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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 19 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Personal: Family: biographical material and information file., 1891 - 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/38A-B
Scope and Contents Includes details of WSC's filing system, broadcasts, speeches, favourite songs, agricultural patronage, books, orders and decorations, honorary degrees, fellowships, freedoms, medals, ministerial appointments, service titles, degrees offered but not yet received, parliamentary seats, paintings exhibited at the Royal Academy [London], and annual subscriptions; copies of various items by WSC including a letter to the Times under the pseudonym "Scorpio" on prayers for rain, and a lecture...
Dates: 1891 - 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Patronage: Correspondence, Arts - Bristol., Jan 1956 - Jan 1965

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/541A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents concerning honours to be given to WSC, or tributes made to him include: Sir Hamilton Kerr and Dr Barnett Stross representing the Arts and Amenities Committees of the Conservative and Labour parties on purchase tax on gramophone records; Stephen Rowland Pierce and Edward Halliday, successive Chairmen of the Arts Club; Sir William Emrys Williams, Secretary General of the Arts Council; Sir Charles Wheeler, John Aldridge, Christopher Sanders and Augustus John on behalf of the...
Dates: Jan 1956 - Jan 1965
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence H., 20 Dec 1945 - 16 Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/150A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Lord Hacking, Vice-President, the Travel Association (2); Edward [1st Lord Halifax, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin, British Ambassador to the United States] on subjects including speeches by WSC on foreign affairs and the funeral of Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser to Franklin Roosevelt, former President of the United States] (4); Sir Lionel Halsey; Sir Ian Hamilton (2); Nina, Duchess of Hamilton and Brandon; Sir Patrick Hannon; May, Lady Harcourt (2); Douglas...
Dates: 20 Dec 1945 - 16 Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Visits and invitations: Ayr [Scotland] (May 1947)., 27 Nov 1946 - 09 Aug 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/251
Scope and Contents Correspondents on WSC's visit include: Sir Charles MacAndrew on accommodation for WSC; Robert Brown, Town Clerk, Ayr, on arrangements for WSC receiving an honorary burgess-ship (14); Sir Thomas Moore [MP for Ayr Burgh] on invitations for WSC, and WSC's speech at Ayr ["Trust the People", 16 May 1947] (3); Sir Arthur Young [MP for Partick, Glasgow] (6); Lieutenant- General Sir Robert Sturges, Royal Marines Association, asking WSC to visit the Ayrshire branch of the association; James Stuart...
Dates: 27 Nov 1946 - 09 Aug 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: General Election Miscellanea., Oct 1949 - Feb 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/29A-C
Scope and Contents Includes: speech notes and extracts from various speeches made by WSC during the 1950 General Election campaign on subjects including nationalisation, a statement made by [Walter] Higgs in New Zealand, food and petrol rationing, conscription and National Service, the coal and oil industries and home owning; newspaper cuttings; extracts of earlier speeches made by WSC; suggestions for speeches from various individuals including Randolph Churchill on the B B C and a party political broadcast,...
Dates: Oct 1949 - Feb 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and Hansard., 01 Feb 1954 - 30 Apr 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/53A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes and copies of Hansard for WSC's speech (1 February, House of Commons) entitled "Adoption of a New Army Rifle", on the difficult transition period between research and mass production of a new weapon, the .280 rifle, the importance of standardization of armaments among the members of NATO, the results of the Labour Government's choice of different ammunition from the rest of NATO, and the new agreement on a common ammunition, choosing a Belgian rifle over the British make, and...
Dates: 01 Feb 1954 - 30 Apr 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 04 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/36A-C
Scope and Contents Cuttings from the Journal of the Royal United Service Institution on the presentation of the Chesney Gold Medal to WSC (4 July, Royal United Service Institution), including WSC's acceptance speech entitled "Military History", on former winners of the medal, the importance of the study of military history, the progress of military science and in tribute to the career of Admiral Sir Henry Moore, Chairman of the Royal United Service Institution Council. Also includes opening speech by Admiral...
Dates: 04 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 11 Aug 1950 - 19 Sep 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/37A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes, typescript and transcript of WSC's speech (11 August, Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe, Strasbourg [France]) entitled "European Unity and a European Army" on subjects including: the need for a European Assembly to remain in close contact with European governments and parliaments; the gradual process of building up the European Parliament; guidance to be given to governments on issues such as the Schuman Plan [for the European Coal and Steel Community]; support for...
Dates: 11 Aug 1950 - 19 Sep 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 26 Feb 1949 - 29 Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/38A-C
Scope and Contents Danish proofs for WSC's speeches (9 - 11 October, Copenhagen [Denmark]). Also includes letter from Paul Monrad, publisher of the speeches in Denmark.Speech notes for WSC's speech (10 October, Copenhagen University) entitled "Honorary Degree Conferment" (of WSC's honorary doctorate of philosophy) on Britain's debt to the ancient Danes, WSC's own perseverance after the academic failures of his youth, the privilege of university education, the balance between sciences and arts, the advantages...
Dates: 26 Feb 1949 - 29 Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 09 Oct 1954 - 08 Dec 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/56A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and transcripts for WSC's speech (9 October, Conservative Party Conference, Winter Gardens, Blackpool [Lancashire]) entitled "'Peace Through Strength'" on subjects including: the achievements of the Government, including restored national solvency, the dismantling of wartime economic controls and the work done by Conservative MPs; the corrective influence of the press on politics; the need for stable government; the 2-Party system, and common ground between Conservatives and...
Dates: 09 Oct 1954 - 08 Dec 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Lists of speeches and speech notes., 1945 - 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/1A-D
Scope and Contents Includes lists of the speeches made by WSC between 1945 and 1954 with details of the place of delivery, subjects covered and numbers of words.Speech notes for WSC's speech (20 October 1945, Woodford [Essex]) on receiving the freedom of the Borough of Wanstead and Woodford on subjects including: his long association with Essex and his disappointment at not being re-elected. Also includes an invitation card for the event.Hansard report and speech notes for WSC's speech (22 October 1945, House...
Dates: 1945 - 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 11 Jan 1956 - 28 Nov 1956

