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France

 Subject
Subject Source: Local sources

Found in 954 Collections and/or Records:

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Official: Munitions., 1918

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/128
Scope and Contents

P (Projectiles) Appendix to Report of Mission to France appointed by the Controller of Gun Ammunition Filling, investigating the French methods of manufacturing and filling fuses, gaines, delays detonators, the manufacture of fulminate and minor explosives, and the preparation of time powders, led by Lt-Col. H G Fitzhay.

Dates: 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Munitions., Aug 1917 - Dec 1917

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/136
Scope and Contents

S (Steel and Iron) Various papers including correspondence on demand for steel from France, Italy and Russia; memo by Robert Horne, Director of Materials and Priority on meeting with WSC on supply of steel to the Admiralty; memo by Sir Arthur Duckham on steel production; minute from WSC to Sir Arthur Duckham expressing disquiet about the Steel Department and its organisation; papers on strike by iron ore miners in Cumberland.

Dates: Aug 1917 - Dec 1917
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Prime Minister: Mediterranean and Middle East theatres, 1943-45: proofs of mainly contemporary despatches and reports for publication, with accompanying correspondence. [some material probably used in the production of WSC's "Second World War"]., 1946 - 1950

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/249A-B
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class comprises correspondence and papers relating to Churchill's wartime premiership. It includes: private office correspondence; personal telegrams; printed copies of personal minutes, telegrams and reports; correspondence relating to appointments and patronage; some family correspondence (for which see also CHAR 1); and some engagements cards and diaries. No distinction has been attempted between the offices of Prime Minister and Minister of Defence. The former title has been deemed...
Dates: 1946 - 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Prime Minister: miscellanea., 1940 - 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/240
Scope and Contents

Includes a map and French anti-British propaganda with some explanatory notes.

Dates: 1940 - 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Prime Minister: printed copies of Personal Telegrams from WSC bound ususally in chronological order, with alphabetical name index at the back., May 1940 - Dec 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/14
Scope and Contents Includes texts of telegrams from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: Vice-Admiral [John] Cunningham [Commanding 1st Cruiser Squadron]; [Anthony] Eden [later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War]; [Peter] Fraser, Prime Minister of New Zealand; Sir Samuel Hoare [later 1st Lord Templewood, Ambassador to Spain on Special Mission]; Sir Roger Keyes [Special Liaison Officer to King Leopold of Belgium]; Mackenzie King, Prime Minister of Canada; 11th Lord Lothian [earlier...
Dates: May 1940 - Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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Official: Prime Minister: two copies of a report by the Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force [in Western Europe, United States Army], General Dwight Eisenhower, to the Combined Chiefs of Staff on the operations in Europe of the Allied Expeditionary Force, 8 June 1944 to 8 May 1945., [1945] - 1950

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/244
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class comprises correspondence and papers relating to Churchill's wartime premiership. It includes: private office correspondence; personal telegrams; printed copies of personal minutes, telegrams and reports; correspondence relating to appointments and patronage; some family correspondence (for which see also CHAR 1); and some engagements cards and diaries. No distinction has been attempted between the offices of Prime Minister and Minister of Defence. The former title has been deemed...
Dates: [1945] - 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Treasury: Conference of Finance Ministers in Paris [France], concerning reparations: correspondence and memoranda., 01 Dec 1924 - 07 Apr 1925

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/21
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Peter Larkin [Canadian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom] (2); Colonel Charles Watney; Austen Chamberlain [Foreign Secretary]; Aime Fleuriau [French Ambassador to the United Kingdom]; Etienne Clemental [French Minister of Finance] requesting a French loan on the London market; Sir William Tyrrell [Permanent Under-Secretary at the Foreign Office].Also includes: a memorandum by WSC on reparations and inter-allied debt; a cable giving Canadian views; an Independent...
Dates: 01 Dec 1924 - 07 Apr 1925
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Treasury: correspondence., 08 Nov 1924 - 28 Dec 1924

