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Spanish Civil War (1936-1939)

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 85 Collections and/or Records:

 File

"Approach March": annotated draft of chapter 8, "Baptism of Fire", 1967-08

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEJ 8/3/17
Scope and Contents From the Sub-Series: This section of the archive includes some source material, notes, drafts, typescripts and proofs of JA's autobiography. It was written in the 1960s (though not published until 1973), after JA lost first his ministerial office and then his Parliamentary seat after the General Elections of 1964 and 1966. Asked by the publishers Hutchinson Limited to write his political memoirs, JA preferred instead to write about his earlier career (being unable to write about sensitive recent events, and not...
Dates: 1967-08
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The majority of the papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge, though the constituency papers and some of the correspondence and political papers remain closed.
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"Approach March": annotated draft of chapter 9, " War correspondent", 1967-08

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEJ 8/3/18
Scope and Contents From the Sub-Series: This section of the archive includes some source material, notes, drafts, typescripts and proofs of JA's autobiography. It was written in the 1960s (though not published until 1973), after JA lost first his ministerial office and then his Parliamentary seat after the General Elections of 1964 and 1966. Asked by the publishers Hutchinson Limited to write his political memoirs, JA preferred instead to write about his earlier career (being unable to write about sensitive recent events, and not...
Dates: 1967-08
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The majority of the papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge, though the constituency papers and some of the correspondence and political papers remain closed.
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"Approach March": annotated typescript of Book II, "The Initiation", chapters 8-11, 1970-03 - 1971-08

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEJ 8/3/67
Scope and Contents Was previously entitled "Preparing for War".
Dates: 1970-03 - 1971-08
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The majority of the papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge, though the constituency papers and some of the correspondence and political papers remain closed.
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Copy of an unpublished autobiography, 1901-45

Reference Code: GBR/0014/STRS 1/1
Scope and Contents Comprises: Preface; Chapter 1, Early Memories; Chapter 2, Into Parliament; Chapter 3, The House of Commons; Chapter 4, The Soviet Union; Chapter 5, Henry Moore, By-Election Songs, and Waterloo Bridge; Chapter 6, The Spanish Civil War; Chapter 7, Collapse of MacDonald's Government; and Chapter 8, Wartime.
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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Correspondence about individual Spanish refugees, 1936 - 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/SMVL 5/6
Scope and Contents From the Fonds: Papers comprising diaries, correspondence, official papers, lectures, articles, broadcasts and photographs
Also including papers of Commander John Somerville about his father, 1950-91
Dates: 1936 - 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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Diary, 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/ACAD 1/6
Scope and Contents Diary. Subjects covered include: relationships within the Foreign Office and diplomatic service; the growing threat of Hitler and Mussolini; the challenges of, and opinions on, British foreign policy; international relations with, in particular, Italy, Spain, Japan, China, France and the United States of America; the Spanish Civil War and the Non-Intervention Committee; paralysis at the League of Nations; the Abyssinian and Sudetenland Crises and the Imperial Conference as well as social and...
Dates: 1937
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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Diary, 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/ACAD 1/8
Scope and Contents Diary. Subjects covered include: relationships inside the Foreign Office and diplomatic service with a sense of the complexities of British governmental policy; a trip to Rome in January 1939 to visit Mussolini regarding Hitler's in Europe; Franco and the Spanish Civil War; the German occupation of Prague in March 1939; Italian occupation of Albania; the challenges of working with the Soviet Union; the build up to war, with the declaration of war against Germany and her allies, and the...
Dates: 1939
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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Events in Valencia, Raids on Alicante and Hits on British Ships During the Spanish Civil War, 1938-04 - 1938-06

Reference Code: GBR/0014/STVS 1/25
Scope and Contents Extracts from Stevens' diary.
Dates: 1938-04 - 1938-06
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is available for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Fonds

For Intellectual Liberty: Correspondence and papers

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.9369
Scope and Contents Comprises: minutes of meetings of the F.I.L. committee, 1935-1940; scrpabook of press cuttings, chiefly letters written by F.I.L. members to the press on a range of subjects in the lead-up to the Second World War; printed publications and statements; papers of the British Section of the International Association of Writers for the Defence of Culture, 1938-40, including letters of Hugh Walpole, Compton Mackenzie and Sylvia Townsend Warner; papers relating to refugees; publications; index of...
Dates: 1936-1940
Conditions Governing Access: Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact mss@lib.cam.ac.uk. Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).
 Unknown

