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Communism

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 293 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Speeches: Lists of speeches and speech notes., 1945 - 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/1A-D
Scope and Contents Includes lists of the speeches made by WSC between 1945 and 1954 with details of the place of delivery, subjects covered and numbers of words.Speech notes for WSC's speech (20 October 1945, Woodford [Essex]) on receiving the freedom of the Borough of Wanstead and Woodford on subjects including: his long association with Essex and his disappointment at not being re-elected. Also includes an invitation card for the event.Hansard report and speech notes for WSC's speech (22 October 1945, House...
Dates: 1945 - 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 16 Oct 1920 - 13 Nov 1923

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/62
Scope and Contents Speech notes and draft typescript for WSC's speech (16 October 1920, King's Theatre, Dundee, Scotland) on the tyranny of Bolshevism, the Socialist delegation to Russia, Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith, Leader of the Liberal Party]'s policy on Ireland and the need for firm action in Ireland. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 3018 - 3024.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (4 November 1920, United Wards Club Luncheon, Cannon Street Hotel, London), entitled...
Dates: 16 Oct 1920 - 13 Nov 1923
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 25 Apr 1925 - 15 Dec 1925

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/73
Scope and Contents Print of WSC's speech (25 April, Royal Naval Division War Memorial unveiling ceremony, Admiralty Building, London). Also includes a note from Lieutenant-Colonel Bernard Freyberg. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 3554 - 3556.Speech notes for WSC's speech (1 May, Primrose League Demonstration, Albert Hall, London) on the founding of the League, conditions now facing Conservatives, the Budget and foreign policy. Also includes a note from [Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister], regretting his...
Dates: 25 Apr 1925 - 15 Dec 1925
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 02 Jul 1926 - 08 Dec 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/77A-B
Scope and Contents Typescript for WSC's speech (3 January, Wolfe Dinner, Westerham, Kent) on the achievements and prosperity of Canada.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (20 January, Chamber of Commerce Dinner, Leeds, Yorkshire), entitled "National Finance", on the increase in national expenditure and necessity for cuts, particularly in education, on the changing funding system for local authorities, electricity development, the coal subsidy and averting a coal dispute, and the general improvement in...
Dates: 02 Jul 1926 - 08 Dec 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 11 May 1927 - 12 Sep 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/81
Scope and Contents Typescript of WSC's speech (11 May, British Bankers' Association Annual Dinner, Merchant Taylors' Hall, London), entitled "The Financial Situation" on the results of the Budget, the trade revival and the war debt to the United States. Also includes a press cutting from the Financial Times reporting the speech. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 4217 - 4218 (part).Typescript of WSC's speech (12 July, Lord Mayor's Banquet to Bankers and Merchants, Mansion House, London), entitled "Peace and...
Dates: 11 May 1927 - 12 Sep 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Typescript, prints and speech notes., 02 Jan 1919 - 09 Nov 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/58
Scope and Contents Speech by WSC (2 January, Ministry of Munitions, Ponder End Shell Factory deputation) entitled "Real Comradeship" on the success of munitions production and adjustment to peacetime. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 2661 - 2663.Report of the speeches (16 January, American Society in London dinner for John Davis, United States Ambassador to Great Britain), including a speech by WSC entitled "Comrades in War and Peace" on the common task of Britain and the United States in keeping world...
Dates: 02 Jan 1919 - 09 Nov 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 13 Jan 1946 - 29 Apr 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/4A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's address to personnel on board the R M S Queen Elizabeth (13 January) in which he reviews the war and links between the United Kingdom and Canada.Speech notes for WSC's speech of thanks (26 February, University of Miami, United States) on receiving an honorary law degree in which he discusses education. Includes the phrase "I am surprised that in my later life I should have become so experienced in taking degrees, when, as a school boy, I was so bad at passing...
Dates: 13 Jan 1946 - 29 Apr 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Speech notes., 04 Oct 1946 - 28 Oct 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/9A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech of thanks (4 October 1946, Blackpool [Lancashire]) on receiving the freedom of Blackpool.Speech notes and galley proofs of WSC's speech (5 October 1946, Conservative Party conference, Blackpool) entitled "Every Dog His Day" on subjects including: criticism of the Labour government; the need for a concerted opposition to Communism; foreign policy; the deterioration of relations with the Soviet Union; post war reconstruction; the electoral system; taxation;...
Dates: 04 Oct 1946 - 28 Oct 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., Jul 1944 - 16 Feb 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/16A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (23 January 1948, House of Commons) on the foreign affairs debate including: support for the Labour government's foreign policy; affairs and events in various countries including Greece, Italy and the United States; his predictions of the Cold war in his Fulton speech ["The Sinews of Peace" see CHUR 5/4A-B] and the need for reconciliation between France and Germany at Zurich ["The Tragedy of Europe", see CHUR 5/8]; criticism of a speech by Herbert Morrison, Lord...
