reached with the President's envoys at the meeting last Tuesday [14 April 1942]: agrees with concentration against the main enemy [Germany] but feels that some resources must be set aside to halt the Japanese advance; discusses the President's plan for 1943 with a campaign in Europe and comments on the need for discussions with Joseph Stalin, the need to deceive the enemy about...
Dates: 17 Apr 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 03 May 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/74/105
Scope and Contents

Telegram from the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt, to WSC agreeing to acquiesce to British views regarding Soviet convoys; hopes that Britain will be able to keep convoys at a strength of thirty five ships and proposes to press the Soviet Union to reduce requirements as "Bolero" [codename for preparations for the main invasion of France] will require all possible munitions and shipping.

Dates: 03 May 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 16 Mar 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/71B/171
Scope and Contents Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Head of British Joint Staff Mission, Washington, United States] to WSC replying to comments by WSC [see CHAR 20/71B/165] on war strategy: comments on the security of Great Britain and the United States, the development of the American Pacific Fleet, the importance of the southern Soviet Union and Middle East theatres, the ineffectiveness of an air offensive against Germany from Britain and the impracticality of a land offensive in Europe; concludes...
Dates: 16 Mar 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open