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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 27 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Literary: Articles., 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/279A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondence, research notes and proofs of articles by WSC: "The United States of Europe" on European affairs and trade, the treaty of Versailles [France], the League of Nations, decisions made by [Aristide] Briand and the positions of the United States and Canada; "The Truth about the Dardanelles" including WSC's relationship with Lord Fisher at the Admiralty; "A Great Big Idea" on European affairs; "Why Pay More Taxes" including a statement by WSC on the Budget; "Mr Churchill advises...
Dates: 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: News of the World articles by WSC 2., May 1938 - Sep 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/615
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the News of the World for: "Peopling the Wide, Open Spaces of Empire" on foreign emigration to parts of the British Empire, factors which prevent the British from emigrating, and developing the Empire through investment and emigration; "Why Not 'The United States of Europe'?" on the harm done by European rivalries and nationalism, fascism and communism, the economic benefits of European integration, and the role of Britain towards...
Dates: May 1938 - Sep 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Cabinet: papers, correspondence and notes., 08 Jun 1920 - 07 Dec 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 22/3
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Cabinet] (6); 7th Lord Londonderry [earlier Lord Castlereagh] on the need for special constables in Northern Ireland; 1st Lord Curzon of Kedleston [Foreign Secretary] on Egypt; Arthur Balfour [Lord President of the Council] on reacting to Bolshevik attacks against Poland by stopping the visas of Russian Trade Unionists; "F E", (the Lord Chancellor) [1st Lord Birkenhead, earlier F E Smith] urging WSC not to resign over the...
Dates: 08 Jun 1920 - 07 Dec 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., Jun 1936 - 30 Mar 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/295
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Ormsby-Gore [Secretary of State for the Colonies, later 4th Lord Harlech] on the Peel Commission [into Britain's Palestine Mandate]; "Harold R" [1st Lord Rothermere, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on Randolph Churchill's interview with General Franco for the Daily Mail, and Franco's sensible policies; Oliver Locker-Lampson; 4th Lord Camden, President, Kent Council of Social Service; Philip Guedalla [Honorary Director, Ibero- American Institute of Great...
Dates: Jun 1936 - 30 Mar 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 10 Jan 1935 - 30 Jun 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/296A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Carl Bechhofer Roberts on subjects including his biography of WSC, and particularly the Abdication Crisis [of King Edward VIII, earlier Edward, Prince of Wales, later Duke of Windsor] (2); Ivy, Lady Chamberlain; Cosmo Lang [Archbishop of Canterbury]; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon], Foreign Secretary, on a speech by WSC in a foreign affairs debate, and his tribute to the Foreign Office; 1st Lord Cecil of Chelwood [President, League of Nations Union, earlier Lord...
Dates: 10 Jan 1935 - 30 Jun 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Public and Political: General: Political: arrangements for the Conservative Party Conference at Blackpool [Lancashire], October 1950., Aug 1950 - Nov 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/103
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (3); representatives of the Hotel Majestic, St Annes on the Sea [Lancashire], on WSC's stay there (5); George Christ of Conservative and Unionist Central Office; Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip]; H V Armstrong, Secretary of the National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations (9); representatives of British Railways (4). Also...
Dates: Aug 1950 - Nov 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D., Dec 1948 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/81A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Harley Usill of the Naldrett Press Limited (5); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (2); George Rainbird; John Leigh-Pemberton (3); Sir Oswald Birley; Beresford Craddock; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (13); Sir Arnold Gridley [Chairman 1922 Committee]; Sir David Maxwell Fyfe [later 1st Lord Kilmuir]; R A Butler (5); Thelma Cazalet-Kier (2);...
Dates: Dec 1948 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D., Aug 1949 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/95A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 5th Lord Munster [earlier Geoffrey FitzClarence], George [Hubback], Metropolitan of India and Bishop of Calcutta (3), and Desmond Crawley (High Commission, Calcutta), on Anglo-Indians educating their children in the UK; 1st Lord Sandford [earlier Albert Edmondson, Chairman] of the Carlton Club (2); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (5); Clifford Hood, President, Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corporation; Robert...
Dates: Aug 1949 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence R-S., Dec 1948 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/85A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Count Edward Raczynski, former Polish Ambassador to United Kingdom; George Zdziechowski, former Polish Finance Minister, on the international economic situation and the Marshall Plan; Prime Minister Clement Attlee; representatives of the Conservative Research Department including R A Butler (4); Lieutenant-Colonel Richard Craddock; Antony Head; Juliet, Lady Rhys Williams (3) including 2 on her social security scheme; representatives of Conservative and Unionist...
