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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 153 Collections and/or Records:

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Speeches: speech notes., 12 Nov 1946 - 12 Dec 1946

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/10A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and Hansard report of WSC's speech (12 November, House of Commons) entitled "The international scene" on subjects including: the cold war, the deterioration of relations with the Soviet Union and the strength of the Soviet army; support for the United Nations; the need to aid Germany but prevent rearmament; the Nuremberg trials and war crimes; Imperial Preference; affairs in countries including India, Egypt and the Suez canal, Palestine, National Service and the armed forces;...
Dates: 12 Nov 1946 - 12 Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 07 May 1948 - 28 May 1948

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/18A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (7 May, The Hague [The Netherlands]) at the Congress of Europe entitled "The grand design" including: the progress of European integration and support from the United States for the Marshall Plan; the origins of European unity and the “Grand Design” of King Henry IV of France; the importance of “forgetting the hatreds of the past”, of mutual economic and military aid, closer political unity and maintaining progress; the speech he made at Zurich [entitled "The...
Dates: 07 May 1948 - 28 May 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 10 Jul 1948 - 30 Jul 1948

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/20A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (10 July, Woodford [Essex]) at an open air constituency meeting entitled "A new parliament" on subjects including: praise for Sir James Hawkey as Chairman of the Woodford Conservative Association; the strength of the Conservative Party; his involvement with social policy; the National Health service; the need to oppose communism; the possibility of war with the Soviet Union; the Labour government's economic policy; and the pledges of the Conservative Party. Also...
Dates: 10 Jul 1948 - 30 Jul 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 09 Oct 1948 - 28 Oct 1948

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/21A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (9 October, Annual Conservative Party Conference, Llandudno, Wales) entitled "Perils abroad and at home" on subjects including: the recovery of the Conservative Party since 1945; the part played by Wales in British affairs; relations with the Soviet Union and the likelihood of a third world war; the degeneration of the United Nations; the importance of nuclear weapons belonging to the United States in countering the threat posed by the Soviet Union; the...
Dates: 09 Oct 1948 - 28 Oct 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Speech notes., Jan 1949 - 01 Apr 1949

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/24A-E
Scope and Contents Includes speech notes for WSC's speech (31 March, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Boston [United States]) entitled "The twentieth century - its promises and its realisation" on subjects including: the teaching of engineering and science in the United Kingdom contrasted with the situation in the United States; the role of science and the use made of scientific discoveries for military purposes; Great Britain's hopes for the twentieth century; WSC's early political career and...
Dates: Jan 1949 - 01 Apr 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 01 Apr 1949 - 28 May 1949

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/25A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (United Europe Economic Conference, Church House, Westminster [London]) entitled "The three circles (foreign policy)" including: the importance of the European movement in foreign policy; the resources of Europe; the "three circles" of significance in world affairs being the British empire and commonwealth, the English-speaking world, and United Europe. Source material includes: background notes from Duncan Sandys [Chairman of the International Executive of the...
Dates: 01 Apr 1949 - 28 May 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Speech notes., 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/28A-B
Scope and Contents Brief manuscript notes for and transcript of WSC's speech of thanks (2 November 1949, Grosvenor House, Park Lane [London]) entitled "Riches of English Literature" on receiving the Sunday Times book prize including: the importance of the Sunday Times, of the English language and of reading; his experiences as a writer; and communications and television. Source material includes: notes from "Jo" [Sturdee, later Lady Onslow, Secretary to WSC]; correspondence from Lionel Berry [later 2nd Lord...
Dates: 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and other material., 14 Jul 1941 - 11 Nov 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/152A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (14 July, County Hall, London) entitled the "Grit and Stamina of London" on the German bombing of London, the prospects for the future, and British bombing of Germany. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6448-52.Brief notes for WSC's speech (14 July, Civil Defence Review, Hyde Park, London). Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6447-8.Also includes cuttings from the Yorkshire Post and the Glasgow Herald reporting the above two speeches.Cutting from the Times on the...
Dates: 14 Jul 1941 - 11 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and other material., 08 Dec 1941 - 21 Jan 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/153
Scope and Contents Cuttings from the Listener containing the text of WSC's broadcast (8 December, BBC) entitled "The Great Alliance of Free Peoples" on the attack on Pearl Harbor [United States], liaison with President Roosevelt, and the declaration of war on Japan. [Repeat of WSC's speech delivered to the House of Commons earlier that day with one added paragraph; for further material see CHAR 9/149 and CHAR 9/180] Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6523-6.Notes for WSC's broadcast (24 December, Washington...
Dates: 08 Dec 1941 - 21 Jan 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 03 May 1941 - 26 Jun 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/151
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's broadcast (3 May, BBC) to the Polish people on 150th anniversary of the Polish Constitution, commenting on the attack on Poland by Germany, Polish resistance, and praise for Poles in exile in Britain. Also includes cuttings from the Listener containing the text of WSC's speech entitled "Poland will remain unconquerable". Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6385-7.Notes for WSC's broadcast (recorded 29 May, broadcast 2 June) to the people of Canada, on Canada's support in the...
Dates: 03 May 1941 - 26 Jun 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., Feb 1933 - 24 Apr 1933

