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Spanish Civil War (1936-1939)

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 85 Collections and/or Records:

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Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence etc., 09 Feb 1920 - 28 Dec 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/267
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Frederick Beaumont-Nesbitt [Military Attache, Paris, France] on WSC's visit to see French military manoeuvres at Aix-en-Provence and the Maginot Line (2); "George L" [1st Lord Lloyd of Dolobran]; Alan Herbert, introducing Major-General Sir Percy Hobart [Inspector, Royal Tank Corps, and Commander, Tank Brigade] (2); Desmond Morton on subjects including meeting the representative of the Spanish Nationalists, the Marques del Moral, Communist atrocities in Spain, the...
Dates: 09 Feb 1920 - 28 Dec 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Defence of Freedom and Peace., 29 Jul 1936 - 31 Dec 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/283
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: A H Richards, [Secretary, Focus in Defence of Freedom and Peace] on meetings of the Focus (earlier the Freedom and Peace Union, and Peace with Freedom Movement), extending the focus group to the United States, avoiding the appearance of British propaganda and solely Jewish backing, extending into France, an invitation for WSC to address the movement in the United States, avoiding rivalry with other related organizations, inviting various individuals, including WSC, to...
Dates: 29 Jul 1936 - 31 Dec 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Defence of Freedom and Peace Union., 08 Jan 1938 - 23 Dec 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/343A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondence on the Focus in Defence of Freedom and Peace, mainly between WSC and A H Richards [Secretary of the Focus] on subjects including: the visit of [? Ivan Subasic], Ban of Croatia [Yugoslavia]; the pacifism movement among the churches; meetings of the Focus, where WSC gave speeches, including mass meetings at Manchester (9 May), Bristol [16 May], Sheffield [Yorkshire, 31 May], Birmingham (2 June) and Chingford [Essex, 11 December]; a joint campaign with the League of Nations...
Dates: 08 Jan 1938 - 23 Dec 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: League of Nations Union., 03 Apr 1936 - 02 Dec 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/286
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Austen Chamberlain on subjects including views on colonial policy expressed in a League of Nations Union pamphlet, WSC's defence deputations to the Prime Minister [Stanley Baldwin] and refusing to sign the union's declaration of its aims (2); 1st Lord Cecil of Chelwood [earlier Lord Robert Cecil], President, League of Nations Union and Joint-President, International Peace Campaign, on subjects including his vote for rearmament in the House of Lords, the difficulty...
Dates: 03 Apr 1936 - 02 Dec 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, N-Q., Jan 1936 - Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/397
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Duncan Sandys (2), Sir Geoffrey Fry [Private Secretary to Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin] (5), J Norris (a "working-man Conservative") (5), and Marjorie Maxse, Chief Organising Officer, Conservative and Unionist Party, on subjects including a dispute between Sandys and Norris over payment for his services and meetings organised by Norris; Sir Terence O'Connor congratulating WSC on his speech of 11 April 1940 and his leadership (3); Una, Lady O'Dwyer on the death of...
Dates: Jan 1936 - Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence A-C., Jun 1947 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/67A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Vyvyan Adams (4); Reginald Maudling; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (3); Ralph Assheton [later 1st Lord Clitheroe] (3); James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (7); Garry Allighan; Leo Amery (6); John Andrews; Michael Astor; Henry Hopkinson [later 1st Lord Colyton, Head of Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat and Joint Director, Conservative Research...
Dates: Jun 1947 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 166-7 which have been removed on grounds of data protection due to presence of sensitive personal information about living individuals until 1 January 2024.
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Public and Political: General: Spain., 10 Feb 1937 - 14 Dec 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/314
Scope and Contents Correspondents on the Spanish Civil War include: the Marques del Moral [representative of the Nationalists] on the illegality of the Spanish Government; Pablo, Marques de Merry del Val [former Spanish Ambassador to Britain] on subjects including the Communist dictatorship in the Government, WSC's article ["Spain's Road to Peace"], Communist propaganda, and the mercy shown by General Franco to his opponents (4); Robert Graves on WSC's misinformation about Communist influence and interference...
Dates: 10 Feb 1937 - 14 Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 57-58, closed on Cabinet Office instructions under S27 of the Freedom of Information Act. Review date 1 January 2021.
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Public and Political: General: Various Papers., Jul 1937 - May 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/335
Scope and Contents Papers and memoranda on various subjects, including: timetable of the Munich Crisis by Randolph Churchill; a note on the Anglo-Italian Agreement on Abyssinia [later Ethiopia]; printed extracts of speeches by Neville Chamberlain on British relations with Italy, 1935 - 9; pamphlet published by the Abyssinia Association, "Italy's Failure in Abyssinia"; extract from a speech by WSC on relations with Italy (5 November 1936, House of Commons); pamphlet by Arnold Wienholt, former member of the...
Dates: Jul 1937 - May 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Reports by Somerville on the Spanish Civil War, 1936 - 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/SMVL 5/5
Scope and Contents From the Fonds:

Papers comprising diaries, correspondence, official papers, lectures, articles, broadcasts and photographs
Also including papers of Commander John Somerville about his father, 1950-91

Dates: 1936 - 1938
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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Spain: articles and correspondence, 1936-08 - 1938-11

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEJ 1/1/3
Scope and Contents

Drafts and cuttings of articles by JA, with letters from JA's friends and other papers.

Dates: 1936-08 - 1938-11
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The majority of the papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge, though the constituency papers and some of the correspondence and political papers remain closed.
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Spain: ephemera, 1936 - 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEJ 1/1/4
Scope and Contents

Newspapers, magazines, posters, flyers, pamphlets and photographs, particularly on the welfare movement, Auxilio Social.

Dates: 1936 - 1938
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The majority of the papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge, though the constituency papers and some of the correspondence and political papers remain closed.
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Spain: items kept with JA's diaries, 1938-08 - 1939-04

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEJ 1/1/12
Scope and Contents

Includes: photographs of JA's friend [?] Jeanne de Araoz; visiting cards; safe conducts; press cuttings; Nationalist and Communist pamphlets.

Dates: 1938-08 - 1939-04
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The majority of the papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge, though the constituency papers and some of the correspondence and political papers remain closed.
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Spain: JA's diary, 1938-03 - 1938-04

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEJ 1/1/8
Scope and Contents From the Sub-Series:

Includes: papers from JA's work as a war correspondent for the Daily Express, Daily Telegraph and News Chronicle in the Spanish Civil War; correspondence, memoranda, diaries and telegrams from JA's work for the Special Operations Executive (SOE) in Yugoslavia, the Middle East, Albania and China; later papers on Yugoslavia and the Balkans, including notes from JA's part in a post-war operation to overthrow the Communist regime in Albania; personal war service papers.

Dates: 1938-03 - 1938-04
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The majority of the papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge, though the constituency papers and some of the correspondence and political papers remain closed.
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Spain: JA's diary, 1938-04

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEJ 1/1/9
Scope and Contents

Includes two pencil sketches by [?] Clementi Camini.

Dates: 1938-04
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The majority of the papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge, though the constituency papers and some of the correspondence and political papers remain closed.
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Spain: JA's diary, 1938-09

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEJ 1/1/10
Scope and Contents From the Sub-Series:

Includes: papers from JA's work as a war correspondent for the Daily Express, Daily Telegraph and News Chronicle in the Spanish Civil War; correspondence, memoranda, diaries and telegrams from JA's work for the Special Operations Executive (SOE) in Yugoslavia, the Middle East, Albania and China; later papers on Yugoslavia and the Balkans, including notes from JA's part in a post-war operation to overthrow the Communist regime in Albania; personal war service papers.

Dates: 1938-09
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The majority of the papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge, though the constituency papers and some of the correspondence and political papers remain closed.
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Spain: JA's diary, 1938-09

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEJ 1/1/11
Scope and Contents From the Sub-Series:

Includes: papers from JA's work as a war correspondent for the Daily Express, Daily Telegraph and News Chronicle in the Spanish Civil War; correspondence, memoranda, diaries and telegrams from JA's work for the Special Operations Executive (SOE) in Yugoslavia, the Middle East, Albania and China; later papers on Yugoslavia and the Balkans, including notes from JA's part in a post-war operation to overthrow the Communist regime in Albania; personal war service papers.

Dates: 1938-09
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The majority of the papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge, though the constituency papers and some of the correspondence and political papers remain closed.
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Spain: pamphlets, 1948 - 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEJ 1/1/5
Scope and Contents From the Sub-Series:

Includes: papers from JA's work as a war correspondent for the Daily Express, Daily Telegraph and News Chronicle in the Spanish Civil War; correspondence, memoranda, diaries and telegrams from JA's work for the Special Operations Executive (SOE) in Yugoslavia, the Middle East, Albania and China; later papers on Yugoslavia and the Balkans, including notes from JA's part in a post-war operation to overthrow the Communist regime in Albania; personal war service papers.

