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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 34 Collections and/or Records:

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 Unknown

"Defence (Government Policy)", 15 Feb 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/40B/269-320
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (House of Commons) on subjects including: recent Government defence policy changes; the disruptive effect of the Iron and Steel Nationalization Act on rearmament; general mismanagement of defence, including demobilization, the dispersion and destruction of weapons, the extension of National Service and the wastage of defence funds; the British inability to produce atom bombs; Government opposition to the rearmament of West Germany and a European Army; the risk...
Dates: 15 Feb 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Prime Minister: correspondence between WSC and President Dwight D Eisenhower [President of the United States]., 29 Jan 1953 - 31 Mar 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 6/3A-C
Scope and Contents ff 1- 139 are copies of letters and telegrams from WSC to President Dwight D Eisenhower, 07 Feb 1953 - 31 Mar 1955.ff 140 - 214 are copies of letters from President Dwight D Eisenhower to WSC, 02 Feb1953 - 29 Mar 1955.ff 215 - 282 are copies of correspondence between WSC and President Dwight D Eisenhower, 29 Jan 1953 - 24 Mar 1955. Includes original letters from Dwight D Eisenhower, James D Moffett (2nd Secretary, United States Embassy in Britain) and Winthrop Aldrich (United States...
Dates: 29 Jan 1953 - 31 Mar 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on defence, atomic weapons and energy., Nov 1945 - Apr 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/28
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Prime Minister Clement Attlee (6); Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] on the strength of the army and RAF; [1st] Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann] (3); President Harry Truman (2); Walter Gifford, United States Ambassador to Great Britain. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from WSC's secretaries "N S" [Jo Sturdee, later Lady Onslow], "J P" [Jane Portal, later Lady Williams of Elvel], "L M M" [Lettice Marston, later Lettice Shillingford], and "C G"...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Apr 1954
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D., Dec 1948 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/81A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Harley Usill of the Naldrett Press Limited (5); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (2); George Rainbird; John Leigh-Pemberton (3); Sir Oswald Birley; Beresford Craddock; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (13); Sir Arnold Gridley [Chairman 1922 Committee]; Sir David Maxwell Fyfe [later 1st Lord Kilmuir]; R A Butler (5); Thelma Cazalet-Kier (2);...
Dates: Dec 1948 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D., Aug 1949 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/95A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 5th Lord Munster [earlier Geoffrey FitzClarence], George [Hubback], Metropolitan of India and Bishop of Calcutta (3), and Desmond Crawley (High Commission, Calcutta), on Anglo-Indians educating their children in the UK; 1st Lord Sandford [earlier Albert Edmondson, Chairman] of the Carlton Club (2); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (5); Clifford Hood, President, Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corporation; Robert...
Dates: Aug 1949 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence H-J., Nov 1949 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/98
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Samuel Hammersley on the possibility of atomic war; [Arthur] Vere Harvey [later Lord Harvey of Prestbury] on the Schuman Plan and passing on a letter on Sweden (2); Antony Head on an Austrian admirer of WSC; John Henderson (2); James Henderson-Stewart; Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip] (10); Prime Minister Clement Attlee (12); 6th Lord Winterton [earlier Edward Turnour] (2); Edward Cass [Private Secretary to the Prime Minister];...
Dates: Nov 1949 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Press cuttings and Hansards., 06 Jan 1953 - 09 Dec 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/133
Scope and Contents Hansard report of WSC's speech (11 May 1953) on foreign affairs, including Korea, Indo-China [later Vietnam], Egypt, the French military position, the European Defence Community, relations between Yugoslavia, Greece and Turkey, Israel and the new Soviet government. Also includes Philip Noel-Baker's reply. Published: Complete Speeches VIII pp 8475 - 8485.Hansard report of WSC's replies (23 March 1954) on consultation between Britain and the United States over atomic weapons.Hansard report of...
Dates: 06 Jan 1953 - 09 Dec 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence A - D., 04 Jul 1945 - 31 Dec 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/140
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Max Aitken, MP for Holborn [London]; John Addis [Junior Private Secretary to the Prime Minister]; 17th Duke of Alba (2); "Alex", Field Marshal Harold Alexander [later 1st Lord Alexander of Tunis], Supreme Allied Commander [Mediterranean], on subjects including WSC's visit to Italy (5); Leo Amery on subjects including Britain's place in Europe (3); General Wladyslaw Anders [former Commander, Polish forces in Iran and Palestine]; Frank Giles [Private Secretary to the...
Dates: 04 Jul 1945 - 31 Dec 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence Baruch - Beaverbrook., Jul 1951 - Jan 1965

