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First World War (1914-1918)

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 1479 Collections and/or Records:

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Map of Gallipoli

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/SMVL 5/2
Scope and Contents From the Fonds:

Papers comprising diaries, correspondence, official papers, lectures, articles, broadcasts and photographs
Also including papers of Commander John Somerville about his father, 1950-91

Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Series

Memoranda and letters by Dreyer on aspects of gunnery and other tactics during the First World War, circa 1914-15, 1914 - 1915

 Series
Reference Code: GBR/0014/DRYR 1/5
Scope and Contents From the Fonds:

Papers comprising correspondence, a diary, articles, lectures, broadcasts and press cuttings
Including letters from Admiral of the Fleet Lord Jellicoe, 1906-34 (168), with other letters and papers about Jellicoe; papers about the Battle of Jutland, 1916-55; and papers about the Invergordon Mutiny, 1931-7.

Dates: 1914 - 1915
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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Memoranda submitted to 1st Lord Milner, 1917

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CRFT 2/1
Scope and Contents

Memoranda on manpower, co-operation of aircraft during the offensive and the tactical use of tanks.

Dates: 1917
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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Miscellaneous correspondence, 1915-07 - 1916-12

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/MCKN 5/10
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Northcliffe [earlier Alfred Harmsworth] on running a lottery in the Evening News to encourage sales of War Loan vouchers and the Government's waste of money in building airships (2); [Alexander] Filson Young apologizing for inaccuracies in his book "New Leaves", relating to McKenna and Vice-Admiral Sir David Beatty; Sir Alfred Mond [later 1st Lord Melchett] advising McKenna not to alienate supporters of Free Trade any further, but to withdraw his...
Dates: 1915-07 - 1916-12
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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Miscellaneous letters, pamphlets and papers, 1909-12 - 1975-01

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEL 6/3/153
Scope and Contents Includes: cards (including one card from Clementine Churchill); postcards; menus and programmes; letters from Henry de Satge [Ceremonial Secretary, Colonial Office] and LSA on the presentation of women from the Dominions at Court, with Dominions Office memoranda and lists of presentations for 1927; print of Winston Churchill's broadcast on the death of King George VI; account of a journey from Germany to London in August 1914; text of a speech by Count Wladimir d'Ormesson on awarding the...
Dates: 1909-12 - 1975-01
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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MS diary, 1918-03 - 1918-08

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/DUFC 15/1/8
Scope and Contents

Includes some loose papers: a note of Cooper’s will; loose notes for 22 Aug -2 Sep.

Dates: 1918-03 - 1918-08
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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MS diary, 1918-09 - 1918-12

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/DUFC 15/1/9
Scope and Contents From the Sub-Series:

Manuscript and typescript diaries kept by Cooper, including some typescript copies of the manuscript diaries.

Dates: 1918-09 - 1918-12
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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"My family saga", 1955 - 1976

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/GALN 2
Scope and Contents Autobiographical account by George Allen written for his family covering his life and naval career, highlighting key events and turning points and analysing his response to them. Also includes details of people, colleagues and family members. Subjects, issues and people covered include: childhood and education; his mother, Beatrice Allen (née Wilkinson, known as Betty) and her circumstances and career; joining the Royal Navy aged 12, naval traditions, reforms to the navy by [Sir...
Dates: 1955 - 1976
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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"My Political Life": correspondence and notes for Volume II, "War and Peace", 1923-11 - 1953-04

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEL 8/74
Scope and Contents Correspondence, notes and source material, with correspondents including: Sir Stephen Tallents [former Secretary to the Empire Marketing Board]; Violet, Lady Milner [earlier Lady Edward Cecil]; Sir Hugh Thornton [former Private Secretary to 1st Lord Milner] on subjects including Milner's suggestion that Marshal Ferdinand Foch should replace Marshal Philippe Petain as General-in-Chief in 1918 and details of Milner's staff (6); 9th Lord Bessborough [earlier Lord Duncannon] on the War Cabinet's...
Dates: 1923-11 - 1953-04
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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"My Political Life": notes for Volume II, "War and Peace", 1914-12 - 1952-03

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEL 8/75
Scope and Contents Notes and correspondence, with correspondents including: Sir Leslie Wilson on the break-up of the Liberal-Conservative coalition in 1922; 2nd Lord Astor. Also includes: copies of letters from LSA to Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister, 1927-28, on safeguarding of industry, economic policy and reform of the House of Lords; copies of letters from LSA to Major-General Charles Callwell on preserving the alliance with Romania in 1915 and to General Sir Henry Rawlinson on the inadequacy of...
Dates: 1914-12 - 1952-03
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Fonds

"Naval interlude", memoirs of a RNVR midshipman, 1918/9, including photographs of various naval vessels Adam served on

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0014/ADAM
Scope and Contents

An account of Adam's early life and education, and particularly his service during 1918/9 on HMS "Victory VI", "Excellent", "P20", "Vehement", "Sandfly" and "Venturous", including an account of the surrender of the German Fleet, November 1918, and his demobilisation, January 1919. The memoir ends after his arrival at Queens' College, Cambridge.

Dates: 1952
Conditions Governing Access: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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Negative of a group photograph with Winston Churchill in France, 1915-12-05

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/SPRS 10/2/18
Scope and Contents

Group photograph of Churchill with officers of the French 33rd Corps, on the French front line near Arras during the First World War. Others in the group include General Emile Fayolle, commander of the 33rd Corps and ELS [liaison officer with the French].

