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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 280 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Photographs of WSC on an airfield in Tehran, Iran, 11 August 1942, and in Egypt, 19 August 1942, 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/WCHL 4/32
Scope and Contents

Comprising 4 black-and-white prints.
The photographs were taken by George Blows when he was serving with 1434 Flight of the Royal Air Force.

Dates: 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge. Closures are noted in the catalogue.
 File

Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence H-J., 03 Jun 1938 - 09 Oct 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 7/56A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Lieutenant J E G Halsey (4); Brendan Bracken; Sir James Hawkey, Vice-Chairman of Epping Division Conservative Association (12); Sir John Anderson [Lord Privy Seal, later 1st Lord Waverley] on ARP Controllers and London Regional Commissioners (3); Walter Elliot [Minister of Health]; H E Hounsell (5).Subjects include: Conservative Central Office undermining WSC in Epping; Supplementary Reserve and Territorial Army commissions; air raid shelters; munitions profiteering;...
Dates: 03 Jun 1938 - 09 Oct 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence Pi-Pr., 15 Mar 1940 - 10 Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 7/88
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Duncan Sandys [Financial Secretary of the War Office] on repatriation of British prisoners of war and sending food parcels to them; Thomas Poulter (6); Sir James Hawkey [Vice-Chairman of Epping Division Conservative Association and Mayor of Wanstead and Woodford] (5); Lily Preston (10).Other subjects include: bomb damage repair; petrol allowances; de-requisitioning of houses; religion in WSC's "Thoughts and Adventures"; reference to a photograph of WSC in the snow...
Dates: 15 Mar 1940 - 10 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence Ra-Ri., 28 Oct 1941 - 31 Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 7/90
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir James Hawkey [Vice-Chairman of Epping Division Conservative Association and Mayor of Wanstead and Woodford] (6); L R Prescott [Assistant Private Secretary to the Minister of Health] (5).Subjects include: rehousing evacuees; the Post-war Credit savings scheme; opposition to the new medical service (June 1944); bomb damage claims, repair and new housing; the extra London allowance for servicemen's dependants; the Location of Retail Businesses Order; requests for...
Dates: 28 Oct 1941 - 31 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Series

Potsdam Conference, 1938 - 2001

Reference Code: GBR/0014/LEGT 1
Scope and Contents From the Fonds:

The collection comprises George Leggett's diary of the Potsdam conference, souvenirs and papers connected with his time in Potsdam, and electronic transcripts of the diary.

Dates: 1938 - 2001
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Public and Political: General: copies of the House of Commons Official Report [Hansard] for the debate on the conduct of the war., 07 May 1940 - 08 May 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/407
Scope and Contents

Includes speeches by Prime Minister [Neville] Chamberlain, [David] Lloyd George, [Leo] Amery, and WSC on the withdrawal from Norway, the operations at Trondheim and Narvik [Norway], and general criticism of the government. [features cover annotations by WSC].

