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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 01 Aug 1938 - 30 Sep 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/331

Scope and Contents

Correspondents, mainly on Czechoslovakia [later Czech Republic and Slovakia] and the Munich Crisis, include: Lord Halifax ("E") [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin], Foreign Secretary (4); Admiral Sir William Goodenough on WSC's part in raising naval morale; Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister]; Sir John Haslam; Robert Boothby on subjects including announcing negotiations with France and the Soviet Union to deter Hitler from invading Czechoslovakia, the leak of his and WSC's idea to use a message from King George VI as a way of deterring Hitler, Chamberlain's decision to leave Britain uncommitted to war if Hitler invaded Czechoslovakia, and Chamberlain's changed attitude to Hitler (6); Arthur Mann, [Editor], Yorkshire Post, on the handing of the crisis; Edouard Daladier [Prime Minister of France], on preparing France to face attack (2); James Watts on strengthening Britain's alliance with France (2); Nellie Romilly [earlier Nellie Hozier] on her mistake in revealing to the press that [Heinrich Bruning, former Chancellor of Germany] had visited WSC; [Edward] Frederick Lawson [Director, Daily Telegraph, later 4th Lord Burnham]; Eleanor Rathbone; Josiah Wedgwood; Lord Clydesdale [later 14th Duke of Hamilton and 11th Duke of Brandon], Honorary Colonel, 7th Battalion Highland Light Infantry; [Samuel] Vyvyan Adams; Katharine, Duchess of Atholl, on subjects including the closure of the border between France and Spain, and General Franco's reply to the British plan for the withdrawal of foreign troops from Spain (4); Patrick Donner, denying that he made an attack on WSC in the press; Major-General Sir Hugh Tudor on subjects including Chamberlain's continuing negotiations with Hitler; Basil Liddell Hart; Sir Roger Keyes; 1st Lord Rothermere [earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on Germany's further demands; Geoffrey Dawson [Editor], the Times, on allegations of German influence on the Times; Jan Masaryk, Czech Minister to Britain, on negotiations between Chamberlain and Hitler; Lord Cecil of Chelwood [earlier Lord Robert Cecil]; Anthony Crossley on accusations that WSC was intriguing against the Government; Rupert Croft-Cooke; Lord Corvedale [later 2nd Lord Baldwin]; John Dafoe, President and Editor, Winnipeg Free Press Company Limited; Sir Bernard Pares [Director], School of Slavonic and Eastern European Studies, University of London, on his concerns about Czech representation in negotiations, and the new Czech frontiers (2); Alice Keppel; David Lloyd George on subjects including his book "The Truth About the Peace Treaty", and WSC's part in negotiations with Russia [Soviet Union] after the First World War; Major-General Sir Fabian Ware [Vice-Chairman, Imperial War Graves Commission] on information about subjects including Hitler's long-term intention of attacking France.Other subjects include: invitations for WSC; WSC's views on deterring Hitler with an alliance with France and the Soviet Union, or by naval deployments; discussions between WSC and Major Ewald von Kleist-Schmenzin on the attitude of the German generals, and the results of Germany's invasion of Czechoslovakia; France's failure to mobilize.Also includes: copy of a letter by WSC on his concerns at pressure being put on the Czechs by Britain to surrender to Germany; memorandum by Robert Boothby on using an alliance with France and the Soviet Union to deter Hitler; extract from David Lloyd George's book on WSC's policy towards Russia after the First World War; notes and copies of correspondence by WSC and Kathleen Hill and Mary Penman [Secretaries to WSC] to individuals listed above and also to others including Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon], 1st Lord Moyne [earlier Walter Guinness], Roger Frewen and Major-General Frederick Beaumont-Nesbitt [Military Attache, Paris].Some correspondence returned to file by Martin Gilbert, April 1998.


  • Creation: 01 Aug 1938 - 30 Sep 1938

Conditions Governing Access



2 file(s) (2 files, 1 bound (135 folios))

Language of Materials


Existence and Location of Copies

Folio 101: Copyright holder (Alice Keppel) has withheld permission for online publication. Available at Churchill Archives Centre.

Repository Details

Part of the Churchill Archives Centre Repository

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