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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 77 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Literary: Articles., 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/279A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondence, research notes and proofs of articles by WSC: "The United States of Europe" on European affairs and trade, the treaty of Versailles [France], the League of Nations, decisions made by [Aristide] Briand and the positions of the United States and Canada; "The Truth about the Dardanelles" including WSC's relationship with Lord Fisher at the Admiralty; "A Great Big Idea" on European affairs; "Why Pay More Taxes" including a statement by WSC on the Budget; "Mr Churchill advises...
Dates: 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 3., 13 Apr 1941 - 25 May 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/692
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for (some from a series, "A Great Novel Rewritten as a Short Story"): "'Jane Eyre' by Charlotte Bronte"; "'Adam Bede' by George Eliot"; "'Vice Versa' by Anstey [Thomas Guthrie]"; "The truth about the former German colonies" on Germany's claims to have its former colonies returned, giving an historical perspective with reference to [Prince Otto von] Bismarck, and WSC's views on German treatment of native peoples; "Mankind Must Keep Pace with Science"...
Dates: 13 Apr 1941 - 25 May 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 4., 26 May 1940 - 30 Jun 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/668
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "The Other Man Who Thought He Had Us Beaten" on the character of Kaiser Wilhelm II, the peace before World War I, WSC's presence at military manoeuvres in Germany in 1906, Wilhelm's mistakes, and his years of exile following the war; "Another Blow We Thought We Would Never Survive" on WSC's memories of Lord Kitchener during World War I, the fall of Namur [Belgium], the failure of the Dardanelles [Turkey] expedition, and Kitchener's death; "The...
Dates: 26 May 1940 - 30 Jun 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 6., 03 Aug 1941 - 05 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/695
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "Sport, the stimulant" on the effect of modern inventions on the average person, watching, playing, and making money from sport, pigeon racing, angling, motor transport, hiking, cycling, theatre, cinema, radio, reading, and moral considerations; "Why the navy runs on oil" on the advantages of oil over coal as a fuel for ships, its adoption by the Royal Navy during WSC's first term as First Lord of the Admiralty, and the Anglo-Persian oil...
Dates: 03 Aug 1941 - 05 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Personal: Business correspondence., Oct 1945 - Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/17A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: John S Churchill (2); Sir William Rootes on a chauffeur for WSC; representatives of Nicholl, Manisty and Few [WSC's solicitors] (14); representatives of Concrete Limited on work on the pump house at Chartwell [Kent] (4); Clement Penruddock, Secretary, Chequers Trust; Sir Kenneth Clark (2), Jacob Epstein, and Oliver Locker-Lampson (2) on WSC sitting for an Epstein bust; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor] (3); representatives of Knight, Frank and...
Dates: Oct 1945 - Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Business correspondence., Nov 1948 - Apr 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/20
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Miles-Martin Pen Company on the pen WSC used to annotate "The Second World War" (4); Christopher Hewer on WSC's medical bill; Robert MacKenna on WSC's medication (2); Douglas Parbury on fish at Chartwell [Kent] (6); John Baber and his wife offering WSC a stay at their home in Portofino [Italy]; Herbert Gfroerer of the Soundscriber Corporation (10), James Killian, President of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology [United States], and George...
Dates: Nov 1948 - Apr 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Business correspondence., Jan 1949 - Aug 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/21
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Hugh Newman on butterflies at Chartwell [Kent] (4); Sir Alexander Roger (2) and Colin Coote [Managing Editor of the Daily Telegraph and the Morning Post] (6) on procuring brandy for WSC; Frederic Bates, Chairman of Cunard White Star Limited; Douglas Parbury on fish for ponds at Chartwell (8); Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor] (4); representatives of Anthony Juer Lighting Limited on studio lighting (4); Frank Juler on WSC's eyesight; Christopher...
Dates: Jan 1949 - Aug 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Business correspondence., Jun 1950 - Aug 1956

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/22
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: James Mark (HM Treasury); Ben Russell, [Director] Cunard White Star Limited; representatives of Lloyds Bank (5); representatives of A Durr and Company on cigars (4); George Andrews (2) and James Boyd (3) on seeing WSC on board the Queen Mary; Wilfred Fish [WSC's dentist] (2); Desmond Crawley [Principal Private Secretary to the Secretary for Commonwealth Relations] (2); Sir Charles Howard, Sergeant at Arms, House of Commons, on aiding WSC's hearing in the House; O C...
Dates: Jun 1950 - Aug 1956
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Business correspondence A-D., Jul 1945 - Jul 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/15
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Lloyds Bank including Geoffrey Mason and T E R Harris (3); Rosemary McEntire of the British Embassy in Paris [France] (4) and Thomas Bromley (Foreign Office) on repairs to WSC's Breguet watch; Claus Vogel on WSC's visit to Switzerland in 1946; representatives of Cassell and Company (2), including a director, Desmond Flower, on the publication of WSC's war memoirs in the Daily Telegraph; Colonel Frank Clarke (4), HM Customs and Excise (5), and Alfred...
