Skip to main content

Second World War (1939-1945)

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 2736 Collections and/or Records:

 Item

(Untitled), 06 May 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/229B/196
Scope and Contents

Telegram from AMSSO to 21 Army Group, Forward, passing on a "Personal and Top Secret" message from WSC to Field Marshal [Sir Bernard] Montgomery [Commander 21st Army Group] expressing his concern at delays in the passing of armoured forces into Denmark, asserting the importance of "forestalling" Soviet attempts to gain control of any part of Denmark, and mentioning a "public telegram" of congratulations for Montgomery.

Dates: 06 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 03 May [1945]

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/229B/197
Scope and Contents

Telegram from War Office to TAC HQ 21 Army Group passing on a "Personal and Secret, also Private" message from WSC to Field Marshal [Sir Bernard] Montgomery [Commander 21st Army Group] stating his pleasure at Montgomery's advance to Lubeck [Germany] and the news that he is to receive the surrender of General Gunther Blumentritt's Army Group and mentioning sending a message of public appreciation.

Dates: 03 May [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 03 May 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/229C/266
Scope and Contents

Letter from Captain Robin Sanderson (Grenadier Guards Company, Guards' Battalion, IRTD, CMF) to WSC congratulating him on the fifth anniversary of his Premiership, wishing him well for the future, and commenting on events in Italy. [Copy; annotated by John Martin, Prime Minister's Principal Private Secretary, to indicate that Sanderson was in charge of WSC's villa at Marrakesh, Morocco].

Dates: 03 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 03 May 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/229C/267
Scope and Contents

Air letter from [Captain] Robin Sanderson (Grenadier Guards Company, Guards' Battalion, IRTD, CMF) to WSC congratulating him on the fifth anniversary of his Premiership, wishing him well for the future, and commenting on events in Italy. [signed manuscript; received 8 May].

Dates: 03 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 20 Jun 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/229C/271
Scope and Contents

Letter from [Guy] Millard [Assistant Private Secretary] (Foreign Office) to [John] Colville [Prime Minister's Private Secretary] (10 Downing Street) enclosing a copy of a telegram containing a message from the Captains Regent [Casali and Valentini] and Foreign Secretary [Giacomini] of San Marino and a draft reply, and giving background information on San Marino's role in the war in Italy. [signed].

Dates: 20 Jun 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 26 Feb 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/212/30-35
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Prime Ministers of Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa marked "Top Secret and Personal" summarising the major operational decisions reached at the Malta and Yalta [Soviet Union] Conferences: on the U-boat War; operations in North West Europe; strategy in the Mediterranean; operations in the Pacific Area and South East Asia Command; estimating dates for the end of the war against Germany and Japan; and explaining the shipping position. Photocopy.

Dates: 26 Feb 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 09 Mar 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/212/86
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force in Western Europe, United States Army] marked "personal and Top Secret" congratulating him on the great victory won by the armies under his command [achieving a bridgehead over the Rhine at Remagan, Germany]. Photocopy.

Dates: 09 Mar 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 10 Mar 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/212/92
Scope and Contents

Telegram from General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force in Western Europe, United States Army] to WSC thanking him for the warmth of his congratulations on the latest advances; and explaining how attracting sizable German formations to meet the attack launched by 21st Army Group has left the Germans vulnerable to attack elsewhere. Photocopy.

Dates: 10 Mar 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 17 Mar 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/212/136
Scope and Contents Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "Personal and Top Secret" hoping a conflict over responsibilities in Indo-China [later Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam] between Lord Louis Mountbatten [later Lord Mountbatten of Burma, Supreme Allied Commander South East Asia] and Major General Albert Wedemeyer [Commander United States Forces in the China Theatre] can be cleared up: stating that Mountbatten has a vital interest in this sphere and has received an oral understanding from Chiang Kai...
Dates: 17 Mar 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 20 Mar 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/8
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of Canada [Mackenzie King] marked "Personal and Top Secret" hoping he will agree that the British and Canadian Bomber Force accept an offer from the American Air Force of a suitable area in the valley of the Cagayan in Northern Luzon [Philippines] as a base for operations against the Japanese.

Dates: 20 Mar 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 21 Mar 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/14-15
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Marshal Stalin marked "Personal, Private and Top Secret" requesting he give his personal attention to the matter of [repatriating] British prisoners of war rescued by Soviet Armies; giving details of advances against the Germans in Western Europe; and suggesting that Hitler may try to prolong the war after all North Germany has been conquered.

Dates: 21 Mar 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 21 Mar 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/17
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Lord Louis Mountbatten [later Lord Mountbatten of Burma, Supreme Allied Commander South East Asia] congratulating him and his "gallant Army" on the recapture of Mandalay [Burma, later Myanmar]; and emphasising that progress has been made in spite of the lack of reinforcements originally intended to have come from Europe.

