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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 33 Collections and/or Records:

  • 1
  • 2
 File

Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments, on volume 3 ("The Grand Alliance") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Oct 1946 - Feb 1952

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/54
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir George Rendel [British Ambassador to Belgium] and Andre de Staercke [Secretary to Prince Charles, Regent of Belgium] on the Belgian Congo [later Zaire, then the Democratic Republic of the Congo] contribution to the Abyssinian [later Ethiopia] campaign and Belgium's capitulation in 1940; "Bert", Sir Arthur Harris, on the date he became Commander in Chief, Bomber Command; Godfrey Carter on "Crusader" [British North African operation] and the battle at Sidi Rezegh...
Dates: Oct 1946 - Feb 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments on volume 4 ("The Hinge of Fate") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Oct 1950 - Aug 1961

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/57A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: General Sir Kenneth Anderson on 1st Army in north Africa; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor] (6); Lieutenant-Colonel L V S Blacker (6); Captain John Broome on convoy PQ17; Lieutenant-General Sir Frederick Browning on the raid on Bruneval [France]; ?Robert Chapman; Admiral John Godfrey; R G Gregory (4) and Josiah Francis, Australian Minister for the Army, on Australian troops and the Burma campaign; R V Jones on German use of "Window" [the code name...
Dates: Oct 1950 - Aug 1961
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), A-B., Sep 1945 - Jun 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/18A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Deakin (9); [George Gordon] Allen (16); Sir John Slessor on information on the Coastal Command in 1943; Thomas Allen, publisher, on Canadian editions of the memoirs (5); 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] on Sir Edward Spears reviewing "Their Finest Hour" (volume 2); "Max", 1st Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken]; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (2); Ernest Passant, Director of Research, Librarian and Keeper of the Papers, Foreign Office...
Dates: Sep 1945 - Jun 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), C-I., Jun 1946 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/19A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann] on the atomic bomb; R V Jones; Sir Laurence Collier [British Ambassador to Norway]; William Deakin (12); Ian Colvin (4) including (2) on his book on [General Paul] von Kleist; Robert Sherwood; Sir Alfred Duff Cooper [later 1st Lord Norwich] (2); Sir Stafford Cripps sending on extracts from his diary for summer 1939; [George Gordon] Allen (2); Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (3) including (2) on sending draft chapters to...
Dates: Jun 1946 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), J-Pownall., Jan 1946 - Apr 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/20A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: R V Jones on bombing science (4); Lieutenant-General Wladyslaw Anders [former Commander, Polish forces in Iran and Palestine] on the Katyn [Soviet Union] massacre; Denis Kelly [WSC's literary assistant] (7); William Deakin (10); Daniel Longwell [editor of Life Magazine]; Frank Rye on the Westminster by-election [1924]; "Bill", 1st Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry, Editor-in-Chief of the Daily Telegraph]; 1st Lord Portal [of Hungerford, earlier Sir Charles...
Dates: Jan 1946 - Apr 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants (mainly volumes 5 and 6) and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War"), G-Z., Feb 1947 - Jul 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/25A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Air Chief Marshal Sir Guy Garrod (3); Denis Kelly [WSC's literary assistant] (19); Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (21); William Deakin (5); General 1st Lord Ismay (7); Prime Minister's Private Secretary John Colville (4); Henry Luce [owner and editor of Time Magazine] (28); Daniel Longwell [editor of Life Magazine] (2); Walter Graebner [London representative of Time-Life International]; Charles Wood [WSC's literary assistant] (64); Arthur Hayward [Chief Editor],...
Dates: Feb 1947 - Jul 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Notes and comments by Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall., 02 Mar 1941 - 16 Jun 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/196A-C
