Skip to main content

Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on the movement towards a United Europe, D-G., Sep 1946 - Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/20A-B

Scope and Contents

Correspondents include: Duncan Sandys (12); Alfred Duff Cooper [later 1st Lord Norwich, British Ambassador to France]; William Stewart; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] (2) including (1) on him serving on the Council of the United Europe movement; Freda Smith [Sandys' secretary] (11); Colonel Oliver Stanley; Henry Hopkinson [later 1st Lord Colyton, Head] of Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat [and Joint Director, Conservative Research Department]; Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi on the European Parliamentary Union Congress at Interlaken [Switzerland] (September 1948) (3); (administrative) representatives of the United Europe Movement including Secretary Thomas Martin (6); [William] Stephen King-Hall (2); Peter Fraser, Prime Minister of New Zealand, on his country's views; Reverend John Richardson, Moderator Designate, and Reverend Frank Ballard, Moderator, of the Free Church Federal Council, on the Free Church's involvement; Dr Joseph Retinger, Honorary Secretary of the International Committee of Movements for European Unity; George Gibson, Honorary Secretary of the Confederation of Health Service Employees; Victor Gollancz (11); Randolph Churchill; Archbishop of Westminster Cardinal Bernard Griffin; Leo Amery. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from secretaries Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow], Chips Gemmell, and Elizabeth Gilliatt; and from WSC to some of those mentioned above and to Sir Andrew Duncan, Prime Minister Clement Attlee, and General George Marshall [Secretary of State, United States].Other subjects include: the balance of power in Europe; reaction to WSC's speech at Zurich [Switzerland, 19 September 1946]; matters concerning the proposed European Assembly, including the attitudes of the French and Belgian governments, and the publication of correspondence between WSC and Attlee on the subject; matters concerning the Albert Hall [London] meeting, 14 May 1947; the views of continental European groups; the formation of a British Handling Group in 1946; a United Europe exhibition in November 1948; the involvement of the Labour Party.Also includes copies of: quotations from speeches by Hugh Dalton [Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster]; pamphlets, papers, press releases, etc. from various organisations including the Conservative Political Centre, the United Europe Movement (including a pamphlet on economics, and memoranda by Robert Boothby, King-Hall, and Sandys), the (Joint) International Committee of Movements for European Unity (later the European Movement), the European Union of Federalists (and its British branch the Federal Union), the British Handling Committee, the European Parliamentary Union, and the International Chamber of Commerce (pamphlet on Germany); notes of Sandys' talks with Charles de Gaulle in November 1946; a statement by Belgian Prime Minister Paul-Henri Spaak (July 1948); various cuttings; note prepared by members of the British delegation to the Hague Conference [Netherlands] (1948); the Brussels Treaty 1948; Economic Co-operation Agreement between the UK and US 1948; drafts of questions by WSC for Attlee; source notes for WSC's Conservative Conference speech, 1948; pamphlet by WSC; texts of speeches by 1st Lord Layton, Boothby and Gollancz; and details about a Gollancz book, "Europe's Fate" [by Gordon Sewell].


  • Creation: Sep 1946 - Nov 1948

Conditions Governing Access



2 file(s) (2 files (366 loose folios))

Language of Materials