Dates: 21 Mar 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 22 Mar 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/28-29
Scope and Contents Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "Personal and Top Secret" proposing that all Anglo-American-Chinese military operations in Indo-China [later Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam], regardless of their nature, be coordinated by Major General Albert Wedemeyer [Commander United States Forces in the China Theatre] as Chief of Staff to Chiang Kai Shek [President of China] to prevent conflict developing between Wedemeyer and Lord Louis Mountbatten [later Lord Mountbatten of Burma, Supreme...
Dates: 22 Mar 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 23 Mar 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/40
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Commander Charles Thompson [Personal Assistant to the Minister of Defence, Straelen, Germany] to Foreign Office passing on "Personal" message from WSC to Marshal Stalin reporting that he is at Field Marshal Sir Bernard Montgomery's [Commander 21st Army Group] Headquarters; and that orders have just been given to launch the main battle to force the Rhine on a broad front centering around Wesel [Germany].

Dates: 23 Mar 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 29 Mar 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/72-73
Scope and Contents

Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "Personal and Top Secret" requesting that WSC asks his Chiefs of Staff to reconsider their withdrawal of support for a project to use pilotless bombers against large industrial targets in Germany.

Dates: 29 Mar 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 30 Mar 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/78-79
Scope and Contents

Telegram from General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force in Western Europe, United States Army] to WSC giving details of his "main thrust" to drive "eastward to join hands with [the] Russians or to attain [the] general line of the Elbe [Germany]"; outlining the main tasks of his commanders in these operations. Annotated with some corrections to the text.

Dates: 30 Mar 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 30 Mar 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/83-84
Scope and Contents Telegram from WSC to Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] asking him to pass on a message to General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army] "orally and unofficially" appealing for additional support for Lord Louis Mountbatten's [later Lord Mountbatten of Burma, Supreme Allied Commander South East Asia] forces in Burma [later Myanmar]; and congratulating him on "the magnificent fighting and conduct of the...
Dates: 30 Mar 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 31 Mar 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/91-92
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force in Western Europe, United States Army] marked "Private, Confidential, Personal and Top Secret" urging that rather than shifting "the main axis of advance" to the south they should try to advance as far eastward as possible, emphasising the political significance of capturing Berlin [Germany]; and arguing against the withdrawal of the 9th US Army from the 21st Army Group.

Dates: 31 Mar 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 01 Apr 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/101-103
Scope and Contents Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "Personal and Top Secret" expressing his full confidence in General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force in Western Europe, United States Army]; emphasising the contribution of British and Imperial forces in the northern advance on Germany; and arguing for targeting Berlin rather than an axis directed on Leipzig and Dresden [all Germany] both on strategic grounds and also in order to prevent the Soviet Union...
Dates: 01 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 01 Apr 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/104-107
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] marked "Personal and Top Secret" requesting that the enclosed message from WSC to President Roosevelt on differences between the British and United States Chiefs of Staff on tactics against Germany [CHAR 20/213A/101-103] is passed on to General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army].

Dates: 01 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 01 Apr 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/109-110
Scope and Contents

Telegram from General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force in Western Europe, United States Army] to WSC arguing that he has not changed his plan for the defeat of Germany in Western Europe; that all decisions have been taken for operational reasons; and denying that he intended relegating British forces to a peripheral role.

Dates: 01 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 02 Apr 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/112-113
Scope and Contents Telegram from WSC to General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force in Western Europe, United States Army] marked "Private, Confidential, Personal and Top Secret" explaining that the tone of his last telegram [CHAR 20/213A/91-92] was partly the result of a misprint in his copy of Eisenhower's telegram [CHAR 20/213A/78-79]; emphasising the importance of entering Berlin [Germany] for political reasons; repeating an extract from a telegram to President Roosevelt...
Dates: 02 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 02 Apr 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/114
Scope and Contents Telegram from Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] to WSC stating that General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army] has commented on WSC's telegram to President Roosevelt [on plans for the final assault on Germany] and has indicated that much depends on Soviet plans and that he is not in favour of General Dwight Eisenhower's [Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force in Western Europe, United States...
Dates: 02 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 02 Apr 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/115
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] to WSC stating that General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army] has stated that he has no desire to do anything that might detract from Lord Louis Mountbatten's [later Lord Mountbatten of Burma, Supreme Allied Commander South East Asia] ability to capture Rangoon [Burma, later Myanmar].

Dates: 02 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 03 Apr 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/121-122
Scope and Contents Telegram from Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] to WSC marked "Personal" passing on a message from General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army] to WSC stating that the United States Chiefs of Staff will leave US air resources in Burma [later Myanmar] with Lord Louis Mountbatten [later Lord Mountbatten of Burma, Supreme Allied Commander South East Asia] until the fall of Rangoon [Burma] or 1 June,...
Dates: 03 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open