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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 194 Collections and/or Records:

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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence H-J., Nov 1949 - Dec 1950

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/98
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Samuel Hammersley on the possibility of atomic war; [Arthur] Vere Harvey [later Lord Harvey of Prestbury] on the Schuman Plan and passing on a letter on Sweden (2); Antony Head on an Austrian admirer of WSC; John Henderson (2); James Henderson-Stewart; Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip] (10); Prime Minister Clement Attlee (12); 6th Lord Winterton [earlier Edward Turnour] (2); Edward Cass [Private Secretary to the Prime Minister];...
Dates: Nov 1949 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence R-S., Dec 1948 - Dec 1949

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/85A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Count Edward Raczynski, former Polish Ambassador to United Kingdom; George Zdziechowski, former Polish Finance Minister, on the international economic situation and the Marshall Plan; Prime Minister Clement Attlee; representatives of the Conservative Research Department including R A Butler (4); Lieutenant-Colonel Richard Craddock; Antony Head; Juliet, Lady Rhys Williams (3) including 2 on her social security scheme; representatives of Conservative and Unionist...
Dates: Dec 1948 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Jan 1950 - Dec 1950

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/102A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip] (3); James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (6); various representatives of Conservative and Unionist Central Office including George Christ (14); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (11); Sir [James] Clifford Tozer on Plymouth [Devon] Fair; Moss Turner-Samuels; Julius Holmes [Minister,...
Dates: Jan 1950 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Nov 1946 - Dec 1947

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/58A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [George] Peter Thorneycroft (3); Ivor Bulmer-Thomas [Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies] on the Gold Coast [later Ghana]; James Stuart [Chief Opposition Whip] (5); ?2nd Lord Brocket [earlier Sir Arthur Nall-Cain]; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (6); Robert McAlpine [Assistant Private Secretary to the Foreign Secretary] (2); Patrick Kinna (Foreign Office); James Thomas [later 1st...
Dates: Nov 1946 - Dec 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence with Oliver Lyttelton [later 1st Lord Chandos]., Oct 1946 - Oct 1951

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/51
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Anthony Bevir [Private Secretary to Clement Attlee, Prime Minister]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from secretaries Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Elizabeth Gilliatt, Jane Portal [later Lady Williams of Elvel], Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow] and Chips Gemmell; and from WSC to some of those mentioned above and to Chairman of the Conservative [and Unionist] Party [1st Lord Woolton, earlier Frederick Marquis].Subjects...
Dates: Oct 1946 - Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Press cuttings etc., 03 Feb 1938 - 20 Dec 1938

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/355
Scope and Contents Press cuttings from British and American newspapers, with reports of statements, speeches and letters by individuals including: Sir Samuel Hoare [later 1st Lord Templewood], Home Secretary, on the need for ARP training; Sir Thomas Inskip [later 1st Lord Caldecote], Minister for Co-ordination of Defence, on aircraft production, particularly by "shadow" car factories; Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister] on progress in rearmament and a call for national unity, including a transcript of his...
Dates: 03 Feb 1938 - 20 Dec 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence A., 05 Jan 1946 - 30 Jun 1949

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/145A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Haile Selassie, Emperor [of Ethiopia] (2); Grant Duff Ainslie on the loss of India; "Brookie" [1st Lord Alanbrooke, earlier Sir Alan Brooke, Chief of Imperial General Staff] on subjects including the evacuation of British troops from Egypt (6); "Jimmy", 17th Duke of Alba, on subjects including Andres Revesz's biography of 1st Duke of Marlborough, and being prevented from leaving Spain (7); 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] on the country's need for WSC's...
Dates: 05 Jan 1946 - 30 Jun 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence B., 13 Nov 1945 - 27 Oct 1948

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/146A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Hugo Baring; 2nd Lord Baldwin of Bewdley; Consuelo Balsan [earlier Consuelo, Duchess of Marlborough] (2); Don Domingo de las Barcenas, Spanish Ambassador to Britain, on the attitude of the United Nations to Spain, and worsening relations with Britain; Gunilla, Lady Barnes, on the death of Sir Reginald Barnes; "Reggie" [Sir Reginald Barnes] (3); Herman Baruch, United States Ambassador to the Netherlands; Beverley Baxter; Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands; 10th Duke...
Dates: 13 Nov 1945 - 27 Oct 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence C., 22 Nov 1946 - 29 Dec 1949