Dates: 1915-12-05
Conditions Governing Access: Please notify staff at least 5 working days in advance if you would like to consult this material as it will need to be removed from freezer storage
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Note to Rivers from Stanley Bousfield with thanks for the reprinted 'Lancet' paper, 1917-07-12

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Reference Code: GBR/3377/WHRivers/3/4
Scope and Contents

Bousfield comments on how certain patients under Rivers's care at Craiglockhart have improved.

Dates: 1917-07-12
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Note to Rivers from W H Stoddart thanking him for a reprinted research paper, 1917-07-10

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Reference Code: GBR/3377/WHRivers/3/3
Scope and Contents

Stoddart wonders why some individuals succumb to war-shock while others, subjected to similar experiences, do not and suggests that Rivers should have gone further with his patients in order to try to answer that question.

Dates: 1917-07-10
 Series

Official: Admiralty, 1911 - 1915

 Series
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13
Scope and Contents The Admiralty papers contain correspondence, minutes, and War Cabinet papers created or accumulated as a result of WSC's activities as First Lord of the Admiralty, a position held from 23 October 1911 to 24 May 1915.The material contains correspondence with senior Admiralty figures, politicians including the Prime Minister, public and foreign figures on subjects including naval strategy and engagements, armament production, merchant shipping, and more general political considerations. It...
Dates: 1911 - 1915
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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Official: Admiralty: Telegrams., 01 Oct 1914 - 01 Nov 1914

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/40
Scope and Contents

Telegrams on France, Belgium and the North Sea.

Dates: 01 Oct 1914 - 01 Nov 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Admiralty: Telegrams., 23 Jul 1914 - 26 Dec 1914

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/41
Scope and Contents

The telegrams are mainly on the North Sea and Western Front.

Dates: 23 Jul 1914 - 26 Dec 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Cabinet: correspondence and notes on World War I., 17 Feb 1915 - 22 Oct 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/37
Scope and Contents Correspondence includes: [1st Lord] Emmott [First Commissioner of Works] on the fortification of Buckingham Palace against air attacks; Edward Marsh [Private Secretary to WSC]; David Lloyd George [Minister of Munitions] on negotiations between Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] and Bulgaria and Greece; Austen Chamberlain [Secretary of State for India] on rewards to India after the war; Herbert Asquith [later Lord Oxford and Asquith, Prime Minister]; [Lord] Curzon [of Kedleston, Lord Privy...
Dates: 17 Feb 1915 - 22 Oct 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: C I D [Committee of Imperial Defence] "G" series: printed papers on World War I., 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/47
Scope and Contents Includes papers by various individuals on various subjects including: David Lloyd George [Minister of Munitions] on the military position and the conduct of the war; Arthur Balfour [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the limits of enlistment, the war; covering letters from Maurice Hankey [Secretary, Committee of Imperial Defence]; the possibility of a combined naval and military attack at the Dardanelles; Hankey on policy after the Dardanelles, the winter campaign and meteorological conditions,...
Dates: 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: correspondence mainly about the Dardanelles Expedition., Apr 1915 - Oct 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/43A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Josiah Wedgwood, General Sir Ian Hamilton, Commander of Mediterranean Expeditionary Force (4), Kenneth Dundal and Harold Cawley on their personal experiences of events at the Dardanelles; Maurice Hankey [Secretary of the Committee of Imperial Defence] on his responsibility for policy on the Dardanelles expedition; "Freddie" [Frederick Guest]; Major General Charles Callwell [Director of Military Operations at the War Office] (10) on subjects including movements of...
Dates: Apr 1915 - Oct 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: Foreign Office telegrams., Aug 1915 - Oct 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/53
Scope and Contents Typescript telegrams on various subjects including: affairs in Bulgaria, Russia, Romania, Greece, Italy and Servia [Serbia]; the strength, weaponry and distribution of the Turkish forces; calculations of the Austro-German forces; the Dardanelles campaign; negotiations with [Eleutherios] Venizelos [Prime Minister] of Greece; movements of German and Austrian forces and German submarines; and intelligence reports on the construction progress of a road and railway between Uzun Kopri [Uzunkopru,...
Dates: Aug 1915 - Oct 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: miscellaneous papers., May 1915 - Sep 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/44
Scope and Contents Includes: notes on the formation of the air department; manuscript statements by WSC on the situation in the Dardanelles and at Gallipoli and on the options of the British government; notes by WSC on the positions occupied by the British fleet and the possibility of the United States joining the war; notes on a discussion between General Sir Ian Hamilton [Commander of Mediterranean Expeditionary Force] and Admiral [John] de Robeck [Commander of naval forces] on the disembarkation of troops;...
Dates: May 1915 - Sep 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: miscellaneous papers., Sep 1915 - Nov 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/45
Scope and Contents Includes: notes by WSC on economic problems created by the war and the danger of bankruptcy, on recovering the initiative in the Eastern theatre, the possibility of the Germans using gas, on the options open to the British government for the Dardanelles expedition and on the reasons behind the expedition; notes on the Baghdad [Iraq] railway and its strategic importance; a letter from Arthur Balfour [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the situation in the East; David Lloyd George [Minister of...
Dates: Sep 1915 - Nov 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: printed papers., 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/46
Scope and Contents Includes papers by various individuals on various subjects including: [Lord] Curzon of Kedleston [Lord Privy Seal] on the air defence of London; Vice Admiral John de Robeck [Commander of naval forces] on the landing of the army on the Gallipoli peninsula; negotiations between [2nd Lord] Esher [earlier Reginald Brett] and General [Joseph] Gallieni and General Girodon; Maurice Hankey [Secretary; Committee Imperial Defence] on the winter campaign at the Dardanelles; summaries of the war...
Dates: 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open