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Nuclear warfare

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 145 Collections and/or Records:

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(Untitled), 18 Apr 1945 - 19 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/215/27
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon, Foreign Secretary] (Washington [United States]) marked "Personal and Top Secret" informing him of the latest plans for Field Marshal Sir Bernard Montgomery [Commander 21st Army Group] to take Lubeck [Germany]; the advance to Linz [Austria]; and for the Americans to take the region south of Stuttgart [Germany] where the main German "TA" [Tube Alloy, the atomic bomb] research is concentrated. Despatched on 19 April.

Dates: 18 Apr 1945 - 19 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 14 May 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/219/41-43
Scope and Contents Telegram from Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon, Foreign Secretary] (Washington [United States]) reporting a talk with Henry Stimson [Secretary of War, United States] on a "special subject" [the atomic bomb]; and with Stimson, General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army] and John McCloy [Assistant Secretary of War] on the withdrawal of United States forces from Europe, Marshall emphasising the limited nature of such withdrawal in the next few months; the retreat of Anglo-American...
Dates: 14 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 14 Jan 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/210/104
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "Personal and Top Secret" stating that he would like Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] to succeed Field Marshal Sir John Dill on the Combined Policy Committee on "Tube Alloys" [codename for atomic research]. Photocopy.

Dates: 14 Jan 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 14 Jan 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/210/111
Scope and Contents

Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "Personal and Top Secret" stating that he is delighted to have Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] on the Combined Policy Committee [on atomic research]. Photocopy.

Dates: 14 Jan 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 20 Aug 1943

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/129/33
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC (Quadrant [Quebec Conference, Canada]) to Sir John Anderson [later 1st Lord Waverley] (Lord President of the Council) informing him that the articles of agreement regarding Tube Alloys [the atomic bomb] has been signed by him and President Roosevelt and informing him of those who have been named as representatives on the Combined Policy Committee. Copy.

Dates: 20 Aug 1943
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 27 Aug 1943

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/129/44
Scope and Contents Telegram from WSC (Quadrant [Quebec Conference, Canada)] to Sir John Anderson [later 1st Lord Waverley] (Lord President of the Council) marked "Private and Personal" informing him of the suggested next steps for the Tube alloys project [atomic bomb research], stating that it has been proposed that British Scientists should be sent to the United States and noting why problems arose before with Sir Wallace Akers [Director of Atomic Energy Research, under Department of Industrial and Scientific...
Dates: 27 Aug 1943
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 23 Jan 1943

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/127/32
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Sir John Anderson [later 1st Lord Waverley] (Lord President of the Council) regarding tube alloys [atomic bomb research] stating that he is receiving personal assurances but that it is thought better not to send any instructions by telegraph from there.

Dates: 23 Jan 1943
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 26 May 1943

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/128/51
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC (Washington [United States]) to Sir John Anderson [later 1st Lord Waverley, Lord President of the Council] marked "Most Secret and Personal" regarding tube alloys [atomic bomb research] and commenting that his conversation with President Roosevelt was satisfactory.

Dates: 26 May 1943
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 26 May 1943

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/128/53
Scope and Contents Telegram from WSC (Trident, Washington Conference [United States]) to Sir John Anderson [later 1st Lord Waverley] (Lord President of the Council) informing him that President Roosevelt has agreed to the resumption of an exchange of information regarding Tube Alloys [atomic bomb research] and stating that this decision has been reached on the understanding that this weapon will be available for use in this war and asking him to inform Lord Cherwell [Earlier Frederick Lindemann, Prime...
Dates: 26 May 1943
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 11 Aug 1943

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/94A/95-96
Scope and Contents Letter from WSC to Mackenzie King [Prime Minister of Canada] marked "Most secret" stating: that as a result of discussions held with the Lord President of the Council in Washington it was decided that draft articles of an agreement to govern collaboration on the "Tube Alloys" [Atom Bomb Research] project should be recommended jointly to President Roosevelt and himself; that these draft articles established a Combined Policy Committee; that given the role Canada is playing in this project he...
Dates: 11 Aug 1943
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 15 Aug 1943

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/94A/100-101
Scope and Contents Letter from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "For you alone" stating: that he believes they should make a renewed final offer to U J [Marshal Stalin] to go to meet him at Fairbanks as soon as the military conference is over; that he is having a copy of the Tube Alloy Memorandum [Atom Bomb Research] made ready for their initials and that he hopes he is agreeable to Mr Howe joining them as a Canadian representative along with their two men, Field Marshal Sir John Dill and Colonel John...
Dates: 15 Aug 1943
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 19 Aug 1943

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/94A/102
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to Mackenzie King [Prime Minister of Canada] enclosing for his most secret information a copy of the signed Articles of Agreement governing collaboration between the authorities of the United States and Britain on the subject of Tube Alloys [Atom Bomb Research] and informing him that President Roosevelt has accepted his suggestion that Mr Howe joins them on the Combined Policy Committee as a representative of Canada Signature in typescript. Copy.

