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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 140 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Various comments., 13 Jan 1945 - 15 Jul 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/197A-B
Scope and Contents Includes notes and correspondence on research and corrections for Volume 2 from individuals including: Daniel Longwell [Editor of Life Magazine]; Professor Albert Goodwin [former Staff Officer, Air Ministry War Room, and member of Historical Branch, Air Ministry] on the Blitz, and WSC's chapters on the Blitz and Battle of Britain (includes comments by Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall); George [Gordon] Allen on Operation "Sea Lion" [codename for planned German invasion of Britain], with...
Dates: 13 Jan 1945 - 15 Jul 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Various material., 22 May 1940 - 15 Jan 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/198
Scope and Contents Includes: extracts from the Belgian press on the surrender of Belgium in 1940, with comments by Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall; issue of the Air Ministry pamphlet "The Battle of Britain"; typescript draft of Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain" annotated by WSC, Denis Kelly and [?] Air Chief Marshal Sir Keith Park [former Commander of No 11 Fighter Group]; supplements to the London Gazette on the Battle of Britain and the evacuation from Dunkirk [France], containing despatches from Air...
Dates: 22 May 1940 - 15 Jan 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: The Second World War, Volume 3 "The Grand Alliance", miscellaneous., May 1948 - Mar 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/251A-D
Scope and Contents Includes research notes and correspondence on suggested amendments, corrections and facts for Volume 3 of "The Second World War". Correspondents include: Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall on subjects including official telegrams and operations in East Africa (15); Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary to the Cabinet] (5); [George] Gordon Allen (9); [Sir Claude Auchinleck] objecting to WSC's portrayal of events at Tobruk [Libya]; William Deakin (3); Denis Kelly (9); Nina...
Dates: May 1948 - Mar 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: The Second World War, Volume 3 "The Grand Alliance", various material., Jul 1939 - Sep 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/248
Scope and Contents Includes source material for Volume 3 of "The Second World War" including: correspondence from [George] Gordon Allen, William Deakin, Ian Montgomery [Private Secretary to Secretary of the Treasury], Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall, Alfred Bavin of the Cabinet Office, and "Pug" [1st Lord Ismay]; notes and transcripts of telegrams on the occupation of France, Operation "Menace" [the code name for the Anglo Free French mission to Dakar, Senegal] and the passage of French cruisers through...
Dates: Jul 1939 - Sep 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "Thoughts and Adventures."., 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/319
Scope and Contents Proofs and offprints of WSC's articles which were collectively published as "Thoughts and Adventures" including: "Winston Churchill described the Battle of Sidney Street" on his actions as Home Secretary; "In the air" on WSC's personal experiences of flying and his encouragement of the development of military aviation while First Lord of the Admiralty; "My own spy story" on espionage during World War I and WSC's experiences on the Western Front; "Plugstreet" on his posting to Ploegsteert...
Dates: 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: various articles by WSC., c 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/641
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings for: an interview with WSC for the New Statesman and Nation, in which he defends western democracies against totalitarianism, discusses the possible effect of war on the democratic system and civil liberties, and his views on the inadequacies of ARP, conscription, and how to prevent war; the introduction to a catalogue of the artist Paul Maze, in which WSC recalls Maze during World War I (with a copy of a catalogue for a French exhibition...
Dates: c 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: various correspondence., 04 Jan 1939 - 11 Dec 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/624
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Edward Martell on a proposed "Biographical Dictionary of the British Empire" (3); Sir Roger Keyes asking WSC to write the forward to his book and advocating WSC taking over responsibility for air defences (2); John Gloag; Louis [Edward Spears] (2) on subjects including writing the preface for his book "Doomed Enterprise"; 1st Lord Lee on WSC's method of printing his manuscripts; representatives of Jonathan Cape Limited including G Wren Howard and Rupert Hart-Davis;...
Dates: 04 Jan 1939 - 11 Dec 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Colonial Office: Correspondence., 03 Jun 1922 - 22 Oct 1922

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 17/25
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Prince Arthur of Connaught [Governor General and Commander in Chief South Africa] on South African affairs including a case in which he has recommended that natives should be sentenced to death (2); 1st Lord Stamfordham [earlier Sir Arthur Bigge]; Frederick Guest [Secretary of State for Air] on the RAF forces in Iraq, their shortages and the promotion of Air Vice Marshal [John] Salmond; Alexander Harris, Governor of Newfoundland [Canada] on the choice of his...
Dates: 03 Jun 1922 - 22 Oct 1922
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Official: Prime Minister: Air Operations in Britain and North-West Europe, 1940-45: proofs of mainly contemporary despatches and reports for publication, with accompanying correspondence. [some material probably used in the production of WSC's "Second World War"]., Jun 1946 - Sep 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/245
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class comprises correspondence and papers relating to Churchill's wartime premiership. It includes: private office correspondence; personal telegrams; printed copies of personal minutes, telegrams and reports; correspondence relating to appointments and patronage; some family correspondence (for which see also CHAR 1); and some engagements cards and diaries. No distinction has been attempted between the offices of Prime Minister and Minister of Defence. The former title has been deemed...
