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Nuclear warfare

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 145 Collections and/or Records:

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 Unknown

Statement by WSC on the atomic bomb, [01-07 Aug 1945]

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/3/42-50
Scope and Contents Copy of a statement to be issued on WSC's behalf [by Clement Attlee, Prime Minister]. Includes covering note explaining that WSC had prepared the statement prior to the change in government. The statement covers issues including: scientific research in the United Kingdom on atomic fission; responsibilities of the committee under Sir George Thomson; exchange of scientific information with the United States; the key individuals including Sir John Anderson [later 1st Lord Waverley] and Lord...
Dates: [01-07 Aug 1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Talks for the BBC, 1961

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/GLAD 2/1/24
Scope and Contents

Subjects include culture and equality, Britain and the Common Market, the Congo and Soviet nuclear testing.

Dates: 1961
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Unknown

"The deterrent-nuclear warfare", 01 Mar 1955

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/57A/33-89
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (House of Commons) on subjects including: the unique division of the world into nuclear Communist and non-Communist sides; WSC's prediction of the power of nuclear energy in 1931; nuclear development in Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union; the lack of defence against the hydrogen bomb; difficulties in fair disarmament; defence through deterrents, including the ability to paralyse Soviet airfields, industrial targets and submarine bases; the power of...
Dates: 01 Mar 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

The Future of the British Nuclear Deterrent, by Ian Smart, 1978

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/GLAD 1/2/27
Scope and Contents

Includes a memorandum of comments by GJ.

Dates: 1978
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Unknown

"The International Situation", 30 Nov 1950

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/39B/275-302
Scope and Contents Speech notes WSC's speech (House of Commons) on subjects including: the continuing threat from the Soviet Union since the disbanding of the Allied armies; hopes for a settlement while the United States still has a superior atomic stockpile, and the need to keep building up Western forces; Soviet proposals for a 4-Power conference; the advance into Korea by China, and its possible use in a Sino-Soviet conspiracy as a distraction from the danger to Europe; the burden borne by the United States...
Dates: 30 Nov 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"The International Situation", 14 Dec 1950

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/39C/539-574
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (House of Commons) subjects including: the importance of keeping up relations with the United States, and the reluctance of the Prime Minister [Clement Attlee] to do so, particularly over Korea; the advantage of maintaining a fortified line in Korea; the need to censor the despatches of the United Nations war correspondents from Korea; appeasing from strength, not weakness; the lack of consultation with Britain by the United States over its atomic weapons; the...
Dates: 14 Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Fonds

The Papers of Michael Ashburner

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0014/ASHB
Scope and Contents

The papers relate to the activities of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) and Committee of 100 and other non-violent disarmament and anti-nuclear pressure groups with whom Ashburner was involved in the 1960's.

Dates: 1955 - 1977
Conditions Governing Access: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Fonds

The Papers of Rear-Admiral Sir Anthony Wass Buzzard

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0014/BZRD
Scope and Contents Buzzard's primary career was as a naval officer and a significant portion of this collection reflects this work. There are Second World War naval papers concerning HMS Glory, HMS Superb, HMS Formidable, HMS Theseus and HMS Implacable. Also included are conference papers on issues such as arms, deterrence and disarmament. But it was Buzzard's involvement with organisations such as the Institute for Strategic Studies, the Conference of Christian Approaches to Defence and Disarmament and the...
Dates: 1930 - 1972
Conditions Governing Access: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Fonds

The Papers of Sir John Cockcroft

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CKFT
Scope and Contents

Papers comprising laboratory notebooks, articles, lectures, correspondence and photographs.
Also includes records of the Kapitza Club, 1922-58 and 1966, and copy papers of the Maud Committee, 1940-1.
With offprints of papers by Ernest Rutherford, 1872-1913.

Dates: 1872 - 1985
Conditions Governing Access: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Unknown

"The Tragedy of Europe", 19 Sep 1946

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/8/145-162
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (19 September, University of Zurich [Switzerland]) entitled "The Tragedy of Europe" including: the need for a “United States of Europe” and the Council of Europe; reflection on the roles of the United Nations and the League of Nations; the need to act quickly to avoid another war and for faith on the part of the peoples of Europe; warnings about the spread of information about nuclear weapons; and the importance of Great Britain, the Commonwealth, the United...
Dates: 19 Sep 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Transcript of interview: David Summerhayes, 2003

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/DOHP 78
Scope and Contents From the Fonds:

The programme comprises transcripts of interviews with senior diplomats.

Dates: 2003
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Material in this collection is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue.
 File

Transcript of interview: John Edmonds, 2009

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/DOHP 121
Scope and Contents From the Fonds:

The programme comprises transcripts of interviews with senior diplomats.

Dates: 2009
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Material in this collection is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue.
 File

Transcript of interview: Sir Bryan Cartledge, 2007

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/DOHP 115
Scope and Contents From the Fonds:

The programme comprises transcripts of interviews with senior diplomats.