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/104
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (February, Chingford [Essex]) on subjects including the National Government, economic affairs, unemployment, and India.Notes for WSC's speech (17 February, Queen's Hall, London, Anti-socialist and anti-communist union) on socialism and communism, the Soviet Union, Japan, India, and the Oxford Union motion against fighting for King and country. Also includes printed guide containing the text of WSC's speech. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5219-20.Notes for WSC's...
Dates: Feb 1933 - 24 Apr 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes (by WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty) and other material., 20 Jan 1940 - 29 Feb 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/143
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's broadcast (20 January, BBC) on the war situation, entitled "A house of many mansions" on the German threat to neutral and allied shipping, to neutral nations, and Finland's stand against the Soviet Union. Also includes cuttings from the Times and the Listener containing the text of WSC's broadcast. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6183-6.Notes for WSC's statement (24 January, House of Commons 1922 Committee) on British naval strength, the U-boat war, pocket battleships,...
Dates: 20 Jan 1940 - 29 Feb 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes (some by WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty) and other material., 08 Aug 1939 - 24 Jan 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/138
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's broadcast (8 August, United States [National Broadcasting Company]) entitled "A hush over Europe" on German and Italian war preparations, and [Adolf] Hitler's pivotal role. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6149-51.Notes for WSC's broadcast (1 October, BBC) entitled "The first month of war" on Poland, the Soviet Union, U-boat attacks, the situation in Britain, and Franco-British relations, which includes the phrase that Russia "is a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an...
Dates: 08 Aug 1939 - 24 Jan 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes (some by WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty) and other material., 30 Mar 1940 - 01 Oct 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/144
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's broadcast (30 March, BBC) entitled "A hideous state of alarm and menace" on the fate of the neutral nations, German atrocities, particularly in Poland, and wishing to avoid conflict with the Soviet Union. Also includes various cuttings reporting the speech. Part published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6199-201.Notes for WSC's broadcast (19 May, BBC) entitled "Arm yourselves and be ye men of valour" on the war situation in France and the formation of the coalition government,...
Dates: 30 Mar 1940 - 01 Oct 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"The Grand Design", 07 May 1948

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/18/23-53
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (7 May, The Hague [The Netherlands]) at the Congress of Europe entitled "The grand design" including: the progress of European integration and support from the United States for the Marshall Plan; the origins of European unity and the “Grand Design” of King Henry IV of France; the importance of “forgetting the hatreds of the past”, of mutual economic and military aid, closer political unity and maintaining progress; the speech he made at Zurich [entitled "The...
Dates: 07 May 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"The International Situation", 30 Nov 1950

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/39B/275-302
Scope and Contents Speech notes WSC's speech (House of Commons) on subjects including: the continuing threat from the Soviet Union since the disbanding of the Allied armies; hopes for a settlement while the United States still has a superior atomic stockpile, and the need to keep building up Western forces; Soviet proposals for a 4-Power conference; the advance into Korea by China, and its possible use in a Sino-Soviet conspiracy as a distraction from the danger to Europe; the burden borne by the United States...
Dates: 30 Nov 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"The International Situation", 14 Dec 1950

