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Social reform

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 23 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Official: Cabinet: Conclusions 10 - 15., 06 Mar 1929 - 10 Apr 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 22/237
Scope and Contents

Includes minutes of Cabinet meetings recording decisions on various subjects including: unemployment and unemployment insurance; immigration from Ireland; petrol prices; foreign affairs in China, Germany, India; the United States and the prohibition treaty; the reduction and limitation of armaments; the proposed Baghdad [Iraq] to Haifa [Israel] railway and pipeline; radium research; the Channel Tunnel; the report of the Commission on East Africa; and the budget.

Dates: 06 Mar 1929 - 10 Apr 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: notes., Feb 1909 - Apr 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/14
Scope and Contents Includes a programme for the 1909 Parliamentary session and Cabinet papers on various subjects including: Supertax; the taxation of land values; stamp duties; increased death duties; assessment of property owners and the Finances Bill; report of the Poor Law Commission with recommended social reforms such as the classification of the poor and the establishment of labour exchanges; the Dairies (Scotland) bill and agricultural rates; Metropolitan Police finance; the Lake Magadi scheme for...
Dates: Feb 1909 - Apr 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Series

Official: Treasury, 1924 - 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18
Scope and Contents The Treasury papers contain correspondence, minutes, tables, printed reports, and other papers which were created or accumulated as a result of WSC's activities as Chancellor of the Exchequer, a position held from November 1924 to June 1929. The papers have been divided into general correspondence, WSC's outgoing minutes, and subject-based files and are arranged chronologically.The Treasury material covers WSC's ministerial duties as Chancellor, including the annual production of the budget,...
Dates: 1924 - 1929
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Official: Treasury: Budget 1925-1926: Customs and Excise memoranda, Treasury memoranda and tables, used in the production of the Budget., 1924 - 1925

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/7
Scope and Contents Includes memoranda, notes and letters from Sir Horace Hamilton [Chairman, Board of Customs and Excise]; Sir Otto Niemeyer [Controller of Finance, Treasury]; Sir Warren Fisher [Permanent Secretary, Treasury]; 1st Lord Stamfordham [earlier Sir Arthur Bigge, Private Secretary to King George V]; Sir William Mitchell-Thomson [later 1st Lord Selsdon, Postmaster-General and Chief Civil Commissioner].Also includes copy letters and notes from WSC to some of those mentioned above and to: Prime...
Dates: 1924 - 1925
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Treasury: correspondence., 08 Jan 1925 - 26 Jun 1925

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/8
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Major-General Sir Fabian Ware (2); 1st Lord Cecil of Chelwood [earlier Lord Robert Cecil, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster] on European disarmament (2); Lord Eustace Percy [President of the Board of Education]; Leo Amery [Secretary of State for the Colonies] on colonial trade matters (4); Frederick Leith-Ross [British representative on Finance Board] of the Reparation Commission; J Coudurier de Chassaigne (2); 1st Lord Midleton; Wilfrid Ashley [later 1st Lord...
Dates: 08 Jan 1925 - 26 Jun 1925
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Treasury: correspondence., 01 Jul 1925 - 28 Dec 1925

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/9
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Herbert Morrison, Secretary of the London Labour Party, on unemployment; 1st Lord Cecil of Chelwood [earlier Lord Robert Cecil, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster] on disarmament; Wilfrid Ashley [later 1st Lord Mount Temple, Minister of Transport]; 1st Lord Weir (3) including one on industrial relief; Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Cabinet]; Francis Curzon [later 5th Lord Howe] on naval officers' marriage allowance; Stanley Baldwin [Prime Minister] (2)...
Dates: 01 Jul 1925 - 28 Dec 1925
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Treasury: correspondence from WSC (carbon copies)., 09 Nov 1924 - 30 Dec 1924

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/2
Scope and Contents Recipients include: Stanley Baldwin [Prime Minister] (5); Leo Amery, Secretary of State for the Colonies, (6) on subjects including expenditure on Iraq and Palestine; 1st Lord Birkenhead [earlier F E Smith, Secretary of State for India]; Sir Laming Worthington-Evans [Secretary of State for War]; Ronald McNeill [later 1st Lord Cushendun, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs]; William Bridgeman, First Lord of the Admiralty, (4) on subjects including marriage licenses for...
Dates: 09 Nov 1924 - 30 Dec 1924
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Treasury: correspondence mainly from WSC (carbon copies)., 17 May 1925 - 31 Dec 1925

