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First World War (1914-1918)

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 1452 Collections and/or Records:

 Series

Official: early career, 1904 - 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/ELMT 1
Scope and Contents

Includes: midshipman's journal; an account of the battle of Dogger Bank; naval airship papers; correspondence and papers from Turkey; flying logbooks.

Dates: 1904 - 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Official: Munitions., 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/127
Scope and Contents

P (Projectiles) Report of Mission to France appointed by the Controller of Gun Ammunition Filling, investigating the French methods of manufacturing and filling fuses, gaines, delays detonators, the manufacture of fulminate and minor explosives, and the preparation of time powders, led by Lt-Col. H G Fitzhay.

Dates: 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Munitions., 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/128
Scope and Contents

P (Projectiles) Appendix to Report of Mission to France appointed by the Controller of Gun Ammunition Filling, investigating the French methods of manufacturing and filling fuses, gaines, delays detonators, the manufacture of fulminate and minor explosives, and the preparation of time powders, led by Lt-Col. H G Fitzhay.

Dates: 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Munitions., Apr 1917 - Dec 1917

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/131
Scope and Contents

R (Requirements and Statistics) Papers on the guns and ammunition programme for 1918, including memorandum on the War Office requirements; memorandum on the Artillery Position on the Western front for the French and British Armies, Apr-Aug 1917; comparison of Allied and German Artillery.

Dates: Apr 1917 - Dec 1917
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Munitions., Jan 1918 - Dec 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/132
Scope and Contents

R (Requirements and Statistics) Papers on Guns and Ammunition including copy of the Gun Ammunition Programme for 1918; letter from William Page to the War Office on the effect of strikes on gun output; report on state of wear of guns in the field; tables of expenditure and stocks of gun ammunition in France; memorandum by William Page on efforts to achieve greater efficiency with Artillery.

Dates: Jan 1918 - Dec 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Munitions., Jul 1917 - Dec 1917

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/133
Scope and Contents

R (Requirements and Statistics) Department of Munitions Requirements and Statistics - weekly reports of expenditure and stocks of gun ammunition in France.

Dates: Jul 1917 - Dec 1917
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Munitions., Jan 1918 - Nov 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/134
Scope and Contents

R (Requirements and Statistics) Department of Munitions Requirements and Statistics weekly reports of expenditure and stocks of guns and ammunition in France.

Dates: Jan 1918 - Nov 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Munitions., Sep 1917 - Oct 1917

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/156
Scope and Contents WSC's Registered Correspondence as Minister of Munitions, Nos 201-400.Correspondents include: Sir James Stevenson; Lord Swaythling on scrap iron in the Netherlands; Albert Thomas, French Minister of Munitions (2); General Sir Francis Bingham; Charles Hobhouse on shortage of field guns; Lord Northcliffe (5); Lord Derby, War Office (5); Sir Joseph Maclay, Ministry of Shipping (4); Sir Auckland Geddes, Minister of National Service; Dundee Chamber of Commerce and others on the telephone service...
Dates: Sep 1917 - Oct 1917
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Munitions., Oct 1917 - Nov 1917

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/157A-C
Scope and Contents WSC's Registered Correspondence as Minister of Munitions, Nos. 401-600 Correspondents include: Lord Derby, War Office (9); Edwin Montagu, India Office; H W Massingham, The Nation; Louis Loucheur, French Minister of Munitions; Sir Herbert Hambling, Finance Member of the Ministry of Munitions Council; Sir Joseph Maclay, Ministry of Shipping; Sir Boverton Redwood, on the organisation of the Chemical Warfare Department; Sir Alfred Mond [later Lord Melchett], Office of Works (4); Sir Stephenson...
Dates: Oct 1917 - Nov 1917
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Munitions., Nov 1917 - Dec 1917