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/1
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Stamfordham [earlier Sir Arthur Bigge, Private Secretary to King George V]; John Maynard Keynes on socialism; Sir Warren Fisher [Permanent Secretary, Treasury] (2) including one on coal and transportation; 1st Lord Cecil of Chelwood [earlier Lord Robert Cecil, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster] (3) including one on the Saar [later Germany]; James Grigg [Principal Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer]; 8th Duke of Northumberland inviting WSC...
Dates: 08 Nov 1924 - 28 Dec 1924
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Treasury: correspondence., 08 Jan 1925 - 26 Jun 1925

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/8
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Major-General Sir Fabian Ware (2); 1st Lord Cecil of Chelwood [earlier Lord Robert Cecil, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster] on European disarmament (2); Lord Eustace Percy [President of the Board of Education]; Leo Amery [Secretary of State for the Colonies] on colonial trade matters (4); Frederick Leith-Ross [British representative on Finance Board] of the Reparation Commission; J Coudurier de Chassaigne (2); 1st Lord Midleton; Wilfrid Ashley [later 1st Lord...
Dates: 08 Jan 1925 - 26 Jun 1925
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Treasury: correspondence., 19 Jun 1926 - 31 Dec 1926

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/28
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister [earlier Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame, later 1st Lord Swinton, President of the Board of Trade] on the level of trade; Abe [Bailey]; Admiral Sir Roger Keyes (6) on subjects including his tax position, the naval officers' marriage allowance, and Admiralty matters; Stanley Baldwin [Prime Minister]; 1st Lord Birkenhead [earlier F E Smith, Secretary of State for India] (2) including one on Indian financial matters; Walter Runciman; Frederick Guest;...
Dates: 19 Jun 1926 - 31 Dec 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Treasury: WSC's minutes., 28 Jan 1929 - 23 May 1929

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/103
Scope and Contents Includes carbon copies of minutes from WSC to various individuals, mainly Treasury officials, including: Sir Richard Hopkins [Controller of Finance and Supply Services]; Gilbert Upcott [Deputy Controller]; Sir Francis Floud [Chairman, Board of Customs and Excise]; James Grigg [Principal Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer]; Sir Warren Fisher [Permanent Secretary]; Donald Fergusson [Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer]; Frederick Leith-Ross [Deputy Controller...
Dates: 28 Jan 1929 - 23 May 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Treasury: WSC's minutes., 19 Jan 1927 - 30 Jun 1927

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/45A-B
Scope and Contents Includes carbon copies of minutes and letters from WSC to various individuals, mainly Treasury officials, including: Sir Richard Hopkins [Chairman of the Board of Inland Revenue]; Sir Horace Hamilton [Chairman, Board of Customs and Excise]; Sir Otto Niemeyer [Controller of Finance]; Sir George Barstow [Controller of Supply Services]; Alfred Hurst; James Grigg [Principal Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer]; Sir Laming Worthington-Evans [Secretary of State for War]; Sir...
Dates: 19 Jan 1927 - 30 Jun 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War and Air: correspondence for WSC and Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War]., 04 Mar 1920 - 30 Apr 1920

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/46
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Edward Marsh [WSC's Private Secretary] (3); Edwin Montagu [Secretary of State for India] (4); General Sir Henry Wilson [Chief of Imperial General Staff] (4); Austen Chamberlain [Chancellor of the Exchequer] (4); [Adjutant-General, Lieutenant-General Sir George Macdonogh]; Walter Long [First Lord of the Admiralty] (4); Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Cabinet]; David Lloyd George; 1st Lord Curzon [Foreign Secretary]; General Sir Herbert Plumer, Commander-in-Chief,...
Dates: 04 Mar 1920 - 30 Apr 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War and Air: correspondence for WSC and Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War]., 04 Nov 1920 - 30 Dec 1920

