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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 44 Collections and/or Records:

  • 1
  • 2
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence from the general public abroad, mainly from the United States, on the Munich Crisis, Germany, Czechoslovakia, and other aspects of the international situation; mostly supporting WSC's stance, praising his speeches and broadcasts., 14 Sep 1938 - 18 Oct 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/608A-C
Scope and Contents

Correspondents include: James Witherow (4); James Harvey criticising the "monied interests" running Britain (3); Oswald Veblen; [Herbert] Swope; Frederic Wile.Also includes: reprints and cuttings from papers, mainly US, including an article by Drew Pearson and Robert Allen; papers entitled "The Fallacies of Fascism" by Aurel Kolnai and "There's Always the Aftermath . . . Mr Chamberlain" by William Seers; Belgian pamphlet on Czechoslovakia [Czech Republic and Slovakia].

Dates: 14 Sep 1938 - 18 Oct 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence, mostly on the Munich Crisis, from the general public in Britain and abroad, mostly supporting WSC's stance., Oct 1938 - Jan 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/605A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Major-General Sir Guy Beatty, Sir Albert Howard, Sir Robert Bird, Sir Michael Sadler, and [John] Eric Allden on WSC's broadcast to the United States of 16 October; George Bailey on modernising dry docks; [John Warren] MacAlpine on getting information into Germany and Italy; Sir Leonard Hill of the St John Clinic and Institute of Physical Medicine on birth rates; A H Richards [General Organising Secretary of the Anti-Nazi Council] (5) on organising meetings and support...
Dates: Oct 1938 - Jan 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Patronage: Correspondence, P-Q., [Mar] [1941] - Mar 1965

