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Army

 Organization

Found in 28 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC: 2 ("The World Crisis" series)., 03 Mar 1940 - 21 Apr 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/675
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Chronicle for: "The Man Who Scared the U-Boats" on the convoy system for merchant shipping during World War I; "The German Army Myth" on the first battles on the Western Front; "The French" on the Battle of Verdun [France]; "The Blackest Day of the German Army" on the use of tanks at the Battles of Cambrai and Amiens [both France]; "The Valiant Heart of Man" on the bravery of those who fought in World War I; "Plan for Victory" on British naval strategy at the start...
Dates: 03 Mar 1940 - 21 Apr 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Appendices., Oct 1940 - 27 Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/179A-I
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of the appendices to Volume 2 including: Appendix A "Minutes and Telegrams, May - December 1940"; Appendix B "Loss by Enemy Action of British, Allied and Neutral Merchant Tonnage"; Appendix D "Correspondence Relating to Dakar [Senegal] between Mr Churchill and Mr [Robert] Menzies" [Prime Minister of Australia]; Appendix E "List of Operational Code Names"; Appendix F "List of Abbreviations". The proofs are annotated with suggested amendments and...
Dates: Oct 1940 - 27 Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 1: 'Final' proofs., 12 Aug 1948 - 17 Feb 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/182A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: the preface, title pages and contents table for Book 1; Chapter 1 "The National Coalition"; Chapter 2 "The Battle of France. The First Week. [General Maurice] Gamelin"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 4 "The March to the Sea"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 6 "The Rush for the Spoils"; Chapter 7 "Back to France"; Chapter 8 "Home Defence. June"; Chapter 9 "The French Agony"; Chapter 10 "The...
Dates: 12 Aug 1948 - 17 Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 1: Master copy proofs., 21 Jan 1949 - 24 Mar 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/180
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: Chapter 1 "The National Coalition"; Chapter 2 "The Battle of France. The First Week. [General Maurice] Gamelin"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 4 "The March to the Sea"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 6 "The Rush for the Spoils"; Chapter 7 "Back to France"; Chapter 8 "Home Defence. June"; Chapter 9 "The French Agony"; Chapter 10 "The Bordeaux Armistice"; Chapter 11 "Admiral [Jean] Darlan and the...
Dates: 21 Jan 1949 - 24 Mar 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 1: Proofs for CSC., 20 Jan 1948 - 25 Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/189
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: Chapter 1 "The National Coalition"; Chapter 2 "The Battle of France. The First Week. [General Maurice] Gamelin"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 4 "The March to the Sea"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 7 "Back to France"; Chapter 8 "Home Defence. June"; Chapter 9 "The French Agony"; Chapter 10 "The Bordeaux Armistice"; Chapter 11 "Admiral [Jean] Darlan and the French Fleet. Oran" [Algeria]...
Dates: 20 Jan 1948 - 25 Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 1: Proofs for Sir Edward Marsh., 20 Jan 1948 - 14 Sep 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/187A-D
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs from: the preface, title pages and contents table for Book 1; Chapter 1 "The National Coalition" (provisionally entitled "The Personal Correspondence"); Chapter 2 "The Battle of France. The First Week. [General Maurice] Gamelin"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 4 "The March to the Sea"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 6 "The Rush for the Spoils" (provisionally entitled "The Personal Correspondence");...
Dates: 20 Jan 1948 - 14 Sep 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 1: Proofs for William Deakin., 12 Aug 1948 - 29 Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/191A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: the preface, title pages and contents table for Book 1; Chapter 1 "The National Coalition"; Chapter 2 "The Battle of France. The First Week. [General Maurice] Gamelin"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 4 "The March to the Sea"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 6 "The Rush for the Spoils"; Chapter 7 "Back to France"; Chapter 8 "Home Defence. June"; Chapter 9 "The French Agony"; Chapter 10 "The...
Dates: 12 Aug 1948 - 29 Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 1: 'Starred final' proofs., 20 Oct 1948 - 17 Feb 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/184
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: the preface, title pages and contents table for Book 1; Chapter 1 "The National Coalition"; Chapter 2 "The Battle of France. The First Week. [General Maurice] Gamelin"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 4 "The March to the Sea"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 6 "The Rush for the Spoils"; Chapter 8 "Home Defence. June"; Chapter 9 "The French Agony"; Chapter 10 "The Bordeaux Armistice"; Chapter 11...