Dates: 1948 - 1954
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The majority of the papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge, though the constituency papers and some of the correspondence and political papers remain closed.
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Spain: papers and correspondence, 1938-04 - 1939-08

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEJ 1/1/1
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin], Foreign Secretary, writing to Leo Amery on the difficulty in making JA an attache in Spain; Sir Robert Hodgson [British Agent in Nationalist Spain]; Robert Menzies, Australian Attorney-General, writing to Leo Amery on JA's articles; 17th Duke of Alba, Spanish Ambassador to Britain (3); Alfonso de Merry de Val (2); George Edinger (3); Leo Amery on subjects including whether JA should go to Spain; Guy Burgess, BBC Talks...
Dates: 1938-04 - 1939-08
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The majority of the papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge, though the constituency papers and some of the correspondence and political papers remain closed.
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Spain: papers and correspondence, 1934-02 - 1939-07

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEJ 1/1/2
Scope and Contents

Includes: letters from JA to Florence Amery and Leo Amery; JA's British Union of Fascists membership card; notes on the Charter of Labour; correspondence on repairs to JA's car; papers on the welfare movement, Auxilio Social.

Dates: 1934-02 - 1939-07
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The majority of the papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge, though the constituency papers and some of the correspondence and political papers remain closed.
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Spain: photographs, 1935-08 - 1938-08

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEJ 1/1/7
Scope and Contents

Nationalist Ministry of the Interior photographs, including: warships; charts showing industrial and agricultural output and export figures; bomb damage and casualties; photographs of women and children in the welfare movement, Auxilio Social; various senior officers; troops on parade; General Francisco Franco with his family; concentration camps and prisoners at work; images of propaganda posters; the use of prohibited weaponry.

Dates: 1935-08 - 1938-08
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The majority of the papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge, though the constituency papers and some of the correspondence and political papers remain closed.
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"Spanish articles", 1937-06 - 1966-08

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEJ 8/3/3
Scope and Contents Correspondence, mainly JA's letters to his parents on his visit to Spain during the Spanish Civil War, his disillusionment with domestic politics, the publication of his articles from Nationalist Spain, and also being in Yugoslavia in 1939. Other correspondents, mainly commenting on the articles, include: Robert Menzies; 1st Lord Camrose, Editor-in-Chief of the Daily Telegraph [earlier William Berry]; Edgar Record, Editor of the Birmingham Post; Sir William Goodenough; Arthur Mann, Editor...
Dates: 1937-06 - 1966-08
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The majority of the papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge, though the constituency papers and some of the correspondence and political papers remain closed.
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Spanish Civil War posters, 1936-08 - 1938-08

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEJ 1/1/6
Scope and Contents From the Sub-Series:

Includes: papers from JA's work as a war correspondent for the Daily Express, Daily Telegraph and News Chronicle in the Spanish Civil War; correspondence, memoranda, diaries and telegrams from JA's work for the Special Operations Executive (SOE) in Yugoslavia, the Middle East, Albania and China; later papers on Yugoslavia and the Balkans, including notes from JA's part in a post-war operation to overthrow the Communist regime in Albania; personal war service papers.

Dates: 1936-08 - 1938-08
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The majority of the papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge, though the constituency papers and some of the correspondence and political papers remain closed.
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes., 01 Jun 1937 - 21 Dec 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/124
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (1 June) on the finance bill, taxation, and objecting to the method of raising the proposed National Defence Contribution. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5857-67.Notes for WSC's speech (15 July) supporting the government and objecting to the opposition motion of censure on non-intervention in Spain. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5870-4.Notes for WSC's speech (19 July) expressing his concern about the mounting of heavy howitzer cannons near Gibraltar,...
Dates: 01 Jun 1937 - 21 Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 27 Jan 1937 - 24 May 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/123
Scope and Contents Rough notes for WSC's speech (27 January) on air defence, comparing British and German air strength. Source material includes copy of Hansard for 12 November 1936 containing WSC's speech ["The locust years"]. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5825-7.Notes for WSC's speech (4 March) on the defence loan bill, praising its long term nature, but expressing concern over Britain's defences in the immediate future. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5830-5.Notes for WSC's speech (11 March)...
Dates: 27 Jan 1937 - 24 May 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 18 Feb 1937 - 25 May 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/125
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (18 February, [Grosvenor House, London] British Iron and Steel Federation Annual Dinner) on the state of the iron and steel industry and defence spending. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5827-8.Notes for WSC's speech (22 February, [Porchester Hall] Paddington [London]) supporting the Municipal Reform Party in the London County Council election, criticising local Labour policy and Herbert Morrison [Leader of the LCC]. Source material includes election notes,...
Dates: 18 Feb 1937 - 25 May 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.