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North Africa (general region)

 Subject
Subject Source: Local sources

Found in 296 Collections and/or Records:

 Item

(Untitled), 08 Jul 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/40/123
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Oliver Lyttelton [later Lord Chandos, Minister of State in the Middle East] on improvement of defences at Gibraltar, installation of a broadcasting transmitter, distribution of propaganda over North Africa by Special Operations Executive, and appointment of an American Liaison Officer.

Dates: 08 Jul 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 22 Jul 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/41/35-36
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] to WSC on meetings with General Charles de Gaulle [Chief of Free French], General de Larminat [Governor-General of French Equatorial Africa] and Major- General Edward Spears [Head of Spears Mission, Syria and the Lebanon]; Free French reject Syrian armistice terms and threaten to break alliance with Britain then renegotiations end in agreement.

Dates: 22 Jul 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 04 Aug 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/41/97-98
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] expressing a high opinion of General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East].

Dates: 04 Aug 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 16 Aug 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/41/112
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander- in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC requesting transfer of Major- General Alan Cunningham [General Officer Commanding East Africa Forces] from East Africa to Libyan Desert.

Dates: 16 Aug 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 21 Aug 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/41/131-132
Scope and Contents

Telegram from the Prime Minister of South Africa [General Jan Smuts] to WSC reporting on trip to Middle East with predictions of direction of war in future months.

Dates: 21 Aug 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 23 Aug 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/42A/7-8
Scope and Contents

Telegram from the British High Commissioner in South Africa [4th Lord Harlech, earlier William Ormsby-Gore] to WSC on his recent visit to Middle East; more tanks needed in Libyan Desert before Germans return from Soviet front; agrees that Imperial War Cabinet a bad idea.

Dates: 23 Aug 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 25 Aug 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/42A/17
Scope and Contents

Telegram from British High Commissioner in South Africa [4th Lord Harlech, earlier William Ormsby-Gore] to WSC on behalf of General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] suggesting the General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Middle East [Major-General Sir Alan Cunningham] attack the Germans in Africa before October.

Dates: 25 Aug 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 05 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/43/87
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] hoping that operation "Supercharge", [? codename for the evacuation of Australians from Tobruk, Libya] will not impede "Crusader" [codename for major British North African operation].

Dates: 05 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 15 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/44/5
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander- in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC explaining that relief of Australian troops in Tobruk [Libya] started, but that operation Cultivator will not impede operation Crusader [codename for major British North African operation].

Dates: 15 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 17 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/44/8-9
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] asking what factors could impede progress of operation Crusader [codename or major British North African operation].

Dates: 17 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 17 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/44/12
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander- in-Chief, Middle East, to WSC welcoming Air Chief Marshal Sir Wilfrid Freeman's visit; threats to Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa] include air reinforcements for enemy in Libya; suggests sending reassurance to New Zealand.

Dates: 17 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 12 Feb 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/70/22-23
Scope and Contents Letter from H Freeman Matthews [Counsellor, United States Embassy, London] to WSC reciting texts of two telegrams from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC, on the actions of the French Vichy Government in supplying the axis powers in North Africa, enclosing the text of a telegram sent to Marshal Philippe Petain [Prime Minister of France] and also concerning changes at ABDA [Australian, British, Dutch and Australasian] Command, requesting a delay in the announcement...
Dates: 12 Feb 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 15 Mar 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/71B/164
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East: comments on the implications of delaying an attack, particularly for Malta and North Africa and on comparative allied and enemy tank numbers; states that he is sending Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] to India via Cairo [Egypt] to put across the views of the War Cabinet, accompanied by Lieutenant-General Archibald Nye [Vice-Chief of the Imperial General Staff].

Dates: 15 Mar 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 16 Nov 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/54C/221
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to Major-General Noel Holmes [Director of Movements, War Office] congratulating him and his staff on the planning and execution of operation Torch [codename for Allied invasion of North West Africa].

Dates: 16 Nov 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 06 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/44/123-124
Scope and Contents

Telegrams from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East, to WSC explaining operation [Crusader, major British operation in North Africa] postponed for 3 days due to need for training of South African division in desert warfare.

Dates: 06 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 06 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/44/125
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] to WSC explaining the reasons of Major- General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East], with which he personally disagrees, for delaying the attack [Crusader, major British operation in North Africa].

Dates: 06 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 15 Nov 1941 - 16 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/45/21-22
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] with a message of confidence from King George VI to all ranks participating in the coming battle [Crusader, codename for major British operation in North Africa]; includes Ministry of Defence note on copying the telegram.

Dates: 15 Nov 1941 - 16 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 18 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/45/29-30
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] advising that upon success of Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa] an operation could mounted to move 2 and a half divisions into Tunis [Tunisia], Algiers [Algeria] or Morocco at French invitation.

Dates: 18 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 18 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/45/32
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC "no definite news of progress" of Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa].

Dates: 18 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 19 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/45/37
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander- in-Chief, Middle East] and Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC: Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa] satisfactory despite bad weather; they believe Field Marshal Erwin Rommel does not yet appreciate scale of operations.

Dates: 19 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 20 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/45/41-42
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] on state of offensive in Libya; essential to success to retain General Maxime Weygand [Governor-General of Algeria and Delegate-General of Vichy Government in French Africa], or not to have pro-German, as leader of Vichy France in Africa.

Dates: 20 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 21 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/45/47
Scope and Contents

Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC congratulating him on success in Libya; advises that Marshal Philippe Petain [Chief of French State] has removed General Maxime Weygand [Governor-General of Algeria and Delegate-General of Vichy Government in French Africa] and French High Military Command North Africa will be administered from Vichy potentially giving Germany diplomatic control.

Dates: 21 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 21 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/45/62-63
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC with Libyan Desert battle information on Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa].

Dates: 21 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 24 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/45/82
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] reporting on progress of Libyan Desert battle, Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa].

Dates: 24 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 24 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/45/94-96
Scope and Contents

Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC fearing Germany may now control French fleet and ports in North Africa overshadowing Syrian desert successes; fears developments in Caucasus which threaten oil supplies.

Dates: 24 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open