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Second World War (1939-1945)

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 2717 Collections and/or Records:

 Item

(Untitled), 07 Nov 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/4A/60-65
Scope and Contents

Printed parliamentary proceedings of the debate on the loss of HMS Glorious, speakers: Richard Stokes; Austin Hopkinson; A V Alexander [First Lord of the Admiralty]; Commander Robert Bower and 6th Lord Winterton [earlier Lord Turnour].

Dates: 07 Nov 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 20 Nov 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/4A/75
Scope and Contents

Extract from official report of personal explanations made in Parliament by Commander Robert Bower on the evacuation of Narvik [Norway] and the loss of HMS Glorious.

Dates: 20 Nov 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 13 Nov 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/4B/109-110
Scope and Contents

Letters from "Jack", 4th Lord Camden, to WSC on the use of his home Bayham Abbey [Kent], by the military, the installation of a searchlight and subsequent bombing; annotated by WSC with a note to Sir James Grigg [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for War] asking him for advice on the situation. [Manuscript].

Dates: 13 Nov 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 06 Oct 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/5/56-58
Scope and Contents

Letter from [Arthur] Paul Boissier, Headmaster of Harrow School [Middlesex] to WSC describing the bombing of Harrow School when over two hundred incendiary devices fell in one night. [Manuscript].

Dates: 06 Oct 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 09 Nov 1940 - 10 Nov 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/6A/4-5
Scope and Contents

Deciphered personal message from Sir Miles Lampson [British Ambassador to Egypt and High Commissioner for the Sudan, later 1st Lord Killearn] to the Secretary of State for War [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon] suggesting air forces are already over- depleted following air losses at Gallabat [Sudan] and the action which has been planned would be crazy; also includes filing note.

Dates: 09 Nov 1940 - 10 Nov 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 12 Nov 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/6A/6
Scope and Contents

Draft telegram from Anthony Eden [Secretary of State for War, later 1st Lord Avon] to Sir Miles Lampson [British Ambassador to Egypt and High Commissioner for the Sudan, later 1st Lord Killearn] reassuring him that the planned military action following Gallabat [Sudan] is the best way of balancing conflicting demands.

Dates: 12 Nov 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 12 Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/20/69
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC [to King George VI] acknowledging that the loss of two battleships [Repulse and Prince of Wales] is "a very heavy blow", particularly to forces in the Far East, nevertheless "I am enormously relieved at the extraordinary changes of the last few days". [carbon].

Dates: 12 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 08 May 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 19/7/80
Scope and Contents

Incomplete minute [from ?F A Lindemann, later 1st Lord Cherwell, WSC's Personal Assistant] to WSC on shipping for the British Expeditionary Force to France.

Dates: 08 May 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 25 Feb 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/21B/104
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to 1st Lord Woolton [Minister of Food, earlier Frederick Marquis] on new regulations concerning rationing with a penalty of imprisonment for mixing foodstuffs such as meat and fish.

Dates: 25 Feb 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 02 Mar 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/21B/115-116
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to 1st Lord Woolton [Minister of Food, earlier Frederick Marquis] on regulation of foodstuffs; asks him to consult the Cabinet before embarking on any new schemes.

Dates: 02 Mar 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 30 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/22C/222-225
Scope and Contents Letter from WSC to Lieutenant-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] discussing many topics: an unnamed campaign which is being kept secret from the Soviet Union, the United States and domestic enquirers but which it was hoped would bring military success [? "Crusader", operation in North Africa]; hoping to acquire Bizerta [Tunisia]; regretting having to give up operation "Whipcord" [codename for a British plan for the invasion of Sicily] as "a task beyond the...
Dates: 30 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 04 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/22C/229-230
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to 4th Lord Salisbury [earlier Lord Cranborne] thanking him for his letter on the decision of the Watching Committee on the Coal situation; suggests supplies of coal will comfortably last the winter as ex-miners have been brought back from other industries.

Dates: 04 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

View from roof of Flamsteed House showing the following domes: Astrographic, 28-inch (perforated during war), Altazimuth and Thompson, 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0180/RGO 220/2/1/7/5
Scope and Contents

War-damage visible.

Dates: 1948
Conditions Governing Access: From the Management Group: Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact mss@lib.cam.ac.uk. Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).
 Item

View of 28-inch (Great Equatorial) Dome from Greenwich Park, 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0180/RGO 220/2/1/7/6
Scope and Contents

Photograph showing 1) the war damaged dome and 2) the repaired brickwork around the double doors onto balcony which was breached in December 1947 when the telescope was being removed for transportation to Herstmonceux.