Dates: Jul 1945 - Jul 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Business correspondence A-F., Nov 1945 - Mar 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/18
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Nicholl, Manisty and Few [WSC's solicitors] (24) and J C Tweed [an Irish solicitor] (4) on subjects including WSC selling the Carnlough [Antrim, Ulster, Ireland] estate to 13th Lord Antrim [earlier Randall McDonnell]; representatives of Berry Brothers and Rudd Limited on WSC's orders for champagne and whisky (9); 1st Lord Sandford [earlier Sir Albert Edmondson]; Sir William Rootes (2) and Christopher Soames on providing cars; Ben Russell, [Director]...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Mar 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Business correspondence E-Z., Jul 1945 - Jul 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/16
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Howard Thomas, Producer in Chief, Pathe Pictures Limited, on film of WSC receiving the freedom of Ayr [Scotland]; Percy Cole, Editor, Official Report of Debates, House of Commons [Hansard] on reprints of WSC's speeches (2); Eleanor Goole of St Dunstan's [Institute for the Blind] on Braille editions of WSC's books (4); representatives of Nicholl, Manisty and Few [WSC's solicitors] (8); representatives of Twiss, Brownings and Hallowes Limited (8) and Sir Eric Crankshaw,...
Dates: Jul 1945 - Jul 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: correspondence with or on behalf of constituents, K-Z., Sep 1948 - Feb 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 3/47
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Frederick Mummery, Honorary Secretary and Agent, Woodford Conservative Association (9); H J Backwell, Deputy Regional Petroleum Officer, Ministry of Fuel and Power (9); [Arthur] Halls, Private Secretary [to the President of] the Board of Trade; [Christopher] Fogarty [Assistant Principal] HM Treasury; [Derek] Stephen [Assistant Principal] War Office (2); Herbert Truelove, Honorary Secretary, Chigwell [Essex] Urban District Chamber of Commerce (6); Reginald Maudling of...
Dates: Sep 1948 - Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 173-6 which have been removed on grounds of data protection due to presence of sensitive personal information about a potentially living individual until 1 January 2024.
 File

Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: papers and correspondence for the general election., Apr 1955 - Jun 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 3/22A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: W Hubert Barlow-Wheeler, WSC's election agent (18); John Harvey, Chairman of Woodford Conservative Association (9); Stephen Pierssene, General Director, Conservative and Unionist Central Office, on a hoax letter from the "Conservative Propaganda Centre"; George Christ [Parliamentary Liaison Officer, Conservative Party, and Editor Weekly News Letter] (2); Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] (2), (1) also from Clarissa Eden [earlier Clarissa...
Dates: Apr 1955 - Jun 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence on gifts to WSC, A-B., Nov 1940 - Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/456
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Alan] Hodge [Assistant Private Secretary to the Minister of Information] on gifts of a book and a flag (2); [Guy] Millard (2) and [John] Perowne of the Foreign Office and Sir [David] Kelly [British Ambassador to Argentina] (2) on subjects including a prize carcass from the Argentine Rural Society and accepting gifts from Argentine cattle breeders in light of the Argentine regime; Major-General [James] Chaney sending on oranges with the compliments of...
Dates: Nov 1940 - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence on gifts to WSC, A-C, especially cigars., Dec 1940 - Aug 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/434
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [3rd] Lord Rothschild of MI5 (8), Sir Norman Kendal [Assistant Commissioner], New Scotland Yard (2), Senior Official Analyst to the Home Office Roche Lynch (2), Sir George Ogilvie-Forbes, British Minister at Havana, Cuba (4), [John] Balfour (3) and [Cecil] King of the Foreign Office, and [1st] Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann, Prime Minister's Personal Assistant] on cigars and the possibility of them being poisoned; Sir Henry French, [Secretary] Ministry of Food,...
Dates: Dec 1940 - Aug 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence on gifts to WSC, C-H., Mar 1941 - Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/457
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Sir] George Ogilvie-Forbes, [British Minister at] Havana, Cuba, on a carved wooden bust and album from the province of Camaguey; [4th] Lord Harlech [earlier Sir William Ormsby-Gore, High Commissioner for the United Kingdom in the Union of South Africa] sending on an album on South Africa; Hugh Dalton sending on a book "What have we to defend?"; Dr [Herbert] Evatt, Australian Minister for External Affairs; Bradda Field sending her book "Miledi"; [Claude] Ledger, HM...
Dates: Mar 1941 - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence on gifts to WSC, D-G., Dec 1940 - Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/435
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir George Ogilvie-Forbes [British Minister at] (Havana, Cuba) on a bound edition of the Cuban paper "El Crisol"; [Kenneth] Pepper, HM Customs and Excise, on gifts of cigars; [Alick] Harrison [Private Secretary to the Minister of Food] (2) and J Arthur Goulburn of Goulburns Limited, Food Purveyors, (4) on subjects including war savings and a gift of Stilton cheese. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from [Prime Minister's Private Secretaries, Edith]...
