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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 211 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Broadcasts, 1955-10 - 1970-02

Reference Code: GBR/0014/POLL 4/1/27
Scope and Contents Annotated transcripts of television and radio interviews and broadcasts by JEP on subjects including: immigration; defence, particularly cuts in the Middle East, British withdrawal from Singapore (in interviews with Denis Healey, Secretary of State for Defence, 1967), and retaining use of nuclear weapons; floating exchange rates; JEP's book on the relationship between the Ministry of Health and the National Health Service, A New Look at Medicine and Politics; Parliamentary privilege and...
Dates: 1955-10 - 1970-02
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The majority of the collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Please see individual files for details.
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"Churchill Days": George Allen's recollections of working for Sir Winston Churchill, 1970

Reference Code: GBR/0014/GALN 1
Scope and Contents Audio recording of Allen's account including observations on WSC and various encounters and discussions with WSC: meeting WSC; terms of employment, meetings at Hyde Park Gate; Chartwell and WSC’s hospitality and preferences for champagne and port or brandy, the cinema, WSC’s preferred walk after lunch to see the carp, swimming lake, black swans, butterfly house and tropical fish; detailed account of the organisation, process and methods of working on WSC’s memoirs including the roles of...
Dates: 1970
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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Letters to Lady Wester Wemyss, 1920 - 1923

Reference Code: GBR/0014/WMYS 7/12
Scope and Contents Written from Hotel Vouillemont and the Travellers' Club in Paris, 94 Piccadilly, the Naval & Military Club, the Royal Automobile Club, 59 Pont Street and the Beefsteak Club in London, Wemyss Castle in Fife, Wrotham Park in Hertfordshire, H.M. Dockyard in Portsmouth, Hopetoun House near Edinburgh and Innischonain in Argyll. Subjects include the attitude of Germany to the Peace, Home Rule in Ireland, the attempt to get to the bottom of the fraudulent pamphlet 'The Jewish Peril',...
Dates: 1920 - 1923
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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Literary., 1925 - 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/202
Scope and Contents Proofs and an offprint of WSC's article entitled "The German Splendour" on WSC's visits to Germany in 1906 and 1906 to see Kaiser Wilhelm II and the manoeuvres of the German army. Includes WSC's observations on the strength of the German army and navy compared to British forces, on German artillery, and military techniques (which are compared to those used at the Battle of Omdurman).Proofs and an offprint of WSC's article entitled "Consistency in Politics" which includes: observations on the...
Dates: 1925 - 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": book 12, "The Victorian Age" [eventually included in volume 4, "The Great Democracies"]: various revises., 1956 - Jan 1957