Dates: Jun 1946 - Sep 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Prime Minister: Far East theatre, 1940-42: proofs of mainly contemporary despatches and reports for publication, with accompanying correspondence. [some material probably used in the production of WSC's "Second World War"]., 1946 - 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/250A-B
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class comprises correspondence and papers relating to Churchill's wartime premiership. It includes: private office correspondence; personal telegrams; printed copies of personal minutes, telegrams and reports; correspondence relating to appointments and patronage; some family correspondence (for which see also CHAR 1); and some engagements cards and diaries. No distinction has been attempted between the offices of Prime Minister and Minister of Defence. The former title has been deemed...
Dates: 1946 - 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Prime Minister: Far East theatre, 1941-42: proofs of mainly contemporary despatches and reports for publication, with accompanying correspondence. [some material probably used in the production of WSC's "Second World War"]., 1947 - 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/251
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class comprises correspondence and papers relating to Churchill's wartime premiership. It includes: private office correspondence; personal telegrams; printed copies of personal minutes, telegrams and reports; correspondence relating to appointments and patronage; some family correspondence (for which see also CHAR 1); and some engagements cards and diaries. No distinction has been attempted between the offices of Prime Minister and Minister of Defence. The former title has been deemed...
Dates: 1947 - 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 01 Oct 1937 - 30 Dec 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/299
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Shane Leslie; Sir Hubert Young [Governor and Commander- in-Chief of Northern Rhodesia, later Zambia]; General Sir Ian Hamilton on claims by Margot, Lady Oxford and Asquith [earlier Margot Asquith] on the resignation of 1st Lord Haldane [as Lord Chancellor, 1915] (2); Marshal of the RAF 1st Lord Trenchard on meeting the German Official Air Mission; Bernard Freyberg; 1st Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken] on the Privy Councillorships of F E Smith [1st Lord...
Dates: 01 Oct 1937 - 30 Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 05 Oct 1937 - 31 Mar 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/328
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Rothermere [earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on the French financial capability for war; Anthony Eden [Foreign Secretary, later 1st Lord Avon]; 1st Lord Craigavon [earlier Sir James Craig], Prime Minister of Northern Ireland; Samuel Hood [Assistant Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for India]; Lord Ednam [later 4th Lord Dudley], President, Eton Political Society (2); Brigadier-General Sir Henry Page Croft on a meeting of the Friends of Spain group,...
Dates: 05 Oct 1937 - 31 Mar 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 28 Jan 1939 - 30 Apr 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/358A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Pears, President of the Society of Marine Artists (2); Katharine, Duchess of Atholl, on allegations of Nationalist atrocities in Spain; Group-Captain Lachlan Maclean (2); "Reggie" [Reginald Fellowes] (3); [James] Vincent Sheean; [Lionel] Archer Cust, Secretary, Royal Empire Society; 9th Lord de la Warr [President, Board of Education, earlier Lord Buckhurst]; Sir Horace Rumbold [former British Ambassador to Germany] on the Government's policy towards Hitler;...
Dates: 28 Jan 1939 - 30 Apr 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 01 May 1939 - 30 Jun 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/359
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: "Harold R" [1st Lord Rothermere, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on the German submarine programme (2); Oliver Locker-Lampson; Sir Hubert Gough; Evelyn Walkden; Lieutenant-Colonel Anthony Muirhead [63rd (Oxfordshire Yeomanry) Anti-Tank Regiment] on finding positions in the Yeomanry for William Deakin and WSC's nephews [John G Churchill and Peregrine Churchill]; Thomas Horabin on public feeling about the Government's proposals for conscription (2); A P Herbert [Alan...
Dates: 01 May 1939 - 30 Jun 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence, A-B., Jan 1929 - Oct 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/572A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Edward Marsh on an expression used by WSC; Cyril Alington, Headmaster of Eton College, on the education of Randolph Churchill (2); [1st] Lord Beatty on subjects including criticism of an obituary of Admiral Franz Hipper (5); Julian Amery; Nancy, Lady Astor on a disagreement with WSC; John Astor; Wilfrid Bailey; Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister, on subjects including WSC's "Marlborough: His Life and Times", WSC's health, Free Trade, India and political affairs (14);...