Dates: 20 Oct 1948 - 17 Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Miscellanea., 18 Sep 1939 - 22 Mar 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/201A-C
Scope and Contents Includes various typescript and galley proofs from: the title pages, preface and contents table for Volume 2; Chapter 1 "The National Coalition"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 6 "The Rush for the Spoils" (provisionally entitled "The Italian Campaign Against France"); Chapter 8 "Home Defence. June"; Chapter 9 "The French Agony"; Chapter 12 "The Apparatus of Counter- Attack. 1940"; Chapter 13 "At...
Dates: 18 Sep 1939 - 22 Mar 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Notes and comments by Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall., 02 Mar 1941 - 16 Jun 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/196A-C
Scope and Contents Includes notes and comments by Pownall on subjects including: factual and printing errors throughout Volume 2; the build-up to the German attack on the Soviet Union; the build-up to "Dynamo" [codename for the evacuation of Allied forces from Dunkirk, France]; the British Expedition Force; the meeting between 6th Lord Gort [Commander-in-Chief of British Field Force, earlier John Vereker] and General Maxime Weygand [Commander-in-Chief, French Army], May 1940; British casualties; the defence of...
Dates: 02 Mar 1941 - 16 Jun 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence for WSC and Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Personal Military Secretary to the Secretary State for War]., 04 Mar 1920 - 30 Apr 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/46
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Edward Marsh [WSC's Private Secretary] (3); Edwin Montagu [Secretary of State for India] (4); General Sir Henry Wilson [Chief of Imperial General Staff] (4); Austen Chamberlain [Chancellor of the Exchequer] (4); [Adjutant-General, Lieutenant-General Sir George Macdonogh]; Walter Long [First Lord of the Admiralty] (4); Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Cabinet]; David Lloyd George; 1st Lord Curzon [Foreign Secretary]; General Sir Herbert Plumer, Commander-in-Chief,...
Dates: 04 Mar 1920 - 30 Apr 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War and Air: correspondence mainly from Brigadier-General Edward Spears and the British Military Mission in Paris [France] to WSC and War Office officials., 05 Aug 1919 - 21 Nov 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/38
Scope and Contents Also includes correspondence from Generals Pechitch [Chief of the Serbian military delegation to Paris] and Tscherbatchev, and Mary Spears; note from WSC to 1st Lord Curzon [Lord President of Council].Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning the Russian Civil War, including supplies for the Bolsheviks, figures such as Sergei Sazonov, General Nikolai Youdenitch, General Anton Denikin, Admiral Alexander Kolchak, and Simon Petliura, Bolshevik activity in Afghanistan, the...
Dates: 05 Aug 1919 - 21 Nov 1919
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War Cabinet: Prime Minister's Directives., 18 Dec 1941 - 30 Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 23/10
Scope and Contents Printed directives by the Prime Minister, WSC, on subjects including: the future conduct of the war; the Pacific and the Japanese fleet; the entry of the United States into the war; the Atlantic Front; the Indian Ocean; the function of the Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey]; Vichy France's co-operation with Germany; the function of the Minister Resident in West Africa [1st Lord Swinton, earlier Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister, earlier Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame]; Fleet Air Arm...
Dates: 18 Dec 1941 - 30 Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Air Defence: Deputations to the Prime Minister., 21 Jul 1936 - 21 Jan 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/270
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Clement Attlee [Leader of the Opposition] refusing to join the deputations to the Prime Minister, Stanley Baldwin; Osmund Cleverly [Principal Private Secretary to the Prime Minister]; Henry Pownall [Deputy Secretary], Committee of Imperial Defence; Hastings Ismay [Deputy Secretary], Committee of Imperial Defence] (2).Also includes: extracts from the transcript of the first deputation, including [?] WSC on the Government's failure to expand the air industry and the RAF...
Dates: 21 Jul 1936 - 21 Jan 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence and papers., 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/302
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Philip Gibbs on the inefficiency of the RAF; Sir Eustace Tennyson d'Eyncourt [former Vice-President of the Tank Board] (2); Sir William Beveridge [Director of London School of Economics and Political Science]; Oswald Frewen on working with German and Italian sailors, German fanaticism, Italian aid to Franco and how the policies of Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister] encourage Germany and Italy; Leo Amery; Basil Liddell Hart; Vice-Admiral Sir Reginald Henderson...
Dates: 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence etc., 12 Jan 1936 - 27 Nov 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/266A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Basil Liddell Hart [Military Correspondent to the Times] on the troop system used in India; "Harold R" [1st Lord Rothermere, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on subjects including 1st Lord Weir's position in defence [as Adviser to the Air Ministry], the likely stop to any battleship programme, pilot training, the likelihood of a quick German victory against Britain and France, German contempt for the British Government, and the Government's refusal to discuss the...
