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First World War (1914-1918)

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 1452 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Official: War Cabinet: various papers., 03 Jan 1918 - 18 Feb 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 27/33
Scope and Contents Papers by various individuals including: General Jan Smuts on the dissolution of the war organisation committee; [17th] Lord Derby [earlier Edward Stanley] Secretary of State for War, on gun ammunition and salvage; [1st ] Lord Rhondda [earlier David Thomas] Food Controller, recommending a National Salvage Board; Colonel [Lancelot] Storr on the extension of the British front in France; Rowland Prothero [later 1st Lord Ernle] President of the Board of Agriculture, Christopher Addison [Minister...
Dates: 03 Jan 1918 - 18 Feb 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War Cabinet: various papers., 02 Apr 1918 - 26 Apr 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 27/35
Scope and Contents Includes correspondence or papers by various individuals including: Christopher Addison, Minister of Reconstruction, on military service; Sir Auckland Geddes, Minister of National Service, on anti-recruiting strikes, the release of men employed by the Admiralty, and the proposed proclamation by King George V; WSC, Minister of Munitions, on the Eastern Front, manpower and munitions, and "certain hypothetical contingencies" on war strategy; [1st] Lord Bertie [British Ambassador to France]; Sir...
Dates: 02 Apr 1918 - 26 Apr 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War Cabinet: various papers., 07 May 1918 - 30 May 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 27/37
Scope and Contents Papers by various individuals on various subjects including: Sir Maurice Hankey, Secretary to the Imperial War Cabinet, on the extension of the British line in France; [Lieutenant-General George Bridges] British military representative in the United States, on the transportation of American troops; Sir William Weir, Secretary of State for Air, on the policy of the Air Ministry and the long-range bombing of Germany; Sir Auckland Geddes [Minister of National Service and Reconstruction] on the...
Dates: 07 May 1918 - 30 May 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War Cabinet: various papers., 07 Jul 1918 - 25 Jul 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 27/38
Scope and Contents Includes papers by various individuals on military policy including: WSC, Minister of Munitions, on German colonies and on war strategy; William Robinson, Permanent Secretary, Air Ministry, on using Indian army personnel with the RAF in Egypt; General Sir Henry Wilson, Chief of Imperial General Staff, on plans for the offensive in 1919 in all theatres of the war with details of forces and munitions required.Also includes copies of letters to WSC from Bertram Cubitt and Major-General Charles...
Dates: 07 Jul 1918 - 25 Jul 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War Cabinet: various papers., 01 Aug 1918 - 03 Dec 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 27/39A-B
Scope and Contents Includes correspondence and papers by various individuals including: Sir Auckland Geddes [Minister of National Service and Reconstruction] on manpower; Colonel Richard Steel and Major-General Percy Radcliffe on allied and enemy manpower and rifle strengths; WSC, Minister of Munitions, on the murder of Captain Cromie at Petrograd [later Leningrad and St Petersburg, Russia]; the award of the 1914 star and the Gallipoli star, horse-racing, the French ministry of national reconstitution, and...
Dates: 01 Aug 1918 - 03 Dec 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War Cabinet: Weekly Intelligence Reports: Eastern., 19 Sep 1917 - 26 Sep 1917

