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First World War (1914-1918)

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 1479 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Official: Munitions., 1918

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/127
Scope and Contents

P (Projectiles) Report of Mission to France appointed by the Controller of Gun Ammunition Filling, investigating the French methods of manufacturing and filling fuses, gaines, delays detonators, the manufacture of fulminate and minor explosives, and the preparation of time powders, led by Lt-Col. H G Fitzhay.

Dates: 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Munitions., 1918

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/128
Scope and Contents

P (Projectiles) Appendix to Report of Mission to France appointed by the Controller of Gun Ammunition Filling, investigating the French methods of manufacturing and filling fuses, gaines, delays detonators, the manufacture of fulminate and minor explosives, and the preparation of time powders, led by Lt-Col. H G Fitzhay.

Dates: 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Munitions., Apr 1917 - Dec 1917

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/131
Scope and Contents

R (Requirements and Statistics) Papers on the guns and ammunition programme for 1918, including memorandum on the War Office requirements; memorandum on the Artillery Position on the Western front for the French and British Armies, Apr-Aug 1917; comparison of Allied and German Artillery.

Dates: Apr 1917 - Dec 1917
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Munitions., Jan 1918 - Dec 1918

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/132
Scope and Contents

R (Requirements and Statistics) Papers on Guns and Ammunition including copy of the Gun Ammunition Programme for 1918; letter from William Page to the War Office on the effect of strikes on gun output; report on state of wear of guns in the field; tables of expenditure and stocks of gun ammunition in France; memorandum by William Page on efforts to achieve greater efficiency with Artillery.

Dates: Jan 1918 - Dec 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Munitions., Jul 1917 - Dec 1917

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/133
Scope and Contents

R (Requirements and Statistics) Department of Munitions Requirements and Statistics - weekly reports of expenditure and stocks of gun ammunition in France.

Dates: Jul 1917 - Dec 1917
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Munitions., Jan 1918 - Nov 1918

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/134
Scope and Contents

R (Requirements and Statistics) Department of Munitions Requirements and Statistics weekly reports of expenditure and stocks of guns and ammunition in France.

Dates: Jan 1918 - Nov 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Prime Minister: Maps., Sep 1944 - Jan 1945

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/239
Scope and Contents

Includes maps of the Western and Italian fronts and a map of Southern Greece.

Dates: Sep 1944 - Jan 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: WSC's minutes., 19 Jun 1919 - 31 Aug 1919

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/17A-B
Scope and Contents Includes carbon copies of minutes (some annotated in reply) from WSC to various individuals including: Air Secretary [Jack Scott]; Secretary [War Office, Sir Reginald Brade]; Chief of Imperial General Staff [General Sir Henry Wilson]; Chief of the Air Staff [Major-General Sir Hugh Trenchard]; Adjutant-General [Lieutenant-General Sir George Macdonogh]; Under-Secretary of State for War [1st Lord Peel]; Deputy Chief of Imperial General Staff [Major-General Charles Harington]; Director of...
Dates: 19 Jun 1919 - 31 Aug 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Series

Official: War Cabinet, 1917 - 1919

 Series
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 27
Scope and Contents The War Cabinet papers contain mainly of printed material, and some notes and correspondence. Although WSC did not become a member of the War Cabinet, he was present at some of its meetings and served on some of its committees. The papers in this class consist of papers produced or acquired by WSC which do not arise directly out of his functions as Minister of Munitions and Secretary of State for War and Air. There is, however, some overlap with the papers in CHAR 15 (Official: Munitions)...
Dates: 1917 - 1919
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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Official: War Cabinet: Correspondence., 18 Jan 1918 - 03 Oct 1918

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 27/32
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: David Lloyd George, Prime Minister, on munitions requirements for the Admiralty (1); Sir Eric Geddes [First Lord of the Admiralty] on munitions; Sir Auckland Geddes [Minister of National Service and Reconstruction] on a ministry of supply; and Field-Marshal Sir Douglas Haig [Commander-in-Chief of the Expeditionary Forces in France and Flanders] (2).Also includes copy letters from WSC to the individuals mentioned above including 12 letters to Lloyd George about his...
Dates: 18 Jan 1918 - 03 Oct 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War Cabinet: Supreme War Council and Allied Conversations., 01 Dec 1917 - 03 Dec 1918