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/161
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: "Bill", 1st Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry] on racing; Ruby, Lady Carson on black swans; Douglas Chandor on his portraits of WSC and CSC (5); "F T Cheng", Tien-Hsi Cheng [Chinese Ambassador to Britain] on gifts and invitations to WSC (2); Frank Clarke on subjects including the United States elections, sending cigars to WSC, and a projected visit by WSC to the United States (15); Walter Graebner [London representative for Time-Life International]; Randolph...
Dates: 22 Nov 1946 - 29 Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence H., 20 Dec 1945 - 16 Dec 1948

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/150A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Lord Hacking, Vice-President, the Travel Association (2); Edward [1st Lord Halifax, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin, British Ambassador to the United States] on subjects including speeches by WSC on foreign affairs and the funeral of Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser to Franklin Roosevelt, former President of the United States] (4); Sir Lionel Halsey; Sir Ian Hamilton (2); Nina, Duchess of Hamilton and Brandon; Sir Patrick Hannon; May, Lady Harcourt (2); Douglas...
Dates: 20 Dec 1945 - 16 Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence H - N., 26 Mar 1946 - 04 Jan 1950

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/163A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Nina, Duchess of Hamilton and Brandon [President, Animal Defence and Anti-Vivisection Society] on animal rescue; Roy Harrod on "The Gathering Storm" [Volume 1, "The Second World War"], his own political position and his biography of 1st Lord Keynes [earlier John Maynard Keynes] (3); Sir James Hawley on revoking WSC's deed of covenant in favour of his late wife (2); Alan Hillgarth [earlier Alan Evans]; Agatha, Lady Hindlip; Violet Hoare on her son's death in Malaya...
Dates: 26 Mar 1946 - 04 Jan 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence N - Z., 20 Jan 1940 - 07 Jan 1946

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/142
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Jooda Shumshere Jung Bahadur Rana, Maharaja of Nepal, on WSC's illness and his own abdication (2); Basil Neven- Spence; Hubert Pierlot [Senator of Belgium] on WSC's visit to Belgium; Harold Nicolson on reactions in the army to WSC's loss of the General election, and on WSC's example to new MPs; Dr Berggrav, Bishop of Oslo; George Bell, Bishop of Chichester, on Berggrav's visit; Ridley Pakenham-Walsh [former literary assistant to WSC]; John Winant [United States...
Dates: 20 Jan 1940 - 07 Jan 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Visits and invitations: Ayr [Scotland] (May 1947)., 27 Nov 1946 - 09 Aug 1947

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/251
Scope and Contents Correspondents on WSC's visit include: Sir Charles MacAndrew on accommodation for WSC; Robert Brown, Town Clerk, Ayr, on arrangements for WSC receiving an honorary burgess-ship (14); Sir Thomas Moore [MP for Ayr Burgh] on invitations for WSC, and WSC's speech at Ayr ["Trust the People", 16 May 1947] (3); Sir Arthur Young [MP for Partick, Glasgow] (6); Lieutenant- General Sir Robert Sturges, Royal Marines Association, asking WSC to visit the Ayrshire branch of the association; James Stuart...
Dates: 27 Nov 1946 - 09 Aug 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Visits and invitations: United States (January - March 1946) S - Z., 03 Oct 1945 - 07 Aug 1946

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/230A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents on WSC's visit include: Jorge Sanchez (5); Douglas Robey [British Vice-Consul, New York]; Iriney Georgevitch, Serbian Bishop of Yugoslavia [later Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia]; Albert Canning, Deputy Assistant Commissioner, Special Branch, on WSC's police guard; Charles Scribner; [Walter] Bedell Smith; "Betty", Harold Stark; Sir William Stephenson [Director, British Security Co-ordination] on WSC meeting the lawyer...
Dates: 03 Oct 1945 - 07 Aug 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speech notes: House of Commons., 26 May 1942 - 25 Jun 1946

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/6A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and Hansard report of WSC's speech (5 June 1946, House of Commons) on foreign affairs on various subjects including: the cold war and the deterioration of relations with the Soviet Union; Communism; the report of the Trade Union delegation to Athens [Greece] and the elections held there; affairs and events in Spain, Italy, Germany, France and Poland; a broadcast delivered by Field Marshal Jan Smuts; reconstruction in Belgium and the Netherlands; and the United Nations. Source...
Dates: 26 May 1942 - 25 Jun 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches., [1904] - [1909]

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/14
Scope and Contents

Undated manuscript speech notes by WSC Mainly on free trade, protection and the fiscal question.