"Headway towards Freedom and Peace", Nov 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/132/111
Scope and Contents Pamphlet including on pages 18-19 an article by WSC entitled "In truth and earnestness" on the price of peace, the future of the League of Nations Union, the Munich agreement and WSC's warnings, call for action and for Britain to lead. Pages 33-35 include the text of WSC's broadcast to the United States (16 October 1938, [United States National Broadcasting Company]) entitled "The defence of freedom and peace" on the need for the democracies, including the United States, to unite against the...
Dates: Nov 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: articles, Evening Standard., Mar 1936 - Dec 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/543
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs of the following articles by WSC: "Britain, Germany and Locarno" and "Stop it Now!" on the need for the League of Nations to act on German troops entering the Rhineland [Germany]; "Where Do We Stand?" on the results of Italy's invasion of Abyssinia [Ethiopia] and the British policy on it; "How Germany is Arming" on German military expenditure; "Our Navy Must Be Stronger"; "Organise Our Supplies" on efficient munitions production; "How to Stop War" on the need for a grand...
Dates: Mar 1936 - Dec 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: articles: Evening Standard 1., Jan 1937 - May 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/569
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "No Intervention in Spain for us!" on the wisdom of British neutrality in the Spanish Civil War, being equally opposed to both sides, and on the small likelihood of German troops staying with a successful General Franco; "How You Will Help to Meet the Bill" on funding rearmament and the probable need to increase taxation; "Europe's Peace" on the continued threat from Germany; "France Faces a New Crisis" on French economic...
Dates: Jan 1937 - May 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: articles: Evening Standard 3., 15 Sep 1937 - 23 Dec 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/571
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "Friendship with Germany" on his own and Britain's attitude to Germany; "A Forward Step" on the improved outlook for peace in the Mediterranean, Yugoslavia and Spain, and the disappearance of [Italian] pirate submarines from the Mediterranean; "War is not Imminent" on the need to avoid unnecessary alarmism, the situation in the Far East depending upon the actions of the United States, the tension between Italy and France in...
Dates: 15 Sep 1937 - 23 Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Daily Telegraph articles by WSC: 1., Jan 1939 - Mar 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/645
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the Telegraph (and the Belfast Telegraph) for: "Anglo-German Naval Agreement", criticising the 1935 Agreement, the attitude of the Admiralty at that time, German superiority in submarines, and the effect of the Agreement on air parity; "Counting the Cost of Italy's Policies Abroad" on the Anglo-Italian Agreement of 1938, Italian intervention in Spain, and possible Italian conflict with France; "Light and Shade in Europe since Herr...
Dates: Jan 1939 - Mar 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Daily Telegraph articles by WSC: 2., Apr 1939 - Jun 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/646
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the Telegraph (and the Belfast Telegraph) for: "Would Peace or War Better Serve Mussolini's Interests?" on Italy's violation of the Anglo-Italian Agreement particularly over the invasion of Albania, Italy's potential weakness in a Mediterranean war and WSC's hopes of the Italian people's reluctance to become involved in such a war; "President Roosevelt and Franco's choice" on Roosevelt's stance towards Europe and arguing for Spanish...
Dates: Apr 1939 - Jun 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Daily Telegraph articles by WSC 3., Oct 1938 - Dec 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/613
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the Telegraph (and regional newspapers carrying the article) for: "France, Britain, and the Future Fate of Europe" on the need for unity between Britain and France, and apportioning blame for the situation in Czechoslovakia; "Palestine at the Cross-roads" on Jewish and Arab conflict, arguing against partition, and advocating the restoration of order; "All is Not Lost in China" on the state of the Sino-Japanese War, future prospects, the...
Dates: Oct 1938 - Dec 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Evening Standard articles by WSC., Jan 1938 - Sep 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/610
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs and cuttings from the Standard (and regional newspapers carrying the article) for: "Britain Rearms" on British naval, army and air strength; "What Japan Thinks of Us" on the Japanese racial attitude to the British and Americans, Japan's naval strength and US policy concerning the Sino-Japanese War; "The League [of Nations] is not Dead Yet" on the power of the dictatorships in Europe, a defence of the League, and asserting the need for Britain and France to show...
