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Western Europe

 Subject
Subject Source: Local sources

Found in 427 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Speeches: speech notes., 26 Jan 1949 - 26 Feb 1949

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/23A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (House of Commons) in the Palestine debate on the truce between the Jews and the Egyptians; the failure of the reconnaissance mission by the RAF; criticism of the Labour government's foreign policy and the actions of the Foreign Secretary [Ernest Bevin]; and the need to oppose communism. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7773-83.Speech notes for WSC's speech (3 February 1949, House of Commons) in the debate on the official conduct of Ministers and Public...
Dates: 26 Jan 1949 - 26 Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Speech notes., Jan 1949 - 01 Apr 1949

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/24A-E
Scope and Contents Includes speech notes for WSC's speech (31 March, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Boston [United States]) entitled "The twentieth century - its promises and its realisation" on subjects including: the teaching of engineering and science in the United Kingdom contrasted with the situation in the United States; the role of science and the use made of scientific discoveries for military purposes; Great Britain's hopes for the twentieth century; WSC's early political career and...
Dates: Jan 1949 - 01 Apr 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 01 Apr 1949 - 28 May 1949

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/25A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (United Europe Economic Conference, Church House, Westminster [London]) entitled "The three circles (foreign policy)" including: the importance of the European movement in foreign policy; the resources of Europe; the "three circles" of significance in world affairs being the British empire and commonwealth, the English-speaking world, and United Europe. Source material includes: background notes from Duncan Sandys [Chairman of the International Executive of the...
Dates: 01 Apr 1949 - 28 May 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 01 Jun 1949 - 17 Aug 1949

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/26A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (1 June, Kensington Town Hall [London]) on receiving the freedom of the Borough of Kensington including: his memories and experience of Kensington; its history and contribution during World War II and his descent from John, 1st Duke of Marlborough. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7824-5 (part).Brief manuscript notes for WSC's speech (26 June, Savoy Hotel [London]) at the 1922 Committee Luncheon.Speech notes for WSC's speech (5 July, Sikorski Institute,...
Dates: 01 Jun 1949 - 17 Aug 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Speech notes., 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/28A-B
Scope and Contents Brief manuscript notes for and transcript of WSC's speech of thanks (2 November 1949, Grosvenor House, Park Lane [London]) entitled "Riches of English Literature" on receiving the Sunday Times book prize including: the importance of the Sunday Times, of the English language and of reading; his experiences as a writer; and communications and television. Source material includes: notes from "Jo" [Sturdee, later Lady Onslow, Secretary to WSC]; correspondence from Lionel Berry [later 2nd Lord...
Dates: 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and other material., 09 Oct 1940 - 24 Dec 1940

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/145
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (9 October, [Caxton Hall, London]) on his leadership of the Conservative Party and the retirement of Neville Chamberlain. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6294-6.Notes for WSC's broadcast (21 October, BBC) to the people of France entitled "Dieu protege la France". Also includes French translation of WSC's broadcast. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6296-8.Notes for WSC's speech (9 November, Mansion House [London]) entitled "A long road to tread" on the illness of...
Dates: 09 Oct 1940 - 24 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes (some by WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty) and other material., 30 Mar 1940 - 01 Oct 1940

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/144
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's broadcast (30 March, BBC) entitled "A hideous state of alarm and menace" on the fate of the neutral nations, German atrocities, particularly in Poland, and wishing to avoid conflict with the Soviet Union. Also includes various cuttings reporting the speech. Part published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6199-201.Notes for WSC's broadcast (19 May, BBC) entitled "Arm yourselves and be ye men of valour" on the war situation in France and the formation of the coalition government,...
Dates: 30 Mar 1940 - 01 Oct 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"The artillery at Passchendaele: (From Artillery Accounts)", [1926]