Dates: Dec 1948 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Jan 1950 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/102A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip] (3); James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (6); various representatives of Conservative and Unionist Central Office including George Christ (14); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (11); Sir [James] Clifford Tozer on Plymouth [Devon] Fair; Moss Turner-Samuels; Julius Holmes [Minister,...
Dates: Jan 1950 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Nov 1946 - Dec 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/58A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [George] Peter Thorneycroft (3); Ivor Bulmer-Thomas [Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies] on the Gold Coast [later Ghana]; James Stuart [Chief Opposition Whip] (5); ?2nd Lord Brocket [earlier Sir Arthur Nall-Cain]; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (6); Robert McAlpine [Assistant Private Secretary to the Foreign Secretary] (2); Patrick Kinna (Foreign Office); James Thomas [later 1st...
Dates: Nov 1946 - Dec 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence with Oliver Lyttelton [later 1st Lord Chandos]., Oct 1946 - Oct 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/51
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Anthony Bevir [Private Secretary to Clement Attlee, Prime Minister]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from secretaries Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Elizabeth Gilliatt, Jane Portal [later Lady Williams of Elvel], Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow] and Chips Gemmell; and from WSC to some of those mentioned above and to Chairman of the Conservative [and Unionist] Party [1st Lord Woolton, earlier Frederick Marquis].Subjects...
Dates: Oct 1946 - Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence H - N., 26 Mar 1946 - 04 Jan 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/163A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Nina, Duchess of Hamilton and Brandon [President, Animal Defence and Anti-Vivisection Society] on animal rescue; Roy Harrod on "The Gathering Storm" [Volume 1, "The Second World War"], his own political position and his biography of 1st Lord Keynes [earlier John Maynard Keynes] (3); Sir James Hawley on revoking WSC's deed of covenant in favour of his late wife (2); Alan Hillgarth [earlier Alan Evans]; Agatha, Lady Hindlip; Violet Hoare on her son's death in Malaya...
Dates: 26 Mar 1946 - 04 Jan 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speech notes: House of Commons., 26 May 1942 - 25 Jun 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/6A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and Hansard report of WSC's speech (5 June 1946, House of Commons) on foreign affairs on various subjects including: the cold war and the deterioration of relations with the Soviet Union; Communism; the report of the Trade Union delegation to Athens [Greece] and the elections held there; affairs and events in Spain, Italy, Germany, France and Poland; a broadcast delivered by Field Marshal Jan Smuts; reconstruction in Belgium and the Netherlands; and the United Nations. Source...
Dates: 26 May 1942 - 25 Jun 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: General Election Miscellanea., Oct 1949 - Feb 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/29A-C
Scope and Contents Includes: speech notes and extracts from various speeches made by WSC during the 1950 General Election campaign on subjects including nationalisation, a statement made by [Walter] Higgs in New Zealand, food and petrol rationing, conscription and National Service, the coal and oil industries and home owning; newspaper cuttings; extracts of earlier speeches made by WSC; suggestions for speeches from various individuals including Randolph Churchill on the B B C and a party political broadcast,...
Dates: Oct 1949 - Feb 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 04 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/36A-C
Scope and Contents Cuttings from the Journal of the Royal United Service Institution on the presentation of the Chesney Gold Medal to WSC (4 July, Royal United Service Institution), including WSC's acceptance speech entitled "Military History", on former winners of the medal, the importance of the study of military history, the progress of military science and in tribute to the career of Admiral Sir Henry Moore, Chairman of the Royal United Service Institution Council. Also includes opening speech by Admiral...
Dates: 04 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Lists of speeches and speech notes., 1945 - 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/1A-D
Scope and Contents Includes lists of the speeches made by WSC between 1945 and 1954 with details of the place of delivery, subjects covered and numbers of words.Speech notes for WSC's speech (20 October 1945, Woodford [Essex]) on receiving the freedom of the Borough of Wanstead and Woodford on subjects including: his long association with Essex and his disappointment at not being re-elected. Also includes an invitation card for the event.Hansard report and speech notes for WSC's speech (22 October 1945, House...