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/158
Scope and Contents WSC's Registered Correspondence as Minister of Munitions, Nos. 601-743 Correspondents include: Wedgwood Benn (later Lord Stansgate); Major-General Sir William Furse; Lord Robert Cecil (later Lord Cecil of Chelwood), Foreign Office; Walter Long Colonial Office (3); Sir Abe Bailey; Lord Killanin, complaining about treatment by the Priority Dept., Ministry of Munitions; Lady St Aldwyn, on the death of her husband and son; Louis Loucheur, French Minister of Munitions (2); Lord Cowdray on his...
Dates: Nov 1917 - Dec 1917
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Munitions., 02 Jul 1917 - 20 Sep 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/1
Scope and Contents

General correspondence: Correspondents include Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig, C. in C., British Armies in France (3) on supply of arms and ammunition; Major-General Sir John Headlam (2) on numbers of troops in the field; Major-General Sir Reginald Barnes, 57th Division, on the need for air superiority on the Western Front; General Charles Harington; Major-General Noel Birch; Christopher Addison, Ministry of Reconstruction, on the Pledges Bill; and Bertram Romilly.

Dates: 02 Jul 1917 - 20 Sep 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Munitions., 10 Jul 1917 - Sep 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/2
Scope and Contents

Various Papers: Including Memorandum on high explosive bombs dropped by aeroplanes; memorandum on export of materials to neutral countries contiguous to enemy territory; memorandum by Major-General John Headlam on use of the canal system in France; and report of Committee enquiring into the recommendations of the Select Committee on National Expenditure regarding the works of the British Cellulose and Chemical Manufacturing Co. Ltd at Spondon.

Dates: 10 Jul 1917 - Sep 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Munitions., 10 Aug 1918 - 23 Nov 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/38
Scope and Contents War Office Weekly Tank Notes Including accounts of tank actions and operations; drawings of British tanks; extracts from the foreign press on tank operations; notes on German anti-tank measures; notes o the relation between tanks and cavalry; notes on the interrogation of a German tank corporal; notes on co-operation between tanks and aeroplanes; notes on German anti-tank land mines; and the development of Gas and is influence on tank warfare. With Survey of Tank Corps Operations, 8 Aug - 7...
Dates: 10 Aug 1918 - 23 Nov 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Munitions., 01 Jan 1918 - 30 Apr 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/58
Scope and Contents A (Air) Various papers including Report on output of aircraft with a view to increased offensive against German Towns by Major-General Hugh Trenchard; note by Lord Rothermere of conversation with Major-General Robert Brooke-Popham on the desirability of reducing the number of engine types in use in service aircraft; memorandum by Major-General Sefton Brancker [Controller-General of Equipment and Master-General of Personnel on the Air Council] on the requirements of the Air Force in...
Dates: 01 Jan 1918 - 30 Apr 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Munitions., Jun 1917 - Nov 1917

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/85
Scope and Contents

E (Engineering) Mechanical warfare - various papers on tanks, including programme for demonstration of experimental tanks; letter from Lord Robert Cecil [later Lord Cecil of Chelwood] on the problems of the Tank Corps in France.

Dates: Jun 1917 - Nov 1917
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Munitions., Sep 1917 - 31 May 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/86A-B
Scope and Contents

E (Engineering) Mechanical Warfare Department - various papers, mainly on tanks including memo by Sir Tennyson d'Eyncourt; Intelligence reports on German tanks; papers on tank production; papers of Munitions Council Committee on Tanks, Sep 1917.

Dates: Sep 1917 - 31 May 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Munitions., 08 Aug 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/93
Scope and Contents

E (Engineering) Memorandum on the Tactical Employment of Tanks by Sir Albert Stern, Director General, Mechanical Warfare Supply, Ministry of Munitions [typescript].

Dates: 08 Aug 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Munitions., Oct 1917 - 30 Sep 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/94
Scope and Contents

E (Engineering) Mechanical Warfare (Overseas and Allies) Department - papers on the Anglo-American Tank Agreement and erection of Factory at Chateauroux, France.

