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Chemical/biological warfare

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 46 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Correspondence A - Z, 1939-01 - 1939-12

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEL 2/1/29
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Samuel] Vyvyan Adams on LSA's being included in the new Cabinet; Harold Armstrong on LSA's advice to delay publishing his unfavourable biography of Winston Churchill or revise it (6); Sir Abe Bailey (3); Stanley Baldwin on a poem by LSA; Jacques Bardoux; Robert Bower, RAF Coastal Command; Sir Frank Fox (2); [Edward] Leslie Burgin [Minister of Supply] on buying policy; [Arthur] Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister] on subjects including a proposal to give a copy of the...
Dates: 1939-01 - 1939-12
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Letters from Duff Cooper to his mother, Lady Agnes Cooper, 1918-05 - 1918-06

Reference Code: GBR/0014/DUFC 14/14
Scope and Contents

Subjects include: life in the front line; a gas attack.

Dates: 1918-05 - 1918-06
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Official: Cabinet: papers 301 - 314., 02 Feb 1926 - 13 Aug 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 22/99
Scope and Contents Includes papers by various individuals on various subjects, including: the report of the Parliamentary Business Committee; Sir Maurice Hankey, Secretary to the Cabinet; Sir Austen Chamberlain, Foreign Secretary, on subjects including liquor smuggling; Sir William Tyrrell [Permanent Under- Secretary of State, Foreign Office] on policy towards the Soviet Union and Japan; the report of the sub-committee of the Imperial Conference (Documents) Committee, on the form of treaties; reports of the...
Dates: 02 Feb 1926 - 13 Aug 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: papers 340 - 359., 09 Feb 1926 - 25 Oct 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 22/102
Scope and Contents Includes papers by various individuals on various subjects, including: a letter from the National Confederation of Employers Organization on the coal dispute; Leo Amery, Secretary of State for the Dominions, on the status of the Union of South Africa, and as Secretary of State for the Colonies, on rubber exports restriction; James Hertzog, Prime Minister of the Union of South Africa, on status; Harry Batterbee [Assistant Secretary], Dominions Office, on the dominions' claims to seats on the...
Dates: 09 Feb 1926 - 25 Oct 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: papers 360 - 379., 21 Jun 1926 - 09 Nov 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 22/103
Scope and Contents Includes papers by various individuals on various subjects, including: 1st Lord Cecil [of Chelwood, earlier Lord Robert Cecil], Chancellor of the Duchy ofLancaster, on compulsory arbitration in international disputes; Sir John Gilmour, Secretary for Scotland, on the Police (Appeals) Bill, and poor relief for miners' dependants; Neville Chamberlain, Minister of Health, on loans for poor relief in areas affected by the miners' strike; a Ministry of Labour special report on unemployment; Sir...
Dates: 21 Jun 1926 - 09 Nov 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: papers 430 - 459., 02 Apr 1925 - 09 Nov 1925

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 22/44
Scope and Contents Includes papers from various individuals on various subjects, including: 1st Lord Balfour, Chairman of the Committee on Civil Research, on the British Dye Industry, and, as Lord President of the Council, on the Rosyth [Fife, Scotland] Dockyard; 1st Lord Haldane on the dye industry; Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister [earlier Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame, later 1st Lord Swinton], President of the Board of Trade, on subjects including the Finance Bill (Safeguarding of Industries); the Board of Trade...
Dates: 02 Apr 1925 - 09 Nov 1925
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Munitions., Aug 1917 - Dec 1917

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/144
Scope and Contents

Chemical Warfare Department Various papers including letter from Major-General Henry Thuillier, Chemical Warfare Department on the Italian gas mask, which gave practically no protection against the three principal gasses used by the enemy; report of conference on general gas policy, chaired by WSC.

Dates: Aug 1917 - Dec 1917
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Munitions., Jan 1918 - Jun 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/145
Scope and Contents Chemical Warfare Department Various papers including Chemical Report of Trench Warfare Supply Department; minutes of conference, chaired by WSC to consider the supply of gas for 1919 as affected by the policy of the General Staff, other delegates included Major Generals Sir William Furse, Sir Francis Bingham, Sir Noel Birch and Henry Thuillier; printed report of British gas attack near Nieuport, 5 Oct 1916; War Cabinet Papers on the use of Asphyxiating gases; letter from General Sir Henry...
Dates: Jan 1918 - Jun 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Munitions., 01 Jan 1918 - 30 Nov 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/146
Scope and Contents Chemical Warfare Department Various papers including memos by Major-General Henry Thuillier, (Controller, Chemical Weapons Department) on the properties and uses of chemical shell fillings (2), the delays in providing gas shells; notes of meeting (chaired by WSC) on the provision of HS gas and gas shell; papers on bonuses to be paid to munitions workers employed in connection with HS gas; report on status of Chemical Warfare problems in September 1918; General Staff pamphlet on the...
Dates: 01 Jan 1918 - 30 Nov 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Munitions., 20 Dec 1917 - 19 Dec 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/149
Scope and Contents

