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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 157 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Acquired Papers: Letters from WSC to Lady Randolph Churchill. All items are manuscript and signed unless otherwise described. Several items relate to WSC's time in Bangalore, India as a subaltern in the 4th Hussars., 1896

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/22
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class of papers was acquired by WSC at various times either by inheritance or gift and has been arranged in groups according to the presumed original owner: Lady Randolph Churchill; Lord Randolph Churchill; John S Churchill; W Bernau of Lloyds Bank and others.The major groups may be broken into sub-series by correspondents and the papers thereafter are arranged chronologically (e.g. Lady Randolph Churchill's letters from WSC are mainly found at CHAR 28/13-28).The series includes a...
Dates: 1896
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Acquired Papers: Letters from WSC to Lady Randolph Churchill and also John S Churchill and Reginald Barnes. The file contains letters written by WSC about his time in Bangalore with the 4th Hussars; his posting to the Malakand Field Force with Sir Bindon Blood and about his first literary endeavours ("Savrola", "The Scaffolding of Rhetoric" and "The Story of the Malakand Field Force"). The file also contains two letters from Sir Bindon Blood. All items are manuscript and signed unless otherwise described., 04 Oct 1896 - 31 Dec 1897

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/23
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class of papers was acquired by WSC at various times either by inheritance or gift and has been arranged in groups according to the presumed original owner: Lady Randolph Churchill; Lord Randolph Churchill; John S Churchill; W Bernau of Lloyds Bank and others.The major groups may be broken into sub-series by correspondents and the papers thereafter are arranged chronologically (e.g. Lady Randolph Churchill's letters from WSC are mainly found at CHAR 28/13-28).The series includes a...
Dates: 04 Oct 1896 - 31 Dec 1897
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Broadcasts, 1931-11 - 1952-07

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEL 1/7/17
Scope and Contents Texts of broadcasts by LSA on subjects including: Fairbridge Farm Schools in Australia; Empire defence; the economics of Empire; the 1935 Peace Ballot; the Empire and world peace; the politician versus the businessman; the Jewish settlement in Palestine; the Empire Producers Organisation; the way of peace; Germany's debt to European civilisation; tributes to Yugoslavia; why Italy should not become a German ally; the Balkans; commentaries on the war (1940, including Norway and Germany's...
Dates: 1931-11 - 1952-07
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Correspondence A - Z, 1945-11 - 1947-11

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEL 2/1/40
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: King Abdullah of Transjordan, sending his sympathy [on the execution of John Amery] (2); William Allen [Press Attaché, British Embassy in Turkey]; Victor Altmann (3); Cyril Bailey; [Arthur] Beverley Baxter; Brendan Bracken; 1st Lord Brand; Arthur Bryant (2); Charles Buzzard; Sir Robert Cary, mainly on the India debate (February-March 1946), especially a statement by Clement Attlee [Prime Minister] (February), speeches by Winston Churchill [Leader of the Opposition]...
Dates: 1945-11 - 1947-11
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

'Correspondence on Politics', 1914-03-26 - 1933-06-09

Reference Code: GBR/0014/PLLN 5/1/32
Scope and Contents

Typescript copies of correspondence between AHP, newspaper editors, and other various individuals on British naval policy, the post-war settlement in Europe, and India; including Reginald Custance, Haldane [Richard Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane], Winston Spencer Churchill, Ogden Mills, and Lord Lytton [Victor Bulwer-Lytton, 2nd Earl of Lytton].

Dates: 1914-03-26 - 1933-06-09
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: With the exception of the correspondence between Anthony Pollen and Jon Sumida, which remains closed until 2029, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": book 8, "The First British Empire" [eventually included in volume 3, "The Age of Revolution"]: various post-war revises., 1954 - Jan 1957