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/560A-B
Scope and Contents Includes correspondence from various organisations and individuals informing WSC of tributes paid to him or requesting his support for various projects. Correspondents include: D Routhwaite of the Commonwealth Relations Office regarding a centenary message from WSC to the Pioneer newspaper (3); Sir Frank Francis, Director and Principal Librarian of the British Museum; Charles Jervis, Editor-in-Chief, Press Association; Henry Boyne regarding the Parliamentary Press Gallery Trust; various...
Dates: [Mar] [1941] - Mar 1965
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, A-B, many on WSC's health, his travels abroad, and offering support for his leadership. [please note that most of the file dates from 1943]., Mar 1941 - Aug 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/463
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Major-General [2nd] Lord Rennell [earlier Francis Rodd] (15 Army Group) and General [Sir Harold] Alexander [later 1st Lord Alexander of Tunis] forwarding the first Union Jack to fly on the mainland of liberated Europe; Ava, Lady Anderson [earlier Ava Wigram, later Ava, Lady Waverley] commenting on and sending on notes on Ralph Wigram and the German breaking of the Treaty of Locarno including extracts from letters by [Pierre] Flandin [former French Foreign Minister];...
Dates: Mar 1941 - Aug 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence A-B., Nov 1945 - Dec 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/52A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Prime Minister Clement Attlee (3); Paul Beards [Assistant Private Secretary to Attlee]; Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Chatfield (2), General Admiral Conrad Albrecht (2), and Leslie Rowan [Principal Private Secretary to Attlee] (3) on pensions for German war veterans; James Stuart [Chief Opposition Whip] (4); 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] (2); Julian Amery on completing J L Garvin's life of Joseph Chamberlain; Bhimrao Ambedkar (2) (see CHUR 2/52A/41);...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Dec 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence A-C., Jun 1950 - Oct 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/113A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Richard Acland on the "Churchill Arch" in the House of Commons; Commander Peter Agnew withdrawing his candidacy at Ormskirk [Lancashire]; Patrick Kinna (Foreign Office); representatives of the Conservative Research Department including [Richard] Michael Fraser [later Lord Fraser of Kilmorack] (4); Garry Allighan on his expulsion from the House of Commons; Cuthbert Alport; Leo Amery on Persian [Iranian] oil; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman,...
Dates: Jun 1950 - Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on the movement towards a United Europe, A-B., Jun 1946 - Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/18
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Marcel Sibert, President of the French Committee for International Relations, inviting WSC to speak; Freda Smith [Duncan Sandys' secretary] (4); secretarial support for the United Europe Committee (4); Duncan Sandys, Joint Honorary Secretary of the Committee (5); Leo Amery (7) including (1) partly on India; Prime Minister Clement Attlee (2); Major Edward Beddington-Behrens (6) including (1) offering WSC a ride on his horse; United States Representative Hale Boggs;...
Dates: Jun 1946 - Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on the movement towards a United Europe, C., Jun 1946 - Sep 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/19
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Cecil of Chelwood [earlier Lord Robert Cecil] (2); Canon Lewis Collins, Dean of Oriel College, Oxford; Randolph Churchill; Prime Minister Clement Attlee; Sir Walter Citrine, National Coal Board (2); Juliet, Lady Rhys Williams; Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi (35); Duncan Sandys (4); Senator J William Fulbright; Julian Amery; Fernando de los Rios [Urruti]; Lionel Curtis. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from secretaries Anne Hipwell, Jo Sturdee ("N...
Dates: Jun 1946 - Sep 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on the movement towards a United Europe, D-G., Sep 1946 - Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/20A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Duncan Sandys (12); Alfred Duff Cooper [later 1st Lord Norwich, British Ambassador to France]; William Stewart; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] (2) including (1) on him serving on the Council of the United Europe movement; Freda Smith [Sandys' secretary] (11); Colonel Oliver Stanley; Henry Hopkinson [later 1st Lord Colyton, Head] of Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat [and Joint Director, Conservative Research Department]; Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi on the...
Dates: Sep 1946 - Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on the movement towards a United Europe, K-R., May 1946 - Aug 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/22A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Freda Smith [Duncan Sandys' secretary] (10); Evelyn King resigning from the Executive Committee of the United Europe Movement; [William] Stephen King-Hall (7); Duncan Sandys (11); John Langford-Holt; 1st Lord Layton (2); 1st Lord Lindsay of Birker on the roles of Britain and the Soviet Union; Lewis Douglas [United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom] on a press conference by General George Marshall [Secretary of State, United States] (3); Randolph Churchill;...
Dates: May 1946 - Aug 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D., Dec 1948 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/81A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Harley Usill of the Naldrett Press Limited (5); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (2); George Rainbird; John Leigh-Pemberton (3); Sir Oswald Birley; Beresford Craddock; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (13); Sir Arnold Gridley [Chairman 1922 Committee]; Sir David Maxwell Fyfe [later 1st Lord Kilmuir]; R A Butler (5); Thelma Cazalet-Kier (2);...
Dates: Dec 1948 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence D-L., Nov 1945 - Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/6
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Terence Garvey (Foreign Office) on the case of George Dace; Percy Cudlipp, editor, Daily Herald, and Patrick Donner (2) requesting WSC to write for them; Sir Orme Sargent [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs] on Kenneth de Courcy; Sir Paul Booth on the "Dog and Duck" circle; Eric Gandar Dower on his constituency position (2); Robert Jenkins; Henry Hopkinson [later 1st Lord Colyton, Head of Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat and Joint Director,...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Nov 1947 - Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/72A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Iain MacLeod, Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat, on the position of graduate teachers (2); Emanuel Shinwell, Secretary of State for War, (2) and Arthur Henderson [later Lord Rowley], Secretary of State for Air, (2) on recruitment for service auxiliaries and reserves; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice- Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (2); Colin Thornton-Kemsley (2); Reginald Maudling; 6th Lord De L'Isle and Dudley [earlier William Sidney,...
Dates: Nov 1947 - Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: European army: correspondence and papers., Aug 1950 - Nov 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/32
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Lewis Douglas [United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom] (3); President Harry Truman; Harold Macmillan [later 1st Lord Stockton] (3); Duncan Sandys (2); Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall; General Charles Mast [French Army]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from secretaries Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow], Chips Gemmell, and Jane Portal [later Lady Williams of Elvel].Subjects include: the level of German, United States, and British...
Dates: Aug 1950 - Nov 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and Hansard., 03 Nov 1953 - 17 Dec 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/52A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and copy of Hansard for WSC's speech (3 November, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the forthcoming royal tour of the Commonwealth and Empire; the timing of the next General Election and the general length of Parliaments; constructive and non-partisan politics; housing policy, including new building and repair of existing property; reducing restrictions and controls on agriculture, increasing food production and retaining food subsidies;...
Dates: 03 Nov 1953 - 17 Dec 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 04 Nov 1950 - 14 Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/39A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (6 November, House of Commons) entitled "Housing", for the housing amendment in the debate on the address, on failed Government election pledges on housing, the contrast with the post-First World War housing programme, rent increases, the results for the building trade of limiting the housing target, the possibility of increasing the target, including increasing the production of building materials, the harm done by the overuse of economic...
Dates: 04 Nov 1950 - 14 Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 15 Nov 1949 - 30 May 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/41A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (10 April 1951, House of Commons) entitled "Budget Proposals and Economic Survey" on the results of devaluation, the Government's use of high taxation to meet the cost of rearmament instead of curbing spending, and the general mismanagement of the economy. Source material includes notes by "Prof" [1st Lord Cherwell, earlier F A Lindemann] on subjects including the balance of trade, British war debts and the inadvisability of consulting the Empire over the...
Dates: 15 Nov 1949 - 30 May 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/45A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and extract from Hansard for WSC's speech (6 November, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the political divisions in the country; the charge of war-mongering laid against the Conservatives, and the need for steady government; the restoration of university representation in Parliament; the repeal of the Iron and Steel Nationalization Act; future parliamentary business, including the defence debate; keeping the Minister of Education out of the...
Dates: 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 04 Oct 1952 - 11 Dec 1952