Dates: 1945 - 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 25 Apr 1925 - 15 Dec 1925

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/73
Scope and Contents Print of WSC's speech (25 April, Royal Naval Division War Memorial unveiling ceremony, Admiralty Building, London). Also includes a note from Lieutenant-Colonel Bernard Freyberg. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 3554 - 3556.Speech notes for WSC's speech (1 May, Primrose League Demonstration, Albert Hall, London) on the founding of the League, conditions now facing Conservatives, the Budget and foreign policy. Also includes a note from [Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister], regretting his...
Dates: 25 Apr 1925 - 15 Dec 1925
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 02 Jul 1926 - 08 Dec 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/77A-B
Scope and Contents Typescript for WSC's speech (3 January, Wolfe Dinner, Westerham, Kent) on the achievements and prosperity of Canada.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (20 January, Chamber of Commerce Dinner, Leeds, Yorkshire), entitled "National Finance", on the increase in national expenditure and necessity for cuts, particularly in education, on the changing funding system for local authorities, electricity development, the coal subsidy and averting a coal dispute, and the general improvement in...
Dates: 02 Jul 1926 - 08 Dec 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 11 May 1927 - 12 Sep 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/81
Scope and Contents Typescript of WSC's speech (11 May, British Bankers' Association Annual Dinner, Merchant Taylors' Hall, London), entitled "The Financial Situation" on the results of the Budget, the trade revival and the war debt to the United States. Also includes a press cutting from the Financial Times reporting the speech. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 4217 - 4218 (part).Typescript of WSC's speech (12 July, Lord Mayor's Banquet to Bankers and Merchants, Mansion House, London), entitled "Peace and...
Dates: 11 May 1927 - 12 Sep 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Speech notes., 04 Oct 1946 - 28 Oct 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/9A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech of thanks (4 October 1946, Blackpool [Lancashire]) on receiving the freedom of Blackpool.Speech notes and galley proofs of WSC's speech (5 October 1946, Conservative Party conference, Blackpool) entitled "Every Dog His Day" on subjects including: criticism of the Labour government; the need for a concerted opposition to Communism; foreign policy; the deterioration of relations with the Soviet Union; post war reconstruction; the electoral system; taxation;...
Dates: 04 Oct 1946 - 28 Oct 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., Jul 1944 - 16 Feb 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/16A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (23 January 1948, House of Commons) on the foreign affairs debate including: support for the Labour government's foreign policy; affairs and events in various countries including Greece, Italy and the United States; his predictions of the Cold war in his Fulton speech ["The Sinews of Peace" see CHUR 5/4A-B] and the need for reconciliation between France and Germany at Zurich ["The Tragedy of Europe", see CHUR 5/8]; criticism of a speech by Herbert Morrison, Lord...
Dates: Jul 1944 - 16 Feb 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 22 Oct 1945 - 26 Apr 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/17A-G
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (8 March 1948, House of Commons) on navy estimates including: the absence of enemies at sea; the importance of the navy to sustaining the British empire; criticism of the Labour government's secrecy about their naval policy and naval estimates; previous mistakes in naval policy; the scrapping of ships; and his experiences as First Lord of the Admiralty. Source material includes: notes from Elizabeth Gilliatt [Secretary to WSC] and "N S" ["Jo" Sturdee, later Lady...
Dates: 22 Oct 1945 - 26 Apr 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 10 Jul 1948 - 30 Jul 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/20A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (10 July, Woodford [Essex]) at an open air constituency meeting entitled "A new parliament" on subjects including: praise for Sir James Hawkey as Chairman of the Woodford Conservative Association; the strength of the Conservative Party; his involvement with social policy; the National Health service; the need to oppose communism; the possibility of war with the Soviet Union; the Labour government's economic policy; and the pledges of the Conservative Party. Also...
Dates: 10 Jul 1948 - 30 Jul 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Speech notes., 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/28A-B
Scope and Contents Brief manuscript notes for and transcript of WSC's speech of thanks (2 November 1949, Grosvenor House, Park Lane [London]) entitled "Riches of English Literature" on receiving the Sunday Times book prize including: the importance of the Sunday Times, of the English language and of reading; his experiences as a writer; and communications and television. Source material includes: notes from "Jo" [Sturdee, later Lady Onslow, Secretary to WSC]; correspondence from Lionel Berry [later 2nd Lord...
Dates: 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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