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/432A-C
Scope and Contents Includes manuscript and typed drafts and galley proofs (some described as first, second, third, fourth, or penultimate revise, "duplicate", or final proof) for: chapters entitled "The (American) War of Independence", "The United States", "The Monopoly of the Whigs", "The Austrian Succession and the Forty-Five", "Colonial America" or "The American Colonies", "The First World War", "The Royal Revenge and the Conflict of the Peoples" or "The Quarrel with America", "The House of Hanover", "(Sir)...
Dates: 1954 - Jan 1957
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: articles., Jan 1937 - Dec 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/563
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "Is the Navy Obsolete?" on international reaction to the naval rebuilding programme; "The Ebbing Tide of Socialism" on the limited effects of Socialism in Britain; "Can Partition Bring Peace to Palestine?"; "Why I am Against Partition"; "Ten Million People are in Peril!" on the risk to Europe, especially Czechoslovakia, from Germany; "My Prophecies for 1937" on the danger of war; "India" on the new constitution and need...
Dates: Jan 1937 - Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles., 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/231
Scope and Contents Proofs and cuttings of articles by WSC on the following subjects: a review of the speeches of Lord Birkenhead [earlier F E Smith]; the life of Lord Ypres [earlier Sir John French and Lord French] including a summary of his career and relationship to WSC; "Will the British Empire Last?" for "Answers" on the principle of self-government, the unifying effect of the British monarchy and the administration of India and Egypt; American industry and finance; "Socialist Quackery" for the Daily Mail...
Dates: 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles., 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/232
Scope and Contents Proofs and cuttings of articles by WSC on the following subjects: "Mr Macdonald's Opportunity" on the visit of Ramsay Macdonald to the United States; "The Naval Argument" on British and American naval policy; "Prohibition" in the United States; "California"; "Wall Street" on the Wall Street crash; "The Battlefields" about Virginia; "Hollywood"; "Palestine and the Zionists" on violence in Palestine and the need for reconciliation between Jews and Arabs; "Why We Lost" on the defeat of the...
Dates: 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles 1., Jan 1934 - Aug 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/498A-B
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "What Neville Ought to Do" on the April 1934 Budget; "Where are we heading?" on progress since 1915; "The Last Night of the Old World" on the beginning of the First World War; "Will the World swing back to Monarchies?" in support of monarchy; "Are Parliaments Obsolete?" in support of democracy and constitutional government; "My Fight for Lancashire" and "Our Last Chance" on the new Indian Parliament and the Lancashire...
Dates: Jan 1934 - Aug 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles: Amalgamated Press., Jan 1934 - Aug 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/501
Scope and Contents Proofs, press cuttings and correspondence on the following articles by WSC: "Do Bye-Elections Count?" discounting the East Fulham bye-election, stating the differences between bye-elections and general elections and discussing the divisions in the Conservative Party; "Defence not Defiance" on the current strength of the country; "How we made the Irish treaty" in defence of the Irish Settlement [1922] and WSC's meetings with Michael Collins; "Will the League survive?" on the crisis facing the...
Dates: Jan 1934 - Aug 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles by WSC for the Daily Mail., 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/317
Scope and Contents Proofs and newspaper cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "I was conscious through it all" and "My New York [United States] misadventure" on WSC's accident in which he was hit by a motor car; "The Academy reveals Britain's brave gaiety" on the Royal Academy exhibition (including a draft of the article by Edward Marsh); "My happy days in the Bahamas "; "Words on the Irish Treaty" on the announcement by [Eamon] De Valera of the abolition of the Oath of Allegiance; "Lord Oxford [and...
Dates: 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles: Daily Mail., Feb 1934 - Sep 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/500
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "Clive of India" on the achievements of Robert Clive; "B-P" on 1st Lord Baden-Powell; "The Greatest Half-Hour in our History" on the Magna Carta; "This Year's Royal Academy is Exhilarating" on the 1934 exhibition; "Great Deeds that gave us the Empire" celebrating Empire Day; "How I would procure peace" on the futility of the current foreign policy and need to rearm; "August 4, 1914" on the beginning of the First World War...
Dates: Feb 1934 - Sep 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles: Evening Standard., May 1935 - Jun 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/520
Scope and Contents Proofs of the following articles by WSC: "The King's 25 Years" [in 7 parts]: "The Accession" on the death of Edward VII, the background of Queen Mary and the political situation in 1910; "The King Faces his First Crisis" on David Lloyd George's 1909 Budget, the Home Rule Bill and the deadlock between the Houses of Parliament; "War Clouds Gather" on the House of Commons in 1911, industrial disputes, social organization, the Triple Entente between Britain, France and Russia, and the Agadir...
Dates: May 1935 - Jun 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: articles: Evening Standard 1., Jan 1937 - May 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/569
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "No Intervention in Spain for us!" on the wisdom of British neutrality in the Spanish Civil War, being equally opposed to both sides, and on the small likelihood of German troops staying with a successful General Franco; "How You Will Help to Meet the Bill" on funding rearmament and the probable need to increase taxation; "Europe's Peace" on the continued threat from Germany; "France Faces a New Crisis" on French economic...
Dates: Jan 1937 - May 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Correspondence concerning "Marlborough: His Life and Times"., 1884 - 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/289
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Professor Keith Feiling (3); Maurice Ashley, WSC's researcher, on various subjects including his progress, WSC's portrayal of the character of John 1st Duke of Marlborough and the structure of the book (16); [Albert, 7th Lord] Spencer; "Sunny" [Charles, 9th Duke of Marlborough] (3); George Harrap of George G Harrap and Company (6); [Sir] Bindon Blood on his ancestor, Brigadier-General Hodcroft Blood and affairs in India; Sir Reginald Storrs; 1st Lord Southborough...
Dates: 1884 - 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments on volume 4 ("The Hinge of Fate") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Oct 1950 - Aug 1961

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/57A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: General Sir Kenneth Anderson on 1st Army in north Africa; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor] (6); Lieutenant-Colonel L V S Blacker (6); Captain John Broome on convoy PQ17; Lieutenant-General Sir Frederick Browning on the raid on Bruneval [France]; ?Robert Chapman; Admiral John Godfrey; R G Gregory (4) and Josiah Francis, Australian Minister for the Army, on Australian troops and the Burma campaign; R V Jones on German use of "Window" [the code name...
Dates: Oct 1950 - Aug 1961
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence on permission to quote extracts from various of WSC's works including speeches, "Great Contemporaries", "Liberalism and the social problem", "London to Ladysmith", "Lord Randolph Churchill", "Marlborough: His Life and Times", "My African Journey", "My Early Life", "Thoughts and Adventures", "The River War", "Secret Session Speeches", "Savrola", the war memoirs ["The Second World War"], and "The World Crisis"., Dec 1949 - Jan 1963

