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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 25 Collections and/or Records:

 Series

Personal, 1945 - 1965

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1
Scope and Contents This class of papers includes correspondence and papers relating to WSC's business, financial, and legal affairs, including permission for the exhibition and reproduction of his paintings, to the Chartwell estate, including Frenchstreet and Bardogs farms, and to his family, medical advisors, illnesses and pets.There are also sections relating to his staff, to private visits abroad and invitations received, and to his racing interests. There is, finally, a considerable number of photographs...
Dates: 1945 - 1965
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Personal: Business correspondence., Nov 1948 - Apr 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/20
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Miles-Martin Pen Company on the pen WSC used to annotate "The Second World War" (4); Christopher Hewer on WSC's medical bill; Robert MacKenna on WSC's medication (2); Douglas Parbury on fish at Chartwell [Kent] (6); John Baber and his wife offering WSC a stay at their home in Portofino [Italy]; Herbert Gfroerer of the Soundscriber Corporation (10), James Killian, President of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology [United States], and George...
Dates: Nov 1948 - Apr 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Business correspondence., Jan 1949 - Aug 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/21
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Hugh Newman on butterflies at Chartwell [Kent] (4); Sir Alexander Roger (2) and Colin Coote [Managing Editor of the Daily Telegraph and the Morning Post] (6) on procuring brandy for WSC; Frederic Bates, Chairman of Cunard White Star Limited; Douglas Parbury on fish for ponds at Chartwell (8); Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor] (4); representatives of Anthony Juer Lighting Limited on studio lighting (4); Frank Juler on WSC's eyesight; Christopher...
Dates: Jan 1949 - Aug 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Business correspondence A-D., Jul 1945 - Jul 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/15
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Lloyds Bank including Geoffrey Mason and T E R Harris (3); Rosemary McEntire of the British Embassy in Paris [France] (4) and Thomas Bromley (Foreign Office) on repairs to WSC's Breguet watch; Claus Vogel on WSC's visit to Switzerland in 1946; representatives of Cassell and Company (2), including a director, Desmond Flower, on the publication of WSC's war memoirs in the Daily Telegraph; Colonel Frank Clarke (4), HM Customs and Excise (5), and Alfred...
Dates: Jul 1945 - Jul 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Business correspondence A-F., Nov 1945 - Mar 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/18
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Nicholl, Manisty and Few [WSC's solicitors] (24) and J C Tweed [an Irish solicitor] (4) on subjects including WSC selling the Carnlough [Antrim, Ulster, Ireland] estate to 13th Lord Antrim [earlier Randall McDonnell]; representatives of Berry Brothers and Rudd Limited on WSC's orders for champagne and whisky (9); 1st Lord Sandford [earlier Sir Albert Edmondson]; Sir William Rootes (2) and Christopher Soames on providing cars; Ben Russell, [Director]...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Mar 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Business correspondence E-Z., Jul 1945 - Jul 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/16
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Howard Thomas, Producer in Chief, Pathe Pictures Limited, on film of WSC receiving the freedom of Ayr [Scotland]; Percy Cole, Editor, Official Report of Debates, House of Commons [Hansard] on reprints of WSC's speeches (2); Eleanor Goole of St Dunstan's [Institute for the Blind] on Braille editions of WSC's books (4); representatives of Nicholl, Manisty and Few [WSC's solicitors] (8); representatives of Twiss, Brownings and Hallowes Limited (8) and Sir Eric Crankshaw,...
Dates: Jul 1945 - Jul 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Chartwell [Kent] correspondence., Aug 1945 - Nov 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/32A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Lloyds Bank, including Geoffrey Mason and T E R Harris, (3); representatives of Massey-Harris Limited, including its President James Duncan, (4); Percy Cox [agent for WSC's farms] (12); Major Reginald Marnham [WSC's neighbour] (9); Robert Hudson; representatives of the Sevenoaks [Kent] and District Electricity Company Limited (4); "Top" [ 3rd Lord Selborne, earlier Lord Wolmer]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from: secretaries...
Dates: Aug 1945 - Nov 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 287-8 which have been removed on grounds of data protection due to presence of sensitive personal information about living individuals until 1 January 2022.
 File