Dates: 19 Aug 1943
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 14 May 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/219/26
Scope and Contents Telegram from Foreign Secretary [Anthony Eden, later Lord Avon] (Washington [United States]) to WSC marked "Top Secret and Personal" stating that he needs two days in Washington: to speak to Henry Stimson [Secretary of War, United States] on a "special subject" [the atomic bomb], General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army] and Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington] on American withdrawals from Europe, Joseph Grew [Under...
Dates: 14 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
 Unknown

(Untitled), 12 Jan 1955

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 6/3A/9-12
Scope and Contents Copy of a letter from WSC to the President of the United States [President Dwight Eisenhower] marked "top secret: private and personal" in which he apologises for the delay in replying to Eisenhower; comments on the possibilities of the French delaying ratification [of the European Defence Community]; agrees that there can be no Four Power conference before ratification; discusses the increase in the Soviet Union's nuclear power; Great Britain's nuclear capability in the atomic and hydrogen...
Dates: 12 Jan 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

(Untitled), 08 Aug 1954

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 6/3A/28-29
Scope and Contents

Copy of a letter from WSC to [Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States] marked "private and secret" in which he discusses his need to do his duty; explains that he is not seeking a "dramatic exit" but feels that East-West liaison through Foreign Offices will not produce a decisive result; and explains the reasons for his belief that there should be a summit meeting between himself, [Eisenhower], and the new leaders of the Soviet Union. Unsigned typescript.

Dates: 08 Aug 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

(Untitled), 08 Jul 1954

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 6/3A/40-41
Scope and Contents Copy of a telegram from WSC to Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States, marked "top secret" in which he explains why he sent a telegram to [Vyacheslav] Molotov [Soviet Foreign Minister] without submitting it to Eisenhower; asks him to re-read recent correspondence; re-affirms his conviction that there should be a summit meeting with the Soviet Union; discusses Molotov's reply and the likelihood that the Soviet Union may welcome domestic prosperity and international contacts; and...
Dates: 08 Jul 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

(Untitled), 08 Mar 1954

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 6/3A/66-68
Scope and Contents Copy of a letter from WSC to [Dwight Eisenhower] President of the United States marked "most secret and confidential" on subjects including: agreement between the United Kingdom and the United States on key principles; the nuclear test at Eniwetok Atoll and implications for London "I am told that several million people would certainly be obliterated by four or five of the latest H bombs"; statements by Sterling Cole; the Soviet Union's nuclear capability; the responsibility conferred by the...
Dates: 08 Mar 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

(Untitled), 04 May 1953

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 6/3A/113
Scope and Contents

Copy of a telegram from WSC to Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States, with a draft of a proposed personal message from WSC to [Vyacheslav] Molotov [Soviet Foreign Minister] suggesting that he visits Moscow, because of the illness of [Anthony] Eden [later 1st Lord Avon], in order to "restore an easy and friendly basis" between the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union. Carbon typescript.

Dates: 04 May 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

(Untitled), 05 April 1953

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 6/3A/124
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States, marked "personal and private" on the improvement in the Soviet "mood" and the need for continued vigilance and defensive rearmament; explaining that the British Ambassador to the Soviet Union [Sir William Hayter] has been instructed to settle minor points with the Soviets; and the need for close co-operation. Typescript.

Dates: 05 April 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

War in Three Dimensions, 1947-02 - 1953-05

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/POLL 1/6/8
Scope and Contents Correspondence on the publication and sales of War in Three Dimensions, by Air Vice-Marshal Edgar Kingston-McCloughry [Chief Air Defence Officer, Ministry of Defence] and JEP. Correspondence is mainly with Kingston-McCloughry, but other correspondents include: William Hawthorne [George Westinghouse Professor of Mechanical Engineering] on the dangers of increasing reliance on atomic defence, particularly in the case of the Korean War (2); representatives of Jonathan Cape Limited (4),...
Dates: 1947-02 - 1953-05
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The majority of the collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Please see individual files for details.
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