Dates: [1904] - [1909]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: General Election Miscellanea., Oct 1949 - Feb 1950

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/29A-C
Scope and Contents Includes: speech notes and extracts from various speeches made by WSC during the 1950 General Election campaign on subjects including nationalisation, a statement made by [Walter] Higgs in New Zealand, food and petrol rationing, conscription and National Service, the coal and oil industries and home owning; newspaper cuttings; extracts of earlier speeches made by WSC; suggestions for speeches from various individuals including Randolph Churchill on the B B C and a party political broadcast,...
Dates: Oct 1949 - Feb 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and non-House of Commons: Printed collection with preface., 14 Apr 1902 - 08 Mar 1905

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/20
Scope and Contents Volume "For Free Trade: A Collection of Speeches delivered at Manchester or in the House of Commons during the Fiscal Controversy preceding the General Election" by WSC, published March 1906, containing:.Extract from WSC's speech (14 April 1902, House of Commons, Budget debate) entitled "The Prelude to Protection", on the need for increased taxation. Published: (full version), Complete Speeches I, pp 143 - 8.Extract from WSC's speech (22 June 1903, House of Commons, Budget debate) entitled...
Dates: 14 Apr 1902 - 08 Mar 1905
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Proofs., 05 Apr 1906 - 23 May 1909

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/21
Scope and Contents Proof copy (2nd revise) of volume of speeches by WSC on "The Record of the Government" and "Social Organisation", with extensive manuscript annotations by WSC, containing:.Speech by WSC (5 April 1906, House of Commons) entitled "The Conciliation of South Africa". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 607 - 14.Speech by WSC (31 July 1906, House of Commons), entitled "The Transvaal [South Africa] Consitution". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 647 - 62.Speech by WSC (17 December, House of...
Dates: 05 Apr 1906 - 23 May 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Proofs., 05 Apr 1906 - 09 Oct 1909

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/22
Scope and Contents Proof copy (3rd revise) of volume of speeches by WSC on "The Record of the Government" and "Social Organisation" and "The Budget", with extensive manuscript annotations by WSC, containing:.Speech by WSC (5 April 1906, House of Commons) entitled "The Conciliation of South Africa". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 607 - 14.Speech by WSC (31 July 1906, House of Commons), entitled "The Transvaal [South Africa] Consitution". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 647 - 62.Speech by WSC (17...
Dates: 05 Apr 1906 - 09 Oct 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes., 05 Mar 1952 - 26 Jun 1952

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/47A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes, typescript and galley proofs for WSC's speech (5 March, House of Commons) entitled "Defence" on subjects including: WSC's resignation as Minister of Defence; the Conservatives' voting on defence while in Opposition; the short-fall of defence spending; aid from the United States; the scarcity of home defence, and the training of new forces, including the registration of the Home Guard and forming of new battalions; the extension of National Service; armoured forces and new...
Dates: 05 Mar 1952 - 26 Jun 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and Hansard., 01 Feb 1954 - 30 Apr 1954

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/53A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes and copies of Hansard for WSC's speech (1 February, House of Commons) entitled "Adoption of a New Army Rifle", on the difficult transition period between research and mass production of a new weapon, the .280 rifle, the importance of standardization of armaments among the members of NATO, the results of the Labour Government's choice of different ammunition from the rest of NATO, and the new agreement on a common ammunition, choosing a Belgian rifle over the British make, and...
Dates: 01 Feb 1954 - 30 Apr 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Feb 1950 - 28 Mar 1950

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/33A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (7 March, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the stalemate in the new Parliament and the need for electoral reform; uncertainty until the next election; increasing food production; unemployment; cutting taxation; restoring the value of sterling; repealing the nationalization of the iron and steel industry; enlarging the building trade to solve the housing problem; the risk of Britain being split into Labour and...
Dates: 27 Feb 1950 - 28 Mar 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 18 Feb 1950 - 26 May 1950

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/34A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (24 April, House of Commons) entitled "The Budget" on subjects including: the Government's overspending, inflation and its effects on wage- earners; Government borrowing and payment of war debts; poor future prospects for the economy; the rise in the petrol ration and the house-building programme; Government taxation on high incomes, petrol and on transport vehicles; WSC's recommendations for cuts in expenditure on defence, the National Health...
Dates: 18 Feb 1950 - 26 May 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 02 Jun 1950 - 28 Jun 1950

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/35A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (7 June, Women's Central Advisory Committee, Albert Hall [London]) entitled "General Election Results" on subjects including: the country's general vote against socialist policies; the part played in political life by women; the Government's abandonment of its policies, including both the petrol ration in Britain and New Zealand, and also nationalization, except for the nationalization of steel; socialist restriction of freedom; the Conservative...
Dates: 02 Jun 1950 - 28 Jun 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open