Dates: Jan 1929 - Oct 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence, L-M., May 1929 - Sep 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/575A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Oliver Locker Lampson on subjects including an invitation to give a lecture (2); Sir John Lavery on the Artists' General Benevolent Institution; Nathan Laski requesting an invitation with the Home Secretary; Shane Leslie on WSC's "Marlborough: His life and times" and on family news (3); Commander Augustus Agar on a possible lecture by WSC; Leonie Leslie [earlier Leonie Jerome]; Frederick Lindemann [later 1st Lord Cherwell] on subjects including the Conservative Party,...
Dates: May 1929 - Sep 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence and papers., 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/302
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Philip Gibbs on the inefficiency of the RAF; Sir Eustace Tennyson d'Eyncourt [former Vice-President of the Tank Board] (2); Sir William Beveridge [Director of London School of Economics and Political Science]; Oswald Frewen on working with German and Italian sailors, German fanaticism, Italian aid to Franco and how the policies of Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister] encourage Germany and Italy; Leo Amery; Basil Liddell Hart; Vice-Admiral Sir Reginald Henderson...
Dates: 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence etc., 12 Jan 1936 - 27 Nov 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/266A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Basil Liddell Hart [Military Correspondent to the Times] on the troop system used in India; "Harold R" [1st Lord Rothermere, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on subjects including 1st Lord Weir's position in defence [as Adviser to the Air Ministry], the likely stop to any battleship programme, pilot training, the likelihood of a quick German victory against Britain and France, German contempt for the British Government, and the Government's refusal to discuss the...
Dates: 12 Jan 1936 - 27 Nov 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folio 93, closed on Cabinet Office instructions under S23 of the Freedom of Information Act ('sanitised' photocopy available). Review date 1 January 2021.
 File

Public and Political: General: miscellaneous correspondence., Mar 1941 - Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/415
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Queen Mary asking WSC to autograph a photograph; [6th] Lord Hood [Private Secretary to the Minister of Information] on supplying a F Hourani with information on WSC's ancestor Colonel Charles Churchill; [Emmanuel] Tsouderos, Prime Minister of Greece, and James Gardiner, Canadian Minister of Agriculture, sending Christmas and New Year greetings. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from Prime Minister's Private Secretaries "J R C" [John Colville], "E M W"...
Dates: Mar 1941 - Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, H-K, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and praising his speeches and leadership., Sep [1939] - Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/395
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Lord] Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin, Foreign Secretary] (3) including (1) on the War Cabinet and (1) on Neville Chamberlain's health; Nina, [Duchess of] Hamilton [and Brandon] giving advice on speeches; [2nd Lord] Hamilton of Dalzell on defending Brittany, France; Captain [Cecil] Harcourt on his receiving an honour; [Saville] Garner [Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for the Dominions] on Sir Edward Harding's collection of autographed...
Dates: Sep [1939] - Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence A-C., Jun 1950 - Oct 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/113A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Richard Acland on the "Churchill Arch" in the House of Commons; Commander Peter Agnew withdrawing his candidacy at Ormskirk [Lancashire]; Patrick Kinna (Foreign Office); representatives of the Conservative Research Department including [Richard] Michael Fraser [later Lord Fraser of Kilmorack] (4); Garry Allighan on his expulsion from the House of Commons; Cuthbert Alport; Leo Amery on Persian [Iranian] oil; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman,...
Dates: Jun 1950 - Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on defence, atomic weapons and energy., Nov 1945 - Apr 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/28
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Prime Minister Clement Attlee (6); Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] on the strength of the army and RAF; [1st] Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann] (3); President Harry Truman (2); Walter Gifford, United States Ambassador to Great Britain. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from WSC's secretaries "N S" [Jo Sturdee, later Lady Onslow], "J P" [Jane Portal, later Lady Williams of Elvel], "L M M" [Lettice Marston, later Lettice Shillingford], and "C G"...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Apr 1954
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Nov 1947 - Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/72A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Iain MacLeod, Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat, on the position of graduate teachers (2); Emanuel Shinwell, Secretary of State for War, (2) and Arthur Henderson [later Lord Rowley], Secretary of State for Air, (2) on recruitment for service auxiliaries and reserves; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice- Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (2); Colin Thornton-Kemsley (2); Reginald Maudling; 6th Lord De L'Isle and Dudley [earlier William Sidney,...
Dates: Nov 1947 - Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence, Haile Selassie - Hearst., Mar 1958 - Dec 1964

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/525
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Haile Selassie, Emperor of Ethiopia (7); Lord Hailsham of St Marylebone [earlier Quintin Hogg] (2); Joyce Hall, President of Hallmark Cards on subjects including the 'People to People' programme, gifts to WSC, a meeting with Hailsham, Oscar Nemon, the visit of Queen Elizabeth II to the United States, a Churchill museum and a project to microfilm WSC's papers (25); Conrad Knickerbocker, Manager of Public Relations at Hallmark Cards on the loan of films to WSC (4);...
Dates: Mar 1958 - Dec 1964
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.