Dates: 2007
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Material in this collection is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue.
 File

Transcript of interview: Sir David Logan, 2017

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/DOHP 169
Scope and Contents From the Fonds:

The programme comprises transcripts of interviews with senior diplomats.

Dates: 2017
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Material in this collection is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue.
 File

Transcript of interview: Sir John Birch, 2004

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/DOHP 87
Scope and Contents From the Fonds:

The programme comprises transcripts of interviews with senior diplomats.

Dates: 2004
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Material in this collection is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue.
 File

Transcript of interview: Sir John Thomson, 2016 - 2017

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/DOHP 154
Scope and Contents From the Fonds:

The programme comprises transcripts of interviews with senior diplomats.

Dates: 2016 - 2017
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Material in this collection is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue.
 File

Transcript of interview: Sir Robert Wade-Gery, 2000

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/DOHP 47
Scope and Contents From the Fonds:

The programme comprises transcripts of interviews with senior diplomats.

Dates: 2000
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Material in this collection is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue.
 Unknown

(Untitled), [Oct 1945]

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/3/105
Scope and Contents Copy of a message from WSC to Prime Minister [Clement Attlee] marked "personal and secret" about the text of a draft message for [Harry Truman, President of the United States, from Attlee] in which he questions what [Attlee] wishes the Americans to do about sharing information about atomic weapons with the Soviet Union and a reference to an "Act of Faith"; discusses the importance of security in world policy and the timing of a United Nations conference; WSC's agreement with President...
Dates: [Oct 1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

(Untitled), 10 Oct 1946

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/4/48-50
Scope and Contents

Copy of a letter from WSC to Clement Attlee, Prime Minister, marked "personal and private" thanking him for his draft speech on the Roosevelt Memorial Bill; promising to write again about a publication; and discussing demobilisation figures and the possibility of war with the Soviet Union, noting that the Russians are hampered by two reasons "their virtue and self restraint. The second, the possession by the United States of the Atomic bomb."Carbon typescript signed with initials.

Dates: 10 Oct 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

(Untitled), 06 Oct 1946

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/4/61-63
Scope and Contents Copy of a letter from WSC (28, Hyde Park Gate, London) to Clement Attlee, Prime Minister, marked "private" in which he discusses subjects including: publication of their correspondence; information about Soviet forces in Europe; and the Atomic bomb and his agreement with the President [Franklin Roosevelt] that the United Kingdom is entitled to a share of information as well as to bombs. He ends by noting that he feels the public should be informed about the lack of consultation between the...
Dates: 06 Oct 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

(Untitled), 4-6 Aug 1950

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/28/45-51
Scope and Contents Copy of a covering letter from WSC to Clement Attlee, Prime Minister, marked "private" sending on two enclosures and undertaking to support the government on national defence, while reserving the right to criticise the Government on defence spending, and suggesting a recall of Parliament at the end of August.Includes enclosures: A copy of a note by WSC (dated 4 August) suggesting a plan for creating an emergency army for Western Europe, including the need for increased length of service by...
Dates: 4-6 Aug 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

(Untitled), 2-3 Dec 1950

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/28/121-124
Scope and Contents Letter from Clement Attlee, Prime Minister (10, Downing Street) to WSC marked "top secret" enclosing a note about the circumstances in which the clause in the Quebec Agreement was allowed to lapse which provided that neither the United States nor the United Kingdom would use the [atomic] bomb against third parties without the consent of the other. He explains: that the Americans were keen to get rid of the clause because Congress had not been informed about it and it went beyond the terms...
Dates: 2-3 Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

(Untitled), 24 Mar 1951

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/28/126
Scope and Contents

Letter from Harry Truman [President of the United States] (The White House, Washington) to WSC explaining that he does not wish to publish the Quebec Agreement as requested by WSC because it will lead to requests for information about the current status of collaboration between the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States and that this would jeopardise the countries and NATO Allies.Signed typescript.

Dates: 24 Mar 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

(Untitled), 12 Feb 1951

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/28/132-134
Scope and Contents

Copy of a letter from WSC to the President of the United States [Harry Truman] asking for the publication of the 1943 Quebec Agreement, arguing that the British Parliament should have access to the facts, that consent from the British government would be needed to use the US air bases in East Anglia for the atomic bomb and this would strengthen the ties between the two countries. He ends by congratulating [Truman] on events in Korea and the Eisenhower mission. Unsigned carbon typescript.

Dates: 12 Feb 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

(Untitled), 18 Jul 1955

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/217/75-78
Scope and Contents Copy of a letter from WSC to Dwight Eisenhower, President of the Unites States, apologising for delay in replying to his letters; discussing his "feeling of both relief and denudation" after resigning as Prime Minister; expressing satisfaction with the timing of his resignation and the abilities of [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon] and with the prospect that a summit meeting with the Soviet Union will take place; and commenting that he is not in favour of nuclear saturation although he...
Dates: 18 Jul 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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