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 27/53
Scope and Contents Includes minutes of meetings of the Supreme War Council at Versailles [France]. French representatives include [Georges] Clemenceau [Prime Minister of France], General [Ferdinand] Foch, Chief of Staff, Major-General [Maxime] Weygand. British representatives include David Lloyd George [Prime Minister], Arthur Balfour [Foreign Secretary], Sir Eric Geddes [First Lord of the Admiralty], [1st] Lord Milner, General Sir William Robertson [Chief of Imperial General Staff until 1918], General Sir...
Dates: 01 Dec 1917 - 03 Dec 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War Cabinet: various papers., 03 Apr 1917 - 27 Sep 1917

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 27/2
Scope and Contents Includes papers on various subjects by various individuals including: a War Cabinet paper on airship construction policy; Jan Smuts [South African Representative on the Imperial War Cabinet] on air preparations and offensives; Sir Maurice Hankey, Secretary to the Cabinet, on airship construction; Sir Edward Carson [First Lord of the Admiralty], Sir Albert Stanley [later 1st Lord Ashfield] President of the Board of Trade, and Ernest Pollock on the proposed economic offensive against Germany;...
Dates: 03 Apr 1917 - 27 Sep 1917
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War Cabinet: various papers., 03 Jan 1918 - 18 Feb 1918

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 27/33
Scope and Contents Papers by various individuals including: General Jan Smuts on the dissolution of the war organisation committee; [17th] Lord Derby [earlier Edward Stanley] Secretary of State for War, on gun ammunition and salvage; [1st ] Lord Rhondda [earlier David Thomas] Food Controller, recommending a National Salvage Board; Colonel [Lancelot] Storr on the extension of the British front in France; Rowland Prothero [later 1st Lord Ernle] President of the Board of Agriculture, Christopher Addison [Minister...
Dates: 03 Jan 1918 - 18 Feb 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War Cabinet: various papers., 02 Apr 1918 - 26 Apr 1918

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 27/35
Scope and Contents Includes correspondence or papers by various individuals including: Christopher Addison, Minister of Reconstruction, on military service; Sir Auckland Geddes, Minister of National Service, on anti-recruiting strikes, the release of men employed by the Admiralty, and the proposed proclamation by King George V; WSC, Minister of Munitions, on the Eastern Front, manpower and munitions, and "certain hypothetical contingencies" on war strategy; [1st] Lord Bertie [British Ambassador to France]; Sir...
Dates: 02 Apr 1918 - 26 Apr 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War Cabinet: various papers., 07 May 1918 - 30 May 1918

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 27/37
Scope and Contents Papers by various individuals on various subjects including: Sir Maurice Hankey, Secretary to the Imperial War Cabinet, on the extension of the British line in France; [Lieutenant-General George Bridges] British military representative in the United States, on the transportation of American troops; Sir William Weir, Secretary of State for Air, on the policy of the Air Ministry and the long-range bombing of Germany; Sir Auckland Geddes [Minister of National Service and Reconstruction] on the...
Dates: 07 May 1918 - 30 May 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War Cabinet: various papers., 07 Jul 1918 - 25 Jul 1918

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 27/38
Scope and Contents Includes papers by various individuals on military policy including: WSC, Minister of Munitions, on German colonies and on war strategy; William Robinson, Permanent Secretary, Air Ministry, on using Indian army personnel with the RAF in Egypt; General Sir Henry Wilson, Chief of Imperial General Staff, on plans for the offensive in 1919 in all theatres of the war with details of forces and munitions required.Also includes copies of letters to WSC from Bertram Cubitt and Major-General Charles...
Dates: 07 Jul 1918 - 25 Jul 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War Cabinet: various papers., 01 Aug 1918 - 03 Dec 1918

