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First World War (1914-1918)

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 1448 Collections and/or Records:

 Series

Official: Admiralty, 1911 - 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13
Scope and Contents The Admiralty papers contain correspondence, minutes, and War Cabinet papers created or accumulated as a result of WSC's activities as First Lord of the Admiralty, a position held from 23 October 1911 to 24 May 1915.The material contains correspondence with senior Admiralty figures, politicians including the Prime Minister, public and foreign figures on subjects including naval strategy and engagements, armament production, merchant shipping, and more general political considerations. It...
Dates: 1911 - 1915
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Official: Admiralty: Telegrams., 01 Oct 1914 - 01 Nov 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/40
Scope and Contents

Telegrams on France, Belgium and the North Sea.

Dates: 01 Oct 1914 - 01 Nov 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Admiralty: Telegrams., 23 Jul 1914 - 26 Dec 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/41
Scope and Contents

The telegrams are mainly on the North Sea and Western Front.

Dates: 23 Jul 1914 - 26 Dec 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: correspondence and notes on World War I., 17 Feb 1915 - 22 Oct 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/37
Scope and Contents Correspondence includes: [1st Lord] Emmott [First Commissioner of Works] on the fortification of Buckingham Palace against air attacks; Edward Marsh [Private Secretary to WSC]; David Lloyd George [Minister of Munitions] on negotiations between Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] and Bulgaria and Greece; Austen Chamberlain [Secretary of State for India] on rewards to India after the war; Herbert Asquith [later Lord Oxford and Asquith, Prime Minister]; [Lord] Curzon [of Kedleston, Lord Privy...
Dates: 17 Feb 1915 - 22 Oct 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: C I D [Committee of Imperial Defence] "G" series: printed papers on World War I., 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/47
Scope and Contents Includes papers by various individuals on various subjects including: David Lloyd George [Minister of Munitions] on the military position and the conduct of the war; Arthur Balfour [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the limits of enlistment, the war; covering letters from Maurice Hankey [Secretary, Committee of Imperial Defence]; the possibility of a combined naval and military attack at the Dardanelles; Hankey on policy after the Dardanelles, the winter campaign and meteorological conditions,...
Dates: 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: correspondence mainly about the Dardanelles Expedition., Apr 1915 - Oct 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/43A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Josiah Wedgwood, General Sir Ian Hamilton, Commander of Mediterranean Expeditionary Force (4), Kenneth Dundal and Harold Cawley on their personal experiences of events at the Dardanelles; Maurice Hankey [Secretary of the Committee of Imperial Defence] on his responsibility for policy on the Dardanelles expedition; "Freddie" [Frederick Guest]; Major General Charles Callwell [Director of Military Operations at the War Office] (10) on subjects including movements of...
Dates: Apr 1915 - Oct 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: Foreign Office telegrams., Aug 1915 - Oct 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/53
Scope and Contents Typescript telegrams on various subjects including: affairs in Bulgaria, Russia, Romania, Greece, Italy and Servia [Serbia]; the strength, weaponry and distribution of the Turkish forces; calculations of the Austro-German forces; the Dardanelles campaign; negotiations with [Eleutherios] Venizelos [Prime Minister] of Greece; movements of German and Austrian forces and German submarines; and intelligence reports on the construction progress of a road and railway between Uzun Kopri [Uzunkopru,...
Dates: Aug 1915 - Oct 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: miscellaneous papers., May 1915 - Sep 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/44
Scope and Contents Includes: notes on the formation of the air department; manuscript statements by WSC on the situation in the Dardanelles and at Gallipoli and on the options of the British government; notes by WSC on the positions occupied by the British fleet and the possibility of the United States joining the war; notes on a discussion between General Sir Ian Hamilton [Commander of Mediterranean Expeditionary Force] and Admiral [John] de Robeck [Commander of naval forces] on the disembarkation of troops;...
Dates: May 1915 - Sep 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: miscellaneous papers., Sep 1915 - Nov 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/45
Scope and Contents Includes: notes by WSC on economic problems created by the war and the danger of bankruptcy, on recovering the initiative in the Eastern theatre, the possibility of the Germans using gas, on the options open to the British government for the Dardanelles expedition and on the reasons behind the expedition; notes on the Baghdad [Iraq] railway and its strategic importance; a letter from Arthur Balfour [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the situation in the East; David Lloyd George [Minister of...
Dates: Sep 1915 - Nov 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: printed papers., 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/46
Scope and Contents Includes papers by various individuals on various subjects including: [Lord] Curzon of Kedleston [Lord Privy Seal] on the air defence of London; Vice Admiral John de Robeck [Commander of naval forces] on the landing of the army on the Gallipoli peninsula; negotiations between [2nd Lord] Esher [earlier Reginald Brett] and General [Joseph] Gallieni and General Girodon; Maurice Hankey [Secretary; Committee Imperial Defence] on the winter campaign at the Dardanelles; summaries of the war...
Dates: 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: summary of events connected with World War I., 01 Dec 1914 - 31 Dec 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/48
Scope and Contents

Printed booklet summarising foreign affairs particularly in Germany, Austria-Hungary and detailing events in the Eastern and Western theatres.

Dates: 01 Dec 1914 - 31 Dec 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: summary of events connected with World War I., 01 Jun 1915 - 31 Jul 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/49
Scope and Contents

Printed booklet summarising foreign affairs particularly in Germany, Austria-Hungary and detailing events in the Eastern and Western theatres.

Dates: 01 Jun 1915 - 31 Jul 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: summary of events connected with World War I., 01 Aug 1915 - 30 Sep 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/50
Scope and Contents

Printed booklet summarising foreign affairs particularly in Germany, Austria-Hungary and detailing events in the Eastern and Western theatres.