Scope and Contents Includes notes and comments by Pownall on subjects including: factual and printing errors throughout Volume 2; the build-up to the German attack on the Soviet Union; the build-up to "Dynamo" [codename for the evacuation of Allied forces from Dunkirk, France]; the British Expedition Force; the meeting between 6th Lord Gort [Commander-in-Chief of British Field Force, earlier John Vereker] and General Maxime Weygand [Commander-in-Chief, French Army], May 1940; British casualties; the defence of...
Dates: 02 Mar 1941 - 16 Jun 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 3 "The Grand Alliance": Chapter 1 "The Desert and the Balkans"., 08 Jan 1941 - 16 Jan 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/203A-B
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of Chapter 1 entitled "The Desert and the Balkans" (provisionally entitled "False Dawn in the Desert", "Hard Trials", and "Minutes of January 1941"), annotated with notes and corrections by various individuals including: WSC, Denis Kelly, William Deakin, Charles Wood, Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon], 1st Lord Wavell, 1st Lord Ismay, CSC, Lieutenant- General Sir Henry Pownall, Jay Gold and Randolph Churchill.Also includes proofs from: Chapter 2 "The...
Dates: 08 Jan 1941 - 16 Jan 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: The Second World War, Volume 3 "The Grand Alliance", Chapter 19 "General Wavell's Final Effort 'Battleaxe'"., Apr 1948 - Oct 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/221A-B
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of Chapter 19 entitled "General Wavell's Final Effort 'Battleaxe'". Annotated with notes and suggestions by various people including: WSC, Denis Kelly, [1st Lord] Ismay, CSC, Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary to the Cabinet], Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall, ?1st Lord Alanbrooke [earlier Field Marshal Alan Brooke], [George] Gordon Allen, William Deakin, and Charles Wood.Also includes: correspondence from Ismay (3) and Pownall...
Dates: Apr 1948 - Oct 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: The Second World War, Volume 3 "The Grand Alliance", Chapter 22 "An African Pause. Defence of Tobruk [Libya]"., Apr 1948 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/224A-B
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of Chapter 22 entitled "An African Pause. Defence of Tobruk" (provisionally entitled either "A Costly Interlude" or "An African Interlude"). Annotated with notes and suggestions by various people including: WSC, Denis Kelly, William Deakin, Charles Wood, CSC, [George] Gordon Allen, Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall, ?1st Lord Alanbrooke [earlier Field Marshal Alan Brooke], [1st Lord] Ismay and Sir Edward Marsh.Also includes sections of Chapter 23 "My...
Dates: Apr 1948 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: The Second World War, Volume 3 "The Grand Alliance", Chapter 30 "Operation 'Crusader': Ashore, Aloft and Afloat"., Nov 1941 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/231A-C
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of Chapter 30 "Operation 'Crusader': Ashore, Aloft and Afloat" (provisionally entitled "Crusader", "Challenge in the Mediterranean" and "The Mediterranean- the lowest ebb in our fortunes". [Crusader was the codename for the British North African operation]. Annotated with notes and suggestions by various people including: WSC, Denis Kelly, William Deakin, Charles Wood, Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall, Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook,...
Dates: Nov 1941 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: The Second World War, Volume 4 "The Hinge of Fate", Chapter 43 "My Third Visit to Washington [United States]."., Aug 1948 - Nov 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/293
Scope and Contents Typescript and galley proofs of Chapter 43 "My third visit to Washington" (provisionally entitled "My Third Visit to the White House") annotated with suggested amendments and corrections by various people including Denis Kelly, William Deakin, WSC, Charles Wood, 1st Lord Ismay, Sir Edward Marsh, Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz], Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary to the Cabinet] and Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall.Some source material also present in the file...
Dates: Aug 1948 - Nov 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: typescript proofs and draft copies of the "Secret Session Speeches" containing WSC's speeches: "Britain Fights Alone" (20 June 1940), "Parliament in the Air Raids" (17 September 1940), "The Battle of the Atlantic" (25 June 1941), "The Fall of Singapore" (23 April 1942), and "Admiral [Jean] Darlan and the North African landings" (10 December 1942), with minor annotations by individuals including WSC and ?Charles Eade., Jan 1946 - Sep 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/70A-B
Scope and Contents

Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from WSC's secretary Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow].Other subjects include: Dutch serialisation rights.Also includes: a note from Martin Gilbert (1963); details of word counts for speeches; cuttings from Life magazine serialisation; copies of Ons Vrije Nederland [Dutch magazine] containing the speeches.WSC's notes and source material for these speeches can be found in files CHAR 9/140-1, 147, 156, 174, 179, 184 and 187.

Dates: Jan 1946 - Sep 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Prime Minister: African, Mediterranean, and Middle East theatres, 1939-43: proofs of contemporary despatches and reports, to be published as supplements to the London Gazette, and a copy of a pamphlet on the New Zealand Division in Egypt and Libya in 1942, with accompanying correspondence. [some material probably used in the production of WSC's "Second World War"]., 1942 - 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/246
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class comprises correspondence and papers relating to Churchill's wartime premiership. It includes: private office correspondence; personal telegrams; printed copies of personal minutes, telegrams and reports; correspondence relating to appointments and patronage; some family correspondence (for which see also CHAR 1); and some engagements cards and diaries. No distinction has been attempted between the offices of Prime Minister and Minister of Defence. The former title has been deemed...
Dates: 1942 - 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Patronage: correspondence., Jan 1942 - Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/455A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Thomas Mitchell, Lord Provost of Aberdeen [Scotland], on WSC visiting Aberdeen and accepting its Freedom (4); Thomas Loveday, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Bristol, on various University matters; Hugh, [7th] Lord Sefton [earlier Lord Molyneux] offering WSC membership of the Buck's Club; Sir Patrick Hannon sending confidence in WSC's leadership from the Constitutional Club and the Early Closing Association (2); Sir George Mitcheson offering WSC the presidency of...
Dates: Jan 1942 - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, T-Z., Jan 1943 - Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/470
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Taylor on his health and sending salmon; [John] Joseph Tinker, Margaretta, Lady Winchilsea, [Rodney] Gallop (Foreign Office), the Sultan of Zanzibar [later Tanzania, Seyyid Sir Khalifa bin Harub], and Acting British Resident Zanzibar [?Sir Guy Pilling] on WSC's health; Sir Henry Tizard on the age of the Straits of Dover (3); Robert Trevelyan sending on a copy of a speech by his father Sir George Trevelyan at a Whitefriars Club dinner in 1904; [Sir] Hugh Tudor...
Dates: Jan 1943 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence with Oliver Lyttelton [later 1st Lord Chandos]., Oct 1946 - Oct 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/51
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Anthony Bevir [Private Secretary to Clement Attlee, Prime Minister]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from secretaries Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Elizabeth Gilliatt, Jane Portal [later Lady Williams of Elvel], Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow] and Chips Gemmell; and from WSC to some of those mentioned above and to Chairman of the Conservative [and Unionist] Party [1st Lord Woolton, earlier Frederick Marquis].Subjects...
Dates: Oct 1946 - Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence E - G., 04 Jun 1946 - 17 Nov 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/169
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Eade; Sir Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] (2) on subjects including his intention to divorce Beatrice Eden; Nicholas Eden [later 2nd Lord Avon]; [2nd] Lord Beatty (2) and Walter Monckton (4) on the affair between Beatty's wife [Dorothy, Lady Beatty, earlier Dorothy Bragg, later Dorothy Hewitt] and [Anthony Eden] and the possibility of divorce; Leif Egeland [High Commissioner in London for South Africa] on the illness of Jan Smuts [former Prime Minister of...
Dates: 04 Jun 1946 - 17 Nov 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: various papers. [most date from 1943]., Jan 1939 - Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/462
Scope and Contents Includes: cutting from the Daily Telegraph on a broadcast by President [Franklin] Roosevelt on ?13 February 1943 on matters including the unconditional surrender of the Axis Powers and the situation in North Africa; list of members of the Other Club; copies of poem by [Arthur] Weber-Brown on WSC and Roosevelt; extract from a lecture given by WSC to the Royal United Services Institution on 17 April 1901 on the war in South Africa; cutting from the St Louis Post-Dispatch [United States] on the...
Dates: Jan 1939 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes., 08 Sep 1942 - 10 Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/156
Scope and Contents Typescript speech notes [with handwritten annotations by WSC and others], extract from Hansard and cutting from the Times, for WSC's speech (8 Sept 1942) entitled "The War Situation" on subjects including success in Vote of Censure debate, success of Malta convoy, the Dieppe [France] Raid, the war in the Pacific, the bombing campaign againt Germany, the Battle of the Atlantic, the condition of the Eighth Army in the Western Desert, and the appointment of Lieutenant-General Sir Bernard...
Dates: 08 Sep 1942 - 10 Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and Hansard., 11 Feb 1943 - 27 Jul 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/159
Scope and Contents Typescript speaking notes [with handwritten annotations by WSC], "Hansard" and press cuttings for WSC's speech (11 Feb 1943) on the War Situation, including the Casablanca Conference, the Battle of the Atlantic, War in the Far East, North Africa, (praising General Sir Bernard Montgomery [Commander, Eighth Army]). Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 6742 - 55.Extract from "Hansard" on WSC's short statement (24 Mar 1943) on the Tunisian Campaign. Published: Complete Speeches VII, p...
Dates: 11 Feb 1943 - 27 Jul 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 08 Oct 1940 - 19 Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/142A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (8 October) on the Battle of Britain, the Home Guard and the Home Front, Hitler's threat to invade Britain, events at Dakar [Senegal], the desertion of Vichy France, the Burma road and events in Spain. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6284-94.Notes for WSC's statement (17 October) on Robert Boothby [Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Food] and Czechoslovak claims.Notes for WSC's speech (5 November) on the war situation, including the air battles, the bombing of...
Dates: 08 Oct 1940 - 19 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 22 Jan 1941 - 07 May 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/146A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (22 January) entitled "A dark and deadly valley" on the structure of government during wartime, the roles of the Minister of Defence and the Minister for Reconstruction, the needs of the army and military production. Also includes copy of Hansard containing the text of WSC's speech and others in the debate on production, supply and manpower. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6331-8.Hansard copy of the debate on the conduct of Robert Boothby (28 January) including...
Dates: 22 Jan 1941 - 07 May 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 22 Jan 1941 - 22 Apr 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/177A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (22 January) entitled "A dark and deadly valley" on the structure of government during wartime, the roles of the Minister of Defence and the Minister for Reconstruction, the needs of the army and military production. Source material includes correspondence from: Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the Cabinet] (5), Charles Hendriks, Clement Attlee [Lord Privy Seal], William Beveridge, Ernest Bevin [Minister of Labour and National Service] and notes from Eric Seal...
Dates: 22 Jan 1941 - 22 Apr 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 May 1942 - 02 Jul 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/185A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (2 July) on the central direction of the war including: setbacks in Egypt and Cyrenaica [Libya] including the fall of Tobruk to forces under Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and WSC's confidence in General Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief Middle East]; press coverage of the war and the freedom of war correspondents; his meeting with President Roosevelt and the strength of the alliance with the United States; ship-building and the production and deployment of...
Dates: 06 May 1942 - 02 Jul 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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