Personal: Chartwell [Kent] correspondence., Apr 1953 - Nov 1959

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/37
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of the Commonwealth Relations Office, including Eric Vines and John Morrison [later 2nd Lord Dunrossil, Assistant Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations], on collecting acorns from Chartwell for Melbourne [Australia] Botanic Gardens (6); Percy Cox, Manager of the Chartwell Estate (10); General Sir Ian Hamilton (2); representatives of Fladgate and Company, including Anthony Moir [WSC's solicitor] (19); Richard Cave...
Dates: Apr 1953 - Nov 1959
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Financial: income tax and surtax correspondence., 06 Mar 1940 - 22 Oct 1958

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/7
Scope and Contents Correspondents on WSC's tax, financial, and investments position include: representatives of Fladgate and Company, particularly Anthony Moir [WSC's solicitor], (20); representatives of Lloyds Bank, particularly Geoffrey Mason, (29); representatives of Cassell and Company, including a Director, Desmond Flower, (2); Andrew Heiskell, [General Manager] of Life Magazine; John Wood of Wood, Willey, and Company [WSC's accountants] (50); Henry Luce [owner of Time magazine]; William Whitney, London...
Dates: 06 Mar 1940 - 22 Oct 1958
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Financial: income tax, surtax, property, salary: statements, accounts, memoranda, and forecasts prepared by Wood, Willey and Company [WSC's accountants]., 19 Oct 1951 - 16 Apr 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/8
Scope and Contents Includes: accounts for Chartwell Farm [Kent] (September 1951 to September 1954) and 10 Downing Street (April 1952 to April 1954); financial statements (April 1951 to February 1954); turf account (August 1949 to October 1951); forecasts of living and other expenses (June 1952 to April 1953); profit and loss account for stud and valuation of horses (September 1953 to September 1954); particulars of income for 1952-3 surtax return and 1953-4 income tax return; estimated savings in taxes by...
Dates: 19 Oct 1951 - 16 Apr 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Financial: Weatherby and Sons: racing account., 1957 - 12 May 1959

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/6
Scope and Contents

Statements of WSC's racing account for Spring 1957 to Spring 1959, including stud costs and winnings.Also includes notes annotated by Christopher Soames.

Dates: 1957 - 12 May 1959
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Racing: Correspondence A -C., Mar 1952 - Aug 1964

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/155
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Christopher Soames; "Jackie" [1st Lord] Astor, on his purchase of "Appeal" (2); Odette Pol Roger, on bets placed for her on "Pol Roger" by WSC; Edna McIlherene, secretary to [2nd] Lord Camrose [earlier John Berry], on bets placed for Camrose by WSC (4); Walter Nightingall (3); Arnold Carey Foster; Marcel Boussac (5); "Harry" [W H] Dodd, the jockey (9); and Peter Cazalet.Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from Doreen Pugh [Secretary to WSC], Catherine...
Dates: Mar 1952 - Aug 1964
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Racing: Correspondence: H - L., Mar 1952 - Jan 1963

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/157
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Randolph Churchill congratulating WSC on the successes of "High Hat" and "Le Pretendant" (3); Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother; Keith Freeman (4); John [18th Lord Derby, earlier Edward Stanley]; Arnold Carey Foster (2); Timothy Rogers on the purchase of "High Hat"; "Chimp", Christopher Soames on stud business including the insuring of unborn foals (9); A Rawlinson regarding a portrait of Leonard Jerome (4); Peter Cazalet; L Mayall of Knutsford Park races [Cheshire]...
Dates: Mar 1952 - Jan 1963
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Racing: Correspondence: M - Ni., Mar 1952 - Nov 1964

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/158
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Christopher Soames on WSC's race horses and racing activities (5); Frank Mellor (4); Colonel Frank Clarke on the display of WSC's racing colours at the National Museum of Racing in Montreal [Canada] (5); Walter Nightingall, WSC's trainer on various issues including details of the successes of WSC's horses, of prize money won and his regret at WSC's decision to end his racing interests (55); and Arnold Carey Foster (8). Also includes copies of correspondence and notes...
Dates: Mar 1952 - Nov 1964
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Racing: Correspondence: No-So., Mar 1952 - Nov 1962

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/159
Scope and Contents Correspondents on WSC's race horses and racing activities include: Kathleen Taylor, Private Secretary to Christopher Soames (3); Christopher Soames (13) on subjects including the finances of the stud, names for foals, the gift of a pony to Emma [Soames, later Emma MacManus], family news and naval estimates; Vera Pullinger of the Chartwell Estate Office (3); and Walter Nightingall [WSC's trainer].Also includes copies of correspondence and notes from Anthony Montague Browne [Private Secretary...
Dates: Mar 1952 - Nov 1962
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Racing: Correspondence: Sp - Z., Mar 1952 - Nov 1964