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/60A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Eade, [editor] of the Sunday Dispatch, proposing the book publication of WSC's articles on monarchs (2); Sir Robert Hodgson on a letter from WSC on King Alfonso XIII of Spain; representatives of Odhams Press Limited particularly G C Piper of the Book Department (20); representatives of Fladgate and Company particularly Anthony Moir [WSC's solicitor] (24); James Thornton, Assistant Controller, (2) and Mary Somerville, Controller, Talks Division, BBC, and John,...
Dates: Dec 1949 - Jan 1963
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence on the publication of WSC's "Secret Session Speeches"., Oct 1945 - Apr 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/5A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Time-Life International, including [London representative] Walter Graebner and Henry Luce [owner and editor of Time Magazine] (28); Charles Eade, [Editor] of the Sunday Dispatch (30); David Walker, [Foreign correspondent] of the Daily Mirror; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the Cabinet] on the official implications of publishing the speeches (3); representatives of Simon and Schuster, Incorporated (6); representatives of Cassell and Company Limited...
Dates: Oct 1945 - Apr 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: correspondence thanking WSC for complimentary copies and congratulating him on volume 1 ("The Gathering Storm") of his war memoirs ("The Second World War"), or requesting that he autograph copies., Feb 1948 - Apr 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/49
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Alexander Cadogan; Lieutenant-General Sir Ian Jacob (2); Oliver Lyttelton [later 1st Lord Chandos]; Mary, Duchess of Marlborough [earlier Mary, Lady Blandford]; Sir Henry MacGeagh; Charles Nicholl; Sir Leslie Hollis; Grace Hamblin, Patrick Kinna, G Lamont and Anne Hipwell [former secretaries]; Leo Amery, also on India and the army; Edith Watson, John Colville, Charles Barker, Francis Brown, Leslie Rowan, and John Peck [former Private Secretaries to WSC]; 1st Lord...
Dates: Feb 1948 - Apr 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Forewords by WSC., 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/304
Scope and Contents

Introductions by WSC to: a book about the Mahdi (in which he recalls his experiences in the Sudan and at the Battle of Omdurman); "India Insistent" by Sir Harcourt Butler (in which he discusses events in India) and a book about the work of chartered surveyors.

Dates: 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "Marlborough: his life and times": correspondence., 31 Jul 1934 - 31 Dec 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/486A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Edward Marsh; George Trevelyan on volume 2 of "Marlborough" (3); representatives of George G Harrap and Company Limited, including George G Harrap [Managing Director] and Walter Harrap [Chairman] on volumes 1-3 of "Marlborough" (65); representatives of John Swain and Son Limited, art reproducers, on volume 2 of "Marlborough" (4); Keith Feiling on revisions of volume 2 of "Marlborough" and the outline for "A History of the English speaking peoples" (5); Maurice Ashley...
Dates: 31 Jul 1934 - 31 Dec 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "My Life", News of the World: copy., Jan 1935 - Mar 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/522A-B
Scope and Contents Carbon copies of the following articles by WSC: "My Life" [in 12 parts]: "Looking Back on Sixty Years" on WSC's childhood, education and time at Sandhurst; "Frontier Days in India" on WSC's expedition to India with the 4th Hussars, and the frontier risings of 1897; "Charge of the 21st Lancers" on the battle of Omdurman and the Sudan Campaign; "Taken Prisoner by the Boers" on WSC as a war correspondent in South Africa; "My Escape from Pretoria"; "My Entry into Politics" on writing Lord...
Dates: Jan 1935 - Mar 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "My Life", News of the World": proofs., Jan 1935 - Mar 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/523A-B
Scope and Contents Galley proofs of the following articles by WSC: "My Life" [in 12 parts]: "Looking Back on Sixty Years" on WSC's childhood, education and time at Sandhurst; "Frontier Days in India" on WSC's expedition to India with the 4th Hussars, and the frontier risings of 1897; "Charge of the 21st Lancers" on the battle of Omdurman and the Sudan Campaign; "Taken Prisoner by the Boers" on WSC as a war correspondent in South Africa; "My Escape from Pretoria"; "My Entry into Politics" on writing Lord...
Dates: Jan 1935 - Mar 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: notes and cuttings for Sunday Dispatch articles., 1934 - 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/673
Scope and Contents Includes lists of articles by WSC for possible publication in the Sunday Dispatch and cuttings from earlier articles by WSC: "Premiers on the Sick List", dismissing the strains of being Prime Minister; "What's Wrong With Parliament" on the need for parliamentary reform; "I Always Took Chances" on his childhood rashness; "Open Letter to a Communist" on his disapproval of dictatorship in the Soviet Union and Germany; "The Blackcoat Tragedy" on the decline of the middle classes; "India and the...
Dates: 1934 - 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.