Skip to main content

Cambridge University Libraries are providing a blend of online and controlled in-person services. Please see our website for more details.

Penal sanctions

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 130 Collections and/or Records:

 Sub-Series

Hobson's Trust papers, 1851 - 1917

Reference Code: GBR/0265/UA/Char.II.2-4
Scope and Contents From the Management Group: The category - Assets records - comprises records relating to property and personnel. Accounting material is in this category, alongside records of endowments, charitable trusts, buildings and employees.
Dates: 1851 - 1917
Conditions Governing Access: From the Management Group: The University Archives are generally freely available to the holder of a reader's ticket for the Department of Archives and Modern Manuscripts, Cambridge University Library, West Road, Cambridge CB3 9DR. Restrictions on access are imposed on certain categories of sensitive record: financial, governmental and personal, by order of the originating body or under data protection legislation. Access information, including opening hours and how to obtain a reader's ticket, appears as part of the Library's web site (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).
 Series

Home Office, 1910 - 1911

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12
Scope and Contents INTRODUCTION TO CHAR 12: THE HOME OFFICE: GENERAL The Home Office papers contain correspondence, printed material and papers which were created or accumulated as a result of WSC's activities as Home Secretary. The papers have been arranged into correspondence and subject-based files. The Home Office papers form a departmental sub-class of the official class of the Chartwell Papers which was divided according to the various offices held by WSC. Files containing varying numbers of items were...
Dates: 1910 - 1911
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Literary: miscellaneous correspondence., Dec 1885 - Feb 1958

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/66
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Major-General Sir Percy Hobart requesting WSC to write a foreword for his history of the Royal Tank Regiment; Walter Graebner [London representative of Time-Life International] on the painter Jacques Majorelle; Desmond Flower, director of Cassell and Company; John Wyndham [later 1st Lord Egremont and 6th Lord Leconfield] (Foreign Office) on a letter by ex-Queen Alexandra of Yugoslavia; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor] (5); Sir Ian Jacob...
Dates: Dec 1885 - Feb 1958
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: News of the World articles by WSC: 1., Jan 1939 - May 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/642
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs and cuttings from the News of the World for: "Parliament is the Stage of Empire Drama", comparing pre-World War I parliamentary politics with the contemporary situation and reminiscing on post-World War I parliamentary life; "The Minister Who Has to Say 'No'" on his experiences as Chancellor of the Exchequer, the Gold Standard, budgets; "Sombre Memories of the Home Office" on his experiences as Home Secretary, capital punishment, prison reform, the police and dealing...
Dates: Jan 1939 - May 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: News of the World articles by WSC 3., Sep 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/616
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the News of the World for: "Prevention of Crime is as Vital as Punishment" on reforming the penal system, WSC's experiences as a prisoner of the Boers and as Home Secretary, the Probation of Offenders Act and new forms of punishment for young offenders; "System that Guarantees 'This Freedom'" on the future of parliamentary democracy, defending the British system, analysing its development, and making comparisons with Europe,...
Dates: Sep 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 1., 05 Jan 1941 - 16 Feb 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/690
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "Tank Tactics" on the development of the tank during World War I, its initial rejection, WSC's intervention, and its use in action at the Battles of the Somme and Cambrai [France]; "Crime and Punishment" on WSC's experiences as Home Secretary, penal and prison reform, and new forms of punishment for young offenders; "The King Who Saved England" on the life and reign of King George V, his coming to the throne, changes to the constitution, his role...
Dates: 05 Jan 1941 - 16 Feb 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 8., 17 Nov 1940 - 29 Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/672
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "Neville Chamberlain" on British Prime Ministers since [William] Gladstone, Chamberlain's career, including during World War I, and as Chancellor of the Exchequer, and WSC's views on his personality; "The Grimmest Task in the Government" on WSC's experiences as Home Secretary, capital punishment, and prison reform; "Maiden and Other Speeches" on speeches by F E Smith [later 1st Lord Birkenhead], Timothy Healy, WSC, Lord Hugh Cecil [later Lord...
Dates: 17 Nov 1940 - 29 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Official: Cabinet: notes., Feb 1909 - Apr 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/14
Scope and Contents Includes a programme for the 1909 Parliamentary session and Cabinet papers on various subjects including: Supertax; the taxation of land values; stamp duties; increased death duties; assessment of property owners and the Finances Bill; report of the Poor Law Commission with recommended social reforms such as the classification of the poor and the establishment of labour exchanges; the Dairies (Scotland) bill and agricultural rates; Metropolitan Police finance; the Lake Magadi scheme for...
Dates: Feb 1909 - Apr 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: printed papers., 1907 - 1910

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/19
Scope and Contents Printed Cabinet papers on various subjects including: an annual report of affairs in Austria-Hungary; the Police (weekly rest day) bill; memoranda by WSC on the situation in Cyprus and the political aspect of financial problems there; the industrial and provident societies (amendment) bill; old age pensions; commercial negotiations with Portugal; opium manufacture in Hong Kong; West Indian steamship services; proposals for a new museum of science; and roads in Persia [later Iran].Also includes...
Dates: 1907 - 1910
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: Prints., 01 Feb 1908 - 30 Nov 1908