Chemical Warfare Department Weekly reports of the Chemical Warfare Committee, Nos. 84-112, Dec 1917 - Jul 1918 [these are a continuation of the weekly reports of the Trench Warfare Research Department Chemical Advisory Committee] Monthly reports Nos. 2-5, July-Nov 1918.

Dates: 20 Dec 1917 - 19 Dec 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: WSC's minutes., 15 Jan 1919 - 27 Mar 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/15A-B
Scope and Contents Includes carbon copies of minutes (some annotated in reply) from WSC to various individuals including: Secretary [War Office, Sir Reginald Brade]; Chief of Imperial General Staff [General Sir Henry Wilson]; Air Secretary [Jack Scott]; Major-General John Seely [later 1st Lord Mottistone, Under-Secretary of State for Air]; Chief of the Air Staff [Major-General Frederick Sykes, until February 1919; Major-General Sir Hugh Trenchard, from February 1919]; Director of Military Intelligence...
Dates: 15 Jan 1919 - 27 Mar 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: WSC's minutes., 01 Apr 1919 - 28 Jun 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/16A-B
Scope and Contents Includes carbon copies of minutes (some annotated in reply) from WSC to various individuals including: Deputy Chief of Imperial General Staff [Major-General Charles Harington]; Director of Military Intelligence [Major-General William Thwaites]; Deputy Director of Military Operations and Military Intelligence [Colonel George Cockerill]; Master-General of the Ordnance [Lieutenant-General Sir William Furse]; Quartermaster-General [Lieutenant-General Travers Clarke]; Secretary [War Office, Sir...
Dates: 01 Apr 1919 - 28 Jun 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: WSC's minutes., 01 Jan 1920 - 29 Apr 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/51A-B
Scope and Contents Includes carbon copies of minutes (and telegrams) from WSC to various individuals including: Secretary [War Office, Sir Reginald Brade]; 1st Lord Peel [Under-Secretary of State for War]; Chief of Imperial General Staff [General Sir Henry Wilson]; Sir Herbert Creedy; Deputy Chief of Imperial General Staff [Major-General Charles Harington]; Chief of the Air Staff [Air-Marshal Sir Hugh Trenchard]; Major-General Fabian Ware; [David Lloyd George]; Andrew Bonar Law [Lord Privy Seal]; Director of...
Dates: 01 Jan 1920 - 29 Apr 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: WSC's minutes., 01 May 1920 - 31 Aug 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/52A-B
Scope and Contents Includes carbon copies of minutes and letters from WSC to various individuals including: Quartermaster-General [Lieutenant-General Travers Clarke]; Jack Scott [Air Secretary and Private Secretary to WSC]; Sir James Stevenson [Surveyor-General of Supply]; Secretary [War Office, ?Sir Reginald Brade]; Military Secretary [Lieutenant-General Sir Philip Chetwode]; Adjutant-General [Lieutenant-General Sir George Macdonogh]; Major Lionel de Rothschild; Finance Member [Sir Archibald Williamson, later...
Dates: 01 May 1920 - 31 Aug 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: WSC's minutes., 01 Sep 1920 - 24 Dec 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/53A-B
Scope and Contents Includes carbon copies of minutes and letters from WSC to various individuals including: Secretary [War Office, Sir Herbert Creedy]; Chief of Imperial General Staff [General Sir Henry Wilson]; 10th Lord Scarbrough [Director General Territorial and Volunteer Forces]; Chief of the Air Staff [Air-Marshal Sir Hugh Trenchard]; Director of Military Operations [Major-General Sir Percy Radcliffe]; Quartermaster-General [Lieutenant-General Travers Clarke]; Finance Member [Sir Archibald Williamson,...
Dates: 01 Sep 1920 - 24 Dec 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence etc., 12 Jan 1936 - 27 Nov 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/266A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Basil Liddell Hart [Military Correspondent to the Times] on the troop system used in India; "Harold R" [1st Lord Rothermere, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on subjects including 1st Lord Weir's position in defence [as Adviser to the Air Ministry], the likely stop to any battleship programme, pilot training, the likelihood of a quick German victory against Britain and France, German contempt for the British Government, and the Government's refusal to discuss the...
Dates: 12 Jan 1936 - 27 Nov 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folio 93, closed on Cabinet Office instructions under S23 of the Freedom of Information Act ('sanitised' photocopy available). Review date 1 January 2021.
 File