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/438A-C
Scope and Contents Includes typed drafts and galley proofs (some described as first or second proof, first, second, third, last or final revise, "dead duplicate", or "returned empties") for: chapters entitled "The Rise of Germany", "Gladstone and Disraeli", "Home Rule for Ireland", "Lord Salisbury's Governments", "America from 'Reconstruction' to World Power" or "America in 'Reconstruction'" or "American Reconstruction" and "America as a World-Power", and "The Dawn of the Twentieth Century"; notes on the...
Dates: 1956 - Jan 1957
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles., 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/282A-B
Scope and Contents Proofs for various articles by WSC for the Strand Magazine: "[Georges] Clemenceau: the man and the tiger" including his relationship with [Field Marshal Ferdinand] Foch, French politics and World War I; "If I lived my life over again" on various decisions taken by WSC, gambling, his experiences during the Boer War and at the Admiralty and his attitude towards the Conservative Party; "People who have influenced or impressed me" on Lord Randolph Churchill, William Bourke Cockran, Sir Francis...
Dates: 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles., 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/316
Scope and Contents Proofs and offprints of articles and short pieces by WSC including: a foreword to a book about Marthe Cnockaert-Roulers and the work of the secret service; "Prohibition"; "Britain must hear the truth" and "Tell England the truth" on the increasing military strengths of Germany and Japan, the likelihood of war in Europe and the importance of increasing the defences of the United Kingdom; an introduction to a reprinted edition of WSC's "The River War" on his experiences in the Sudan; and a...
Dates: 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles by WSC for the Daily Mail., 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/317
Scope and Contents Proofs and newspaper cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "I was conscious through it all" and "My New York [United States] misadventure" on WSC's accident in which he was hit by a motor car; "The Academy reveals Britain's brave gaiety" on the Royal Academy exhibition (including a draft of the article by Edward Marsh); "My happy days in the Bahamas "; "Words on the Irish Treaty" on the announcement by [Eamon] De Valera of the abolition of the Oath of Allegiance; "Lord Oxford [and...
Dates: 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles by WSC for the Hearst Newspapers., 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/303
Scope and Contents Includes proofs and cuttings of articles by WSC on: the United States of Europe (including European affairs, trade, the Treaty of Versailles [France] and the positions of the United States and Canada); British industry; the Austro-German customs union; the fall of King Alfonso XIII and the monarchy in Spain; the League of Nations; "America Beware!" on economic affairs in the United States; the economic collapse of Europe; the likelihood of war in Europe and the forthcoming General...
Dates: 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: articles, Evening Standard., Mar 1936 - Dec 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/543
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs of the following articles by WSC: "Britain, Germany and Locarno" and "Stop it Now!" on the need for the League of Nations to act on German troops entering the Rhineland [Germany]; "Where Do We Stand?" on the results of Italy's invasion of Abyssinia [Ethiopia] and the British policy on it; "How Germany is Arming" on German military expenditure; "Our Navy Must Be Stronger"; "Organise Our Supplies" on efficient munitions production; "How to Stop War" on the need for a grand...
Dates: Mar 1936 - Dec 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: articles: Evening Standard 1., Jan 1937 - May 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/569
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "No Intervention in Spain for us!" on the wisdom of British neutrality in the Spanish Civil War, being equally opposed to both sides, and on the small likelihood of German troops staying with a successful General Franco; "How You Will Help to Meet the Bill" on funding rearmament and the probable need to increase taxation; "Europe's Peace" on the continued threat from Germany; "France Faces a New Crisis" on French economic...
Dates: Jan 1937 - May 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: articles: Evening Standard 2., 13 May 1937 - 03 Sep 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/570
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "Defending the Empire" on the issue of Commonwealth defence, especially air and naval power; "America looks at Europe" on the good relations between the United States, Britain and France, American neutrality, Britain's war debt, and the American role in keeping gold prices stable; "The Rome-Berlin Axis" on relations between Italy and Germany, and Italy and Britain; "Vive la France!" on the fall of Leon Blum's Government...
Dates: 13 May 1937 - 03 Sep 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: articles: Evening Standard 3., 15 Sep 1937 - 23 Dec 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/571
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "Friendship with Germany" on his own and Britain's attitude to Germany; "A Forward Step" on the improved outlook for peace in the Mediterranean, Yugoslavia and Spain, and the disappearance of [Italian] pirate submarines from the Mediterranean; "War is not Imminent" on the need to avoid unnecessary alarmism, the situation in the Far East depending upon the actions of the United States, the tension between Italy and France...
Dates: 15 Sep 1937 - 23 Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Co-operation Press Service: business correspondence., 03 Jan 1939 - Dec 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/638
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Co-operation including its head, Imre Revesz [later Emery Reves]; Wilbur Forrest, Assistant Editor, and Mrs Ogden Reid, the Proprietor of the New York Herald Tribune, on the importance of the American reading public getting up-to-date comment from leading European statesmen; Sir Alexander Cadogan (Foreign Office); A de Premio Real, Chief Editor of L'Ilustre Francais; Thornton Butterworth Limited; Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] on broadcasting to the...
Dates: 03 Jan 1939 - Dec 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Co-operation Press Service for International Understanding: business correspondence., 24 Dec 1937 - 27 Dec 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/607
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Marguerite Scialtiel, a French representative of Curtis Brown Limited (2); representatives of Co-operation including its head, Imre Revesz [later Emery Reves]; the London representative of le Moment, a Romanian newspaper, on WSC acknowledging its 1000th issue; copy letter from Curtis Brown, New York [United States], on distributing WSC's Daily Telegraph articles in America.Other subjects include: publication details of WSC's articles for Argentina, Australia, Canada,...
Dates: 24 Dec 1937 - 27 Dec 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Collier's magazine articles by WSC., Jan 1939 - Sep 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/653A-B
Scope and Contents Includes proofs and cuttings from Collier's for: "Let the Tyrant Criminals Bomb" (British title "The Balance of Air Power") on German and British air strength in the 1930s, the threat of air attacks on ships, and the use of bombing against civilians; "War - Now or Never" (British title "Will There Be War [in Europe - and When?]") on the nature of the Nazi and Italian regimes, their financial needs, the growth of the German army and munitions programme, and the state of the RAF (with some...
Dates: Jan 1939 - Sep 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Collier's magazine articles by WSC: 1., Jul 1938 - Sep 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/620
Scope and Contents Includes proofs and cuttings from Collier's for: "Japan Guesses Wrong" on Japanese battleship building, the British and American response, making comparisons with naval strategy during World War I; "Dictators on Dynamite" (British title "Dictators at the Cross-roads") on the rise of Hitler and Benito Mussolini and the contemporary situation in Germany and Italy; "England Learns About Labor" (British title "The Problem of the Labour Unions") on union radicalism, supporting the recognition of...
Dates: Jul 1938 - Sep 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Collier's magazine articles by WSC: 2., Nov 1938 - Apr 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/621
Scope and Contents Includes proofs and cuttings from Collier's for: "Today's Battles" (British title "War on Land" or "How the Armies will fight next time") on developments in military strategy in wars since the American Civil War, tanks, the difficulties facing an aggressor, and the importance of the infantry-man; "The Colony Racket" (British title "Great Britain and the German Colonies") on Germany's claims to have its former colonies returned, giving an historical perspective, comparing [Prince Otto von]...
Dates: Nov 1938 - Apr 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Collier's magazine articles: correspondence., 03 Feb 1938 - 30 Dec 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/604
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Representatives of Collier's including the Editor, William Chenery (16); representatives of Curtis Brown Limited, New York [United States] Office (28) on subjects including WSC's US taxes and the scope for syndicating his articles in the US, and the London Office on publication rights for WSC's US articles in the United Kingdom (2); Brendan Bracken suggesting subjects for US articles; Adam Marshall Diston and Richard Clarke on preparing articles for WSC; Admiral Sir...
Dates: 03 Feb 1938 - 30 Dec 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Correspondence concerning "The Eastern Front", Volume 5 of "The World Crisis"., 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/287
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Hordern, WSC's researcher, on various subjects including the correction of proofs (23); Brigadier General James Edmonds of the Military Branch of the Historical Section (2) on various subjects including a request that his name should not appear in connection with the book; Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Committee of Imperial Defence] (4) on suggested corrections to proofs; Butler and Tanner Limited on the preparation of proofs of the...
Dates: 1931
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments, on volume 1 ("The Gathering Storm") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Apr 1948 - May 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/48A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Reverend Andrew Blair on Pierre Laval [former head of government, Vichy France]; Belgian General Boels; Robert Boothby; George Bosworth on WSC's role in the 1930s and arms exports to Germany; Timothy Breen (2); Camille Chautemps defending his actions; William Clarke [member of Room 40, naval intelligence]; Kenneth de Courcy on British policy in the years before the war (2); Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz]; "Sidney", Lord Herbert [later 16th Lord Pembroke and 13th...
Dates: Apr 1948 - May 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments, on volume 5 ("Closing the Ring") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Oct 1951 - Feb 1956

