Dardanelles campaign (1915-1916)
Found in 671 Collections and/or Records:
Cutting from the Truth: article on the report of the Dardanelles Commission taking a sympathetic view of those who planned it and carried it out. Sent with CHAR 2/106/138.
Letter from Sir George Arthur (23, the Boltons, [London]) to WSC thanking him for what he wrote about his chief and recalling that Lord Kitchener did not want to break off the attack on the Dardanelles [Turkey] because he believed that any semblance of a victory by eastern peoples over western ones would lead to trouble.
Letter from [WSC] to 2nd Lord Esher [earlier Reginald Brett] arguing that the Antwerp expedition had an important effect on where the western front line was established and condemning the "criminal blindness" which prevented the naval and military authorities uniting to make the Dardanelles campaign a success. Argues that the assembly of any sort of army at all to meet Britain's post-war commitments was a notable achievement. Typescript copy.
Letter from Sir Ian Hamilton (1 Hyde Park Gardens, [London]) to WSC expressing disappointment at the report of Commodore Francis Mitchell's committee on the Dardanelles defences. Criticises the credentials of the committee's military members, whose attitude prevented the committee from giving sufficient weight to the good evidence that a purely naval attack would have succeeded at an early stage in the campaign.
Explanatory notes, for the Committee of Control on the Official Histories, by Lieutenant-General Sir Gerald Ellison on his history of the Gallipoli and Dardanelles campaign. Sent with CHAR 2/140/1.
Chapters 1-10 of Lieutenant-General Sir Gerald Ellison's history of the Gallipoli and Dardanelles campaign. Sent with CHAR 2/140/1.
Note by WSC instructing Edward Marsh to reply to Sir Maurice Hankey that WSC thinks it is wrong of the Army Council to tamper with the work of [Cecil Aspinall, later Cecil Aspinall-Oglander] the official historian [of the Dardanelles campaign].
Letter from Sir Maurice Hankey (Offices of the Cabinet) to Edward Marsh on passages in Cecil's Aspinall's [later Cecil Aspinall-Oglander] history [of the Dardanelles campaign] which the War Office wishes to be excised.
Note [on the desire of the War Office to excise a passage from Cecil Aspinall's [later Cecil Aspinall-Oglander] official history of the Dardanelles campaign].
Letter from Edward Marsh (Treasury Chambers) to Sir Maurice Hankey on the passages in Cecil Aspinall's [later Cecil Aspinall-Oglander] official history of the Dardanelles campaign which the War Office wish to be excised.
Note from Edward Marsh to [WSC] reporting that Edward Spears has told him that Cecil Aspinall [later Cecil Aspinall-Oglander], the official historian of the Dardanelles campaign, has written a chapter on policy which completely justifies WSC's views and which the War Office has vetoed on the grounds that Aspinall had exceeded his brief.
Letter in French from Franchet d'Esperey (Perros par Bubry, Morbihan, [Franche]) to Jacques Balsan reporting that in Constantinople in 1919 Djevad Pasha, a Turkish commander, had told him that the forces defending the Dardanelles were in such a state that had the Royal Navy continued its attack it would have succeeded. Sent with CHAR 2/153/15-16.
Letter from Sir Roger Keyes [later Lord Keyes] (Admiralty House, Malta) to WSC thanking him for writing, reporting on his inspection of aircraft carriers and his cruise in the Aegean, referring to Cecil Aspinall's [later Cecil Aspinall-Oglander] history of the [Dardanelles] campaign and to his (Keyes') polo ponies.
Letter from Admiral Sir Roger Keyes [later Lord Keyes] (Admiralty House, Portsmouth, [Hampshire]) to WSC recalling a talk he had with Vice-Admiral Paul Guepratte at the time of the Dardanelles campaign.
Letter in French from Vice-Admiral Paul Guepratte (5 Rue de Neptune, Brest, Finisterre, [France]) to WSC thanking him for his reply to Guepratte's letter criticising his article on the Dardanelles campaign [see CHAR 2/169/76-77 and 79-82] and regretting the vehemence of his first letter.
Letter from [WSC] to Vice-Admiral Paul Guepratte (5 Rue de Neptune, Brest, Finisterre, [France]) responding to his critical letter [see CHAR 2/169/79-82] by inviting him to read volume two of "The World Crisis" for the full story of the naval attack on the Dardanelles and asserting that the telegram sent by Vice-Admiral John de Robeck on 10 May 1915 invited a negative answer to the question of renewing the naval attack on the straits. Carbon typescript copy.
Letter in French from Vice-Admiral Paul Guepratte (5 Rue de Neptune, Brest, Finisterre, [France]) to WSC criticising a recent article by WSC on the Dardanelles campaign in which WSC asserted that the telegram sent by Vice-Admiral John de Robeck on 10 May 1915 invited a negative answer to the question of renewing the naval attack on the straits.
Letter from [WSC] to Walter Long [later Lord Long] asserting that the conclusions of the report on the Dardanelles will encourage a negative attitude in the Navy and that if it is published so should all other relevant documents. Typescript copy.
Letter from Walter Long [later Lord Long] (Admiralty) to WSC stating that he intends to leave the consideration of the report [on the Dardanelles defences] to his Naval Staff and does not intend to publish it.
Letter from George Lambert [later Lord Lambert] (Ferne, Donhead, Salisbury, [Wiltshire]) to WSC explaining that he wants the biographer of Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] to avoid reviving old controversies and advising WSC to be careful about what he publishes. Praises WSC's work at the Admiralty but says he was "headstrong" over the Dardanelles.
Report by Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Daniel of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence on the breaking through of the Dardanelles by the German warships 'Goeben' and 'Breslau' and the sequence of events leading to the entry of Turkey into the war. Sent with CHAR 2/114/20.
Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Sir Roger Keyes to WSC, asking if it was true that Asquith had wanted WSC to go out to the Dardanelles after he left the Admiralty in 1915.