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/160
Scope and Contents Correspondents on WSC's race horses and racing activities include: Kathleen Taylor, Private Secretary to Christopher Soames (4); Christopher Soames (7) on subjects including the finances of the stud and names for foals; Thomas Gosling, a jockey, thanking WSC for gifts given due to him for his successful races with 'Vienna' (3); Walter Nightingall [WSC's trainer]; Tim Rogers (3) on his purchase of 'Vienna'; and representatives of Weatherby and Sons on subjects including the payment of amounts...
Dates: Mar 1952 - Nov 1964
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Visits and Invitations: Cruises in Yacht Christina., Sep 1958 - Aug 1959

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/151
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: various individuals welcoming WSC to Gibraltar [Spain], the Canary Islands, and the Greek islands including Jose Martinez; John Addis [Counsellor in the Foreign Office] on arrangements for the cruise; Sir Roger Allen [British Ambassador to Greece]; Arnold Carey Foster on the successes of WSC's racehorses; Konstantinos Karamanlis [Prime Minister of Greece]; Bernard Burrows [British Ambassador to Turkey]; and John Blakeway.Also includes notes and copies of...
Dates: Sep 1958 - Aug 1959
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 13 Sep 1889

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/9/32
Scope and Contents

Letter from Lord Randolph Churchill (Royal Station Hotel, York) to [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he tells her that he is down o300 through losses at the races; discusses the possibility that Sir [?] Jatton may buy his racehorse the Abbesse for o3,000 and enclosing a bill [not present] for WSC.

Dates: 13 Sep 1889
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 23 Mar [1895]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/21/19-21
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC (4th Hussars, Aldershot [Hampshire]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] discussing financial affairs and his search for a charger; saying that he had made friends and that Dudley Marjoribanks [later 3rd Lord Tweedmouth] has been sent to Canada because of an "inconvenient desire" for an actress.

Dates: 23 Mar [1895]
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 27 Apr [1895]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/21/25-30
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC (4th Hussars, Aldershot [Hampshire]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] concerning financial affairs in which he details the amounts he has spent and asks her to send him money to buy a charger. He also reports that his leg is improving, that he has ridden in a point to point, comments that he is glad that he has made friends and discusses horse racing and the possibility that a colt may run under his name.

Dates: 27 Apr [1895]
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 02 May [1895]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/21/31-33
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC (4th Hussars, Aldershot [Hampshire]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he discusses financial affairs and asks her to send him money, describes the wedding of Duchess Lily [Lady William Beresford, earlier Lilian, Duchess of Marlborough] to [Lord William Beresford] and a visit to Newmarket [Suffolk] where he saw the "Allotment colt".

Dates: 02 May [1895]
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 08 May [1895]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/21/34
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC (4th Hussars, Aldershot [Hampshire]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] thanking her for sending him a cheque and discussing financial affairs, reporting that he has met Prince Alfred of Cobury and the Duke of Connaught and on progress in buying a charger.

Dates: 08 May [1895]
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 02 Nov [1897]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/23/69-70
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC (4th Hussars [Bangalore], India) to "Uncle Bill" [Lord William Beresford] discussing financial affairs and a horse called "Lily of the Valley", his desire to return to the frontier, the difficulties of [George] Brasier-Creagh, his own good luck at not being shot, discussion of the merits of rifles compared to revolvers and the determination of the Simla authorities that he should not be attached to a regiment.

Dates: 02 Nov [1897]
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 25 Oct 1888

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/8/85
Scope and Contents

Letter from Lord Randolph Churchill (Moulton Paddocks, Newmarket [Suffolk]) to [Lady Randolph Churchill] thanking her for her letter, describing his success at the races where he has "cleared a monkey [o500]", relating the friendliness of [Albert Edward] Prince of Wales returning a letter [not present] from WSC.

Dates: 25 Oct 1888
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 04 Nov [1896]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/22/18-23
Scope and Contents Letter from WSC (Trimulgherry, Deccan [India]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he reports that he has travelled to Secunderabad to play polo and has met Pamela Plowden [later Lady Lytton] whom he describes as "the most beautiful girl I have ever seen"; describes the independent city of Hyderabad; and discusses financial affairs and the possible outcome of a fraud perpetrated on them by [James] Cruickshank. He expresses his frustration with life in India and asks for letters of...
Dates: 04 Nov [1896]
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.