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France

 Subject
Subject Source: Local sources

Found in 954 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Postcard of Fontaine de Vaucluse, France

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/EDVS 3/4
Scope and Contents

Blank.

Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Series

Press cuttings, official programmes, menus etc., 1929 - 1995

 Series
Reference Code: GBR/0014/GLAD 6
Scope and Contents

Cuttings and other material mainly covering GJ's time as British Ambassador to France.

Dates: 1929 - 1995
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Public and Political: General: Air Defence: Deputations to the Prime Minister., 21 Jul 1936 - 21 Jan 1937

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/270
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Clement Attlee [Leader of the Opposition] refusing to join the deputations to the Prime Minister, Stanley Baldwin; Osmund Cleverly [Principal Private Secretary to the Prime Minister]; Henry Pownall [Deputy Secretary], Committee of Imperial Defence; Hastings Ismay [Deputy Secretary], Committee of Imperial Defence] (2).Also includes: extracts from the transcript of the first deputation, including [?] WSC on the Government's failure to expand the air industry and the RAF...
Dates: 21 Jul 1936 - 21 Jan 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Air Defence: Wing Commander Anderson., 13 Dec 1937 - 17 Dec 1938

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/338
Scope and Contents Includes notes, memoranda and correspondence by and from Wing Commander Charles Anderson, Commander of No 1 Armaments Training Camp, including: notes on the employment of RAF officers; summaries and analyses of flying accidents, 1937; map of RAF stations and air commands in Britain; Air Ministry press summary; group orders on inquiries into damage to aircraft; RAF intelligence summaries, 1938; Squadron Leader Richard Atcherley, Senior Air Staff Officer, RAF Training Command, on training;...
Dates: 13 Dec 1937 - 17 Dec 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., Jun 1936 - 30 Mar 1937

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/295
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Ormsby-Gore [Secretary of State for the Colonies, later 4th Lord Harlech] on the Peel Commission [into Britain's Palestine Mandate]; "Harold R" [1st Lord Rothermere, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on Randolph Churchill's interview with General Franco for the Daily Mail, and Franco's sensible policies; Oliver Locker-Lampson; 4th Lord Camden, President, Kent Council of Social Service; Philip Guedalla [Honorary Director, Ibero- American Institute of Great...
Dates: Jun 1936 - 30 Mar 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 01 Oct 1937 - 30 Dec 1937

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/299
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Shane Leslie; Sir Hubert Young [Governor and Commander- in-Chief of Northern Rhodesia, later Zambia]; General Sir Ian Hamilton on claims by Margot, Lady Oxford and Asquith [earlier Margot Asquith] on the resignation of 1st Lord Haldane [as Lord Chancellor, 1915] (2); Marshal of the RAF 1st Lord Trenchard on meeting the German Official Air Mission; Bernard Freyberg; 1st Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken] on the Privy Councillorships of F E Smith [1st Lord...
Dates: 01 Oct 1937 - 30 Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 05 Oct 1937 - 31 Mar 1938

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/328
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Rothermere [earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on the French financial capability for war; Anthony Eden [Foreign Secretary, later 1st Lord Avon]; 1st Lord Craigavon [earlier Sir James Craig], Prime Minister of Northern Ireland; Samuel Hood [Assistant Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for India]; Lord Ednam [later 4th Lord Dudley], President, Eton Political Society (2); Brigadier-General Sir Henry Page Croft on a meeting of the Friends of Spain group,...
Dates: 05 Oct 1937 - 31 Mar 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 01 Aug 1938 - 30 Sep 1938

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/331
Scope and Contents Correspondents, mainly on Czechoslovakia [later Czech Republic and Slovakia] and the Munich Crisis, include: Lord Halifax ("E") [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin], Foreign Secretary (4); Admiral Sir William Goodenough on WSC's part in raising naval morale; Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister]; Sir John Haslam; Robert Boothby on subjects including announcing negotiations with France and the Soviet Union to deter Hitler from invading Czechoslovakia, the leak of his and WSC's idea to use a...
Dates: 01 Aug 1938 - 30 Sep 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 10 May 1938 - 31 Oct 1938

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/332
Scope and Contents Correspondents, mainly on Czechoslovakia [later Czech Republic and Slovakia] and the Munich Pact, include: [David] Graham Hutton; Roy Harrod on subjects including the general support for WSC's views on foreign policy, and a suggested electoral pact between WSC and the Labour Party (3); Lady Violet Bonham-Carter [earlier Violet Asquith and Violet, Lady Bonham Carter, later Lady Asquith of Yarnbury] on subjects including WSC's speech on the Munich Pact (5 October) (2); Neville Chamberlain,...
Dates: 10 May 1938 - 31 Oct 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/527
Scope and Contents Correspondents include Odhams Press Ltd (3) on photographs for book "The Life and Times of Winston Churchill"; Robert Boothby, offering congratulations on 5th anniversary of becoming Prime Minister; Maurice Ashley, (3) asking for reference, with note by the War Office on Ashley's War Service; Sir Reginald Hoare, asking for help in obtaining a Commission in the 4th Hussars for his son, Robin; Frank Thistleton, Musicians Benevolent Fund, (3) asking WSC to sign book to be presented to Dame Myra...
Dates: 01 Jan 1945 - 31 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence, A-B., Jan 1929 - Oct 1934