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/50
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Major-General J Bagratouni [Chief of the Armenian Delegation at the Paris Peace Conference]; 1st Lord Curzon [Foreign Secretary] (4); Major-General George Jeffreys; Austen Chamberlain [Chancellor of the Exchequer]; Aneurin Williams MP; Major Patrick Malone; Edwin Montagu [Secretary of State for India] (3); Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Cabinet]; Philip Kerr [later 11th Lord Lothian, Secretary to the Prime Minister]; General Sir Henry Wilson [Chief of Imperial...
Dates: 04 Nov 1920 - 30 Dec 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War and Air: correspondence from Brigadier-General Edward Spears and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War] and War Office officials., 02 Sep 1919 - 31 Oct 1919

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/40
Scope and Contents Also includes notes from Sinclair to WSC.Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning the Russian Civil War, including figures such as Gregori Alexinsky, Vladimir Bourtsev, Piotr Rutenberg, Simon Petliura, General Anton Denikin, Sergei Sazonov, General Nikolai Youdenitch, Prince Lvov, and Carol Yaroshinsky, the situation in the Ukraine, Estonia, Latvia, Bessarabia [Moldova and parts of Ukraine], north Russia, Petrograd [later Leningrad and St Petersburg], Siberia, and Poland,...
Dates: 02 Sep 1919 - 31 Oct 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War and Air: correspondence from Brigadier-General Edward Spears and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War] and War Office officials., 05 Nov 1919 - 29 Nov 1919

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/41
Scope and Contents Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning the Russian Civil War, including the Ukrainian delegation in Paris, Finnish and Polish intervention, figures such as General Carl Mannerheim, General Anton Denikin, and Boris Savinkov, the military situation, Russian finances, differences between the Russians in Paris, the attitude of the Baltic states to Bolshevism, and French policy; general Anglo-French tensions.Also includes cuttings from French newspapers; a French Foreign Office...
Dates: 05 Nov 1919 - 29 Nov 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War and Air: correspondence from Brigadier-General Edward Spears and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to WSC and War Office officials., 17 Jan 1919 - 28 Mar 1919

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/35
Scope and Contents Also includes a note from Major-General Percy Radcliffe [Director of Military Operations, War Office].Subjects covered by the file include: congratulations on WSC's appointment; Greek claims in Turkey; French policy towards Syria, the rest of Europe, and the Bolsheviks; internal French politics and [Georges] Clemenceau [Prime Minister of France]; matters concerning Germany, including German colonies in Africa; matters concerning the borders and politics of Poland, Romania, Czechoslovakia...
Dates: 17 Jan 1919 - 28 Mar 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War and Air: correspondence from Brigadier-General Edward Spears and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to WSC and War Office officials., 04 Apr 1919 - 31 May 1919

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/36
Scope and Contents Also includes copies of letters from General Tasker Bliss [United States Commissioner, Paris Peace Conference] on China and Japan, and General Pechitch [Chief of the Serbian military delegation to Paris].Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning the borders and politics of Poland, Danzig [later Gdansk, Poland], Yugoslavia [later Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia], Bulgaria, Romania, Italy, Lithuania and the Baltic...
Dates: 04 Apr 1919 - 31 May 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War and Air: correspondence from Brigadier-General Edward Spears and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to WSC and War Office officials., 03 Jun 1919 - 31 Jul 1919

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/37
Scope and Contents Also includes alleged copies of telegrams concerning the start of World War I passed to Spears by the Serbian delegation in Paris.Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning the borders and politics of Romania, Poland, Czechoslovakia [later Czech Republic and Slovakia], Lithuania and the Baltic states, Fiume [later Rijeka, Yugoslavia then Croatia], Persia [later Iran], Hungary and Austria; matters concerning Russia, including Sergei Sazonov's role, recognising Admiral Alexander...
Dates: 03 Jun 1919 - 31 Jul 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War and Air: correspondence mainly from Brigadier-General Edward Spears and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War] and War Office officials., 01 Dec 1919 - 31 Dec 1919