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 27/39A-B
Scope and Contents Includes correspondence and papers by various individuals including: Sir Auckland Geddes [Minister of National Service and Reconstruction] on manpower; Colonel Richard Steel and Major-General Percy Radcliffe on allied and enemy manpower and rifle strengths; WSC, Minister of Munitions, on the murder of Captain Cromie at Petrograd [later Leningrad and St Petersburg, Russia]; the award of the 1914 star and the Gallipoli star, horse-racing, the French ministry of national reconstitution, and...
Dates: 01 Aug 1918 - 03 Dec 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War Cabinet: Weekly Intelligence Reports: Eastern., 19 Sep 1917 - 26 Sep 1917

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 27/30
Scope and Contents Includes printed summaries of affairs in various countries including Russia and Egypt with notes by William Ormsby-Gore [later 4th Lord Harlech, Assistant Secretary to the War Cabinet].Subjects covered include: T E Lawrence [later T E Shaw, also known as "Lawrence of Arabia"] and the Arab movement in Syria; affairs in Russia including [Alexander] Kerensky's ministerial crisis and the surrender of General Korniloff; the political and religious situation in Sudan and East Africa; and enemy...
Dates: 19 Sep 1917 - 26 Sep 1917
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Series

Official: War Council, 1914-1915

 Series
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 26
Scope and Contents The War Council was established in November 1914 to direct the overall conduct of the War. This class contains all of WSC's correspondence and papers relating to the discharge of this responsibility except those relating to the Admiralty and certain other specific bodies such as the Cabinet and its various committees. The two correspondence files (26/1 and 26/2) contain valuable correspondence with Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War and General Sir John French [later 1st Lord Ypres],...
Dates: 1914-1915
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Official: War Council., 09 Aug 1914 - 31 Dec 1914

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 26/1
Scope and Contents General Correspondence Correspondents include Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, on Yeomanry Organisation, the possible use of Russian troops on the Western Front and at Gallipoli, and his visit to the British Expeditionary Force in France; General Sir John French, (later Lord Ypres) C. in C., British Expeditionary Force on the Western Front; Herbert Asquith (later Lord Oxford and Asquith), Prime Minister, giving permission for WSC to visit Dunkirk to look into Naval matters, but...
Dates: 09 Aug 1914 - 31 Dec 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War Council., Jan 1915 - May 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 26/2
Scope and Contents General Correspondence.Correspondents include 1st Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, (3) mainly on Russia; General Sir John French [later 1st Lord Ypres] (9), mainly on the Western Front; General Sir Ian Hamilton (8); on the Territorial Army; Major-General William Birdwood, the 2nd London Division and the Dardanelles; F E Smith [later 1st Lord Birkenhead] (2); Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith], Prime Minister (2), on the War Council and the Dardanelles; David Lloyd...
Dates: Jan 1915 - May 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War Council., 01 Jan 1915 - 31 May 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 26/3
Scope and Contents Various papers including Report from G.O.C., Egypt on Turkish forces; Report by Gilbert Parker on opinions of Public Men in the United States concerning the War; memo by General Sir John French [later 1st Lord Ypres], on the strength of the BEF in France; Note by Admiral Sir Henry Jackson on ultimate terms for the peace settlement in the Middle East; Note and private telegram from the Viceroy of India on the future settlement of Eastern Turkey in Asia and Arabia; Note by WSC on German...
Dates: 01 Jan 1915 - 31 May 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War Council., 01 Jan 1915 - 14 Mar 1915

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 26/4
Scope and Contents

Foreign Office telegrams from Russia, France, Switzerland, Bulgaria, Greece, Rumania [Romania], Italy; mainly on Esatern and Western Fronts.

Dates: 01 Jan 1915 - 14 Mar 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: War Council., 27 Jan 1915 - Nov 1915

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 26/5
Scope and Contents

War Office Prints concerning Russia including: Despatches by Colonel Alfred Knox, Military Attache, Petrograd on Armament, Operations around Lodz; the South West Front in the Eastern Theatre; Events in Northern Poland, Mar 1915.

Dates: 27 Jan 1915 - Nov 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Sub-Series

Oliver Lyttelton, 1st Viscount Chandos: letters and papers, 1906 - 1972

 Sub-Series
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAN I/8/1-12
Scope and Contents

Includes childhood and war time letters to his parents.

Dates: 1906 - 1972
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.