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Second World War (1939-1945)

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 2736 Collections and/or Records:

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(Untitled), 07 Jan 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/210/69
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Marshal Stalin to WSC marked "Personal and Most Secret" stating that Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder [Deputy Supreme Commander under General Eisenhower] has not yet arrived in Moscow [Soviet Union]; and informing him that the Soviet Union is planning a large-scale offensive along the whole Central Front "not later than the second half of January". Photocopy.

Dates: 07 Jan 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 29 Mar 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/72-73
Scope and Contents

Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "Personal and Top Secret" requesting that WSC asks his Chiefs of Staff to reconsider their withdrawal of support for a project to use pilotless bombers against large industrial targets in Germany.

Dates: 29 Mar 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 30 Mar 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/78-79
Scope and Contents

Telegram from General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force in Western Europe, United States Army] to WSC giving details of his "main thrust" to drive "eastward to join hands with [the] Russians or to attain [the] general line of the Elbe [Germany]"; outlining the main tasks of his commanders in these operations. Annotated with some corrections to the text.

Dates: 30 Mar 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 30 Mar 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/83-84
Scope and Contents Telegram from WSC to Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] asking him to pass on a message to General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army] "orally and unofficially" appealing for additional support for Lord Louis Mountbatten's [later Lord Mountbatten of Burma, Supreme Allied Commander South East Asia] forces in Burma [later Myanmar]; and congratulating him on "the magnificent fighting and conduct of the...
Dates: 30 Mar 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 31 Mar 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/91-92
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force in Western Europe, United States Army] marked "Private, Confidential, Personal and Top Secret" urging that rather than shifting "the main axis of advance" to the south they should try to advance as far eastward as possible, emphasising the political significance of capturing Berlin [Germany]; and arguing against the withdrawal of the 9th US Army from the 21st Army Group.

Dates: 31 Mar 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 01 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/101-103
Scope and Contents Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "Personal and Top Secret" expressing his full confidence in General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force in Western Europe, United States Army]; emphasising the contribution of British and Imperial forces in the northern advance on Germany; and arguing for targeting Berlin rather than an axis directed on Leipzig and Dresden [all Germany] both on strategic grounds and also in order to prevent the Soviet Union...
Dates: 01 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 01 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/104-107
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] marked "Personal and Top Secret" requesting that the enclosed message from WSC to President Roosevelt on differences between the British and United States Chiefs of Staff on tactics against Germany [CHAR 20/213A/101-103] is passed on to General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army].

Dates: 01 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 01 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/109-110
Scope and Contents

Telegram from General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force in Western Europe, United States Army] to WSC arguing that he has not changed his plan for the defeat of Germany in Western Europe; that all decisions have been taken for operational reasons; and denying that he intended relegating British forces to a peripheral role.

Dates: 01 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 02 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/112-113
Scope and Contents Telegram from WSC to General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force in Western Europe, United States Army] marked "Private, Confidential, Personal and Top Secret" explaining that the tone of his last telegram [CHAR 20/213A/91-92] was partly the result of a misprint in his copy of Eisenhower's telegram [CHAR 20/213A/78-79]; emphasising the importance of entering Berlin [Germany] for political reasons; repeating an extract from a telegram to President Roosevelt...
Dates: 02 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 02 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/114
Scope and Contents Telegram from Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] to WSC stating that General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army] has commented on WSC's telegram to President Roosevelt [on plans for the final assault on Germany] and has indicated that much depends on Soviet plans and that he is not in favour of General Dwight Eisenhower's [Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force in Western Europe, United States...
Dates: 02 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 02 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/115
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] to WSC stating that General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army] has stated that he has no desire to do anything that might detract from Lord Louis Mountbatten's [later Lord Mountbatten of Burma, Supreme Allied Commander South East Asia] ability to capture Rangoon [Burma, later Myanmar].

Dates: 02 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 03 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/121-122
Scope and Contents Telegram from Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] to WSC marked "Personal" passing on a message from General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army] to WSC stating that the United States Chiefs of Staff will leave US air resources in Burma [later Myanmar] with Lord Louis Mountbatten [later Lord Mountbatten of Burma, Supreme Allied Commander South East Asia] until the fall of Rangoon [Burma] or 1 June,...
Dates: 03 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 04 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/213A/127-129
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Lord Louis Mountbatten [later Lord Mountbatten of Burma, Supreme Allied Commander South East Asia] marked "Personal and Top Secret" repeating his message to General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army] and Marshall's reply on securing US air support for the attack on Rangoon [Burma, later Myanmar].

