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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 05 Oct 1937 - 31 Mar 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/328

Scope and Contents

Correspondents include: 1st Lord Rothermere [earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on the French financial capability for war; Anthony Eden [Foreign Secretary, later 1st Lord Avon]; 1st Lord Craigavon [earlier Sir James Craig], Prime Minister of Northern Ireland; Samuel Hood [Assistant Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for India]; Lord Ednam [later 4th Lord Dudley], President, Eton Political Society (2); Brigadier-General Sir Henry Page Croft on a meeting of the Friends of Spain group, and official recognition for the Spanish Nationalist Government; Major-General Frederick Beaumont-Nesbitt [Military Attache], British Embassy, Paris [France] on not being able to send information to WSC on the French Army; David Garnett, on editing the letters of T E Lawrence [T E Shaw, "Lawrence of Arabia"]; Leo Amery (3); Count Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi [President, Pan-European Union] on including Britain in any European union (4); Sir George Mitcheson, Chairman, Political Committee of the Constitutional Club (5); Lord Hugh Cecil [later 1st Lord Quickswood] on the Assyrian Patriarch, Mar Shimun; Brigadier-General Sir James Edmonds, Director, Historical Section (Military Branch) of the Committee of Imperial Defence; Sir Michael O'Dwyer [former Lieutenant-Governor of the Punjab, India] on Britain's defeatist attitude to India, particularly that of 11th Lord Lothian [former Parliamentary Under-Secretary, India Office, earlier Philip Kerr]; [Henry] David Cunynghame, London Film Studios, on the Film Quotas Bill; Bernard Freyberg; [?] Pierre Cot [? French Minister for Commerce and Industry, or Minister for Air]; Sir George Franckenstein [Austrian Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary in London, earlier Baron Georg Franckenstein] on WSC's speech (22 February) on subjects including Austria, on the appearance of German popularity in Austria, and the actual Austrian opposition to the Anschluss with Germany (2); Harold Baker, Warden of Winchester College [Hampshire]; Albert Mensdorff [former Austrian Ambassador to Britain]; Admiral Sir William Goodenough on subjects including Britain's relations with Italy; Edward Spears on information from Abyssinia [later Ethiopia] and the delaying tactics of Mohandas Gandhi [Mahatma Gandhi]; Unity Mitford on Austria's welcome to the Anschluss; General Sir Hubert Gough, Chairman of the Fifth Army Memorial Fund (2); 6th Lord Winterton [earlier Lord Turnour]; Sir Terence O'Connor, Solicitor-General; Edward Marsh on the edition of T E Lawrence's letters; Michael Dewar; Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Chatfield [1st Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff]; [Frederick] Seymour Cocks; 1st Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken]; Sir Alexander Cadogan [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs] on settling Jewish refugees in Albania; Clement Attlee [Leader of the Labour Party] on not joining the Focus [in Defence of Freedom and Peace]; Robert Boothby on being quoted in the press on his opposition to Government foreign policy, and WSC's speech on 24 March [on deterrents against aggression] (3); Sir Eric Phipps [British Ambassador to France] on a visit by WSC to meet members of the French Cabinet; Sir Charles Mendl [Press Attache], British Embassy, Paris; Arthur Cummings [Political Editor], News Chronicle; John Morgan on subjects including a growing Conservative wish to see WSC in the Cabinet; Geoffrey Dawson [Editor of the Times] of the Times's reporting of the Anschluss; Lord Wolmer [later 3rd Lord Selborne]; John Maynard Keynes on subjects including WSC's speeches and his own health; Lieutenant-Colonel Daniel Sandford [former British Consul in Addis Ababa, Abyssinia, later Ethiopia] on passing on the views of Haile Selassie, Emperor of Abyssinia, on Anglo-Italian negotiations on Abyssinia; 1st Lord Cecil of Chelwood [earlier Lord Robert Cecil]; Sir Roger Keyes on WSC's speech (24 March); Sir Henry Strakosch [Member of Financial Committee, League of Nations] on the economic effects of the Anschluss. Other subjects include: the advanced state of German aircraft production; WSC's concerns at Yugoslavia's censorship of his article ["Yugoslavia and Europe"]; the increase of German influence in Eastern Europe; German desire for co-operation with Britain; the influence of Leon Blum, former Prime Minister of France, while out of office; requests for WSC to give speeches and attend meetings; WSC's view of the resignation of Anthony Eden as Foreign Secretary, over relations with Italy; Liberal agreement with WSC's view on foreign policy. Also includes: extract from the Stock Exchange Gazette on the French economy; typescript of a speech by Zelimir Mazuranic [? President, Yugoslav Senate] at a meeting of the Yugoslav Radical Union on the role of the Croats in Yugoslavia [later Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia] and Yugoslavia's place in the international situation; copy of "The Indian Congress Claim for Independence" by Sir Michael O'Dwyer; copy of an article from the Daily Telegraph on Italian attacks against Eden; note from Sir Sidney Barton [former Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Abyssinia] on Abyssinian resistance to the Italian Army; copy of a resolution by the Conference of Viennese Workers Councils in support of Austrian independence; notes by Sir George Franckenstein on the declaration by Kurt von Schuschnigg [Chancellor of Austria] on Austrian independence; press cutting from the Times on a speech by Alan Lennox-Boyd [later 1st Lord Boyd of Merton] on the futility of guaranteeing the borders of Czechoslovakia [later Czech Republic and Slovakia] against attack; copy of an article by John Maynard Keynes for the New Statesman, "A Positive Peace Programme"; notes and copies of correspondence by WSC and Violet Pearman [Secretary to WSC] and William Deakin, to individuals listed above and also to others including Leon Blum and 1st Lord Davies.


  • Creation: 05 Oct 1937 - 31 Mar 1938

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1 file(s) (1 bound file (156 folios))

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