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Penal sanctions

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 130 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence H-K., 1910 - May 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/574A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: John Hayes, Editor of the Police Review; Sir Maurice Hankey, Cabinet Secretary, on subjects including meetings of the Cabinet, imperial defence, German military capacity and the impetus for sending the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) to Antwerp [Belgium] (9); A P Herbert on licensing laws; [1st Lord] Hailsham [earlier Douglas Hogg], Secretary of State for War, on subjects including WSC's health (2); William Birdwood on military affairs; John Clynes, Home Secretary,...
Dates: 1910 - May 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence N-Z., 1880 - Jun 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/576A-C
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Sir] Walton Newbold on economic issues; Harold Nicolson; Terence O'Connor on subjects including wireless broadcasting, Ireland and WSC's attacks on his speech; Sir Michael O'Dwyer; Herman Ould on the role of John Galsworthy's play "Justice" on prison reform; Edward Marsh on subjects including submarine campaigns (3); [Thomas] Guy Paget; [1st Lord] Portsea [earlier Bertram Falle]; [Frederick] Ponsonby [later 1st Lord Sysonby] on a libel case and distress to King...
Dates: 1880 - Jun 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Indian Affairs., 15 Jan 1937 - 19 Nov 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/301
Scope and Contents Correspondents on India include: R A Butler [Under-Secretary of State for India] on the fall in British cotton exports to India and general balance of trade; John Morgan, Counsel to the Indian Chamber of Princes, on subjects including the probable need to amend the Government of India Act, and asking WSC to meet Jam Saheb, Maharaja of Nawanagar, Chancellor of the Indian Chamber of Princes (6); Sir Michael O'Dwyer [former Lieutenant-Governor of the Punjab] on subjects including the...
Dates: 15 Jan 1937 - 19 Nov 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: New Commonwealth Society for the promotion of International Law and Order: correspondence mainly with General Secretary N B Foot., Jan 1939 - Oct 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/377
Scope and Contents

Subjects include: Society publications, including publishing the text of a broadcast by WSC, [16] October 1938; involving Emile Bure in the Society; the Society's International Summer School and Delegate Conference; a meeting of the British Parliamentary Group; a suggested letter to be sent by sympathetic MPs to newspapers in their constituency; Hungarian members; a Europa Union Congress.Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from WSC's secretaries including [Kathleen] Hill.

Dates: Jan 1939 - Oct 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence A-C., Jun 1947 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/67A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Vyvyan Adams (4); Reginald Maudling; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (3); Ralph Assheton [later 1st Lord Clitheroe] (3); James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (7); Garry Allighan; Leo Amery (6); John Andrews; Michael Astor; Henry Hopkinson [later 1st Lord Colyton, Head of Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat and Joint Director, Conservative Research...
Dates: Jun 1947 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 166-7 which have been removed on grounds of data protection due to presence of sensitive personal information about living individuals until 1 January 2024.
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence D-I., Jun 1946 - Dec 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/54A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Hugh Dalton, Chancellor of the Exchequer, on the Prime Minister's salary (2); Nigel Davies on WSC's support for his candidacy at Epping [Essex]; Kenneth de Courcy; Rupert de la Bere on ex-service civil servants; Lord Pakenham [later 7th Lord Longford] (2); representatives of Conservative and Unionist Central Office, including Mark Chapman-Walker and Sir Robert Cary (7); Irving Dix (United States Representative) on US political and economic affairs; James Stuart [Chief...
Dates: Jun 1946 - Dec 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence M-Q. (includes copies of wartime documents)., Feb 1941 - Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/7A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Baronessa Bettina de Malfatti on Italian royal affairs (2); 1st Lord Marchwood [earlier Frederick Penny] resigning as Honorary Treasurer of the Conservative Party; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin] (5) and Marjorie Maxse, Vice-Chairmen of Conservative and Unionist Party; Duncan Sandys on "Maycrete" houses; "Scribe", 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] (2); Anthony Bevir [Private Secretary to Prime Minister Clement Attlee], Sir Herbert Williams, and...
Dates: Feb 1941 - Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence O-P., Nov 1946 - Nov 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/56A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Conservative and Unionist Central Office, including Press Officer Gerald O'Brien and 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman] (14); James Stuart [Chief Opposition Whip] on the summoning of Parliament; George Benson, Derick Heathcote-Amory, and [Rhys] Hopkin Morris (joint letter) on the death penalty; Thomas Hopkinson, Editor of Picture Post, on WSC writing an article on economic policy; 1st Lord Portal [of Laverstoke, earlier Sir...
Dates: Nov 1946 - Nov 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open (folios 84-7 were opened in 2022).
 Fonds

