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Western Europe

 Subject
Subject Source: Local sources

Found in 427 Collections and/or Records:

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(Untitled), 13 Jan [1940]

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 19/2B/168
Scope and Contents

Letter from Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin, Foreign Secretary] (Foreign Office) to WSC on their different attitudes to the Narvik [Norway] project.

Dates: 13 Jan [1940]
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 16 Mar 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 19/2B/169-170
Scope and Contents

Letter and report from [5th Lord] Munster [earlier Geoffrey FitzClarence, ADC to 6th Lord Gort, earlier John Vereker, Commander-in-Chief of the British Field Force], to WSC on the German raid on Hartbusch.

Dates: 16 Mar 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 01 Apr 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 19/2B/176-178
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain on creation of an Economic Minister, refers to Sir Kingsley Wood [Secretary of State for Air], Henry Page Croft and Sam [Sir Samuel Hoare, later 1st Lord Templewood, Lord Privy Seal], and to his desire to visit Edouard Daladier [French Minister of War] to talk about the British mining operation in Norwegian waters. [manuscript copy, not in WSC's hand].

Dates: 01 Apr 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 15 Apr 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 19/2B/187
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC (Admiralty) to King George VI thanking him for his encouragement and describing plans for the Scandinavian campaign.

Dates: 15 Apr 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 11 Apr 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 19/2B/188-190
Scope and Contents

Letter from [Eric] Seal, Private Secretary to WSC, to [Arthur] Rucker [Principal], Private Secretary to Prime Minster, asking for the enclosed memorandum by WSC on military action in Scandinavia to be passed to [Neville] Chamberlain and Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin, Foreign Secretary]. [carbon with manuscript annotations by WSC; 2 pages extant, subsequent pages not in file].

Dates: 11 Apr 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 09 Apr 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 19/2B/191
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Admiral Sir Charles Forbes, Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet, asking for clarification of decisions in Norwegian waters and offering information on rapidly changing events. [copy; for draft see CHAR 19/2C/291].

Dates: 09 Apr 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 29 Apr 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 19/2B/197-199
Scope and Contents

Letter from [Rear-]Admiral Sir Bruce Fraser [Controller of the Navy] to WSC, criticising the evacuation of Central Norway and giving advice on future Scandinavian movements [annotated "First Lord saw Controller 30/4/40"]; with covering letter from "E A S" [Eric Seal, Principal Private Secretary to First Lord of the Admiralty] to [Arthur] Rucker, [Principal Private Secretary to Prime Minster Neville Chamberlain]. [annotated "recalled before it was shown to the Prime Minister"].

Dates: 29 Apr 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 29 Apr 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 19/2B/200-202
Scope and Contents

Letter from [1st] Lord Hankey [Minister without Portfolio] to WSC on Norwegian developments, which they both feel have not gone far enough, enclosing memorandum on the situation and further developments.

Dates: 29 Apr 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 21 Apr 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 19/2B/204-205
Scope and Contents

Letter from the Admiral [of the Fleet, 12th] Lord Cork [and Orrery] to WSC on the situation in Scandinavia, particularly Narvik [Norway].

Dates: 21 Apr 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 26 Apr 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 19/2C/232
Scope and Contents

Letter from Admiral [Sir Roger] Keyes to WSC pressing for action in Norway, asking for authority to lead a Royal Marine assault on Trondheim [Norway].

Dates: 26 Apr 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), Apr 1940-May 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 19/2C/233-237
Scope and Contents

Letters from [Sir Roger] Keyes to WSC and [Prime Minister] Neville Chamberlain on widespread dissatisfaction with the waging of the naval war, and the recent lack of success at Trondheim fjord and Steinkjer [Norway], mentions previous disasters in the World War I, and intrigue in the intervening years by [Admirals Sir Reginald] Bacon, [1st Lord] Jellicoe, [1st Lord] Beatty, [Sir Charles] Madden and especially [Sir Dudley] Pound [1st Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff].

Dates: Apr 1940-May 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 13 Apr 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 19/2C/289-290
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to Oliver Stanley [Secretary of State for War] suggesting sending tank units over to Flanders as part of Operation "Maurice". [carbon, with manuscript annotations by WSC].

Dates: 13 Apr 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 02 Apr 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 19/2C/291
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Admiral Sir Charles Forbes, Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet, asking for clarification of decisions in Norwegian waters and offering information on rapidly changing events. [draft, for final version see CHAR 19/2B/191].

