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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 48 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Broadcasts, 1955-10 - 1970-02

Reference Code: GBR/0014/POLL 4/1/27
Scope and Contents Annotated transcripts of television and radio interviews and broadcasts by JEP on subjects including: immigration; defence, particularly cuts in the Middle East, British withdrawal from Singapore (in interviews with Denis Healey, Secretary of State for Defence, 1967), and retaining use of nuclear weapons; floating exchange rates; JEP's book on the relationship between the Ministry of Health and the National Health Service, A New Look at Medicine and Politics; Parliamentary privilege and...
Dates: 1955-10 - 1970-02
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The majority of the collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Please see individual files for details.
 File

Literary: Articles by WSC for the Hearst Newspapers., 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/303
Scope and Contents Includes proofs and cuttings of articles by WSC on: the United States of Europe (including European affairs, trade, the Treaty of Versailles [France] and the positions of the United States and Canada); British industry; the Austro-German customs union; the fall of King Alfonso XIII and the monarchy in Spain; the League of Nations; "America Beware!" on economic affairs in the United States; the economic collapse of Europe; the likelihood of war in Europe and the forthcoming General...
Dates: 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: articles: Evening Standard 1., Jan 1937 - May 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/569
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "No Intervention in Spain for us!" on the wisdom of British neutrality in the Spanish Civil War, being equally opposed to both sides, and on the small likelihood of German troops staying with a successful General Franco; "How You Will Help to Meet the Bill" on funding rearmament and the probable need to increase taxation; "Europe's Peace" on the continued threat from Germany; "France Faces a New Crisis" on French economic...
Dates: Jan 1937 - May 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments, on volume 1 ("The Gathering Storm") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Apr 1948 - May 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/48A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Reverend Andrew Blair on Pierre Laval [former head of government, Vichy France]; Belgian General Boels; Robert Boothby; George Bosworth on WSC's role in the 1930s and arms exports to Germany; Timothy Breen (2); Camille Chautemps defending his actions; William Clarke [member of Room 40, naval intelligence]; Kenneth de Courcy on British policy in the years before the war (2); Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz]; "Sidney", Lord Herbert [later 16th Lord Pembroke and 13th...
Dates: Apr 1948 - May 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "Great Contemporaries": copy., 04 May 1930 - 22 Jun 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/578
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs, copy and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "The Truth About Douglas Haig"; on 1st Lord Haig; "Mr Lloyd George" on David Lloyd George; "Boris Savinkov" on his part in the Russian army on the Eastern Front, and fighting against the Bolsheviks; "Lord Ypres" on Sir John French; "B-P" on 1st Lord Baden-Powell; "Trotsky" on Leon Trotsky; "Hindenburg" on Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg; "The Tragic Story of Parnell" on Charles Parnell; "Lawrence of Arabia" on T E...
Dates: 04 May 1930 - 22 Jun 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 3., Mar 1940 - 19 May 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/667
Scope and Contents Includes proofs, suggested introductions and cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "Lloyd George" praising [David] Lloyd George on his contribution to British life, commenting on his actions during World War I, his fall from power, and his personal qualities; "England" on English traditions, qualities, and patriotism; "How Does the Chancellor Do His Job?" on WSC's experiences as Chancellor of the Exchequer, the Gold Standard, and budgets; "Women in War", looking at the subject from both an...
Dates: Mar 1940 - 19 May 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 5., 07 Jul 1940 - 11 Aug 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/669
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "My American Notebook" on WSC's travels in California [United States], Redwood trees, visiting San Francisco [United States] and the Lick Observatory; "Where the Duke of Windsor [earlier Edward VIII] Will Govern", a brief history of the Bahamas, including pirates and wreckers, the American Civil War, the effect of Prohibition, and commenting on the residents and WSC's memories of the islands; "The American Problem" on United States prosperity,...
Dates: 07 Jul 1940 - 11 Aug 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Book 1: 'Various proofs'., 16 Jan 1947 - 16 Oct 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/124A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs from: Chapter 2 "Peace at its Zenith, 1922 - 1931" (provisionally entitled "Mr [Stanley] Baldwin's Second Administration" and "The Economic Blizzard"); Chapter 3 "Lurking Dangers" (provisionally entitled "Germany Arms"); Chapter 4 "Adolf Hitler"; Chapter 5 "The Locust Years, 1931 - 1935"; Chapter 6 "The Darkening Scene, 1934"; Chapter 7 "Air Parity Lost, 1934 - 1935"; Chapter 8 "Challenge and Response"; Chapter 9 "Problems of Air and Sea" (provisionally entitled "Air...