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/60A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (11 January, London), entitled "The Benjamin Franklin Medal", on the value of receiving the award because of WSC's American blood and because of Franklin's work to preserve unity between the United States and Britain, and on the task of maintaining that unity in the future. Part published: Complete Speeches VIII p 8671.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (31 March, Roquebrune, Cap Martin [France]) upon receiving honorary citizenship of Roquebrune, on...
Dates: 11 Jan 1956 - 28 Nov 1956
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1958 - 26 Oct 1960

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/62A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (6 November 1958, Hotel Matignon, Paris [France]) entitled "A Friend of France" on receiving the Croix de la Liberation from Charles de Gaulle, President of France, on subjects including: de Gaulle's wartime status as the symbol of France and his present responsibilities and problems; the confused international situation; WSC's long friendship with France; the uncertain future and the need for Britain, France and the Western allies to stand...
Dates: 06 Nov 1958 - 26 Oct 1960
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 24 Oct 1955 - 16 Dec 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/59A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (18 November, Monkhams Ward Dinner and Dance, Woodford [Essex]) on the increased Conservative majority, Conservative support for a varied, tolerant society, the current political situation, including the last Budget, the rejection of nationalization by the electorate, and Labour's lack of other policies. Published: Complete Speeches VIII pp 8662 - 3.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (24 November, Harrow [Middlesex]) on receiving the...
Dates: 24 Oct 1955 - 16 Dec 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 07 Nov 1945 - 28 Nov 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/2A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (7 November, House of Commons) entitled "The Anglo American Alliance" on the impending visit by the Prime Minister, Clement Attlee, to the United States and on subjects including foreign policy and the Soviet Union, the production of nuclear weapons and the disclosure of information about atomic weapons. Source material includes: a note from [?1st Lord Cherwell earlier Frederick Lindemann]; a letter from Sir John Anderson [later 1st Lord Waverley] and an extract...
Dates: 07 Nov 1945 - 28 Nov 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Speech notes., 04 Oct 1946 - 28 Oct 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/9A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech of thanks (4 October 1946, Blackpool [Lancashire]) on receiving the freedom of Blackpool.Speech notes and galley proofs of WSC's speech (5 October 1946, Conservative Party conference, Blackpool) entitled "Every Dog His Day" on subjects including: criticism of the Labour government; the need for a concerted opposition to Communism; foreign policy; the deterioration of relations with the Soviet Union; post war reconstruction; the electoral system; taxation;...
Dates: 04 Oct 1946 - 28 Oct 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 07 May 1948 - 28 May 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/18A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (7 May, The Hague [The Netherlands]) at the Congress of Europe entitled "The grand design" including: the progress of European integration and support from the United States for the Marshall Plan; the origins of European unity and the “Grand Design” of King Henry IV of France; the importance of “forgetting the hatreds of the past”, of mutual economic and military aid, closer political unity and maintaining progress; the speech he made at Zurich [entitled "The...
Dates: 07 May 1948 - 28 May 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 01 Apr 1949 - 28 May 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/25A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (United Europe Economic Conference, Church House, Westminster [London]) entitled "The three circles (foreign policy)" including: the importance of the European movement in foreign policy; the resources of Europe; the "three circles" of significance in world affairs being the British empire and commonwealth, the English-speaking world, and United Europe. Source material includes: background notes from Duncan Sandys [Chairman of the International Executive of the...
Dates: 01 Apr 1949 - 28 May 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Speech notes., 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/28A-B
Scope and Contents Brief manuscript notes for and transcript of WSC's speech of thanks (2 November 1949, Grosvenor House, Park Lane [London]) entitled "Riches of English Literature" on receiving the Sunday Times book prize including: the importance of the Sunday Times, of the English language and of reading; his experiences as a writer; and communications and television. Source material includes: notes from "Jo" [Sturdee, later Lady Onslow, Secretary to WSC]; correspondence from Lionel Berry [later 2nd Lord...
Dates: 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open