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 27/30
Scope and Contents Includes printed summaries of affairs in various countries including Russia and Egypt with notes by William Ormsby-Gore [later 4th Lord Harlech, Assistant Secretary to the War Cabinet].Subjects covered include: T E Lawrence [later T E Shaw, also known as "Lawrence of Arabia"] and the Arab movement in Syria; affairs in Russia including [Alexander] Kerensky's ministerial crisis and the surrender of General Korniloff; the political and religious situation in Sudan and East Africa; and enemy...
Dates: 19 Sep 1917 - 26 Sep 1917
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War Council., 09 Aug 1914 - 31 Dec 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 26/1
Scope and Contents General Correspondence Correspondents include Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, on Yeomanry Organisation, the possible use of Russian troops on the Western Front and at Gallipoli, and his visit to the British Expeditionary Force in France; General Sir John French, (later Lord Ypres) C. in C., British Expeditionary Force on the Western Front; Herbert Asquith (later Lord Oxford and Asquith), Prime Minister, giving permission for WSC to visit Dunkirk to look into Naval matters, but...
Dates: 09 Aug 1914 - 31 Dec 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War Council., Jan 1915 - May 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 26/2
Scope and Contents General Correspondence.Correspondents include 1st Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, (3) mainly on Russia; General Sir John French [later 1st Lord Ypres] (9), mainly on the Western Front; General Sir Ian Hamilton (8); on the Territorial Army; Major-General William Birdwood, the 2nd London Division and the Dardanelles; F E Smith [later 1st Lord Birkenhead] (2); Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith], Prime Minister (2), on the War Council and the Dardanelles; David Lloyd...
Dates: Jan 1915 - May 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War Council., 01 Jan 1915 - 31 May 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 26/3
Scope and Contents Various papers including Report from G.O.C., Egypt on Turkish forces; Report by Gilbert Parker on opinions of Public Men in the United States concerning the War; memo by General Sir John French [later 1st Lord Ypres], on the strength of the BEF in France; Note by Admiral Sir Henry Jackson on ultimate terms for the peace settlement in the Middle East; Note and private telegram from the Viceroy of India on the future settlement of Eastern Turkey in Asia and Arabia; Note by WSC on German...
Dates: 01 Jan 1915 - 31 May 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War Council., 01 Jan 1915 - 14 Mar 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 26/4
Scope and Contents

Foreign Office telegrams from Russia, France, Switzerland, Bulgaria, Greece, Rumania; Italy; mainly on Esatern and Western Fronts.

Dates: 01 Jan 1915 - 14 Mar 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War Council., 27 Jan 1915 - Nov 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 26/5
Scope and Contents

War Office Prints concerning Russia including: Despatches by Colonel Alfred Knox, Military Attache, Petrograd on Armament, Operations around Lodz; the South West Front in the Eastern Theatre; Events in Northern Poland, Mar 1915.

Dates: 27 Jan 1915 - Nov 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Series

Official: War Council, 1914-1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 26
Scope and Contents The War Council was established in November 1914 to direct the overall conduct of the War. This class contains all of WSC's correspondence and papers relating to the discharge of this responsibility except those relating to the Admiralty and certain other specific bodies such as the Cabinet and its various committees. The two correspondence files (26/1 and 26/2) contain valuable correspondence with Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War and General Sir John French [later 1st Lord Ypres],...
Dates: 1914-1915
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Sub-Series

Oliver Lyttelton, 1st Viscount Chandos: letters and papers, 1906 - 1972

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAN I/8/1-12
Scope and Contents

Includes childhood and war time letters to his parents.

Dates: 1906 - 1972
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Orders issued during the Dardanelles campaign, 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/SMVL 5/1
Scope and Contents

Mainly concerning wireless telegraphy.

Dates: 1915
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Pamphlets, 1914 - 1917

Reference Code: GBR/0014/HDLM 3/88
Scope and Contents Includes: "The Outbreak of War", 1914, reissued as "England, Germany and Europe", 1914, and as "L'Angleterre, L'Allemagne et L'Europe" and "England, Deutschland und Europa", 1915; "Letter to a Neutral", 1915, also "The Truth about England exposed in a Letter to a Neutral"; "The War: a New Crisis", 1917 (review of various books, including Prince Bernhard von Bülow's 'Imperial Germany' with a foreword by JWHM); "The Dead Lands of Europe", 1917; "Belgium and Greece", 1917 (also issued as the...
Dates: 1914 - 1917
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Series

Papers: army reform, 1896 - 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/ESHR 16
Scope and Contents

Includes: papers of the Military Education Committee; papers on the employment of Royal Engineers in the construction of barracks, etc; papers of the War Office Reconstruction Committee; papers of the Committee of Imperial Defence; Allied propaganda and military intelligence from the First World War; papers of the Army in India Committee.

Dates: 1896 - 1920
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Series

Papers: Navy and Admiral 1st Lord Fisher, 1902 - 1919-01

Reference Code: GBR/0014/ESHR 17
Scope and Contents

Printed papers, including: papers on the Mediterranean Fleet; the new Admiralty training scheme; memoranda by Fisher; naval necessities; 'Some notes by Lord Fisher for his Friends'.