Dates: Jul 1944 - 16 Feb 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 22 Oct 1945 - 26 Apr 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/17A-G
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (8 March 1948, House of Commons) on navy estimates including: the absence of enemies at sea; the importance of the navy to sustaining the British empire; criticism of the Labour government's secrecy about their naval policy and naval estimates; previous mistakes in naval policy; the scrapping of ships; and his experiences as First Lord of the Admiralty. Source material includes: notes from Elizabeth Gilliatt [Secretary to WSC] and "N S" ["Jo" Sturdee, later Lady...
Dates: 22 Oct 1945 - 26 Apr 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 10 Jul 1948 - 30 Jul 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/20A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (10 July, Woodford [Essex]) at an open air constituency meeting entitled "A new parliament" on subjects including: praise for Sir James Hawkey as Chairman of the Woodford Conservative Association; the strength of the Conservative Party; his involvement with social policy; the National Health service; the need to oppose communism; the possibility of war with the Soviet Union; the Labour government's economic policy; and the pledges of the Conservative Party. Also...
Dates: 10 Jul 1948 - 30 Jul 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Speech notes., Jan 1949 - 01 Apr 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/24A-E
Scope and Contents Includes speech notes for WSC's speech (31 March, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Boston [United States]) entitled "The twentieth century - its promises and its realisation" on subjects including: the teaching of engineering and science in the United Kingdom contrasted with the situation in the United States; the role of science and the use made of scientific discoveries for military purposes; Great Britain's hopes for the twentieth century; WSC's early political career and...
Dates: Jan 1949 - 01 Apr 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 01 Jun 1949 - 17 Aug 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/26A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (1 June, Kensington Town Hall [London]) on receiving the freedom of the Borough of Kensington including: his memories and experience of Kensington; its history and contribution during World War II and his descent from John, 1st Duke of Marlborough. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7824-5 (part).Brief manuscript notes for WSC's speech (26 June, Savoy Hotel [London]) at the 1922 Committee Luncheon.Speech notes for WSC's speech (5 July, Sikorski Institute,...
Dates: 01 Jun 1949 - 17 Aug 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Speech notes., 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/28A-B
Scope and Contents Brief manuscript notes for and transcript of WSC's speech of thanks (2 November 1949, Grosvenor House, Park Lane [London]) entitled "Riches of English Literature" on receiving the Sunday Times book prize including: the importance of the Sunday Times, of the English language and of reading; his experiences as a writer; and communications and television. Source material includes: notes from "Jo" [Sturdee, later Lady Onslow, Secretary to WSC]; correspondence from Lionel Berry [later 2nd Lord...
Dates: 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., Feb 1933 - 24 Apr 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/104
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (February, Chingford [Essex]) on subjects including the National Government, economic affairs, unemployment, and India.Notes for WSC's speech (17 February, Queen's Hall, London, Anti-socialist and anti-communist union) on socialism and communism, the Soviet Union, Japan, India, and the Oxford Union motion against fighting for King and country. Also includes printed guide containing the text of WSC's speech. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5219-20.Notes for WSC's...
Dates: Feb 1933 - 24 Apr 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 24 Sep 1936 - Dec 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/121
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (24 September, [Theatre des Ambassaduers] Paris [France]) on the democracies, Nazism and Bolshevism, the need for Franco-British co-operation, and support for the League of Nations. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5788-90.Notes for WSC's speech (3 October, Oxford High School, memorial unveiling ceremony) on the career and writings of Lawrence of Arabia [T E Lawrence, later T E Shaw]. Also includes cutting from the Times containing the text of WSC's speech, and...
Dates: 24 Sep 1936 - Dec 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 31 May 1937 - 20 Nov 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/126
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (31 May, Caxton Hall [Westminster, Conservative Party meeting]), moving the motion for Neville Chamberlain's [Prime Minister] election to the Conservative Party leadership and praising his achievements as Chancellor of the Exchequer. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5856-7.Notes for WSC's speech (11 June, [London] Australia Club Dinner) proposing a toast to the Prime Minister of Australia, Joseph Lyons, and commenting on naval security in the Far East and Singapore....
Dates: 31 May 1937 - 20 Nov 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material [1936 unless otherwise indicated]., 1936 - 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/122
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (19 November, [Claridge's, London] United Associations of Great Britain and France Dinner) on the need for Franco-British friendship and co-operation. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5814-5.Notes for and report of WSC's speech (25 November, [Dorchester Hotel, London] New Commonwealth Society Luncheon) on his stance on defence and disarmament, and the need to back up the League of Nations with force if necessary. Also includes printed copy of the speech issued...
Dates: 1936 - 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"The Communist Menace", 25 Mar 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/24E/726-741
Scope and Contents