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/42A-B
Scope and Contents Also includes correspondence from General Charles Mangin and Boris Savinkov.Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning the Russian Civil War, including figures such as General Anton Denikin, Admiral Alexander Kolchak, Savinkov, Gregori Alexinsky, Generals Carl Mannerheim and Joseph Pilsudsky [Chief of the Polish state], and Carol Yaroshinsky, tensions between Kolchak and Denikin, Russo-Polish relations, banking, the Ukraine, French views, German influence, agriculture within...
Dates: 01 Dec 1919 - 31 Dec 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War and Air: correspondence mainly from Brigadier-General Edward Spears and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to WSC and War Office officials., 05 Aug 1919 - 21 Nov 1919

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/38
Scope and Contents Also includes correspondence from Generals Pechitch [Chief of the Serbian military delegation to Paris] and Tscherbatchev, and Mary Spears; note from WSC to 1st Lord Curzon [Lord President of Council].Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning the Russian Civil War, including supplies for the Bolsheviks, figures such as Sergei Sazonov, General Nikolai Youdenitch, General Anton Denikin, Admiral Alexander Kolchak, and Simon Petliura, Bolshevik activity in Afghanistan, the...
Dates: 05 Aug 1919 - 21 Nov 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War and Air: correspondence mainly from Brigadier-General Edward Spears, Major Gerald Geiger and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War] and War Office officials., 01 Feb 1920 - 11 Feb 1920

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/64
Scope and Contents Also includes copies of correspondence from Major-General Tom Bridges on war memorials in Belgium; copy letters from Sinclair to some of those mentioned above and to General Edward Buat, Chief of French General Staff; copy of a report from General Janin, Head of the French Military Mission in Siberia [Russia]; cutting from French newspaper; soft-bound collection of documents on Russia.Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning Russia and Poland, including the role of various...
Dates: 01 Feb 1920 - 11 Feb 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War and Air: correspondence mainly from Brigadier-General Edward Spears, Major Gerald Geiger and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War] and War Office officials., 02 Jan 1920 - 31 Jan 1920

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/63
Scope and Contents Also includes copies of correspondence from Nikolai Tchaikovsky and General Henrys, Head of the French Military Mission in Poland; notes of interviews with Ukrainian political figures; resolution signed by Marshal Ferdinand Foch; cutting from French newspaper and a letter from Vera Tchaikovsky about her meeting with Spears.Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning Russia and Poland, including the situation in Siberia, the Ukraine and the Caucasus, and general assessments of...
Dates: 02 Jan 1920 - 31 Jan 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War and Air: correspondence mainly from Brigadier-General Edward Spears, Major Gerald Geiger and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War], WSC and War Office officials., 12 Feb 1920 - 28 Feb 1920

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/65
Scope and Contents Also includes copies of correspondence from Frank Rattigan [Charge d'Affaires in Romania]; Major-General Sir William Thwaites [Director of Military Intelligence, War Office] (2).Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning Russia and Poland, including the role of various anti-Bolsheviks in Paris, such as Boris Savinkov, the position of General Anton Denikin and the Ukraine, and the impact of the conflict on the Baltic states, Romania, and Japan; French public opinion of Alexandre...
Dates: 12 Feb 1920 - 28 Feb 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folio 2 which is only available in 'sanitised' form under S23 of the Freedom of Information Act. Review date 1 January 2032.
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Official: War and Air: correspondence mainly from Brigadier-General Edward Spears, Major Gerald Geiger and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War], WSC, the Director of Military Operations [Major-General Sir Percy Radcliffe] and War Office officials., 05 May 1920 - 28 Jun 1920

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/67
Scope and Contents Also includes correspondence from General Peter Polovtsov (2); Major-General Francis Bingham [Chief of British section and President of Sub-Commission for Armaments and Material, Military Inter-Allied Commission of Control, Germany]; Rear-Admiral George Hope; Sir Basil Thomson, Director of Intelligence, on the French political police; and copies of papers from other Russian and French figures, such as Prince Troubetzkoi and Boris Savinkov; cuttings from French newspapers; French leaflet on...
Dates: 05 May 1920 - 28 Jun 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open