Dates: Dec 1940 - Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence on gifts to WSC, F-M., Oct 1942 - Nov 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/487
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Reginald] Ashford [Private Secretary to the Chairman of the Board of Customs and Excise] on cigars from Mexico; [Guy] Millard of the Foreign Office on matters concerning gifts from abroad (3); Henry Hankey [2nd Secretary] (British Embassy, Madrid [Spain]) on a suggested gift of a cigar case; Sir Edward Grigg [later 1st Lord Altrincham] (2) sending WSC his book "The British Commonwealth" and on the Westminster Fund; William Hall on a hammer and sickle emblem sent by...
Dates: Oct 1942 - Nov 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence on gifts to WSC, I-N., Aug 1941 - Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/458
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: John Wilmot [President] of the Board of Trade; Mackenzie King on gifts of a polar bear skin, a picture of the White House [Washington, United States], and copies of the photograph of WSC by [Yousuf] Karsh (2); [3rd] Lord Rothschild [of MI5] on testing cigars (2); [Rodney] Gallop (2) and [John] Perowne of the Foreign Office, [Thomas] Swan [British Minister to Colombia] (2), and [Rosalind] Culhane [later Rosalind, Lady Padmore, Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the...
Dates: Aug 1941 - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence on gifts to WSC, P-Z. [most of file dates from 1942]., Jun 1941 - Apr 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/459
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Guy Millard of the Foreign Office on the proposed gift of a bronze model of George Washington by Marochetti through Sir George Franckenstein and a tea cosy from Madame Zelalic (2); Sir Louis Greig [Personal Air Secretary to Sir Archibald Sinclair, later 1st Lord Thurso] on the gift of a model aircraft from Polish airmen (2); [Frederick] Root [Private Secretary to the Minster of Works] on [1st] Lord Reith making a medallion of [John, 1st] Duke of Marlborough into a...
Dates: Jun 1941 - Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence on gifts to WSC, R-W, especially cigars., Dec 1940 - Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/437
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Anthony] Eden [later 1st Lord Avon, Foreign Secretary] sending on messages from WSC and Charles Peake [Personal Assistant to Lord Halifax, British Ambassador to the United States] on US wireless sets and batteries; [3rd] Lord Rothschild [of MI5] on testing some cigars sent by Abgar Renault, Brazilian Minister of Education; Hubert Beaumont [Parliamentary Private Secretary to Parliamentary Secretary] (Ministry of Agriculture) on tomatoes sent by the Mayor of Ryde [Isle...
Dates: Dec 1940 - Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence and papers., 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/302
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Philip Gibbs on the inefficiency of the RAF; Sir Eustace Tennyson d'Eyncourt [former Vice-President of the Tank Board] (2); Sir William Beveridge [Director of London School of Economics and Political Science]; Oswald Frewen on working with German and Italian sailors, German fanaticism, Italian aid to Franco and how the policies of Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister] encourage Germany and Italy; Leo Amery; Basil Liddell Hart; Vice-Admiral Sir Reginald Henderson...
Dates: 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence etc., 12 Jan 1936 - 27 Nov 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/266A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Basil Liddell Hart [Military Correspondent to the Times] on the troop system used in India; "Harold R" [1st Lord Rothermere, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on subjects including 1st Lord Weir's position in defence [as Adviser to the Air Ministry], the likely stop to any battleship programme, pilot training, the likelihood of a quick German victory against Britain and France, German contempt for the British Government, and the Government's refusal to discuss the...
Dates: 12 Jan 1936 - 27 Nov 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folio 93, closed on Cabinet Office instructions under S23 of the Freedom of Information Act ('sanitised' photocopy available). Review date 1 January 2021.
 File

Public and Political: General: General Public correspondence, A-B. [please note the majority of the file dates from 1943]., Oct 1940 - Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/471A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Bernard] Sendall [Principal Private Secretary to Minister of Information] (2) commenting on a book on WSC from the Alliance Press and a special edition of the Cuban paper Avance; Sir John Hammerton of Amalgamated Press Limited (2) sending a book "Other things than war" and an encyclopaedia of the war; [Guy] Millard of the Foreign Office sending on an Arabic translation of the Gospel of St Matthew; Brigadier-General Cecil Aspinall-Oglander sending a "Victory" potato;...
Dates: Oct 1940 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: General Public correspondence, A-J., Jan 1942 - Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/448
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Vernon] Bovenizer of the War Office on a Captain R W M Bates seeking service; [Saville] Garner [Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for the Dominions] on details about a Charles Bell of Newfoundland [Canada]; Lovat Dickson [Director] of MacMillan and Company on acknowledging reproduction of an extract from WSC's "My Early Life"; Sir Harry Brittain on his book "Pilgrim Partners"; Sir Bernard Docker sending honey; [1st] Lord Geddes sending WSC brandy and whisky...
Dates: Jan 1942 - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.