Records relating to the Spinning House, 1823 - 1894

Reference Code: GBR/0265/UA/T.VIII
Scope and Contents

The Spinning House was a house of correction to which women suspected of 'walking with undergraduates', i.e. prostitution, were committed under the Vice-Chancellor's jurisdiction, which jurisdiction was abolished in 1894 following the notorious 'Daisy Hopkins case'.

Dates: 1823 - 1894
Conditions Governing Access: From the Management Group: The University Archives are generally freely available to the holder of a reader's ticket for the Department of Archives and Modern Manuscripts, Cambridge University Library, West Road, Cambridge CB3 9DR. Restrictions on access are imposed on certain categories of sensitive record: financial, governmental and personal, by order of the originating body or under data protection legislation. Access information, including opening hours and how to obtain a reader's ticket, appears as part of the Library's web site (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 22 Oct 1945 - 26 Apr 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/17A-G
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (8 March 1948, House of Commons) on navy estimates including: the absence of enemies at sea; the importance of the navy to sustaining the British empire; criticism of the Labour government's secrecy about their naval policy and naval estimates; previous mistakes in naval policy; the scrapping of ships; and his experiences as First Lord of the Admiralty. Source material includes: notes from Elizabeth Gilliatt [Secretary to WSC] and "N S" ["Jo" Sturdee, later Lady...
Dates: 22 Oct 1945 - 26 Apr 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 10 Jul 1948 - 30 Jul 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/20A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (10 July, Woodford [Essex]) at an open air constituency meeting entitled "A new parliament" on subjects including: praise for Sir James Hawkey as Chairman of the Woodford Conservative Association; the strength of the Conservative Party; his involvement with social policy; the National Health service; the need to oppose communism; the possibility of war with the Soviet Union; the Labour government's economic policy; and the pledges of the Conservative Party. Also...
Dates: 10 Jul 1948 - 30 Jul 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and source material., 24 Jun 1933 - 17 Nov 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/106
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (12 July, Clarke Hall Fellowship address) on Sir William Hall and penal reform.Rough notes for WSC's speech (7 July, Epping [Essex]) on the India White Paper. Source material includes notes for WSC's speech (24 June, Gloucester) on subjects including the National Government and the economy. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5279-80.Notes for WSC's speech (12 August, Theydon Bois [Essex]) entitled "Europe's hour of danger" on subjects including the National...
Dates: 24 Jun 1933 - 17 Nov 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 02 Jan 1942 - 28 Feb 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/67/1
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, January and February 1942. Some written by WSC when in the United States.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: Major-General Leslie Hollis [Military Assistant Secretary to the War Cabinet]; Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin, British Ambassador to the United States]; the Chiefs of Staff; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to...
Dates: 02 Jan 1942 - 28 Feb 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 03 Apr 1924

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/132/70-73
Scope and Contents

Letter from Sir Ernley Blackwell (Home Office) to WSC on WSC's decision in 1911 to respite the sentences of the alleged murderers of Leon Beron.