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/61
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: ?Robert Chapman; Michael Wilford and Frederick Leishman [Assistant Private Secretaries to Foreign Secretary]; Francis Fisher on confusion between Monte Camino and Monte Cassino [Italy]; Oswald Frewen on the role of "gooseberries" in artificial harbours; Ross Geddes on supplying petrol from Britain to France; Charles Wood [WSC's proof reader] on Admiral Sir Max Horton's role; Randolph Churchill (2) and 2nd Lord Jellicoe on the SAS' (Special Air Service) role; French...
Dates: Oct 1951 - Feb 1956
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments on volume 6 ("Triumph and Tragedy") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Oct 1953 - Dec 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/64A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Houghton Mifflin Company of Boston [United States] including President Henry Laughlin and Austin Olney (13) on subjects including a request to publish WSC's speech on hearing of his Nobel Prize award; representatives of Time-Life International including Daniel Longwell [former editor of Life Magazine] (10); representatives of the New York Times [United States] including Assistant Managing Editor Theodore Bernstein (8); Ernest Passant [Director of...
Dates: Oct 1953 - Dec 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), A-B., Sep 1945 - Jun 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/18A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Deakin (9); [George Gordon] Allen (16); Sir John Slessor on information on the Coastal Command in 1943; Thomas Allen, publisher, on Canadian editions of the memoirs (5); 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] on Sir Edward Spears reviewing "Their Finest Hour" (volume 2); "Max", 1st Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken]; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (2); Ernest Passant, Director of Research, Librarian and Keeper of the Papers, Foreign Office...
Dates: Sep 1945 - Jun 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), A-L., Sep 1946 - Mar 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/22
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [George Gordon] Allen (6); William Deakin (5); Prime Minister Clement Attlee on House of Commons' questions on German invasion plans in 1940; Eva, Lady Keyes, on 1st Lord Keyes and King Leopold of Belgium (2); Arthur Birse [one of WSC's wartime interpreters] on WSC's talks with Marshal Stalin in 1942; Alfred Bossom; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the Cabinet until 1946] (4); Sir Philip Morris [later 1st Lord Morris of Kenwood]; Sir George Bull; Ronald Fraser,...
Dates: Sep 1946 - Mar 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.