Public and Political: General: Defence: Memoranda etc., 14 Feb 1936 - 26 Oct 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/268
Scope and Contents Includes: memorandum by Desmond Morton on subjects including German propaganda on French military aviation and the Soviet army, and notes [added to file in January 1996] on a speech by the Minister for Co-ordination of Defence [Sir Thomas Inskip, later 1st Lord Caldecote], rebutting Inskip's claims for military production; memorandum by Sir Philip Gibbs on the inefficient state of the RAF, and its need for expansion; press cuttings from the Figaro, with an article on the Anglo-French crisis...
Dates: 14 Feb 1936 - 26 Oct 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"Shall we all commit suicide?", Sep 1924

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/200B/202-206
Scope and Contents Press cutting of article by WSC published in Nash's Pall Mall Magazine, illustrated with a portrait photograph of WSC. Covers progress and developments in knowledge, technology and science and their use in World War I; the potential for extermination of the human race; possibility of another war in Europe; speculation on the development of explosive weapons "Might not a bomb no bigger than an orange be found to possess a secret power", and of pilot-less aircraft, chemical and biological...
Dates: Sep 1924
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 15 Feb 1942 - 15 Mar 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/188A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (15 February) on the fall of Singapore and reviewing the war. Subjects covered include: the Atlantic Charter and assistance provided by the United States; operations in the Soviet Union; the entry of Japan into the war; the Home Front and difficulties of food supply; and the strength of China. Also includes correspondence from James Stuart [Government Chief Whip]; Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Secretary of State for Air]; [General Wladyslaw]...
Dates: 15 Feb 1942 - 15 Mar 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Fonds

The Papers of Sir Harold Hartley

Reference Code: GBR/0014/HART
Scope and Contents The papers include: diaries and engagement books; personal and general correspondence; early scientific papers and laboratory notebooks; papers and correspondence relating to Balliol College; papers relating to Hartley's chemical warfare work in the First World War; papers of the Axis Oil Committees, concerned with the problem of oil supplies to the Axis in the Second World War; the FIDO papers, from a committee headed by Hartley on Fog Investigation Dispersal Operations, also during the...
Dates: 1890-08 - 1978-08
Conditions Governing Access: With the exception of some royal correspondence, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Transcript of interview: David Summerhayes, 2003

Reference Code: GBR/0014/DOHP 78
Scope and Contents From the Fonds:

The programme comprises transcripts of interviews with senior diplomats.

Dates: 2003
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Material in this collection is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue.
 Item

(Untitled), 05 Apr 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/200/58
Scope and Contents Letter from Richard Stokes [Labour MP for Ipswich, Suffolk] (32, Victoria Street, London, SW1) to WSC stating that he has been told "on good authority" of the intention of the Combined Staffs in Washington to use gas on the Japanese as soon as the war with Germany is over, protesting against this as, "Apart from the principle involved, many hundreds of people in Ipswich lost relatives at Singapore; it would seem quite probable that those of them who are in Japanese hands will be murdered if...
Dates: 05 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 01 Jan 1941 - 31 Jan 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/36/1
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, January 1941.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet]; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; Eric Seal [WSC's Principal Private Secretary]; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; the Chiefs of Staff; F A Lindemann [later 1st Lord Cherwell, Prime Minister's Personal Assistant]; James Stuart [Chief Whip] and...
Dates: 01 Jan 1941 - 31 Jan 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 01 Apr 1941 - 30 Apr 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/36/4
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, April 1941.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; F A Lindemann [later 1st Lord Cherwell] and Desmond Morton [Prime Minister's Personal Assistants]; Sir Alexander Cadogan [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs]; the Chiefs of Staff; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; Sir Edward Bridges...
Dates: 01 Apr 1941 - 30 Apr 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 01 Jul 1944 - 30 Jul 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/153/1
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, July 1944.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; senior civil servants, including Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet]; the Chiefs of Staff; "C" [Major General Sir Stewart Menzies, Head of Britain's Secret Intelligence Service]; Major General Robert Laycock [Chief...
Dates: 01 Jul 1944 - 30 Jul 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.