Dates: 03 Apr 1924
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 17 Feb 1910

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/48/19
Scope and Contents

Letter from Sir Francis Hopwood [later Lord Southborough] (Colonial Office) to WSC congratulating him on his appointment as Home Secretary and urging him to reduce prison sentences whenever possible.

Dates: 17 Feb 1910
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 21 Sep 1910-28 Sep 1910

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/46/32
Scope and Contents

Note from WSC (Home Office) to John Pedder enclosing a memorandum [not present] from the Socialist Lord Provost of Dundee [Scotland] on the reduction in crime following the imposition of a new whisky duty, 21 Sep 1910 Typescript annotated with Pedder's comments on the memorandum, 23 Sep [1910, and with note that it was sent to the Chancellor of the Exchequer [David Lloyd George], 28 Sep [1910]].

Dates: 21 Sep 1910-28 Sep 1910
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 27 Jul 1922

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/123/184
Scope and Contents

Letter from Sidney Oliver (Old Hall, Ramsden, [? Essex]) to WSC announcing that WSC will receive a copy of the report of Oliver's committee on the effect on prisoners of penal methods in recognition of his work for prison reform when he was Home Secretary.

Dates: 27 Jul 1922
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 06 May 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/39/52
Scope and Contents

Letter from John Galsworthy (Wingstone, Manaton, Devon) to WSC asking him to read his open letter to the Home Secretary [?on prison reform] in the Nation and to advocate the plea therein if he agrees with it.

Dates: 06 May 1909
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 15 May 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/39/53
Scope and Contents

Letter from John Galsworthy (Wingstone, Manaton, Devon) to WSC thanking him for agreeing to write to the Home Secretary and for his appreciation of Galsworthy's play "Strife".

Dates: 15 May 1909
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 25 Nov 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/153/134-135
Scope and Contents

Letter from Edward Morgan (95 Railway Street, Cardiff, [Wales]) to WSC praising him for securing the release of juvenile offenders when he was Home Secretary.

Dates: 25 Nov 1927
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 24 Feb 1910 - 22 Jul 1910

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/237/11-13
Scope and Contents

Proofs of correspondence between WSC [Home Secretary] and John Galsworthy on abolishing solitary confinement in prisons, [from H V Marrot's biography of Galsworthy]. Covering letter CHAR 2/237/10. Date of proofs 1935.

Dates: 24 Feb 1910 - 22 Jul 1910
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 25 Oct 1910 - 28 Oct 1910

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12/1/5
Scope and Contents Confidential memorandum from WSC to the Cabinet on the subject of the "Abatement of Imprisonment". WSC recommends a "scientific and benevolent measure" for prisons and the punishment of offenders, the aim of which would be a reduction in the numbers of short prison sentences for petty offences. Proposed methods to achieve this reduction are: a "penal drill" for juvenile offenders; the abolition of imprisonment for debt and petty offences; and a period of grace for the payment of fines. WSC...
Dates: 25 Oct 1910 - 28 Oct 1910
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 1911

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12/1/6
Scope and Contents

Draft bill to amend the law "with respect to the treatment and punishment of certain offenders, the imprisonment of debtors, and the administration of justice" Annotated.

Dates: 1911
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 25 Mar 1911

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12/1/9
Scope and Contents

Letter from [? Sir Evelyn Ruggles-Brise, Chairman of the Prison Commission] (Home Office) to [WSC] concerning the rough draft of a Bill [in respect of prisons and the administration of justice] [see CHAR 12/1/10] Manuscript signed with initials.

Dates: 25 Mar 1911
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 1911

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 12/1/10
Scope and Contents

Draft bill concerning punishment and the administration of justice to amend the law concerning "the treatment and punishment of certain offenders, the imprisonment of debtors, and the administration of justice in the courts of Summary Jurisdiction" See CHAR 12/1/9. Annotated with handwritten corrections [? by Sir Evelyn Ruggles-Brise, Chairman of the Prison Commission].

Dates: 1911
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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