Speech notes for WSC's speech (Ritz-Carlton Hotel, New York [United States]) at a dinner given by Henry Luce of Life Magazine including: communism, the Cold war, and the threat posed by the Soviet Union; and the likelihood of the Soviet Union obtaining atomic weapons. Typescript draft speaking notes heavily annotated with changes by WSC in black ink and ?also in blue ballpoint. Some sections are laid out in "psalm" style to aid delivery.

Dates: 25 Mar 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"The deterrent-nuclear warfare", 01 Mar 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/57A/33-89
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (House of Commons) on subjects including: the unique division of the world into nuclear Communist and non-Communist sides; WSC's prediction of the power of nuclear energy in 1931; nuclear development in Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union; the lack of defence against the hydrogen bomb; difficulties in fair disarmament; defence through deterrents, including the ability to paralyse Soviet airfields, industrial targets and submarine bases; the power of...
Dates: 01 Mar 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Fonds

The Papers of Lord Vansittart of Denham

Reference Code: GBR/0014/VNST
Scope and Contents VNST I is divided into two main groups: official papers or copies of official papers (sections 1-3); and personal papers (section 4). The first three groups include not only Cabinet and Foreign Office papers, which were officially registered, but also some secret official correspondence which did not go through the registry and some semi-official correspondence VNST II includes personal letters, several from prominent persons, which give a vivid picture of Vansittart's passionate...
Dates: 1801 - 1978
Conditions Governing Access: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Fonds

The Papers of Sir William Barker

Reference Code: GBR/0014/BRKR
Scope and Contents

The papers held at Churchill Archives Centre relate to affairs and events in Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union and shed light on British diplomacy during the Cold War.

Dates: 1940 - 1990
Conditions Governing Access: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Fonds

The Papers of Vasiliy Mitrokhin

Reference Code: GBR/0014/MITN
Scope and Contents

The collection comprises the redacted and edited typescript copies of Mitrokhin's original manuscript notes of documents from the KGB archive. All documents are in Russian.

Dates: 1972 - 2004
Conditions Governing Access: Some files in sections 1-3 are closed (see catalogue for more details). Please note that Archives Centre staff are not able to make copies on behalf of researchers, though researchers are welcome to bring their own cameras and make images from the files.
 Item

(Untitled), 08 Mar 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/212/76-80
Scope and Contents Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "Personal and Top Secret" criticising Soviet policy in Romania and Bulgaria; recognising difficulties in trying to influence the situation in these countries, but advocating appealing to Marshal Stalin to ensure that the new Romanian Government does not purge opposition elements; proposing to send Stalin a message on Poland, which WSC sees as the "test case" of the Soviet Union's attitude to the independence of those countries where they have...
Dates: 08 Mar 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 18 Apr 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/215/24
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Foreign Secretary [Anthony Eden, later Lord Avon] (Washington [United States]) marked "Personal and Top Secret" agreeing that all [military] supplies to Marshal Tito [Premier of Yugoslavia] should be stopped; and that exploiting Tito's claims [to Istria and Trieste, Italy] is the best way of splitting the Communists in Italy and strengthening their influence there.

Dates: 18 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.