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Communism

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 293 Collections and/or Records:

 Item

(Untitled), 05 Feb 1945 - 06 Feb 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/211/96
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Harold MacMillan [Minister Resident at Allied Force HQ, Mediterranean Command] (Athens [Greece]) to WSC stating that he is leaving for Rome [Italy] on 6 February; and that the Conference [between representatives of the Greek Government and the Communist rebels] is continuing. Annotated to indicate that the message was repeated to WSC [Yalta, Soviet Union] as "Fleece 208". Photocopy.

Dates: 05 Feb 1945 - 06 Feb 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 05 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/204A/69-70
Scope and Contents

German Telegraph Service report on CSC's visit to the Soviet Union entitled "Mrs Winston Gets Busy", suggesting she is being exploited by the Soviet authorities.

Dates: 05 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 12 Feb 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/205/7-9
Scope and Contents

Text of a statement by Randolph Churchill [Athens, Greece] on the situation in Greece cabled to London by Reuters: praising British policy and those who have executed it on the ground; and criticising those elements of the press who have been hostile to it. Carbon copy.

Dates: 12 Feb 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 08 Mar 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/212/76-80
Scope and Contents Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "Personal and Top Secret" criticising Soviet policy in Romania and Bulgaria; recognising difficulties in trying to influence the situation in these countries, but advocating appealing to Marshal Stalin to ensure that the new Romanian Government does not purge opposition elements; proposing to send Stalin a message on Poland, which WSC sees as the "test case" of the Soviet Union's attitude to the independence of those countries where they have...
Dates: 08 Mar 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 26 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/216/53
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon, Foreign Secretary] (San Francisco [United States]) marked "Top Secret" asserting the importance of the liberation of Prague and as much as possible of Western Czechoslovakia by the Americans to the post-war political situation in Czechoslovakia [now Czech Republic and Slovakia] and nearby countries; and stating that he is asking the Chiefs of Staff to draw the attention of their American colleagues to the matter. Carbon copy.

Dates: 26 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 30 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/216/120-122
Scope and Contents Telegram from WSC to President Harry Truman marked "Personal and Top Secret" arguing that it is a "delusion" to suppose that the Yugoslav Government [later Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia] would agree to Anglo-American forces taking Venezia Guilia [Italy] including Trieste [Italy], Pola [later Pula, Croatia] and Fiume [later Rijeka, Croatia]; that Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Supreme Allied...
Dates: 30 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 18 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/215/24
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Foreign Secretary [Anthony Eden, later Lord Avon] (Washington [United States]) marked "Personal and Top Secret" agreeing that all [military] supplies to Marshal Tito [Premier of Yugoslavia, later Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia] should be stopped; and that exploiting Tito's claims [to Istria and Trieste, Italy] is the best way of splitting the Communists in Italy and strengthening their influence there.

Dates: 18 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 20 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/215/57
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Reginald Leeper [British Ambassador to Greece] marked "Personal" giving his views on relations with the United States and President Harry Truman; and encouraging Leeper to work for free elections in Greece in three or four months at the latest. Carbon copy.

Dates: 20 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 22 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/215/106
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin, British Ambassador in the United States] marked "Personal and Top Secret" suggesting they and the Americans institute a separate Italian National Army; and pondering the American attitude to the future political make-up of Italy. Copy. Annotated: "Not sent".

Dates: 22 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 01 May 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/217/8-9
Scope and Contents Telegram from WSC to Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre] marked "Guard" and "Personal and Top Secret" seeking clarification of the position concerning the announcement of the surrender of German forces in Italy; requesting information on Alexander's plans for taking Trieste [Italy]; and asserting that he favours the Istrian peninsula remaining in Italy [after the end of hostilities] since this will harm communist...
Dates: 01 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 05 Jun 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/220/87
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Field Marshal Sir Bernard Montgomery [Commander 21st Army Group] to WSC marked "Top Secret", "Guard" and "personal and private" commenting on the situation in occupied Germany: suggesting that British policy concerning the German population, particularly regarding fraternisation with troops, needs to be reviewed, and pointing to communist activity in the British zone.

Dates: 05 Jun 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 12 May 1945 - 18 May 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/219/88
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Ibn Saud [King of Saudi Arabia] to WSC marked "Secret" and "personal" using a parable about a huntsman, a wolf and a serpent to warn WSC of the threat of the Soviet Union and the dangers of communism. Despatched on 12 May; received on 18 May. Carbon copy.

Dates: 12 May 1945 - 18 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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(Untitled), 17 Jun 1945 - 18 Jun 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/221/62-63
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Sir Desmond Morton [Prime Minister's Personal Assistant] (Athens [Greece]) to WSC marked "Personal and Top Secret" setting out suggestions for a future British policy to ensure Italy and Greece do not fall to communists. [Despatched on 18 June; carbon copy].

Dates: 17 Jun 1945 - 18 Jun 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), [08] [May] [1945]

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/230/67
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Partsalidis, Secretary, of the Central Committee of EAM [Communist-led National Liberation Front] (Athens [Greece]) to WSC (London) greeting him on "this historic day", commenting on Greece's resistance, and bemoaning the "unexpected persecution" of the "Greek resistance movement". [Copy].

Dates: [08] [May] [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

(Untitled), 22 Jul 1954

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 6/3B/176-180
Scope and Contents Copy of a letter from "Ike" [Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States] (The White House) to WSC marked "eyes only- top secret" in which he reflects on WSC's desires to make a joint pronouncement; to transfer responsibility to his successor [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon]; and to achieve a recognisable milestone towards peace which [Eisenhower] feels lies behind WSC's attempts to meet [Vyacheslav] Molotov [Soviet Union Foreign Minister]. He suggests that WSC might make a speech...
Dates: 22 Jul 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

(Untitled), 09 Feb 1954

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 6/3C/241-242
Scope and Contents

Copy of a letter from "Ike" [Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States] (The White House, Washington} to WSC marked "personal" expressing pleasure at WSC's good health; commenting on outbursts by [Vyacheslav] Molotov [Soviet Union Foreign Minister]; the importance of unity between free nations; and future history and legacy of leaders. Typescript.

Dates: 09 Feb 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Vienna, Berlin, Paris, London: Growing up in interesting times, 2000-06

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/MISC 73
Scope and Contents

Autobiography of [Frederick] Gerard Friedlander [Friedrich Gerhart Friedlander], 1917-35, on his early life, and his mother Ruth Fischer, founder of the Austrian Communist Party, a prominent member of the German Communist Party, and a member of the "left" or Trotskyite opposition to Stalin in the Soviet Union.

Dates: 2000-06
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Some material within the collection is closed to researchers.
 File

Workers and Communism, 1952 - 1961

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/ABMS 5/46
Scope and Contents Working papers on Communism and its appeal in Britain, Europe, Asia, North America, and South America, covering subjects such as Marxism, Leninism, and Stalinism; Communist double agents and infiltration techniques; British Communist Party organisation and election candidates; public perceptions of the Soviet Union; industrial and trade union disputes; and social stratification and income disparity. Consists largely of press cuttings, articles, and reports, with Mark Abrams's notes and draft...
Dates: 1952 - 1961
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.