Dates: Jan 1938 - Sep 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Picture Post articles., Mar 1939 - Aug 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/655
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from Picture Post for: "What Britain's Policy Should Be", an interview with WSC in which he gives his views on British foreign policy over the preceding years and at that time, advocates co-operation with France, the United States and the Soviet Union against Germany, comments on the Spanish Civil War, the need to form a broader British government and civil defence; "How the War Began" on the build up to World War I, the assassination of...
Dates: Mar 1939 - Aug 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Book 1: Master copy proofs., 30 Jan 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/119
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: Chapter 1 "The Follies of the Victors, 1919 - 1929"; Chapter 2 "Peace at its Zenith, 1922 - 1931"; Chapter 3 "Lurking Dangers"; Chapter 4 "Adolf Hitler"; Chapter 5 "The Locust Years, 1931 - 1935"; Chapter 6 "The Darkening Scene, 1934"; Chapter 7 "Air Parity Lost, 1934 - 1935"; Chapter 8 "Challenge and Response, 1935"; Chapter 9 "Problems of Air and Sea, 1935 - 1939"; Chapter 10 "Sanctions Against Italy, 1935"; Chapter 11 "Hitler Strikes, 1936"; Chapter 12 "The Loaded...
Dates: 30 Jan 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1, "The Gathering Storm": chapter 12 "The Loaded Pause [Spain, 1936-1937]": copy and provisional proofs., [Jan] 1947 - Oct 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/86
Scope and Contents Includes typescript, manuscript, and galley proofs annotated with suggested corrections and amendments from various people including: [William] Deakin [literary assistant], WSC, "K H" [secretary Kathleen Hill], "E M" [Sir Edward Marsh], "H R P" [Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall], [secretary Elizabeth Gilliatt], and Isaiah Berlin.Also includes: proofs of WSC's speeches at the Albert Hall [London] (3 December 1936) and to the Foreign Affairs Committee of the House of Commons (30 March 1936)...
Dates: [Jan] 1947 - Oct 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Chapters 11 - 21: 'Returned empties'., 29 Dec 1947 - 12 Feb 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/114A-K
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of: Chapter 11 "Hitler Strikes, 1936"; Chapter 12 "The Loaded Pause - Spain 1936 - 1937); Chapter 13 "Germany Armed, 1936 - 1938"; Chapter 14 "Mr [Anthony] Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] at the Foreign Office and His Resignation"; Chapter 15 "The Rape of Austria, February 1938"; Chapter 16 "Czechoslovakia"; Chapter 17 "The Tragedy of Munich" [Germany]; Chapter 18 "Munich Winter"; Chapter 19 "Prague, Albania and the Polish Guarantee"; Chapter 20 "The Soviet...
Dates: 29 Dec 1947 - 12 Feb 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: various articles by WSC., Jan 1938 - Nov 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/609
Scope and Contents Includes: Press cutting for "1938 - World's Year of Fate", published in Answers (29 January 1938), briefly commenting on rearmament, the Spanish Civil War, the threat of Japan, Italy and Germany, and the role of Britain, France and the United States. Cuttings and proofs for "Women in War", published in the February edition of the Strand Magazine, looking at the subject from both an historical perspective, focusing on figures such as Joan of Arc, and examining the contemporary situation around...
Dates: Jan 1938 - Nov 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Pamphlets on the Spanish Civil War, 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CRFT 4/7
Scope and Contents Includes: "Democracy" in Spain by Reginald J.D. Dingle, 36 pp; "Spain: The Truth at Last" by Croft, 24 pp; "Terror in Spain" by John McGovern, 15 pp; "I Accuse France" by a Barrister, 29 pp; "Controversy on Spain" between H.A. Gwynne and A. Ramos Oliveira, 72 pp.
Dates: 1937
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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Paper on the policy and effect of the United States’ neutrality during the Spanish Civil War , c 1950s-1960s

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AGHM 3/1/40
Scope and Contents From the Series: AHM left a large amount of unsorted papers from her long academic career, and it is difficult to tell the difference between lecture notes, comments on her students' work and her own research, as they all tend to be jumbled up together, frequently in the same files or notebooks, so they have been left more or less in their original order. Subjects include the Versailles Conference, the history of Germany in the 20th century, particularly the build-up to the Second World War, Gustav Stresemann...
Dates: c 1950s-1960s
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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Photographs showing Nationalist military parades during the Spanish Civil War, 1936 - 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/SMVL 5/16
Scope and Contents With a letter from an Italian officer enclosing cap ribbons and asking for a reciprocal gift.
Dates: 1936 - 1937
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.