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/519A-C
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: "Bernie" [Bernard Baruch] on various subjects including arrangements to meet WSC, disarmament, the Cold War and atomic weapons, NATO, requests to publish excerpts from letters from WSC, racehorses and his memoirs (36); Donald Logan, Assistant Private Secretary to Foreign Secretary, on a gift from Baruch; William Buckley of Henry Holt and Company Incorporated on Baruch's memoirs; [6th Lord] Bath [earlier Lord Weymouth] on items for his Churchill museum (4); Christofor,...
Dates: Jul 1951 - Jan 1965
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence with President Eisenhower., 04 Feb 1952 - 22 Aug 1959

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/217
Scope and Contents Correspondence between WSC and Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States, on subjects including the 4-Power Summit at Geneva, American foreign policy, particularly on the Far East, former relations between Eisenhower and WSC, the declassification of war records, the defence of Formosa [later Taiwan], a medallion for WSC's 81st birthday, Western unity, Eisenhower's health, his relations with Sir Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] and Harold Macmillan [later 1st Lord Stockton], atomic...
Dates: 04 Feb 1952 - 22 Aug 1959
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence with President Truman., 29 Jan 1946 - 01 May 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/158
Scope and Contents Letters from Harry S Truman, President of the United States, on subjects including his hopes for avoiding a third world war, seeing Sarah Oliver [earlier Sarah Churchill, later Sarah Beauchamp, later Sarah, Lady Audley] in the Philadelphia Story, his own chances for re-election, the threat of Communism and dealing with the Soviet Union (10).Other correspondents include: CSC; Henry Hopkinson [later 1st Lord Colyton, Joint Director, Conservative Research Department]; Alexander Spearman on...
Dates: 29 Jan 1946 - 01 May 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: General Election Miscellanea., Oct 1949 - Feb 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/29A-C
Scope and Contents Includes: speech notes and extracts from various speeches made by WSC during the 1950 General Election campaign on subjects including nationalisation, a statement made by [Walter] Higgs in New Zealand, food and petrol rationing, conscription and National Service, the coal and oil industries and home owning; newspaper cuttings; extracts of earlier speeches made by WSC; suggestions for speeches from various individuals including Randolph Churchill on the B B C and a party political broadcast,...
Dates: Oct 1949 - Feb 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and Hansard., 01 Feb 1954 - 30 Apr 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/53A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes and copies of Hansard for WSC's speech (1 February, House of Commons) entitled "Adoption of a New Army Rifle", on the difficult transition period between research and mass production of a new weapon, the .280 rifle, the importance of standardization of armaments among the members of NATO, the results of the Labour Government's choice of different ammunition from the rest of NATO, and the new agreement on a common ammunition, choosing a Belgian rifle over the British make, and...
Dates: 01 Feb 1954 - 30 Apr 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Feb 1950 - 28 Mar 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/33A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (7 March, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the stalemate in the new Parliament and the need for electoral reform; uncertainty until the next election; increasing food production; unemployment; cutting taxation; restoring the value of sterling; repealing the nationalization of the iron and steel industry; enlarging the building trade to solve the housing problem; the risk of Britain being split into Labour and...
Dates: 27 Feb 1950 - 28 Mar 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 04 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/36A-C
Scope and Contents Cuttings from the Journal of the Royal United Service Institution on the presentation of the Chesney Gold Medal to WSC (4 July, Royal United Service Institution), including WSC's acceptance speech entitled "Military History", on former winners of the medal, the importance of the study of military history, the progress of military science and in tribute to the career of Admiral Sir Henry Moore, Chairman of the Royal United Service Institution Council. Also includes opening speech by Admiral...
Dates: 04 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 11 Aug 1950 - 19 Sep 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/37A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes, typescript and transcript of WSC's speech (11 August, Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe, Strasbourg [France]) entitled "European Unity and a European Army" on subjects including: the need for a European Assembly to remain in close contact with European governments and parliaments; the gradual process of building up the European Parliament; guidance to be given to governments on issues such as the Schuman Plan [for the European Coal and Steel Community]; support for...
Dates: 11 Aug 1950 - 19 Sep 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 04 Nov 1950 - 14 Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/39A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (6 November, House of Commons) entitled "Housing", for the housing amendment in the debate on the address, on failed Government election pledges on housing, the contrast with the post-First World War housing programme, rent increases, the results for the building trade of limiting the housing target, the possibility of increasing the target, including increasing the production of building materials, the harm done by the overuse of economic...
Dates: 04 Nov 1950 - 14 Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 07 Feb 1951 - 21 Mar 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/40A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes, typescript and extract from Hansard for WSC's speech (7 February, House of Commons) entitled "Iron and Steel Industry" on subjects including: the disruptive timing of the Iron and Steel Nationalization Act during a time of national crisis; the Government's mandate for nationalization; the splitting up of the industry; the industry's achievements and efficiency, particularly in its use of coal; the experience of wartime iron and steel control; the disruptive effects of...
Dates: 07 Feb 1951 - 21 Mar 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/45A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and extract from Hansard for WSC's speech (6 November, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the political divisions in the country; the charge of war-mongering laid against the Conservatives, and the need for steady government; the restoration of university representation in Parliament; the repeal of the Iron and Steel Nationalization Act; future parliamentary business, including the defence debate; keeping the Minister of Education out of the...
Dates: 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 09 Oct 1954 - 08 Dec 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/56A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and transcripts for WSC's speech (9 October, Conservative Party Conference, Winter Gardens, Blackpool [Lancashire]) entitled "'Peace Through Strength'" on subjects including: the achievements of the Government, including restored national solvency, the dismantling of wartime economic controls and the work done by Conservative MPs; the corrective influence of the press on politics; the need for stable government; the 2-Party system, and common ground between Conservatives and...
Dates: 09 Oct 1954 - 08 Dec 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes, source material and Hansard., 25 Jan 1955 - 28 Mar 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/57A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (25 January, National Federation of Building Trade Employers' Dinner, Dorchester Hotel [London]) entitled "The Building Industry" on WSC's bricklayer status, the increasing part played by the Trade Unions and the influence of Union leaders, the past uncertainty of building trade employment, present stable employment conditions and long-term building demand, the increasing accord between the Unions and employers, the ending of direct controls on the industry, the...
Dates: 25 Jan 1955 - 28 Mar 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1958 - 26 Oct 1960