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/190/2
Scope and Contents Transcript account of conditions at the [3rd Battle of Ypres, Flanders, Belgium] and the effect of wet weather and terrible mud causing great difficulties moving artillery and supplies of ammunition and locating guns; the use of tin baths to keep men dry while asleep; attacks by enemy guns on British gunners by day and by night on roads and tracks. Concludes "It was put tersely by one artillery general that if the battle was continued there would be 'no artillery for the spring offensive'"....
Dates: [1926]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"The Grand Design", 07 May 1948

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/18/23-53
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (7 May, The Hague [The Netherlands]) at the Congress of Europe entitled "The grand design" including: the progress of European integration and support from the United States for the Marshall Plan; the origins of European unity and the “Grand Design” of King Henry IV of France; the importance of “forgetting the hatreds of the past”, of mutual economic and military aid, closer political unity and maintaining progress; the speech he made at Zurich [entitled "The...
Dates: 07 May 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Fonds

The Papers of Sir Donald MacDougall

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0014/MACD
Scope and Contents

Papers relating to economic policy, including correspondence, diaries, notes, articles, speeches, a draft autobiography and photographs.

Dates: 1928 - 2002
Conditions Governing Access: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Material in this collection is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue.
 Fonds

The Papers of Sir Frank Roberts

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0014/ROBT
Scope and Contents The collection held at Churchill Archives Centre comprises Roberts' personal papers and includes: correspondence and press cuttings relating to Roberts' diplomatic career and postings to Bonn and Moscow; material relating to international organisations (NATO, the British Atlantic Committee and the Atlantic Treaty Association); annotated proofs of Roberts' book "Dealing with Dictators" (published in 1991); correspondence between Roberts and his parents; photographs; and articles and papers by...
Dates: 1901 - 1994
Conditions Governing Access: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Fonds

The Papers of Sir John Colville

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CLVL
Scope and Contents

The material held at Churchill Archives Centre mainly consists of Colville's diaries. They provide an insight into the decision-making of three Prime Ministers and the meetings held with other top officials, as well as the lives of key figures during World War II, and its aftermath.

Dates: 1939 - 1987
Conditions Governing Access: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Fonds

The Papers of Sir Michael Franklin

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0014/FKLN
Scope and Contents

The collection relates primarily to Sir Michael’s involvement with policy on Europe. It includes his diaries from 1961-4, and a memoir of his time at the Cabinet Office from 1977-81. This memoir was written by Sir Michael in retirement.

Dates: 1961 - 2012
Conditions Governing Access: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Material in this collection is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue.
 Fonds

The Papers of Sir Winston Churchill

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR, CHUR and CHAQ
Scope and Contents The papers consist of original documents accumulated by Sir Winston Churchill throughout his life (1874-1965). They have been divided into three sections: the Chartwell Papers (CHAR) and the Churchill Papers (CHUR), with some additional material (CHAQ). Together, the three sets of papers cover the following major areas: Personal (CHAR 1, CHUR 1 and CHAQ 1/1 and 2/1), 1884-1965 The papers of Churchill as a private person. They include correspondence with or about his...
Dates: The majority of files date from the 1870s to 1965.
Conditions Governing Access: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Unknown

"The Tragedy of Europe", 19 Sep 1946

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/8/145-162
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (19 September, University of Zurich [Switzerland]) entitled "The Tragedy of Europe" including: the need for a “United States of Europe” and the Council of Europe; reflection on the roles of the United Nations and the League of Nations; the need to act quickly to avoid another war and for faith on the part of the peoples of Europe; warnings about the spread of information about nuclear weapons; and the importance of Great Britain, the Commonwealth, the United...
Dates: 19 Sep 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 01 Apr 1940 - 03 May 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 19/6/4
Scope and Contents First Lord of the Admiralty's printed minutes, April and May 1940.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (sometimes annotated with additional printed information) to: the Sea Lords, particularly [3rd Sea Lord and] Controller [Rear-Admiral Bruce Fraser], 1st [Sea Lord, Admiral of the Fleet Sir Dudley Pound], and 2nd [Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Personnel, Admiral Sir Charles Little]; [Permanent] Secretary [Sir Archibald Carter]; Deputy Chief of Naval Staff [Rear-Admiral Tom Phillips]; Controller...
Dates: 01 Apr 1940 - 03 May 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 08 May 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 19/7/80
Scope and Contents

Incomplete minute [from ?F A Lindemann, later 1st Lord Cherwell, WSC's Personal Assistant] to WSC on shipping for the British Expeditionary Force to France.