Dates: 1902 - 1919-01
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Fonds

Papers of Admiral Sir Frederick Parham

Reference Code: GBR/0014/PARM
Scope and Contents

Album from HMS Malaya and a recording of Parham's reminiscences.

Dates: 1917 - 1990-08
Conditions Governing Access: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Series

Papers of Rear Admiral Edward Villiers, 1881 - 1924

Reference Code: GBR/0014/VILL 1/1
Scope and Contents

Certificates of competency and appoinmtents on a number of naval ships, 1881-1906; correspondence 1899-1924, including photographs and material relating to naval history of World War One, 1881-1924

Dates: 1881 - 1924
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Fonds

Papers of Siegfried Sassoon

Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.9852
Scope and Contents The Papers of Siegfried Sassoon comprise a magnificent collection documenting his life, wartime experiences and extensive literary career. The collection was purchased by the Library in 2009 from the executors of his son, George. Arranged in twelve series, it includes Sassoon’s personal diaries, poetry notebooks, drafts of literary works and autobiographies, correspondence, press cuttings and photographs. Sassoon was a dedicated diarist and the first series comprises 46 journals...
Dates: 1897-2000 (bulk:1897-1967)
Conditions Governing Access: Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact mss@lib.cam.ac.uk. Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).
 File

Papers relating to Germany and Britain before and during the war, 1909 - 1916

Reference Code: GBR/0014/HDLM 2/2/21
Scope and Contents

Includes: pamphlet "Germany and England", a reprint of a series of Daily Mail articles by Robert Blatchford, Editor of the Clarion, on the chances of Germany declaring war on Britain, given to Else by JWHM; part of the pamphlet "The Jutland Battle, By Two Who Took part in It", typed letters from a sailor to his parents following the Battle of Jutland.

Dates: 1909 - 1916
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Series

Papers relating to Lord Wester Wemyss's service as Commander-in-Chief, East Indies and Egypt Station, 1916-01 - 1917-06

Reference Code: GBR/0014/WMYS 4
Scope and Contents From the Fonds:

The papers include: material on the Dardanelles Campaign and Wemyss's service as Commander-in-Chief, East Indies and Egypt Station; literary drafts and other material for Wemyss's memoirs, his account of the Dardanelles Campaign and Lady Wemyss's biography; Wemyss's correspondence, including letters to his wife; Lady Wemyss's diaries and correspondence; photographs and press cuttings.

Dates: 1916-01 - 1917-06
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Fonds

Partridge: The Papers of Frances Catherine Partridge

Reference Code: GBR/0272/FCP
Scope and Contents This collection contains typescript and manuscript diaries, lectures, philosophy notes, correspondence, photographs, printed copies of book reviews, articles and obituaries. Many of the diaries exist only in typescript form, but in later years the only copies are in manuscript. Letters to her husband, Ralph Partridge, are included in this collection. In addition to her own photograph albums, there are two albums which belonged to Dora Carrington and two which belonged to Lytton Strachey,...
Dates: 1905 - 2004
 File

Personal and private letters A - Z, 1913-01 - 1914-12

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEL 2/5/13
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Lord Charles Beresford; Robert Borden, Prime Minister of Canada on the panic in the Conservative Party over food taxes, on preferential trade within the Empire and the Canadian political situation (3); [?] Charles Boyd; Sir Edward Carson (2); Lord [Edgar] Robert Cecil [later 1st Lord Cecil of Chelwood] on subjects including an enquiry into the Dublin Police, the involvement of Sir Harold Harmsworth [later 1st Lord Rothermere] in the Marconi Affair and Conservative...
Dates: 1913-01 - 1914-12
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Personal: Clementine S Churchill: Correspondence., Dec 1915 - 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/118A-B
Scope and Contents

Includes letters from CSC to WSC written while he served on the Western Front. Part A comprises original letters: part B comprises typescript transcripts prepared circa 1945.

Dates: Dec 1915 - 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.