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/49A-C
Scope and Contents Typescript for WSC's broadcast (4 October, London) entitled "King George VI Memorial Fund Appeal", on the national memorial for the King, his interest in children's welfare, funding a statue of the King and a foundation for the care of children and the elderly. Published: Complete Speeches VIII pp 8409 - 10.Speech notes, typescript and transcripts for WSC's speech (11 October, Conservative Annual Conference, the Spa, Scarborough [Yorkshire]) entitled "The First Year" on subjects including:...
Dates: 04 Oct 1952 - 11 Dec 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes, prints and source material., 14 Jan 1952 - 26 Feb 1952

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/46A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (14 January, Banquet given by the Canadian Government, Chateau Laurier, Ottawa) entitled "Britain and Canada", on subjects including: a tribute to Mackenzie King [late Prime Minister of Canada]; Canada's part in the war and the effort still needed for peace; the shift of power from Europe to Canada and the United States; the broadening of NATO, support for a United Europe and a European Army, and Britain's future in Europe; Britain's economic...
Dates: 14 Jan 1952 - 26 Feb 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes, source material and Hansard., 25 Jan 1955 - 28 Mar 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/57A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (25 January, National Federation of Building Trade Employers' Dinner, Dorchester Hotel [London]) entitled "The Building Industry" on WSC's bricklayer status, the increasing part played by the Trade Unions and the influence of Union leaders, the past uncertainty of building trade employment, present stable employment conditions and long-term building demand, the increasing accord between the Unions and employers, the ending of direct controls on the industry, the...
Dates: 25 Jan 1955 - 28 Mar 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/148A-B
Scope and Contents Hansard copies of WSC's statements (9 July) on the occupation of Iceland by United States troops, the appeal for arms from Eire (Southern Ireland) to the United States, and British losses in Syria. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6446-7.Notes for WSC's statement (15 July) on the production debate, the Anglo-Soviet Agreement against Germany, its effect on Poland, and the end of the Syrian campaign. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Part published: Complete Speeches VI, pp...
Dates: 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 25 Jun 1941 - 09 Sep 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/179A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (25 June) in a secret session debate on shipping, the Battle of the Atlantic, merchant shipping losses, imports and the threat posed by U-Boats. Source material includes correspondence from Sir Andrew Hardinge [Private Secretary to King George VI] (2), Eric Speed (2), Percy Cudlipp, editor of the Daily Herald, and Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet] (2); copies of correspondence from Leslie Rowan [Principal Private Secretary to WSC]; and an extract...
Dates: 25 Jun 1941 - 09 Sep 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 13 Jul 1943 - 21 Apr 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/198A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (29 March) on "a matter of confidence" relating to the deletion of a clause from the Education Bill which would accept equal pay for male and female teachers and an ensuing vote of no confidence. Subjects covered include: the strength of British democracy and the House of Commons and the principle of equality between the sexes. Includes note that the speech was not delivered. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 6916-7 (part).Speech notes and Hansard copy of...
Dates: 13 Jul 1943 - 21 Apr 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 30 Nov 1944 - 15 Dec 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/203A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (15 December) on Poland entitled "Poland's future" including an extract from an earlier speech on decisions made at the Teheran [Persia, later Iran] conference and the need for agreement with the Soviet Union about the frontiers of Poland. Also includes correspondence and source material from: Guy Schofield, editor of the Evening News; Lord Alfred Douglas on the publication of correspondence between himself and WSC (3); Lady Daphne Straight; Bernard Griffin,...
Dates: 30 Nov 1944 - 15 Dec 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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