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Civil defence

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 261 Collections and/or Records:

 Unknown

"The grit and stamina of London", 14 Jul 1941

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/152A/1-16
Scope and Contents

Notes for WSC's speech (County Hall, London) on: civil defence forces in London and Civil Defence Review [in Hyde Park]; conditions in London; the German bombing of London; the prospects for the future; improvements to defence and shelters; and British bombing of Germany.Typescript laid out in "psalm style" with manuscript annotations in black ink and red crayon by WSC, and with pencil notes of changes suggested by Herbert Morrison [Home Secretary].

Dates: 14 Jul 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Fonds

The Papers of Sir Auckland Campbell Geddes

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0014/GEDD
Scope and Contents

This collection mainly consists of private papers and correspondence, 1885-1954, and family papers, 1783-1963. The material, especially the ministerial and ambassadorial papers, collected together by David Geddes provides an insight into the 1910s and 1920s. The collection also includes Geddes' writings on medical, spiritual and military matters.

Dates: 1783 - 1991
Conditions Governing Access: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Fonds

The Papers of Sir (Eric) John Hodsoll

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0014/HDSL
Scope and Contents Hodsoll played a major role in the development of air raid precautions [ARP]/ civil defence and this is reflected in the collection held at Churchill Archives Centre which he described as representing "a unique history of Civil Defence and its allied problems" (letter to Stephen Roskill, 27 August 1967). Until 1935 Sir John seems to have kept very few papers, but from then onwards very little of importance is missing. The printed material is particularly important because it consists of...
Dates: 1920 - 1967
Conditions Governing Access: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Fonds

The Papers of Sir Winston Churchill

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR, CHUR and CHAQ
Scope and Contents The papers consist of original documents accumulated by Sir Winston Churchill throughout his life (1874-1965). They have been divided into three sections: the Chartwell Papers (CHAR) and the Churchill Papers (CHUR), with some additional material (CHAQ). Together, the three sets of papers cover the following major areas: Personal (CHAR 1, CHUR 1 and CHAQ 1/1 and 2/1), 1884-1965 The papers of Churchill as a private person. They include correspondence with or about his...
Dates: The majority of files date from the 1870s to 1965.
Conditions Governing Access: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 16 Jul 1934

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/228/1
Scope and Contents

Letter from Sir Abe Bailey, Grand Hotel, Bagnoles de l'Orne, France, to WSC, praising his speech on the Air Force, and commenting on Germany, and the international situation.

Dates: 16 Jul 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), [Nov] [1934]

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/228/2-3
Scope and Contents

House of Commons Amendment to the Address representing that the strength of British Air defences was "no longer adequate to secure the peace, safety and freedom of Your Majesty's faithful subjects" signed by WSC, Sir Robert Horne, Leo Amery, Frederick Guest, Lord Winterton and Robert Boothby [typescript copy, with handwritten annotations].

Dates: [Nov] [1934]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 04 Jun 1935

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/236/25-26
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to Edward Fitzroy [Speaker of the House of Commons], explaining that he wants to have a debate in Parliament on the work of the Committee of Imperial Defence's sub-committee on defence against attack from the air, to emphasize the importance of the subject. Unsigned copy.

Dates: 04 Jun 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 09 Nov 1936

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/260/65
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to Lady Houston, thanks for letter on the League of Nations, stating that he had very carefully considered the course he was taking from the view of the "safety of England from the German Nazi menace", and that he shared her regrets for the "misguided policy of the MacDonald-Badwin regime" in defence and external affairs [carbon].

Dates: 09 Nov 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 25 Nov 1936

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/260/158
Scope and Contents

Letter from Freddie Guest, Street's Mews, London W1 to WSC, commenting that Clement Attlee (Leader of the Labour Party) would support WSC on any rearmament programme "He admires and likes you. The door is open if you want to talk to him". Also invitation to lunch in honour of the Queen of Spain.

Dates: 25 Nov 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 20 Sep 1939

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 19/2A/37
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to Sir Kingsley Wood, Secretary of State for Air, on the responsibilities of junior officers in anti-aircraft batteries. [carbon].

Dates: 20 Sep 1939
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 21 Sep 1939

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 19/2A/38-39
Scope and Contents

Letter from Sir Kingsley Wood [Secretary of State for Air] (Air Ministry) to WSC explaining Air Ministry policy on anti-aircraft responses to hostile activity and allowing authority in this matter to rest with the Commander-in-Chief, Fighter Command [Air Chief Marshal Sir Hugh Dowding].