Dates: 01 Aug 1915 - 30 Sep 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: war appreciations., 28 May 1915 - 13 Nov 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/51
Scope and Contents Printed papers on various operations including: the Dardanelles by Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War]; the situation in the Aegean; several assessments and forecasts of the situation on the Western Front and in the Balkans (by Lieutenant General Sir Archibald Murray, Chief of the Imperial General Staff), and in Syria and Mesopotamia [later Iraq]; the impact of the Dardanelles operation on the conduct of the war; the employment of an allied force in Macedonia and Serbia; and the...
Dates: 28 May 1915 - 13 Nov 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: War Office telegrams., May 1915 - Oct 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/54
Scope and Contents Printed telegrams about the Dardanelles expedition including 131 telegrams from General Sir Ian Hamilton, Commander of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force on various aspects of the campaign including Turkish fortifications, operations and engagements, landing troops at Gallipoli, his requirements for troops, ammunition and rations and 19 telegrams from Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War. Also includes manuscript calculations by WSC on troop numbers.Other subjects include the...
Dates: May 1915 - Oct 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Cabinet: printed papers., Mar 1914 - Aug 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/36
Scope and Contents Includes Cabinet papers on various subjects including: a proposed aircraft expedition to Somaliland [later Somalia]; the national insurance bill including measures to alleviate the problems of unemployment; the foreign enlistment bill; notes on the composition of British Expeditionary Force; correspondence between the Foreign Secretary [Sir Edward Grey] and various ambassadors regarding the European crisis and events leading up to the outbreak of World War I including the declaration of war...
Dates: Mar 1914 - Aug 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: printed papers on World War I., Aug 1914 - May 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/38
Scope and Contents Cabinet papers on various subjects by various individuals including: Field Marshal Sir John French [later 1st Lord Ypres, Commander-in-Chief of the Expeditionary Forces in France] on the strengths and weaknesses of the British army on the Western Front and in the Eastern theatre; David Lloyd George [Minister of Munitions] on the conduct of the war, its treatment by the press and the shortage of munitions; [Lord] Kitchener [Secretary of State for War] on operations, forces, munitions and...
Dates: Aug 1914 - May 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: printed papers on World War I., Jun 1916

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/39
Scope and Contents Cabinet papers by various individuals on various subjects including: WSC on the war situation including the Dardanelles; Walter Runciman [President of the Board of Trade] on food supplies to Germany and the effects on diminished exports; the effects of an air raid on London; national registration and military service; the supply of information to neutral countries; negotiations with the French; Sir William Max-Muller on the economic situation of Germany and Austria-Hungary; literary...
Dates: Jun 1916
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: printed papers on World War I., Jul 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/40
Scope and Contents Printed papers on various subjects including: the situation in Bulgaria and other Balkan states and the effects of the Dardanelles expedition; trade with the United States and the possibility of declaring cotton contraband; the recruitment of coal miners; the economic situation in Germany and Austria-Hungary; a loan to Romania; retaliation policy against Germany; a draft bill relating to elections and registration; the blockade against Germany; the sinking of German submarine U23; a scheme...
Dates: Jul 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: printed papers on World War I., Oct 1915 - Nov 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/42
Scope and Contents Printed papers by various individuals on various subjects including: the national register; [Lord] Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], [Lord] Curzon of Kedleston [Lord Privy Seal] and Lord Crewe [earlier Lord Houghton and Robert Milnes] Secretary of State for India] on recruitment to the army; WSC on Gallipoli and the Dardanelles; a neutral press committee; WSC on trench mortar guns; Sir William Max-Muller on the economic situation of Germany and Austria-Hungary; the Dardanelles...
Dates: Oct 1915 - Nov 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: War Policy Committee: correspondence and papers., Aug 1915 - Oct 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/61
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Reginald Brade [Secretary, War Office] on machine gun wastage; [Lord] Curzon [of Kedleston, Lord Privy Seal]; [3rd Lord] Selborne [earlier Lord Wolmer] on population calculations and compulsory military service (2); Major General Charles Callwell [Director of Military Operations at the War Office](4); Austen Chamberlain [Secretary of State for India]; Herbert Asquith [later Lord Oxford and Asquith, Prime Minister]; Robert Borden [Prime Minister of Canada] on the...
Dates: Aug 1915 - Oct 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Committee of Imperial Defence: Military Aspects of the Continental Problem (1911): reprint., 13 Aug 1911 - Sep 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 24/7
Scope and Contents

Includes: Theophile Delcasse [French Minister of Foreign Affairs] on WSC's foresight in his memorandum of 1911; a reprint of WSC's memorandum, Military Aspects of the Continental Problem, on the action to be taken by Britain in the event of Germany invading France.

Dates: 13 Aug 1911 - Sep 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Series

Official: early career, 1904 - 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/ELMT 1
Scope and Contents

Includes: midshipman's journal; an account of the battle of Dogger Bank; naval airship papers; correspondence and papers from Turkey; flying logbooks.

Dates: 1904 - 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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Official: Munitions., 01 Jan 1918 - 30 Apr 1918

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 15/58
Scope and Contents A (Air) Various papers including Report on output of aircraft with a view to increased offensive against German Towns by Major-General Hugh Trenchard; note by Lord Rothermere of conversation with Major-General Robert Brooke-Popham on the desirability of reducing the number of engine types in use in service aircraft; memorandum by Major-General Sefton Brancker [Controller-General of Equipment and Master-General of Personnel on the Air Council] on the requirements of the Air Force in...
Dates: 01 Jan 1918 - 30 Apr 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.