Dates: Oct 1917 - 30 Sep 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Munitions., Apr 1918 - May 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/162A-B
Scope and Contents WSC's Registered Correspondence as Minister of Munitions, Nos 301-400 Correspondents include: Major-General Noel Birch; Sir Abe Bailey; Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig; Lord Derby, War Office; Sir Frederick Black, British War Mission to the United States; Lord Rhondda. Ministry of Food; Lord Stamfordham, PS to King George V (2); Lord Robert Cecil (later Lord Cecil of Chelwood), Foreign Office; Lord Northcliffe (2); Cecil Harmsworth; Colonel Albert Stern; Sir William Weir; Vice Admiral Charles...
Dates: Apr 1918 - May 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Prime Minister: Maps., Sep 1944 - Jan 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/239
Scope and Contents

Includes maps of the Western and Italian fronts and a map of Southern Greece.

Dates: Sep 1944 - Jan 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: WSC's minutes., 19 Jun 1919 - 31 Aug 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/17A-B
Scope and Contents Includes carbon copies of minutes (some annotated in reply) from WSC to various individuals including: Air Secretary [Jack Scott]; Secretary [War Office, Sir Reginald Brade]; Chief of Imperial General Staff [General Sir Henry Wilson]; Chief of the Air Staff [Major-General Sir Hugh Trenchard]; Adjutant-General [Lieutenant-General Sir George Macdonogh]; Under-Secretary of State for War [1st Lord Peel]; Deputy Chief of Imperial General Staff [Major-General Charles Harington]; Director of...
Dates: 19 Jun 1919 - 31 Aug 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Series

Official: War Cabinet, 1917 - 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 27
Scope and Contents The War Cabinet papers contain mainly of printed material, and some notes and correspondence. Although WSC did not become a member of the War Cabinet, he was present at some of its meetings and served on some of its committees. The papers in this class consist of papers produced or acquired by WSC which do not arise directly out of his functions as Minister of Munitions and Secretary of State for War and Air. There is, however, some overlap with the papers in CHAR 15 (Official: Munitions)...
Dates: 1917 - 1919
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Official: War Cabinet: Correspondence., 18 Jan 1918 - 03 Oct 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 27/32
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: David Lloyd George, Prime Minister, on munitions requirements for the Admiralty (1); Sir Eric Geddes [First Lord of the Admiralty] on munitions; Sir Auckland Geddes [Minister of National Service and Reconstruction] on a ministry of supply; and Field-Marshal Sir Douglas Haig [Commander-in-Chief of the Expeditionary Forces in France and Flanders] (2).Also includes copy letters from WSC to the individuals mentioned above including 12 letters to Lloyd George about his...
Dates: 18 Jan 1918 - 03 Oct 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War Cabinet: Supreme War Council and Allied Conversations., 01 Dec 1917 - 03 Dec 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 27/53
Scope and Contents Includes minutes of meetings of the Supreme War Council at Versailles [France]. French representatives include [Georges] Clemenceau [Prime Minister of France], General [Ferdinand] Foch, Chief of Staff, Major-General [Maxime] Weygand. British representatives include David Lloyd George [Prime Minister], Arthur Balfour [Foreign Secretary], Sir Eric Geddes [First Lord of the Admiralty], [1st] Lord Milner, General Sir William Robertson [Chief of Imperial General Staff until 1918], General Sir...
Dates: 01 Dec 1917 - 03 Dec 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War Cabinet: various papers., 03 Apr 1917 - 27 Sep 1917

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 27/2
Scope and Contents Includes papers on various subjects by various individuals including: a War Cabinet paper on airship construction policy; Jan Smuts [South African Representative on the Imperial War Cabinet] on air preparations and offensives; Sir Maurice Hankey, Secretary to the Cabinet, on airship construction; Sir Edward Carson [First Lord of the Admiralty], Sir Albert Stanley [later 1st Lord Ashfield] President of the Board of Trade, and Ernest Pollock on the proposed economic offensive against Germany;...
Dates: 03 Apr 1917 - 27 Sep 1917
Conditions Governing Access: Open

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.