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/11
Scope and Contents Recipients include: 1st Lord Bledisloe [earlier Charles Bathurst, Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Agriculture]; Home Secretary [Sir William Joynson Hicks, later 1st Lord Brentford] (2); Secretary of State for War [Sir Laming Worthington-Evans] (2); Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin (8); President of the Board of Trade, Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister [earlier Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame, later 1st Lord Swinton] (5); John Pease [later 1st Lord Wardington, Chairman Lloyds Bank]; Austen Chamberlain...
Dates: 17 May 1925 - 31 Dec 1925
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Treasury: correspondence mainly from WSC (carbon copies)., 10 Jan 1926 - 21 Dec 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/29
Scope and Contents Recipients include: President of the Board of Trade, Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister [earlier Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame, later 1st Lord Swinton] (3); F Stanley Jackson [Chairman of the Conservative and Unionist Party]; Count Guiseppe Volpi [Italian Minister of Finance] (2); Wilfrid Ashley [later 1st Lord Mount Temple, Minister of Transport] (2); Sir Robert Horne [later 1st Lord Slamannan]; Leo Amery [Secretary of State for the Colonies] (4); Sir James Craig [later 1st Lord Craigavon, Prime Minister...
Dates: 10 Jan 1926 - 21 Dec 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Treasury: correspondence mainly from WSC or James Grigg [Principal Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer] (carbon copies)., 01 Jul 1925 - 28 Dec 1925

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/10
Scope and Contents Recipients include: Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Cabinet] (2); Sir Sydney Chapman [Permanent Secretary, Board of Trade] on safeguarding of industries; Prime Minister [Stanley Baldwin] (6) on subjects including the trade union political levy and the Colonial Office reorganisation; Lord Wodehouse [later 3rd Lord Kimberley]; Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister [earlier Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame, later 1st Lord Swinton, President of the Board of Trade]; Peter Larkin [Canadian High Commissioner to...
Dates: 01 Jul 1925 - 28 Dec 1925
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Treasury: correspondence on block grants., 15 Jul 1927 - 22 Dec 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/63
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Neville Chamberlain [Minister of Health] (3); Lord Eustace Percy [President of the Board of Education]; Alfred Hurst (2) and Edward Hale [Treasury]; Sir Warren Fisher [Permanent Secretary, Treasury]; James Grigg [Principal Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer] (2); Sir Richard Hopkins [Controller of Finance and Supply Services, Treasury] (2).Also includes: details of a parliamentary answer by Prime Minister [Stanley Baldwin, from Hansard].Subjects...
Dates: 15 Jul 1927 - 22 Dec 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Treasury: correspondence on rating relief., 04 Jun 1927 - 18 Nov 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/64
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Alfred Hurst [Treasury] (5); Neville Chamberlain [Minister of Health] (4); Sir Richard Hopkins [Controller of Finance and Supply Services, Treasury] (2); Edward Hale [Treasury]; Lord Eustace Percy [President of the Board of Education]; Sir Warren Fisher [Permanent Secretary, Treasury]; Sir Ernest Gowers [Chairman of the Board of Inland Revenue]; James Grigg [Principal Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer].Also includes copy letters and minutes from WSC...
Dates: 04 Jun 1927 - 18 Nov 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Treasury: papers and correspondence on block grants., 20 Aug 1926 - 25 May 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/62
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Alfred Hurst [Treasury] (5); Sir George Barstow [Controller of Supply Services, Treasury] (3); Neville Chamberlain [Minister of Health] (2); Lord Eustace Percy [President of the Board of Education] (3).Also includes: Cabinet Committee on Block Grants papers, including its composition and terms of reference, memoranda by WSC (2), Percy (2), Chamberlain (2), and Home Secretary [Sir William Joynson Hicks, later 1st Lord Brentford], conclusions of meetings, reports, and...
Dates: 20 Aug 1926 - 25 May 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Treasury: various papers on rating relief proposals., 21 Jan 1928 - 01 Mar 1928

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/86
Scope and Contents Includes memoranda, letters, minutes and notes by WSC and: Alfred Hurst [Principal Assistant Secretary, Treasury] (7); President of the Board of Trade, Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister [earlier Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame, later 1st Lord Swinton]; 1st Lord Weir; Thomas Jones [Deputy Secretary to the Cabinet]; Sir Arthur Robinson [Secretary to Ministry of Health]; Minister of Health, Neville Chamberlain; James Grigg [Principal Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer].Also includes:...
Dates: 21 Jan 1928 - 01 Mar 1928
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Treasury: various papers on rating relief proposals., 27 Mar 1928 - 24 Apr 1928

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/89
Scope and Contents Includes memoranda, letters, minutes and notes by WSC and: Lord Eustace Percy [President of the Board of Education] (2); Sir Ernest Gowers [Chairman of the Board of Inland Revenue]; officials of the National Chamber of Trade, including James Clark and Sir William Perring; Donald Fergusson [Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer]; the Secretary of State for the Dominions, Leo Amery; Alfred Hurst [Principal Assistant Secretary, Treasury] (5); Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister [earlier...
Dates: 27 Mar 1928 - 24 Apr 1928
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Treasury: WSC's minutes., 16 Nov 1924 - 24 Dec 1924