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/572A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Edward Marsh on an expression used by WSC; Cyril Alington, Headmaster of Eton College, on the education of Randolph Churchill (2); [1st] Lord Beatty on subjects including criticism of an obituary of Admiral Franz Hipper (5); Julian Amery; Nancy, Lady Astor on a disagreement with WSC; John Astor; Wilfrid Bailey; Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister, on subjects including WSC's "Marlborough: His Life and Times", WSC's health, Free Trade, India and political affairs (14);...
Dates: Jan 1929 - Oct 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence and papers, mainly on books concerning WSC and Christmas wishes from international figures., Jan 1942 - Dec 1942

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/439
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz] on his book "A Democratic Manifesto" (4); [Alan] Hodge [Assistant Private Secretary to the Minister of Information] (3), Lovat Dickson [Director] of MacMillan and Company (2), Cicely Andrews (Rebecca West), and [William] Collins, [Chairman and Managing Director] Collins Publishers, on subjects including books on WSC and President [Franklin] Roosevelt in the series "Britain in Pictures", possibly to be written by West or Compton...
Dates: Jan 1942 - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence from the general public in Britain and abroad on the Munich Crisis, Germany and Czechoslovakia [later Czech Republic and Slovakia]; mostly supporting WSC and his fellow critics of Neville Chamberlain's policy towards Adolf Hitler., 02 Oct 1938 - 07 Nov 1938

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/607A-C
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Brigadier [Leonard] Smithers on arming the nation; Oliver Stewart on standing by France; [William] Adam; Eliot Slater; [Thomas Skeffington-]Lodge; [Rhys] Hopkin Morris on WSC's use of language; Reverend J Ingram Bryan on supplies going to Japan; [James] Leishman; Brigadier Sir Walter Ludlow sending a proof of an article by him on national military training.Other subjects include: congratulations on WSC's speeches and broadcasts on the matter; offers to assist WSC's...
Dates: 02 Oct 1938 - 07 Nov 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence from the general public in Britain and abroad on the Munich Crisis, Germany and Czechoslovakia [later Czech Republic and Slovakia]; mostly supporting WSC's stance and criticising the policies of Neville Chamberlain's government, some offering their services., 16 Sep 1938 - 01 Oct 1938

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/606A-C
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Miles de Montmorency; Kenneth Hogg; Lancelot Spicer; Dorothy Charques [earlier Dorothy Taylor, later Mrs S A G Emms]; James Leishman on Sudeten German claims; Rutland Boughton; ?[Edna] Lady [Clarke] Hall; Colonel [Charles] Duff; [Arthur] Knighton-Hammond; Cecil Walsh; Dr Hugh Gordon; Rennie Smith; Guy Sixsmith and [Christopher] Shawcross on getting information to the German populace; [Sir] Francis Palmer; Frank Beswick.Other subjects include: France's role;...
Dates: 16 Sep 1938 - 01 Oct 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence from the general public on the Munich Crisis, Germany and Czechoslovakia; mostly supporting WSC's stance, some offering their services., Sep 1938 - Oct 1938

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/602A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Maurice Ernest on setting up a Ministry of Propaganda; [Charles] Cahn; Kenneth Moore on forming a new "Constitutional" Party; [Frederick] Bellenger commenting on a visit to Germany; Gerald Brenan; Glanville Brown; Brigadier-General Lionel Milman; [John] Woodthorpe; Edward Hutton; Richard Acland.Other subjects include: introducing proportional representation for local elections.Also includes: letters from Czechoslovakia [now Czech Republic and Slovakia] and France;...
Dates: Sep 1938 - Oct 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence H-K., 1910 - May 1934

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/574A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: John Hayes, Editor of the Police Review; Sir Maurice Hankey, Cabinet Secretary, on subjects including meetings of the Cabinet, imperial defence, German military capacity and the impetus for sending the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) to Antwerp [Belgium] (9); A P Herbert on licensing laws; [1st Lord] Hailsham [earlier Douglas Hogg], Secretary of State for War, on subjects including WSC's health (2); William Birdwood on military affairs; John Clynes, Home Secretary,...
Dates: 1910 - May 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence with or about Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz]., Sep 1939 - Sep 1941

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/386
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Major-General Sir Vernon Kell [MI5] (3); Monsieur Berthoin, Secretary General of the French Ministry of the Interior; Lord MacMillan [of Aberfeldy, Minister of Information] (3) and [1st] Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry, Principal Adviser to Ministry of Information] on WSC's recommendation to make use of Reves' services; Paul Reynaud, French Minister of Finance.Subjects covered by the file include: Reves distributing articles and Allied propaganda in the...
Dates: Sep 1939 - Sep 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Defence., 06 Nov 1936 - 20 Jan 1942

