Skip to main content

North Africa (general region)

 Subject
Subject Source: Local sources

Found in 296 Collections and/or Records:

 Item

(Untitled), 20 Jan 1942

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/68B/130-132
Scope and Contents

Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC on subjects including: congratulating him on his trip [to Washington, United States]; commending the defence of the Far East but insisting on the Middle East and North Africa as the theatre of prime importance; Soviet success against Germany and Hitler's intentions towards Turkey and the Caucasus; making political concessions in India to secure support; improving tanks to German standards.

Dates: 20 Jan 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 24 Jan 1942

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/69A/29
Scope and Contents Telegram from General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander- in-Chief, Middle East, to WSC giving the latest details of the 8th Army in North Africa: enemy tanks and artillery engaged at Antelat [Libya] and Saunnu but without decisive result; general description and position of troops; intention of Lieutenant- General Neil Ritchie [Commander, 8th Army] to stabilise his position and launch an offensive; "Once again [General Erwin] Rommel [Commander, Afrika Corps] has made bold stroke ... The...
Dates: 24 Jan 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 24 Jan 1942

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/69A/33-34
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Commanders in Chief (Middle East) to WSC giving details of German and Allied army strengths at the beginning of "Crusader" [codename for British North African operation], including details of losses on both sides and reasons for Allied success.

Dates: 24 Jan 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 25 Jan 1942

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/69A/35
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East, expressing his disturbance at the latest news of the evacuation of Benghazi and Derna [Libya]: "The kind of retirement now evidently envisaged by subordinate officers implies the failure of CRUSADER and the ruin of ACROBAT" [codenames for the British North African operation and operation against Tripoli].

Dates: 25 Jan 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 27 Jan 1942

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/69A/54
Scope and Contents

Telegram from General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander- in-Chief, Middle East, to WSC regarding the latest situation in North Africa, including the premature action at Benghazi [Libya], positions as known on the evening of 26 January, concern over the condition of 1st Armoured division and the conclusion that British armoured forces have failed to compete with the enemy satisfactorily.

Dates: 27 Jan 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 11 Oct 1942

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/81/41-43
Scope and Contents Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked "personal" presenting a general review of his work. Comments on: the arrival of Lord Moyne [earlier Walter Guinness, Deputy Minister of State in the Middle East], Duncan Sandys [later Lord Duncan-Sandys, Financial Secretary to the War Office] and Field Marshal Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa]; liaison with Commanders in Chief and Services; relations with United States personnel and Free French forces;...
Dates: 11 Oct 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 16 May 1941

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/29A/71-74
Scope and Contents Letter from Anthony Bevir [Private Secretary to WSC] to [Joseph] Saville Garner [Private Secretary to Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs] enclosing Prime Minister's Personal Telegram T.183 to General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] discussing: the offensive in the Western Desert by General Sir Archibald Wavell [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East], and possible action in North Africa and Suez [Egypt]; the western Mediterranean and Gibraltar; the Battle of the Atlantic, and...
Dates: 16 May 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 06 Nov 1941

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/44/123-124
Scope and Contents

Telegrams from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East, to WSC explaining operation [Crusader, major British operation in North Africa] postponed for 3 days due to need for training of South African division in desert warfare.

Dates: 06 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 06 Nov 1941

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/44/125
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] to WSC explaining the reasons of Major- General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East], with which he personally disagrees, for delaying the attack [Crusader, major British operation in North Africa].

Dates: 06 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 15 Nov 1941 - 16 Nov 1941

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/45/21-22
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] with a message of confidence from King George VI to all ranks participating in the coming battle [Crusader, codename for major British operation in North Africa]; includes Ministry of Defence note on copying the telegram.

Dates: 15 Nov 1941 - 16 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 18 Nov 1941

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/45/29-30
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] advising that upon success of Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa] an operation could mounted to move 2 and a half divisions into Tunis [Tunisia], Algiers [Algeria] or Morocco at French invitation.

Dates: 18 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 18 Nov 1941

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/45/32
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC "no definite news of progress" of Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa].