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/39C/539-574
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (House of Commons) subjects including: the importance of keeping up relations with the United States, and the reluctance of the Prime Minister [Clement Attlee] to do so, particularly over Korea; the advantage of maintaining a fortified line in Korea; the need to censor the despatches of the United Nations war correspondents from Korea; appeasing from strength, not weakness; the lack of consultation with Britain by the United States over its atomic weapons; the...
Dates: 14 Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Transcript of interview: Sir Frank Roberts, 1996

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/DOHP 14
Scope and Contents From the Fonds:

The programme comprises transcripts of interviews with senior diplomats.

Dates: 1996
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Material in this collection is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue.
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(Untitled), 15 Feb 1936

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/251/54-55
Scope and Contents

Letter from Desmond Chapman-Huston, Carlton Club, London to WSC, asking for permission to publish extract from Diary of Sir Sidney Low, for 13 Jan 1905, in which Low declined WSC's request to help him finish and revise Life of Lord Randolph Churchill.

Dates: 15 Feb 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 14 Aug 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/87/25-31
Scope and Contents Telegram from WSC [Moscow, Soviet Union] to Deputy Prime Minister [Clement Attlee], War Cabinet and others concerned marked "personal and secret" reporting in detail on his second day of discussions with Vyacheslav Molotov [Soviet Foreign Minister] and Stalin, and reciting the translated text of the Soviet Aide-Memoire of 13 Aug and WSC's reply to it Heavily annotated in red and blue ink. The red annotations would appear to relate to passages in WSC's "The Second World War" and were probably...
Dates: 14 Aug 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 15 Aug 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/87/35
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC [Moscow, Soviet Union] to Deputy Prime Minister [Clement Attlee] reciting text of message from Averell Harriman [Special Representative of President Roosevelt with the rank of Minister] to Stalin replying to the Soviet memorandum of 13 Aug and reaffirming WSC's statement that no promise has been broken regarding the Second Front Annotated. Those annotations in red ink may have been added at the time of the writing of WSC's "The Second World War" in the period c1948-1954.

Dates: 15 Aug 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 15 Aug 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/87/36-37
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC [Moscow, Soviet Union] to Deputy Prime Minister [Clement Attlee] reporting on his dinner with Stalin on 14 Aug and their final meeting on 15 Aug, and reciting text of their joint Anglo-Soviet Communique Annotated, probably at the time of the writing of WSC's "The Second World War" in the period c1948-1954.

Dates: 15 Aug 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 19 Aug 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/87/59-60
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC [Cairo, Egypt] to Deputy Prime Minister [Clement Attlee], Foreign Secretary [Anthony Eden, later Lord Avon], General Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence] and the Chief of the Air Staff [Air Chief Marshal Sir Charles Portal] regarding the long-term policy of placing an Anglo-American air force on the Russian southern flank in the Caucasus Annotated, probably during writing of WSC's "The Second World War" c1948-1954.

Dates: 19 Aug 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 14 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/199/91
Scope and Contents Telegram from WSC to Marshal Stalin marked "most immediate " and "top secret and personal". WSC thanks Stalin for his message of 7 Apr and expresses hope that the misunderstanding over Crossword [Codename for operation leading to surrender of German forces in Italy] may now be considered at an end. He comments on his distress at the death of President Roosevelt and the importance it places on the link between the two of them. He thanks Stalin and Vyacheslav Molotov [Soviet Foreign Minister]...
Dates: 14 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 01 May 1945 - 31 May 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/209/5
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, May 1945. Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: senior civil servants, including Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet]; the Chief Whip [James Stuart]; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; the Chiefs of Staff; "C" [Major General Sir Stewart Menzies, Head of Britain's Secret Intelligence Service]....
Dates: 01 May 1945 - 31 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for minutes M 497/5 and C 42/5, which are closed on Cabinet Office instructions under S23 of the Freedom of Information Act. Review 2032.