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/371A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents on defence issues include: Sir Thomas Inskip [Minister for Co-ordination of Defence, later 1st Lord Caldecote]; Harry Sellar, Private Secretary to Inskip (2); Leslie Hore-Belisha, Secretary of State for War, on subjects including the arming of the Guards Battalions; Sir Kingsley Wood, Secretary of State for Air, on showing WSC [air construction graphs]; 1st Lord Swinton [former Secretary of State for Air, earlier Philip Cunliffe-Lister and Philip Lloyd-Greame] on the formation...
Dates: 06 Nov 1936 - 20 Jan 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence and papers., 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/302
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Philip Gibbs on the inefficiency of the RAF; Sir Eustace Tennyson d'Eyncourt [former Vice-President of the Tank Board] (2); Sir William Beveridge [Director of London School of Economics and Political Science]; Oswald Frewen on working with German and Italian sailors, German fanaticism, Italian aid to Franco and how the policies of Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister] encourage Germany and Italy; Leo Amery; Basil Liddell Hart; Vice-Admiral Sir Reginald Henderson...
Dates: 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence etc., 12 Jan 1936 - 27 Nov 1936

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/266A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Basil Liddell Hart [Military Correspondent to the Times] on the troop system used in India; "Harold R" [1st Lord Rothermere, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on subjects including 1st Lord Weir's position in defence [as Adviser to the Air Ministry], the likely stop to any battleship programme, pilot training, the likelihood of a quick German victory against Britain and France, German contempt for the British Government, and the Government's refusal to discuss the...
Dates: 12 Jan 1936 - 27 Nov 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open, (folio 93 opened as a 'sanitised' photocopy, original closed on advice of Cabinet Office).
 File

Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence etc., 09 Feb 1920 - 28 Dec 1936

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/267
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Frederick Beaumont-Nesbitt [Military Attache, Paris, France] on WSC's visit to see French military manoeuvres at Aix-en-Provence and the Maginot Line (2); "George L" [1st Lord Lloyd of Dolobran]; Alan Herbert, introducing Major-General Sir Percy Hobart [Inspector, Royal Tank Corps, and Commander, Tank Brigade] (2); Desmond Morton on subjects including meeting the representative of the Spanish Nationalists, the Marques del Moral, Communist atrocities in Spain, the...
Dates: 09 Feb 1920 - 28 Dec 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Defence: Memoranda etc., 14 Feb 1936 - 26 Oct 1936

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/268
Scope and Contents Includes: memorandum by Desmond Morton on subjects including German propaganda on French military aviation and the Soviet army, and notes [added to file in January 1996] on a speech by the Minister for Co-ordination of Defence [Sir Thomas Inskip, later 1st Lord Caldecote], rebutting Inskip's claims for military production; memorandum by Sir Philip Gibbs on the inefficient state of the RAF, and its need for expansion; press cuttings from the Figaro, with an article on the Anglo-French crisis...
Dates: 14 Feb 1936 - 26 Oct 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Defence of Freedom and Peace., 04 Jan 1937 - 08 Jan 1938

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/311A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondence on the Focus in Defence of Freedom and Peace, mainly between WSC and A H Richards [Secretary of the Focus] on subjects including: extending the Focus to the United States, France and Yugoslavia [later Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia]; suggested visits by WSC to the United States and Yugoslavia; meetings of the focus group, and mass meetings in Manchester, Birmingham and Glasgow [Scotland]; appeals and recruiting...
Dates: 04 Jan 1937 - 08 Jan 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Foreign policy: Germany: Memoranda., 01 Jan 1939 - 27 May 1939

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/373
Scope and Contents Memoranda and correspondence on foreign policy, mainly towards Germany, including: Duncan Sandys, Honorary Secretary, Policy Study Group, on the formation and meetings of the Group (3); memorandum by Mark Patrick [former Principal Private Secretary to the Foreign Secretary] on foreign affairs, including the Munich Crisis, Government inertia on rearmament following Munich, shifts in the balance of Europe, the weakening of the League of Nations, the dangers of a 4-Power system, advantages for...
Dates: 01 Jan 1939 - 27 May 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Germany: Economic intelligence - Sir Henry Strakosch., 27 Mar 1936 - 30 Nov 1936

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/277
Scope and Contents Correspondence between Sir Henry Strakosch [Member of the League of Nations Financial Committee] and WSC on subjects including: Strakosch's 1935 estimate of German armaments spending; explaining his figures to 1st Lord Rennell [earlier Sir James Rennell Rodd]; a misleading article by Sir Arnold Wilson [Chairman, Home Office Committee on Structural Precautions Against Air Attack] criticizing WSC's information; criticism from Francis Hirst [a Governor of the London School of Economics] on...
Dates: 27 Mar 1936 - 30 Nov 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open