Dates: 1948
Conditions Governing Access: From the Management Group: Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact mss@lib.cam.ac.uk. Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).
 File

Visit to the Middle East and Moscow, 1942-08

Reference Code: GBR/0014/BRDW I Photo 5
Scope and Contents

Photographs of WSC's visit to Cairo [Egypt] and his meetings with Stalin in Moscow [Soviet Union].

Dates: 1942-08
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Unknown

"War cabinet: Chiefs of Staff Committee: Weekly Resume (no.40) of the Naval, Military and Air Situation", 30 May- 6 Jun 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 23/5/1-14
Scope and Contents Detailed summary of the war situation including: the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk including the effect of weather conditions, numbers evacuated, naval losses and attacks by German bombers; attacks by U-boats on seaborne trade; anti-submarine operations; German trade; overview of the military and air situation covering Norway, Italy, the North Sea and coastal operations, the bombing of Great Britain, attacks on Germany by Bomber Command, French and German air...
Dates: 30 May- 6 Jun 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"War Cabinet: Chiefs of Staff Committee: Weekly Resume (no.56) of the naval, military and air situation from 12 noon September to 12 noon September 26th, 1940", 27 Sep 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 23/6/86-99
Scope and Contents Summary of events including: attempted landing at Dakar by General [Charles] de Gaulle; U boat activity in the North Atlantic and shipping losses; operations by German raiders; information about the disposition of German and Italian troops; events in Greece, Yugoslavia [later Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia], Bulgaria, the Mediterranean and the Middle East; air attacks on Germany (including Berlin) and on invasion ports in France and...
Dates: 27 Sep 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

War Cabinet Paper, 08 Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 23/4/11
Scope and Contents Printed copy of a letter from WSC to President Roosevelt setting out the prospects for 1941 covering various subjects including: shared interests between Great Britain and the United States; the importance of sea and air power against Germany; reassurance about not requesting a large expeditionary army from the United States; the crucial importance of shipping to feed people and transport munitions and armies; shipping losses; battleship strength; the dangers posed by the Vichy French...
Dates: 08 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

War Office photographs, 1943-11

Reference Code: GBR/0014/BRDW V 3/6
Scope and Contents

Album of official War Office photographs from Yugoslavia [now Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia], particularly relating to the National Council of Yugoslavia and the inauguration of the Yugoslav National Liberation Constitutional Assembly.

Dates: 1943-11
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

War Service, 1939 - 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/KLMR 6/3
Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence with the War Office.

Dates: 1939 - 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Sub-Series

War time, 1934 - 1967

Reference Code: GBR/0014/NBKR 3/226-253
Scope and Contents From the Fonds:

The papers cover every aspect of Lord Noel-Baker's very full and varied career and include constituency papers, Labour Party material, extensive sections on domestic and international affairs, peace and disarmament, sport, books and articles, speeches and correspondence.

Dates: 1934 - 1967
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: With the exception of two files which are still closed, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Sub-Series

War time, 1917 - 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/NBKR 3X/31-40
Scope and Contents From the Fonds:

The papers cover every aspect of Lord Noel-Baker's very full and varied career and include constituency papers, Labour Party material, extensive sections on domestic and international affairs, peace and disarmament, sport, books and articles, speeches and correspondence.

Dates: 1917 - 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: With the exception of two files which are still closed, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Unknown

"Wars are not won by evacuations", 04 Jun 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/140A/9-28
Scope and Contents Typescript copy of notes for WSC's speech on the fall of Belgium and surrender of King [Leopold] of Belgium; the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France]; the successes of the RAF; losses of men and weaponry; military development and the possibility of German invasion. Speech includes the phrase "We shall fight on the beaches . . . We shall never surrender".Carbon typescript copy with some manuscript annotations in ink [not by WSC] laid out in "psalm style" apart...
Dates: 04 Jun 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Wartime letters from CS to his mother, Hope Rhys, from Egypt, North Africa and Italy, 1940-08 - 1945-06

Reference Code: GBR/0014/SOAM 9/2
Scope and Contents

Also includes a photograph of CS at [?] Sandhurst.

Dates: 1940-08 - 1945-06
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Wartime regulations and notes, 1940 - 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0180/RGO 40/5
Scope and Contents

Regulations and notes covering the conduct and activities of staff at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, during the Second World War, including aspects of war duty. The entries are arranged alphabetically, and begin with an address list. There are a number of loose items. The volume is initialled H.W.N. on the cover, probably referring to H.W. Newton, who was in charge of the Observatory at this time, and who is mentioned in a note on the inside cover.

Dates: 1940 - 1946
Conditions Governing Access: From the Management Group: Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact mss@lib.cam.ac.uk. Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).