Dates: 04 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 05 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/214/3-4
Scope and Contents

Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "Personal and Top Secret" seeking to explain misunderstandings which have occurred over plans for the final assault on Germany: arguing that the manner in which the Allied advance in the West is developing differs little from the plans agreed at Malta and is being determined by the level of German resistance.

Dates: 05 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 05 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/214/5-8
Scope and Contents

Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "Personal and Top Secret" repeating a message from Marshal Stalin to Roosevelt alleging that Britain and the United States have negotiated an agreement with the Germans permitting them to advance to the East without opposition; and his reply denying any such agreement.

Dates: 05 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 05 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/214/10-12
Scope and Contents Telegram from WSC to Marshal Stalin marked "Personal" denying that anything has resulted from contacts between members of Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander's [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre] staff and General Karl Wolff [Military Governor and Head of the SS in Northern Italy]; asserting that the Soviet Union has been fully informed of these developments; that such German contact might be an attempt to create mistrust between the Allies;...
Dates: 05 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 05 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/214/14-15
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "Personal and Top Secret" stating his surprise at Marshal Stalin's message to Roosevelt [see CHAR 20/214/5-8]; suggesting that the Soviet leaders are disconcerted by the speed of the Allied advance in the West; emphasising the importance of meeting the Soviet armies "as far to the East as possible" and of taking a "firm and blunt stand" on the matter.

Dates: 05 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 05 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/214/16-18
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "Personal and Top Secret" repeating the text of his "Personal and Top Secret" message to Marshal Stalin [CHAR 20/214/10-12].

Dates: 05 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 06 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/214/23
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Lord Louis Mountbatten [later Lord Mountbatten of Burma, Supreme Allied Commander South East Asia] to WSC marked "Personal" informing him of developments with the 14th Army in Burma [later Myanmar]; suggesting that Dracula [Allied attack on the Rangoon area, Burma] is instituted again; and commenting on future needs for US transport aircraft.

Dates: 06 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 07 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/214/33-37
Scope and Contents Telegram from Marshal Stalin to WSC marked "Secret and Personal" asserting that neither Vyacheslav Molotov [Soviet Union Foreign Minister] or he had any intention of defaming anyone in their communications over the negotiations [between representatives of the British and American Armies and the German Army] in Switzerland; emphasising the importance of being able to communicate "frankly" without being considered "offensive"; enclosing a copy of a "Personal and Secret" message from him to...
Dates: 07 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 11 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/214/62-63
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "Personal and Top Secret" repeating the text of a telegram he proposes to send to Lord Louis Mountbatten [later Lord Mountbatten of Burma, Supreme Allied Commander South East Asia] on co-ordinating operations in Indo-China with Major General Albert Wedemeyer [Commander United States Forces in the China Theatre]; and arguing that they should fully support French forces fighting the Japanese in Indo-China [later Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam].

Dates: 11 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), May 1947

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/249B/153-190
Scope and Contents Photostat copy of a "Revised draft" of a "Secret" despatch by [former] Supreme Allied Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Theatre, General [Sir Henry] Wilson, on Anglo-American support for the partisans in Yugoslavia [later Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia], 8 January 1944 to 12 December 1944, covering plans and development, the formation of the Balkan Air Force, the unification of Yugoslav commands and control of operations, progress...
Dates: May 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), c 1947

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/249B/192-238
Scope and Contents

Photostat copy of a "Revised draft" of a "Secret" despatch by [former] Supreme Allied Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Theatre, General [Sir Henry] Wilson, on the Greek Campaign, 8 January 1944 to 12 December 1944, covering background, Greek politics, plans, the German evacuation, the landings, and the Civil War.

Dates: c 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), c 1946

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/249B/239-267
Scope and Contents Page proofs [for a supplement to the London Gazette] entitled "The part played by the Allied Air Forces in the final defeat of the enemy in the Mediterranean theatre, March to May, 1945" reprinting a despatch by Air Chief Marshal Sir Guy Garrod, former Commander-in-Chief, Royal Air Force, Mediterranean and Middle East, and Deputy Air Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Allied Air Forces, dated August 1946, including sections on conditions in the Mediterranean theatre on 16 March, 1945, the...
Dates: c 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), [1948]

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/250A/3-48
Scope and Contents Long galley proofs of a contemporary despatch by Air Chief Marshal Sir Robert Brooke-Popham [former Commander-in-Chief, Far East] covering the period 17 October 1940 to 27 December 1941, with sections on: the formation, problems, and work of General Headquarters, Far East; factors affecting the defence of Malaya and Borneo [later Malaysia], Burma [later Myanmar], and Hong Kong; neighbouring countries; the development of the British Air Forces in the Far East; army strength and requirements...
Dates: [1948]
Conditions Governing Access: Open