Dates: 21 Sep 1939
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 08 Oct 1939

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 19/2A/51-53
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC (Admiralty) to Sir Samuel Hoare [later 1st Lord Templewood, Lord Privy Seal] with suggestions for the reorganisation of the Home Front and rationing. [see CHAR 19/2C/311-313 for draft].

Dates: 08 Oct 1939
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 16 Sep 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/3/1
Scope and Contents

Letter from 1st Lord Addison to WSC on deficiencies in the defence of London, mentions Lieutenant-Colonel Williams, Leslie Hore-Belisha, Anthony Eden (Secretary of State for War, later 1st Lord Avon), Clement Attlee [Lord Privy Seal] and Major- General Francis Crossman, Commander, 1st Anti-Aircraft Division. [Typescript].

Dates: 16 Sep 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 30 May 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/3/2
Scope and Contents

Extract from letter from 1st Lord Addison to Clement Attlee [Lord Privy Seal] on the defence of London. [Copy].

Dates: 30 May 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 14 Feb 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/21A/75-76
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to Sir John Squire thanking him for his letter on the Home Guard and agreeing that a dress rehearsal for invasion is a very good idea.

Dates: 14 Feb 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 20 Feb 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/21A/90-91
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to [Harold] Vincent Tewson [Assistant Secretary, Trades Union Congress] on Fire Precaution Orders; Government did not consult the Trades Union Congress due to the extraordinary circumstances of the incendiary bombing of London.

Dates: 20 Feb 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 14 Mar 1942 - 07 Apr 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/59/100-106
Scope and Contents Letter from John Ryle, Regius Professor of Physic, Cambridge University, to WSC on a campaign to boost national morale, output and the Home Front and also advice allegedly given to a special constable not to retaliate in case of invasion, with reply by John Peck [Assistant Private Secretary to WSC]; letter forwarded by Peck to Arthur Poynton [Private Secretary to Minister of Supply and Minister of Production] and Henry Strutt [Principal Private Secretary to Home Secretary], with replies by...
Dates: 14 Mar 1942 - 07 Apr 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 05 Mar 1942 - 28 Sep 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/61/29-151
Scope and Contents Memoranda by 3rd Lord Tollemache, on subjects including: the defence of the Empire, on modernising the Imperial Defence Cabinet, the Ministry of Production and the Imperial General Staff; modern war on land, including the army, transport and supply; the Home Guard; the RAF; fuel supply co-ordination; improving the railways; army training; with covering letter from Tollemache to WSC including notes on supplying fighter aircraft to the Middle East and Far East and strategic islands in the...
Dates: 05 Mar 1942 - 28 Sep 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 01 Jun 1941 - 30 Jun 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/36/6
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, June 1941.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet]; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; Desmond Morton and F A Lindemann [later 1st Lord Cherwell, Prime Minister's Personal Assistants]; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; the Chiefs of Staff.Subjects covered by the minutes include: the defence of...
Dates: 01 Jun 1941 - 30 Jun 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 01 Nov 1941 - 30 Nov 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/36/11
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, November 1941.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; the Chiefs of Staff; 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann] and Desmond Morton [Prime Minister's Personal Assistants]; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet]; Chief Whip [James Stuart].Subjects covered by the...
Dates: 01 Nov 1941 - 30 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 17 Dec 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/54C/272
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to the Archbishop of Canterbury [William Temple] allowing the ringing of church bells only on Christmas Day.

Dates: 17 Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 21 Jun 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/11/102-103
Scope and Contents

Note from "J M M" [Prime Minister's Private Secretary John Martin] to WSC on the functions of Sir Hugh Elles as Chief of the Civil Defence operational staff: concentrating on operations ratther than training, acting as a link between the Minister of Home Security [Sir John Anderson, later 1st Lord Waverley] and the Service Departments, and leading the Home Security War Room.

Dates: 21 Jun 1940
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 01 Aug 1940 - 01 Sep 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/13/5
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, August 1940. Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet]; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; the Chiefs of Staff, General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence], and other senior military figures; F A Lindemann [later 1st Lord Cherwell, Prime Minister's Personal Assistant]; a press statement by WSC; and a minute...
Dates: 01 Aug 1940 - 01 Sep 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 01 Sep 1940 - 30 Sep 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/13/6
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, September 1940.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence], the Chiefs of Staff and other senior military figures; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; senior civil servants including Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet] and Sir Alexander Cadogan [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs];...
Dates: 01 Sep 1940 - 30 Sep 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 03 Oct 1940 - 30 Oct 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/13/7
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, October 1940.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; senior civil servants including Sir Horace Wilson [Permanent Secretary of HM Treasury and official Head of HM Civil Service] and Sir James Grigg [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for War]; the Chiefs of Staff; Colonel Ian...
Dates: 03 Oct 1940 - 30 Oct 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open