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Second World War (1939-1945)

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 2736 Collections and/or Records:

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(Untitled), 1944

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/248/94-100
Scope and Contents

Detailed report marked "Secret" on the bombardment of Cassino [Italy] on 15 March 1944 by Mediterranean Allied Air Forces, setting out the situation prior to the raid, its intention, planning, details of air and ground operations, "lessons learned", and conclusions.

Dates: 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 1946

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/249A/101-150
Scope and Contents Uncorrected page proofs of a contemporary report by the Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean, Field Marshal [Sir Henry] Wilson, to the Combined Chiefs of Staff, on the Operations in Southern France, August 1944, covering planning, landing craft, the "one-division" assault, the Italian campaign, negotiations with the French, co-ordination with General [Dwight] Eisenhower [Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force in Western Europe, United States Army], the assault landings, Toulon and...
Dates: 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), [1946]

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/249A/4-45
Scope and Contents Long galley proofs of a contemporary despatch by General Sir Henry Wilson, [then] Commander-in-Chief, the Middle East Forces, on the period 16 February 1943 to 8 January 1944, commenting on Tunisia, Cyrenaica [Libya], Sicily [Italy], mainland Italy, operations in the Aegean, the Middle East base and training, politics and internal security, garrisons and lines of command, and a new directive, with later footnotes and an appendix on the order of battle, 14 February 1943. [annotated by WSC and...
Dates: [1946]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 06 Jun 1950 - 12 Jun 1950

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/249A/46-55
Scope and Contents Supplement dated 12 June to the London Gazette of 6 June entitled "The Allied Armies in Italy from 3rd September, 1943, to 12th December, 1944" reprinting a despatch by Field Marshal [1st] Lord Alexander of Tunis, former General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, 15th Army Group, dated 19 April 1947, including sections on preliminary planning and the assault, the Winter Campaign, the capture of Rome and the advance to the Arno, and the Gothic Line battles, with a preface by the War Office,...
Dates: 06 Jun 1950 - 12 Jun 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 1946

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/249A/56-100
Scope and Contents

Uncorrected page proofs of a contemporary report by the Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean, Field Marshal [Sir Henry] Wilson, to the Combined Chiefs of Staff, on the Italian Campaign, 8 January 1944 to 10 May 1944, covering planning and preparations, landing craft, the Anzio landings, the second battle at Cassino and the counter-attack at Anzio, a review of strategy, and the winter campaign final phase. [printed by HMSO].

Dates: 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 14 May 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/219/41-43
Scope and Contents Telegram from Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon, Foreign Secretary] (Washington [United States]) reporting a talk with Henry Stimson [Secretary of War, United States] on a "special subject" [the atomic bomb]; and with Stimson, General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army] and John McCloy [Assistant Secretary of War] on the withdrawal of United States forces from Europe, Marshall emphasising the limited nature of such withdrawal in the next few months; the retreat of Anglo-American...
Dates: 14 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 12 Jul 1945 - 13 Jul 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/222/40
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Prime Minister of Canada [Mackenzie King] to WSC marked "Top Secret and Personal" reporting on information received from the Canadian Ambassador to China [Victor Odlum] concerning China's attitude to negotiations with the Soviet Union over conditions for Soviet entry into the war against Japan. [received 13 July].

Dates: 12 Jul 1945 - 13 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 14 Jul 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/222/42
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] to WSC marked "Top Secret and Personal" offering New Zealand air and sea forces for the British Commonwealth Force in the war against Japan, but stating that he is unable to definitely offer land forces until he has discussed the position with the leader of the opposition, [Sidney] Holland.

Dates: 14 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 16 Jul 1945 - 17 Jul 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/222/45
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Prime Minister of Canada [Mackenzie King] to WSC marked "Top Secret" passing on a message from the Canadian Ambassador to China [Victor Odlum] on Soviet conditions for entry into the war against Japan, and Chinese and Soviet differences over the independence of Mongolia. [Received 17 July].

Dates: 16 Jul 1945 - 17 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 20 Jul 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/222/48-49
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Prime Minister of Australia [Joseph Chifley] to WSC marked "Top Secret" emphasising the importance of Australia being allowed to participate fully in the main offensive against Japan; and outlining Australia's desired input into a British Commonwealth Command in a reorganised South West Pacific Area.

Dates: 20 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 26 Jul 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/222/52
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to President Harry Truman [Berlin, Germany] marked "Terminal" and "Personal and Top Secret" emphasising the importance of issuing a document [to the Japanese on unconditional surrender] as soon as possible, in view of a statement by Zacharias.