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/2
Scope and Contents Printed Cabinet papers on various subjects including: postage to the United States; foot and mouth disease; prevention of crime and the contempt of court bill; predictions by [David Lloyd George] the Chancellor of the Exchequer on the financial situation in 1909 and the Budget; financial statements including predictions for funding requirements for unemployment insurance; the Eucharist procession; and cable rates.
Dates: 01 Feb 1908 - 30 Nov 1908
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Colonial Office: Correspondence., 03 Jun 1922 - 22 Oct 1922

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 17/25
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Prince Arthur of Connaught [Governor General and Commander in Chief South Africa] on South African affairs including a case in which he has recommended that natives should be sentenced to death (2); 1st Lord Stamfordham [earlier Sir Arthur Bigge]; Frederick Guest [Secretary of State for Air] on the RAF forces in Iraq, their shortages and the promotion of Air Vice Marshal [John] Salmond; Alexander Harris, Governor of Newfoundland [Canada] on the choice of his successor;...
Dates: 03 Jun 1922 - 22 Oct 1922
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Official: Home Office: Capital sentence schedule., 1909 - 1911

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12/13
Scope and Contents From the Series: INTRODUCTION TO CHAR 12: THE HOME OFFICE: GENERAL The Home Office papers contain correspondence, printed material and papers which were created or accumulated as a result of WSC's activities as Home Secretary. The papers have been arranged into correspondence and subject-based files. The Home Office papers form a departmental sub-class of the official class of the Chartwell Papers which was divided according to the various offices held by WSC. Files containing varying numbers of items were...
Dates: 1909 - 1911
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Official: Home Office: Prison Reform. Correspondence and papers., 1910 - 1911

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12/4
Scope and Contents From the Series: INTRODUCTION TO CHAR 12: THE HOME OFFICE: GENERAL The Home Office papers contain correspondence, printed material and papers which were created or accumulated as a result of WSC's activities as Home Secretary. The papers have been arranged into correspondence and subject-based files. The Home Office papers form a departmental sub-class of the official class of the Chartwell Papers which was divided according to the various offices held by WSC. Files containing varying numbers of items were...
Dates: 1910 - 1911
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Official: Treasury: correspondence and memoranda on betting tax evasion and yield., 11 Dec 1927 - 30 Jan 1928

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/58
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 2nd Lord Hamilton of Dalzell [Jockey Club Steward] (4); Sir Francis Floud [Chairman, Board of Customs and Excise] (2); Charles Hardisty [HM Customs and Excise]; Francis Weatherby, Secretary to the Jockey Club.Subjects covered by the file include: the yield if the tax had been levied differently; the level of evasion; clubs not paying betting duty.
Dates: 11 Dec 1927 - 30 Jan 1928
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Treasury: correspondence and papers on the Betting Overseas (Prohibition) Bill., 19 Jan 1928 - 20 Jul 1928

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/84
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Francis Floud [Chairman, Board of Customs and Excise] (3); Charles Hardisty [HM Customs and Excise] (3); James Grigg [Principal Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer] (3); Sir Benjamin Hawkins [Solicitor to the Board of Customs and Excise]; Wilfrid Spender [Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Finance, and Head of Civil Service, Northern Ireland] (2); Sir Richard Hopkins [Controller of Finance and Supply Services, Treasury].Also includes a draft of the...
Dates: 19 Jan 1928 - 20 Jul 1928
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Treasury: correspondence and papers on the betting tax., 10 Feb 1928 - 20 Jul 1928

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/79
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Hardisty [HM Customs and Excise] (2); John Davidson [Conservative Party Chairman]; Sir Francis Floud [Chairman, Board of Customs and Excise] (9); Attorney-General, Sir Douglas Hogg [later 1st Lord Hailsham]; Sir Ernest Gowers [Chairman of the Board of Inland Revenue]; bookmakers' representatives, including Ladbroke and Company (4), the Northern Bookmakers' and Backers' Protection Association (2), the National Sporting League, and the Betting Duty Reform...
Dates: 10 Feb 1928 - 20 Jul 1928
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Treasury: correspondence and papers on the betting tax., 02 Jul 1928 - 15 Jan 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/80
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Francis Floud [Chairman, Board of Customs and Excise] (10); Donald Fergusson [Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer] (3); Walter Guinness [later 1st Lord Moyne]; James Grigg [Principal Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer] (7); Charles Hardisty [HM Customs and Excise] (2); Director of Public Prosecutions, Sir Archibald Bodkin; 1st Lord D'Abernon [Chairman Thoroughbred Horse-breeders' Association] (2).Also includes: cutting from the...
Dates: 02 Jul 1928 - 15 Jan 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Treasury: correspondence and papers on the betting tax and dishonest bookmakers., 25 May 1927 - 09 Nov 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/57
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 4th Lord Salisbury [earlier Lord Cranborne, Lord Privy Seal]; 2nd Lord Hamilton of Dalzell [Jockey Club Steward] (4); Sir Horace Hamilton [Chairman, Board of Customs and Excise, until mid-1927] (5); James Grigg [Principal Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer] (4); Sir Francis Floud [Chairman, Board of Customs and Excise, from latter part of 1927] (2).Also includes: notes of interviews between Sir Horace Hamilton and the Jockey Club and the...
Dates: 25 May 1927 - 09 Nov 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Sub-sub-class