Dates: 02 Apr 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 17 Apr 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 19/2C/293-297
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to Admiral Sir Charles Forbes, Commander-in-Chief Home Fleet, offering congratulations on recent Naval victories off the Norwegian coast; mentions HMS Rodney, Illustrious and Suffolk; [Vice-]Admiral [Cedric] Holland, [Major-]General [Pierse] Mackesy and [Admiral of the Fleet, 12th] Lord Cork [and Orrery]. [carbon, with manuscript annotations by WSC].

Dates: 17 Apr 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 24 Apr 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 19/2C/308
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain warning that present policies will cause trouble in Norway and asking about the burden of absolute responsibility for the Military Co-ordination Committee [manuscript draft; see CHAR 19/2C/301 for final version; CHAR 19/5/11 typescript draft] Original first paragraph: "Being anxious to sustain you to the best of my ability, I must warn you that you are approaching a head-on smash in Norway".

Dates: 24 Apr 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 06 Apr 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 19/2B/180-181
Scope and Contents Letter from WSC to Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain on his visit to France, and meetings with Edouard Daladier [French Minister of War], General [6th] Lord Gort [earlier John Vereker, Commander-in-Chief of the British Field Force], [General Sir John] Dill [Commander of 1st Army Corps, in France], commenting on a "foolish" interview given by [General Sir Edmund] Ironside [Chief of Imperial General Staff], and on success of [Operation] "Wilfred" [the British mining operation in Norwegian...
Dates: 06 Apr 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 19 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/193B/195-196
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to Prime Minister of the Netherlands [Professor Doctor Pieter S Gerbrandy] informing him that there is no chance of clearing Western Holland by 30 Apr [1945], commenting on the contents of his letter, and stating that he is endeavouring to have the matter put into the hands of General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme commander Allied Expeditionary Force in Western Europe, United States Army] [carbon, with manuscript addition not in hand of WSC].

Dates: 19 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 24 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/193B/198
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to Lieutenant-Colonel Steer-Webster thanking him for the excellent coloured reproduction of "Mulberry B" [codename for type of artificial harbour used on D-Day], asking him to thank Corporal Jobson who was responsible for the painting, and thanking him and his staff for the various models and the relief map of the Mulberry which they have sent to WSC's Map Room [carbon].

Dates: 24 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 10 Jan 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/196/86
Scope and Contents

Letter from Lord Corvedale [earlier Oliver Baldwin, later 2nd Lord Baldwin] (No.9 W.D.S.B., Bradbury Barracks, Hereford) to WSC regarding a first hand account of the battle of Arnhem [Netherlands] which he is sending to WSC because it is probably unique of its kind [manuscript].

Dates: 10 Jan 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 19 Jan 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/196/87
Scope and Contents

Letter from Leslie Rowan [Prime Minister's Private Secretary] to Lord Corvedale [earlier Oliver Baldwin, later 2nd Lord Baldwin] acknowledging receipt of his letter and the first hand account of the battle of Arnhem [Netherlands] which will be shown to WSC as soon as an opportunity arises [carbon].

Dates: 19 Jan 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), c 1944

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/196/88-97
Scope and Contents

Detailed first hand account of the battle of Arnhem [Netherlands] describing the experiences of a single British soldier over a two week period from his parachute drop into the Netherlands until his return to billets in Newark [Nottinghamshire] [typescript].

Dates: c 1944
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 06 Dec 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/84/91
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Premier Stalin to WSC marked "personal and secret" welcoming the idea of a meeting between the Heads of Governments but regretting that he will not be able to leave the Soviet Union and asking for a reply about the establishment of a second front in Western Europe and commenting on military operations within the Soviet Union.

Dates: 06 Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 07 Dec 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/84/92
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and most secret" reciting text of telegram of 6 Dec 1942 from Premier Stalin to WSC [see CHAR /20/84/91].

Dates: 07 Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 07 Dec 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/84/95
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] to WSC marked "personal" proposing "to go slow in selling this idea to Americans" and stating that "When we can get them to regard Round-Up [Codename for the invasion of France] as a probability next summer, the rest should be easy.".

Dates: 07 Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 11 Dec 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/84/115
Scope and Contents Telegram from WSC to Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] marked "personal and secret" asking him to privately inform General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army] that they are thinking on the same lines and commenting on future joint military operations including "Brimstone" [Codename for Allied landings in Sardinia] and "Husky" [Codename for Allied landings in Sicily] which should only be undertaken if "we...
Dates: 11 Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open