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/62A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (6 November 1958, Hotel Matignon, Paris [France]) entitled "A Friend of France" on receiving the Croix de la Liberation from Charles de Gaulle, President of France, on subjects including: de Gaulle's wartime status as the symbol of France and his present responsibilities and problems; the confused international situation; WSC's long friendship with France; the uncertain future and the need for Britain, France and the Western allies to stand...
Dates: 06 Nov 1958 - 26 Oct 1960
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 07 Nov 1945 - 28 Nov 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/2A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (7 November, House of Commons) entitled "The Anglo American Alliance" on the impending visit by the Prime Minister, Clement Attlee, to the United States and on subjects including foreign policy and the Soviet Union, the production of nuclear weapons and the disclosure of information about atomic weapons. Source material includes: a note from [?1st Lord Cherwell earlier Frederick Lindemann]; a letter from Sir John Anderson [later 1st Lord Waverley] and an extract...
Dates: 07 Nov 1945 - 28 Nov 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 13 Jan 1946 - 29 Apr 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/4A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's address to personnel on board the R M S Queen Elizabeth (13 January) in which he reviews the war and links between the United Kingdom and Canada.Speech notes for WSC's speech of thanks (26 February, University of Miami, United States) on receiving an honorary law degree in which he discusses education. Includes the phrase "I am surprised that in my later life I should have become so experienced in taking degrees, when, as a school boy, I was so bad at passing...
Dates: 13 Jan 1946 - 29 Apr 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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