Papers relating to Hobson's Charity, in particular the Spinning House, Cambridge, 1830 - 1893

Reference Code: GBR/0265/UA/Endow.I.1-23a
Scope and Contents Thomas Hobson (?1544-1630), carrier, by codicil to his will, 1 January 1630, left money for the maintenance of a house of correction and workhouse. The University portion of the former, known as the Spinning House, on St Andrew's Street, was used as a prison for prostitutes apprehended by the Proctors until 1894.
Dates: 1830 - 1893
Conditions Governing Access: From the Management Group: The University Archives are generally freely available to the holder of a reader's ticket for the Department of Archives and Modern Manuscripts, Cambridge University Library, West Road, Cambridge CB3 9DR. Restrictions on access are imposed on certain categories of sensitive record: financial, governmental and personal, by order of the originating body or under data protection legislation. Access information, including opening hours and how to obtain a reader's ticket, appears as part of the Library's web site (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).
 File

Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence., 02 Jan 1932 - 19 Dec 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 7/9
Scope and Contents Subjects include: retaining two RAF corporals in service; duty on imported silk goods; India, the League [of Nations] and disarmament; an anti-car theft device.
Dates: 02 Jan 1932 - 19 Dec 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence J., 15 Mar 1939 - 16 Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 7/80A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Ethel Haslam (4); Sir James Hawkey [Vice-Chairman of the Epping Division Conservative Association and Mayor of Wanstead and Woodford] (18); Philip Allen [Assistant Private Secretary to the Secretary of State] (5); E J Jones (8); Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton (5th Baronet); E A Baker (secretary at the Ministry of Food) (5); J T S Lewis (secretary at the Ministry of Food) (4).Subjects include: deportation of internees; employment of aliens; housing shortages and...
Dates: 15 Mar 1939 - 16 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: Correspondence with or on behalf of constituents, A - B., 16 Oct 1951 - 23 Dec 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 3/75
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Woodford Conservative Association including Sir James Hawkey, Chairman and W Hubert Barlow-Wheeler, Honorary Secretary and Agent (12); Brian Robson, Assistant Private Secretary to the Secretary of State of Air (2); [Margaret] Barbara Sloman, Assistant Principal, Treasury (2); P M Ibbotson, Private Secretary, Ministry of Health (7); John Leeming, Private Secretary to the Chairman, HM Customs and Excise; George Moseley, Private Secretary to the Minister...
Dates: 16 Oct 1951 - 23 Dec 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: correspondence with or on behalf of constituents, A-J., Sep 1946 - Mar 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 3/40A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: constituent F C Bacon (4); [Anthony] Ridge, [Principal Private Secretary to the Postmaster General]; constituent M A F Hayhow (4); Frederick Mummery, Assistant Secretary, Woodford Conservative Association (19); Stuart Mallinson; [Edward] Butler, Surgeon, London Hospital; H J Backwell, Deputy Regional Petroleum Officer, Ministry of Fuel and Power (4); Robert McAlpine [Assistant Private Secretary to the Foreign Secretary] on George Cantacuzino, father of Sherban...
Dates: Sep 1946 - Mar 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 2-6 which have been removed on grounds of data protection due to presence of sensitive personal information about a potentially living individual until 1 January 2024.
 File

Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: Correspondence with or on behalf of constituents, C - D., 15 Apr 1951 - 16 Dec 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 3/76A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Woodford Conservative Association including W Hubert Barlow-Wheeler, Honorary Secretary and Agent (17); Peter Hudson, Private Secretary to the Minister of Transport (5); [Margaret] Barbara Sloman [Assistant Principal], Treasury; Stuart Mallinson; Gordon Wilson, Assistant Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for War; Arthur Hockaday, Private Secretary to the First Lord of the Admiralty; Stuart Gilbert, Private Secretary to the Minister of Housing...
Dates: 15 Apr 1951 - 16 Dec 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 199 - 203 and 269 - 273, closed for 75 years until 2029, and folios 79 - 83, closed for 100 years until 2054, on grounds of data protection due to the presence of sensitive and personal information on potentially living individuals.
 File

Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: Correspondence with or on behalf of constituents, C - E., 18 Nov 1954 - 11 Jan 1959

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 3/92A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: W Hubert Barlow-Wheeler, Honorary Secretary and Agent, Woodford Conservative Association (6); Gordon Wilson [Assistant Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for War]; J R Jameson, Assistant Private Secretary to the Minister of Education (5); E S Sledmere, Honorary Secretary, Wanstead and Woodford Catholic Parents and Electors Association (5); Harold Watkinson, Minister of Transport and Civil Aviation; Robert Armstrong [later Lord Armstrong of Ilminster], Private...
Dates: 18 Nov 1954 - 11 Jan 1959
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 209 - 213, closed for 75 years until 2031 on data protection grounds due to the presence of sensitive and personal information on a potentially living individual.
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.