Dates: 16 Jan 1947 - 16 Oct 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Chapters 34 - 38 and Appendices: Proofs for Sir Edward Marsh., 04 Nov 1947 - 19 Feb 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/130
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs annotated with comments and suggestions by Sir Edward Marsh of the following chapters: Chapter 33 "The Clash at Sea" (provisionally entitled "Hitler Invades Norway"); Chapter 34 "Narvik" (provisionally entitled "The Norwegian Campaign" and "The Campaign in Norway"); Chapter 35 "Trondheim"; Chapter 36 "Frustration in Norway" (provisionally entitled "Norway. Defeat" and "Failure in Norway" and "The Curtain Falls on Norway"); Chapter 37 "Norway. The Final Phase"; Chapter...
Dates: 04 Nov 1947 - 19 Feb 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 2 and appendices: 'Final' proofs., 16 Aug 1948 - 21 Feb 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/183A-B
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of: contents tables for Book 2; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 17 "The Blitz"; Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 22 "The Mediterranean Passage"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 24 "Dakar" [Senegal]; Chapter 13 "At Bay" (provisionally entitled "Alone"); Appendix A "Minutes and Telegrams, May -...
Dates: 16 Aug 1948 - 21 Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 2 and Appendices: Master copy proofs., 06 Dec 1948 - 21 Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/181A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: contents tables for Book 2; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 17 "The Blitz"; Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 22 "The Mediterranean Passage"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 24 "Dakar" [Senegal]; Chapter 25 "Mr Eden's Mission" [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War]; Chapter 26...
Dates: 06 Dec 1948 - 21 Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 2 and appendices: Proofs for William Deakin., 21 Aug 1948 - 30 Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/192A-C
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: contents tables for Book 2; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 17 "The Blitz"; Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 22 "The Mediterranean Passage"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 24 "Dakar" [Senegal]; Chapter 25 "Mr Eden's Mission" [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War]; Chapter 26...
Dates: 21 Aug 1948 - 30 Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 2: Proofs for CSC., 01 Mar 1948 - 29 Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/190A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: contents tables for Book 2; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 17 "The Blitz"; Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 24 "Dakar" [Senegal]; Chapter 25 "Mr Eden's Mission" [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War]; Chapter 26 "Relations with Vichy [France] and Spain"...
Dates: 01 Mar 1948 - 29 Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 17 Nov 1936 - 26 Feb 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/294
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Cecil of Chelwood [President, League of Nations Union, earlier Lord Robert Cecil] on signatories to [?] a declaration by the union; Marie Belloc Lowndes [Marie Lowndes] on the effect of the press campaign by William Randolph Hearst on behalf of the Duke of Windsor [earlier King Edward VIII and Edward, Prince of Wales] and Wallis, Duchess of Windsor [earlier Wallis Simpson] during the Abdication Crisis; Yvonne de Rothschild, asking WSC to support an appeal for...
Dates: 17 Nov 1936 - 26 Feb 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., Jun 1936 - 30 Mar 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/295
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Ormsby-Gore [Secretary of State for the Colonies, later 4th Lord Harlech] on the Peel Commission [into Britain's Palestine Mandate]; "Harold R" [1st Lord Rothermere, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on Randolph Churchill's interview with General Franco for the Daily Mail, and Franco's sensible policies; Oliver Locker-Lampson; 4th Lord Camden, President, Kent Council of Social Service; Philip Guedalla [Honorary Director, Ibero- American Institute of Great...
Dates: Jun 1936 - 30 Mar 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 05 Oct 1937 - 31 Mar 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/328
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Rothermere [earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on the French financial capability for war; Anthony Eden [Foreign Secretary, later 1st Lord Avon]; 1st Lord Craigavon [earlier Sir James Craig], Prime Minister of Northern Ireland; Samuel Hood [Assistant Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for India]; Lord Ednam [later 4th Lord Dudley], President, Eton Political Society (2); Brigadier-General Sir Henry Page Croft on a meeting of the Friends of Spain group,...
Dates: 05 Oct 1937 - 31 Mar 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 29 Dec 1937 - 15 Jul 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/330
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Ramsay Muir [Vice-President, Liberal Party Organization] on the possibility of a by-election in Epping [Essex]; Lieutenant-General Sir [George] Tom Bridges on WSC's speech at Sheffield [Yorkshire, 31 May] and wartime conscription; Philip Noel-Baker; Don Pablo de Azcarate y Florez, Spanish Ambassador to Britain, on including Spain in WSC's call for a team of peace-seeking nations; 10th Lord Elgin (and 14th Lord Kincardine [earlier Lord Bruce]), President, General...