Dates: 12 Jan 1936 - 27 Nov 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open, (folio 93 opened in unsanitised form in Sep 2022, previously available as a 'sanitised' photocopy).
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, A-B, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and praising his leadership and speeches. [please note that almost the whole file dates from 1940]., Jun 1903 - Feb 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/392A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Vyvyan Adams (4) including (2) on his attending a meeting addressed by WSC; [John] Sandeman Allen on [David Lloyd George]; [1st] Lord Alness [earlier Robert Munro]; Julian Amery [Attache HM Legation, Belgrade] on articles by WSC for publication in Yugoslavia (4); Leo Amery [Secretary of State for India and Burma] sending on a 1903 letter from WSC to him on the British Army; Group Captain [Charles] Anderson on the Ministry of Aircraft Production taking over the...
Dates: Jun 1903 - Feb 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/45A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and extract from Hansard for WSC's speech (6 November, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the political divisions in the country; the charge of war-mongering laid against the Conservatives, and the need for steady government; the restoration of university representation in Parliament; the repeal of the Iron and Steel Nationalization Act; future parliamentary business, including the defence debate; keeping the Minister of Education out of the...
Dates: 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 01 Jul 1952 - 20 Sep 1952

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/48A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (1 July, House of Commons) entitled "The Korean War" on subjects including the early demoralization of Communist forces in Korea, then the success of their negotiations and rebuilt forces; the heavy costs suffered by Britain and the United States during the armistice; harm caused by anti-American feeling in Parliament; the treatment and exchange of prisoners of war, including forcing anti-Communist soldiers to return to China or North Korea; Labour's motion of...
Dates: 01 Jul 1952 - 20 Sep 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 21 Feb 1939 - 27 Apr 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/134A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (21 February) on the defence loan, aircraft production, delays in rearmament, creating a Ministry of Supply, co-operation with France, and mobilisation in the event of a war. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6064-71.Notes for WSC's speech (14 March) on the army estimates, German war preparedness, arming the territorial army, and numbers assigned for possible overseas service. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard....
Dates: 21 Feb 1939 - 27 Apr 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 22 Jan 1941 - 07 May 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/146A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (22 January) entitled "A dark and deadly valley" on the structure of government during wartime, the roles of the Minister of Defence and the Minister for Reconstruction, the needs of the army and military production. Also includes copy of Hansard containing the text of WSC's speech and others in the debate on production, supply and manpower. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6331-8.Hansard copy of the debate on the conduct of Robert Boothby (28 January) including...
Dates: 22 Jan 1941 - 07 May 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 22 Jan 1941 - 22 Apr 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/177A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (22 January) entitled "A dark and deadly valley" on the structure of government during wartime, the roles of the Minister of Defence and the Minister for Reconstruction, the needs of the army and military production. Source material includes correspondence from: Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the Cabinet] (5), Charles Hendriks, Clement Attlee [Lord Privy Seal], William Beveridge, Ernest Bevin [Minister of Labour and National Service] and notes from Eric Seal...
Dates: 22 Jan 1941 - 22 Apr 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 01 Dec 1940 - 31 Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/13/9
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, December 1940.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; the Chiefs of Staff; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet]; Colonel Ian Jacob [Military Assistant Secretary to the War Cabinet]; [Pierre] Dupuy [First Secretary Canadian Legation, Paris]; F A Lindemann [later 1st...
Dates: 01 Dec 1940 - 31 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 20 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/20/43-57
Scope and Contents Letter from WSC to President [Franklin Roosevelt] outlining various plans and proposals concerning: attacking the German and Italian armies in Libya; French North Africa; Norway; British contributions to the Soviet war effort; defending Great Britain from a possible German invasion; placing United States forces in Northern Ireland [Ulster]; the command structure in the Middle East and the roles of the Air Force and Navy; the effect of victory in Libya on Italy and Turkey; landing tanks; the...
Dates: 20 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 01 Jul 1941 - 30 Jul 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/36/7
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, July 1941.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann] and Desmond Morton [Prime Minister's Personal Assistants]; Colonel Ian Jacob [Military Assistant Secretary to the War Cabinet]; senior civil servants including Sir Edward Bridges...
Dates: 01 Jul 1941 - 30 Jul 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Second World War (1939-1945) 19
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