Dates: 18 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 19 Nov 1941

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/45/37
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander- in-Chief, Middle East] and Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC: Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa] satisfactory despite bad weather; they believe Field Marshal Erwin Rommel does not yet appreciate scale of operations.

Dates: 19 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 20 Nov 1941

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/45/41-42
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] on state of offensive in Libya; essential to success to retain General Maxime Weygand [Governor-General of Algeria and Delegate-General of Vichy Government in French Africa], or not to have pro-German, as leader of Vichy France in Africa.

Dates: 20 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 21 Nov 1941

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/45/47
Scope and Contents

Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC congratulating him on success in Libya; advises that Marshal Philippe Petain [Chief of French State] has removed General Maxime Weygand [Governor-General of Algeria and Delegate-General of Vichy Government in French Africa] and French High Military Command North Africa will be administered from Vichy potentially giving Germany diplomatic control.

Dates: 21 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 18 Jun 1941

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/40/2-3
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa]: comments on how defeat at Agedabia almost destroyed General Sir Archibald Wavell's [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] tank force, and details measures that were taken to reinforce Wavell; comments on battle in desert; refers to intelligence regarding the German advance on the Soviet Union.

Dates: 18 Jun 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 19 Jun 1941

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/40/12
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Robert Menzies [Prime Minister of Australia] to WSC asking for answers with regard to failure of opening of Operation "Battleaxe" [codename for British offensive] in North Africa.

Dates: 19 Jun 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 20 Jun 1941

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/40/17-18
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt welcoming the proposed ferry service for aircraft from Brazil to West Africa; and commenting on the failure of the latest offensive to recapture the initiative in Western Desert.

Dates: 20 Jun 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 14 May 1941

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/38/130-132
Scope and Contents

Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC with detailed assessment of likely German attack: Ukraine Caucasus, Middle East plus French Africa, Britain and the Atlantic. With note in the hand of John Colville [Prime Minister's Private Secretary] that the Dominions Office have asked for this telegram to be circulated to the War Cabinet and Defence Committee.

Dates: 14 May 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 06 Dec 1941

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/46/28
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC on battle in Libyan desert, Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa]; Italian prisoners, and tanks.

Dates: 06 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 06 Dec 1941 - 07 Dec 1941

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/46/30-32
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC on battle in Libyan desert, Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa]; enemy manoeuvres; troop deployment.

Dates: 06 Dec 1941 - 07 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 09 Dec 1941

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/46/60
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of Canada [Mackenzie King], the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin], Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] and Prime Minister of South Africa [General Jan Smuts] with statement on the battle of Libya for House of Commons.

Dates: 09 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 09 Dec 1941

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/46/63-64
Scope and Contents

Telegrams from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC on battle in Libyan desert, Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa]; "Enemy is apparently in full retreat towards the west".

Dates: 09 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 18 Feb 1942 - 16 May 1942

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/62/96-103
Scope and Contents Memorandum by Major Orde Wingate on the reconnaissance of Tibesti [Libya] as the first step in the conquest of North Africa, recommending the use of a native army, [including map, at CHAR 20/62/115]; forwarded to WSC and Lieutenant-General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to WSC] by Randolph Churchill; with note from Ismay to WSC commenting on the unfeasibility of the plan, and forwarding note from John Peck [Assistant Private Secretary to WSC] to Lieutenant-Commander M Knott [Private...
Dates: 18 Feb 1942 - 16 May 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 30 Jul 1942 - 25 Aug 1942

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/65/88-98
Scope and Contents Letter and reports by Randolph Churchill to WSC on the command structure and personalities in the Middle East, including Lieutenant- General Thomas Corbett, Chief of General Staff, Middle East, Richard Casey [Minister of State, Middle East], Air Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, RAF, Middle East], Air Vice-Marshal Sir Arthur Coningham, Sir Miles Lampson [British Ambassador to Egypt and High Commissioner for the Sudan, later 1st Lord Killearn] and Michael Wright,...
Dates: 30 Jul 1942 - 25 Aug 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open