Dates: 29 Dec 1937 - 15 Jul 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 01 May 1939 - 30 Jun 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/359
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: "Harold R" [1st Lord Rothermere, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on the German submarine programme (2); Oliver Locker-Lampson; Sir Hubert Gough; Evelyn Walkden; Lieutenant-Colonel Anthony Muirhead [63rd (Oxfordshire Yeomanry) Anti-Tank Regiment] on finding positions in the Yeomanry for William Deakin and WSC's nephews [John G Churchill and Peregrine Churchill]; Thomas Horabin on public feeling about the Government's proposals for conscription (2); A P Herbert [Alan...
Dates: 01 May 1939 - 30 Jun 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: correspondence from the general public in Britain and abroad on the Munich Crisis, Germany and Czechoslovakia; mostly supporting WSC and his fellow critics of Neville Chamberlain's policy towards Adolf Hitler., 02 Oct 1938 - 07 Nov 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/607A-C
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Brigadier [Leonard] Smithers on arming the nation; Oliver Stewart on standing by France; [William] Adam; Eliot Slater; [Thomas Skeffington-]Lodge; [Rhys] Hopkin Morris on WSC's use of language; Reverend J Ingram Bryan on supplies going to Japan; [James] Leishman; Brigadier Sir Walter Ludlow sending a proof of an article by him on national military training.Other subjects include: congratulations on WSC's speeches and broadcasts on the matter; offers to assist WSC's...
Dates: 02 Oct 1938 - 07 Nov 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence, L-M., May 1929 - Sep 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/575A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Oliver Locker Lampson on subjects including an invitation to give a lecture (2); Sir John Lavery on the Artists' General Benevolent Institution; Nathan Laski requesting an invitation with the Home Secretary; Shane Leslie on WSC's "Marlborough: His life and times" and on family news (3); Commander Augustus Agar on a possible lecture by WSC; Leonie Leslie [earlier Leonie Jerome]; Frederick Lindemann [later 1st Lord Cherwell] on subjects including the Conservative Party,...
Dates: May 1929 - Sep 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence N-Z., 1880 - Jun 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/576A-C
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Sir] Walton Newbold on economic issues; Harold Nicolson; Terence O'Connor on subjects including wireless broadcasting, Ireland and WSC's attacks on his speech; Sir Michael O'Dwyer; Herman Ould on the role of John Galsworthy's play "Justice" on prison reform; Edward Marsh on subjects including submarine campaigns (3); [Thomas] Guy Paget; [1st Lord] Portsea [earlier Bertram Falle]; [Frederick] Ponsonby [later 1st Lord Sysonby] on a libel case and distress to King...
Dates: 1880 - Jun 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Germany and the European Situation: Memoranda., 19 Aug 1937 - 23 Nov 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/340A-B
Scope and Contents Notes and memoranda on Germany, Czechoslovakia and Europe, including: memoranda by Sir Henry Strakosch on the German economic threat to Eastern and South Eastern Europe; memorandum by [Henry] Wickham Steed on the expansion of German influence in Central and South Eastern Europe and the effects of British and French foreign policy; copy of a report by Guy, Comte de Baillet-Latour, head of the Banque Lambert, on Czechoslovakia; note of a meeting between WSC, Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st...
Dates: 19 Aug 1937 - 23 Nov 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, R-S, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and praising his leadership and speeches, Apr 1908 - Dec 1940. [Please note that almost the whole file dates from 1940].

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/398
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay on his knighthood; Sir Eugene Ramsden on Conservative support for WSC; Whitelaw Reid [London correspondent] of the New York Herald Tribune [United States]; [Sir] Robert Renwick sending on memoranda on French banks (by "Birch"), demolition in London, and Albania (by Renwick) (4); [David] Waley [Principal Assistant Secretary] (Treasury) and Philip Allen (Ministry of Home Security) on Renwick's memoranda; Paul Reynaud, French Minister of...
Dates: Apr 1908 - Dec 1940. [Please note that almost the whole file dates from 1940].
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on the movement towards a United Europe, D-G., Sep 1946 - Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/20A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Duncan Sandys (12); Alfred Duff Cooper [later 1st Lord Norwich, British Ambassador to France]; William Stewart; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] (2) including (1) on him serving on the Council of the United Europe movement; Freda Smith [Sandys' secretary] (11); Colonel Oliver Stanley; Henry Hopkinson [later 1st Lord Colyton, Head] of Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat [and Joint Director, Conservative Research Department]; Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi on the...
Dates: Sep 1946 - Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D., Dec 1948 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/81A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Harley Usill of the Naldrett Press Limited (5); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (2); George Rainbird; John Leigh-Pemberton (3); Sir Oswald Birley; Beresford Craddock; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (13); Sir Arnold Gridley [Chairman 1922 Committee]; Sir David Maxwell Fyfe [later 1st Lord Kilmuir]; R A Butler (5); Thelma Cazalet-Kier (2);...
Dates: Dec 1948 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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