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/3
Scope and Contents Includes carbon copies of minutes and letters from WSC to various individuals, mainly Treasury officials, including: Sir Warren Fisher [Permanent Secretary]; Sir George Barstow [Controller of Supply Services]; Prime Minister [Stanley Baldwin]; Walter Guinness [later 1st Lord Moyne, Financial Secretary]; Sir Russell Scott [Controller]; Sir Otto Niemeyer [Controller of Finance]; Sir Horace Hamilton [Chairman, Board of Customs and Excise]; James Grigg [Principal Private Secretary to the...
Dates: 16 Nov 1924 - 24 Dec 1924
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Treasury: WSC's minutes., 01 Jan 1925 - 19 Sep 1925

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/12A-B
Scope and Contents Includes carbon copies of minutes from WSC to various individuals, mainly Treasury officials, including: Sir Otto Niemeyer [Controller of Finance]; Sir Richard Hopkins [Chairman of the Board of Inland Revenue]; James Grigg [Principal Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer]; Sir George Barstow [Controller of Supply Services]; Sir Warren Fisher [Permanent Secretary]; Edward Marsh [Private Secretary to WSC]; Financial Secretary [Walter Guinness, later 1st Lord Moyne]; Sir Horace...
Dates: 01 Jan 1925 - 19 Sep 1925
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Speech notes., 04 Oct 1946 - 28 Oct 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/9A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech of thanks (4 October 1946, Blackpool [Lancashire]) on receiving the freedom of Blackpool.Speech notes and galley proofs of WSC's speech (5 October 1946, Conservative Party conference, Blackpool) entitled "Every Dog His Day" on subjects including: criticism of the Labour government; the need for a concerted opposition to Communism; foreign policy; the deterioration of relations with the Soviet Union; post war reconstruction; the electoral system; taxation;...
Dates: 04 Oct 1946 - 28 Oct 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 22 Oct 1945 - 26 Apr 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/17A-G
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (8 March 1948, House of Commons) on navy estimates including: the absence of enemies at sea; the importance of the navy to sustaining the British empire; criticism of the Labour government's secrecy about their naval policy and naval estimates; previous mistakes in naval policy; the scrapping of ships; and his experiences as First Lord of the Admiralty. Source material includes: notes from Elizabeth Gilliatt [Secretary to WSC] and "N S" ["Jo" Sturdee, later Lady...
Dates: 22 Oct 1945 - 26 Apr 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 04 Feb 1950 - 09 Feb 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/31A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's election address (4 February, Town Hall, Leeds [Yorkshire]) including: criticism of the Labour government's economic policy and manifesto; party politics and the numbers of candidates fielded by the Liberal Party; quotes by [Clement] Attlee [Prime Minister] on socialism; the rejection of socialism in Canada, Australia and New Zealand; nationalisation and its effect on the coal industry; the planned nationalisation of the steel industry; the continuation of rationing;...
Dates: 04 Feb 1950 - 09 Feb 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

(Untitled), 13 Dec 1924

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/2/62-71
Scope and Contents Copy of a letter from WSC to Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister, explaining his efforts to have a settled financial policy and discussing increased navy estimates and his calculations that they are higher than suggested. He argues that armaments expenditure paralyses government policy in social and industrial reform, tax reduction and borrowing and warns that accepting the navy estimates will lead to electoral defeat; that the Admiralty is preoccupied with unfounded and unlikely threats from...
Dates: 13 Dec 1924
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

(Untitled), 28 Nov 1924

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/7/89-94
Scope and Contents Copy of a letter from WSC to Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister, marked "most secret" relaying a conversation with Neville Chamberlain [Minister of Health] about including the costs of widows and old age insurance in the budget; balancing relief to the direct taxpayer; meeting the cost of war pensions; the timing of implementing Chamberlain's Insurance Bill; establishment of a committee of experts to consider insurance; housing and funding for building "Weir" steel houses; and support for...
Dates: 28 Nov 1924
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

(Untitled), 23 Apr 1925

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/7/150-164
Scope and Contents Copy of a letter from the Chancellor of the Exchequer [WSC] to King George V about his budget proposals. He explains that the budget has two main objectives: to provide security for the wage earning population against misfortune and to encourage the "enterprise of the nation" by remission of income taxes; that the 1925 budget is based on tax revenue of £826 million set against expenditure of £799.5 million; proposals to increase estate duty and taxes on luxury goods and to re-introduce the...
Dates: 23 Apr 1925
Conditions Governing Access: Open

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.