Dates: 26 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 26 Jul 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/222/53
Scope and Contents Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of Australia [Joseph Chifley] marked "Top Secret and Personal" acknowledging his telegram on Australian participation in the main operations against Japan; and proposing that Australia appoint representatives to meet British Force Commanders at General Douglas MacArthur's [Commander in Chief Philippines, Supreme Commander South West Pacific] HQ, and to take part in discussions in London on the reorganisation of the South West Pacific Area. [written when...
Dates: 26 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 26 Jul 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/222/55
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Prime Minister of Australia [Joseph Chifley] to WSC marked "Top Secret" informing him that he will need to make a parliamentary statement on the release of long service men and Australia's role in the South West Pacific.

Dates: 26 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 03 May 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/226/37
Scope and Contents

Telegram from the Australian Government to [Dominions Office] passing on message from Acting Prime Minister of Australia [Joseph Chifley] to WSC rejoicing at the Allied victory in the Italian campaign and asking WSC to convey Australian appreciation to [Field Marshal Sir Harold] Alexander [later 1st Lord Alexander of Tunis, Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre], his commanders and troops.

Dates: 03 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 05 May 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/227B/140-141
Scope and Contents

Telegram from [Admiral] P Voulgaris, Prime Minister of Greece, (Athens) to WSC (10 Downing Street) congratulating the armies under the command of Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander [later 1st Lord Alexander of Tunis, Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre] on behalf of the people of Greece on the Allied victory in Italy and commenting on Greece's involvement.

Dates: 05 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 05 May 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/227B/144
Scope and Contents

Telegram from [Admiral] P Voulgaris, Prime Minister of Greece, to WSC (10 Downing Street) congratulating the armies under the command of Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander [later 1st Lord Alexander of Tunis, Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre] on behalf of the people of Greece on the Allied victory in Italy and commenting on Greece's involvement. [Carbon copy].

Dates: 05 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), [May] [1945]

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/227B/226-228
Scope and Contents

Telegram from George Kyriakos, a member of the Academy of Athens [Greece], to WSC congratulating him on victory in Europe and commenting on Greece's role in the conflict against Germany and Italy. [Carbon copy].

Dates: [May] [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 15 May 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/227A/64
Scope and Contents

Message from WSC to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek [President of China] thanking him for his VE-Day message, praising China's stand against Japan, and commenting on Britain's resolve in the war in the East. [Carbon].

Dates: 15 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 15 May [1945]

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/227A/65
Scope and Contents

Draft message from WSC to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek [President of China] thanking him for his VE-Day message, praising China's stand against Japan, and commenting on Britain's resolve in the war in the East. [draft initialled by WSC].

Dates: 15 May [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 16 May 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/227A/66
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek [President of China] thanking him for his VE-Day message, praising China's stand against Japan, and commenting on Britain's resolve in the war in the East. [Carbon copy].

Dates: 16 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 08 May 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/227A/67-69
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Chiang Kai-Shek [President of China] to WSC congratulating him on the capitulation of Germany and Britain's stand in the early days of the war. [annotated by John Peck, Prime Minister's Private Secretary].

Dates: 08 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 11 May 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/227B/251
Scope and Contents

Letter from Maximilian Lobkowicz [Czechoslovakian Ambassador to Great Britain] (Czechoslovak Embassy, 8 Grosvenor Place [London]) to WSC conveying a delayed message from [Dr Eduard] Benes [President of Czechoslovakia, later Czech Republic and Slovakia] on the victory of the Allied Armies in Italy. [signed].

Dates: 11 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 09 May 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/218/60
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Lord Louis Mountbatten [Supreme Allied Commander South East Asia] congratulating him on victory at Rangoon [Burma, later Myanmar] and the end of the Burmese campaign despite the reduced strength of his forces; and informing him of the creation of the "Burma Star" decoration.

Dates: 09 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 14 May 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/219/25
Scope and Contents Telegram from WSC to Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin, British Ambassador in the United States] marked "Personal and Top Secret" stating that the British Government desires the entry of the Soviet Union into the war against Japan at the earliest moment, but not at the cost of "prejudicing a reign of freedom and justice in Central Europe or the Balkans". Carbon copy. Manuscript annotation stressing that the above is for Halifax's information only and not for communication to...
Dates: 14 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 12 May 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/219/31-32
Scope and Contents Telegram from Lieutenant General Charles Gairdner [Liaison Officer at General MacArthur's Headquarters] to WSC marked "Personal" stating that he is sending a photograph of General Douglas MacArthur [Commander in Chief Philippines, Supreme Commander South West Pacific] to WSC; giving details of operations in North Borneo [part of Malaysia]; and reporting MacArthur's views on reorganising South West Pacific Command, the recapture of Singapore, and the role of Australian forces in the assault...
Dates: 12 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.