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Public and Political: General: Defence of Freedom and Peace., 04 Jan 1937 - 08 Jan 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/311A-B

Scope and Contents

Correspondence on the Focus in Defence of Freedom and Peace, mainly between WSC and A H Richards [Secretary of the Focus] on subjects including: extending the Focus to the United States, France and Yugoslavia [later Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia]; suggested visits by WSC to the United States and Yugoslavia; meetings of the focus group, and mass meetings in Manchester, Birmingham and Glasgow [Scotland]; appeals and recruiting support; WSC's article "The Better Way"; a meeting between focus group members and Anthony Eden [Foreign Secretary, later 1st Lord Avon].Other correspondents include: Maxwell Garnett, Secretary, League of Nations Union, on the Glasgow mass meeting; Sir Norman Angell [Member, Council of the Royal Institute of International Affairs] urging WSC to use his influence on Conservative colleagues to stop the spread of the pro- appeasement camp, and maintaining links with Centre Group politicians in France (2); Herbert Swope (2); Desmond Morton [Director of the Industrial Intelligence Centre] on information about a possible breach between the Nazi Party and German armed forces, and Germany's relations with Italy, Austria and Hungary; [Henry] Wickham Steed on a possible breach between the Nazi Party and German armed forces (2); "Eddy", 17th Lord Derby [earlier Lord Stanley] on subjects including Eden's speech at his meeting with the focus group (2); Sir Robert Waley Cohen on not excluding the possibility of friendship with Germany if Germany abandoned its aggressive policies, and keeping a firm line on the former German colonies.Other subjects include: the National Council Canadian League for Peace and Democracy; the International Peace Campaign; attracting Labour and Trade Union support for the focus group.Also includes: copy of the focus group's "Manchester Manifesto", statement of purpose for the Manchester meeting and a memorandum and policy outline for the focus group by [Henry] Wickham Steed; typescript of WSC's article "The Better Way" on the similarities between Nazism, Communism and Fascism; press cutting from the Daily Telegraph of an article by Sir Norman Angell on basing a defensive confederation on an Anglo-French alliance; French notes and press cutting on the German threat to the Panama Canal and the loan of destroyers by the United States to Brazil; memorandum by Steed on his tour of the United States for the focus group; note of a meeting between focus group members and [? Ivan Subasic], Ban of Croatia [Yugoslavia] on political aspects of Yugoslavian defence; notes and copies of correspondence by WSC and Violet Pearman and Kathleen Hill [Secretaries to WSC].


  • Creation: 04 Jan 1937 - 08 Jan 1938

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2 file(s) (2 bound files (210 folios))

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External Documents

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Part of the Churchill Archives Centre Repository

Churchill Archives Centre
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