Dates: 08 May 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 24 Nov 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/54C/236-238
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to Franklin Roosevelt, President of the United States, challenging the decision by the United States to withdraw Lend-Lease funding for operations Bolero [codename for preparations for the invasion of Normandy, France] and Roundup [codename for the Allied invasion of North West Europe] in favour of Torch [codename for Allied invasion of North West Africa].

Dates: 24 Nov 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 11 Apr 1942 - 04 May 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/52/30-73
Scope and Contents Secret memorandum "Operations in Western Europe" from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] via Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to Roosevelt] to WSC proposing joint policy and invasion plans for 1942; circulated to Sir James Grigg, [Secretary of State for War], Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs [Lord Cranborne, later 5th Lord Salisbury], Foreign Secretary [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon], First Lord of the Admiralty [A V Alexander], and Secretary of...
Dates: 11 Apr 1942 - 04 May 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 02 Jun 1940 - 30 Jun 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/13/3
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, June 1940.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; the Chiefs of Staff; F A Lindemann [later 1st Lord Cherwell] and Desmond Morton [Prime Minister's Personal Assistants].Subjects covered by the minutes include: the evacuation and reconstitution of the British Expeditionary Force;...
Dates: 02 Jun 1940 - 30 Jun 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 01 Aug 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/16/1-3
Scope and Contents "Weekly Intelligence Commentary no. 50" from the War Office General Staff. Covers 25 July to 1 August 1940 and divided into sections on: 1. Germany: a) information on invasion of the United Kingdom; b) possible use of gas; c) "Bundle charge" hand grenades; 2. Italy and Italian possessions; 3. The Balkan States and Turkey: a) Bulgaria; b) Romania; c) Yugoslavia [later Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia]; 4. Middle East (Egypt and Sudan):...
Dates: 01 Aug 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 08 Aug 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/16/4-5
Scope and Contents

"Weekly Intelligence Commentary no. 51" from the War Office General Staff. Covers 1 to 8 August 1940 and divided into sections on: 1. Germany (distribution of German divisions); 2. Italy and Italian possessions; 3. Balkan States and Turkey: a) Romania; b) Turkey; 4. Finland; 5. Far East.

Dates: 08 Aug 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 15 Aug 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/16/6-9
Scope and Contents "Weekly Intelligence Commentary no. 52" from the War Office General Staff. Covers 8 to 15 August 1940 and divided into sections on: 1. Germany: a) information on the invasion of the United Kingdom; b) Cap Gris Nez area [France]; c) distribution of German divisions; 2. Italy and Italian possessions; 3. Spain; 4. Balkan States and Turkey: a) Romania; b) Bulgaria; c) Greece; d) Yugoslavia [later Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia]; e)...
Dates: 15 Aug 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 22 Aug 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/16/10-13
Scope and Contents "Weekly Intelligence Commentary no. 53" from the War Office General Staff. Covers 15 to 22 August 1940 and divided into sections on: 1. Germany: a) German intentions; b) prospects of famine in Europe; c) distribution of German divisions; 2. Italy and Italian possessions; 3. Balkan States and Turkey: a) Romania; b) Greece; c) Yugoslavia [later Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia]; d) Turkey; 4. Middle East: Egypt, Palestine, Iraq [earlier...
Dates: 22 Aug 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 29 Aug 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/16/14-15
Scope and Contents

"Weekly Intelligence Commentary no. 54" from the War Office General Staff. Covers 22 to 29 August 1940 and divided into sections on: 1. Germany: a) German intentions; b) 18 mm Infantry Mortar; c) distribution of German divisions. 2. Italy and Italian possessions; 3. Balkan States: a) Romania; b) Hungary; c) Greece.

Dates: 29 Aug 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.