Dates: 07 May 1940 - 08 May 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence, A-B., Jan 1929 - Oct 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/572A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Edward Marsh on an expression used by WSC; Cyril Alington, Headmaster of Eton College, on the education of Randolph Churchill (2); [1st] Lord Beatty on subjects including criticism of an obituary of Admiral Franz Hipper (5); Julian Amery; Nancy, Lady Astor on a disagreement with WSC; John Astor; Wilfrid Bailey; Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister, on subjects including WSC's "Marlborough: His Life and Times", WSC's health, Free Trade, India and political affairs (14);...
Dates: Jan 1929 - Oct 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence and papers., 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/302
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Philip Gibbs on the inefficiency of the RAF; Sir Eustace Tennyson d'Eyncourt [former Vice-President of the Tank Board] (2); Sir William Beveridge [Director of London School of Economics and Political Science]; Oswald Frewen on working with German and Italian sailors, German fanaticism, Italian aid to Franco and how the policies of Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister] encourage Germany and Italy; Leo Amery; Basil Liddell Hart; Vice-Admiral Sir Reginald Henderson...
Dates: 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: General public correspondence., Jan 1940 - Aug 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/400
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Arthur Bateman criticising the government; Alfred Bergman, ?director of Remington Typewriter Company, on his campaign to persuade the United States to enter the war (14); Edward Hulton, Managing Director of Picture Post, requesting an interview with WSC. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from WSC's secretaries [Kathleen] Hill and [Gwen] Davies, [Admiralty] Private Secretary [Bernard] Sendall, [Prime Minister's Private Secretaries] "J H P" [John Peck],...
Dates: Jan 1940 - Aug 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: General Public correspondence, C-D. [please note the majority of the file dates from 1943]., Nov 1941 - Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/472A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [2nd] Lord Chaplin sending brandy; Sylvia Checkley sending birthday wishes and flowers (5); [1st] Lord Davidson on an appeal fund for Wilson Carlisle, founder of the Church Army (2); Major-General [Charles] Constantine on meeting WSC and receiving a signed photograph from him; Captain A M Dick requesting an autographed photograph (4); [Bernard] Sendall [Principal Private Secretary to Minister of Information] and [James] Drawbell on Drawbell's book "All Change Here"....
Dates: Nov 1941 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: miscellaneous correspondence., Mar 1941 - Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/415
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Queen Mary asking WSC to autograph a photograph; [6th] Lord Hood [Private Secretary to the Minister of Information] on supplying a F Hourani with information on WSC's ancestor Colonel Charles Churchill; [Emmanuel] Tsouderos, Prime Minister of Greece, and James Gardiner, Canadian Minister of Agriculture, sending Christmas and New Year greetings. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from Prime Minister's Private Secretaries "J R C" [John Colville], "E M W"...
Dates: Mar 1941 - Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Patronage: correspondence., Jan 1942 - Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/455A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Thomas Mitchell, Lord Provost of Aberdeen [Scotland], on WSC visiting Aberdeen and accepting its Freedom (4); Thomas Loveday, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Bristol, on various University matters; Hugh, [7th] Lord Sefton [earlier Lord Molyneux] offering WSC membership of the Buck's Club; Sir Patrick Hannon sending confidence in WSC's leadership from the Constitutional Club and the Early Closing Association (2); Sir George Mitcheson offering WSC the presidency of...
Dates: Jan 1942 - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, A-B., Jan 1941 - Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/416
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [2nd] Lord Aberdeen [and Temair, earlier Lord Haddo] on [Mary] Churchill [later Lady Soames]; [Bernard] Sendall [Principal Private Secretary to Minister of Information]; Vice-Admiral [Sir] Guy Royle [Naval Secretary to the First Lord of the Admiralty] on his knighthood and the death of [Rear-]Admiral [?John] Fitzgerald; Captain Maurice Mansergh [Director of Trade Division, Admiralty] and Rear-Admiral Stuart Bonham-Carter on receiving honours; Mabell, Lady Airlie;...
Dates: Jan 1941 - Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, A-B, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and praising his leadership and speeches. [please note that almost the whole file dates from 1940]., Jun 1903 - Feb 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/392A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Vyvyan Adams (4) including (2) on his attending a meeting addressed by WSC; [John] Sandeman Allen on [David Lloyd George]; [1st] Lord Alness [earlier Robert Munro]; Julian Amery [Attache HM Legation, Belgrade] on articles by WSC for publication in Yugoslavia (4); Leo Amery [Secretary of State for India and Burma] sending on a 1903 letter from WSC to him on the British Army; Group Captain [Charles] Anderson on the Ministry of Aircraft Production taking over the...
Dates: Jun 1903 - Feb 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, C-D., Jan 1941 - Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/417
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [4th] Lord Camden [John Pratt] on rationing on the Riviera, France; [1st] Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry] (2); [Arnold] Heeney, Clerk of the Privy Council, Canada, on the Privy Council oath; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin] and "B B" [Brendan Bracken, Prime Minister's Parliamentary Private Secretary] on the death of Ronald Cartland; Freda, Marquesa de Casa Maury [earlier Freda Dudley Ward], on a "health-giving lamp" and the Feathers Club (2); Robert...
Dates: Jan 1941 - Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, C-D, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and leader of the Conservative Party and praising his leadership., Jan 1940 - Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/393
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Monsieur Campinchi, French Minister of Marine; [1st] Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry, Editor-in-Chief] of the Daily Telegraph sending on a United States article published in the Telegraph; Robert Cary; [1st] Lord Cecil of Chelwood [earlier Lord Robert Cecil] (?2) including (1) on the League [of Nations]; Lord Hugh Cecil [later 1st Lord Quickswood]; Neville Chamberlain (5) on subjects including his health, government policy, and his resignation; Sir Evan...
Dates: Jan 1940 - Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office: Correspondence L - Q., 28 Jul 1939 - 20 May 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/366
Scope and Contents Correspondents, mainly congratulating WSC on his appointment as First Lord of the Admiralty, and on his broadcasts (1 October ["The first month of war"] and 12 November ["Ten weeks of war"]) include: George Lambton; Sir Walter Layton on reactions to WSC's description of the Germans as Huns; Frederick Leathers; "Charley" [7th Lord Londonderry, earlier Lord Castlereagh] on subjects including his differences with [Neville Chamberlain], Prime Minister, on foreign policy, the results of WSC's...
Dates: 28 Jul 1939 - 20 May 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, N-Q., Jan 1942 - Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/445
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Philip Noel-Baker on overcoming difficulties; Erik Colban, Norwegian Ambassador to the United Kingdom, and Sir [David] Ross, Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University, sending on books; Ivor Novello and Sir John Ponsonby on obtaining WSC's autograph; Margot, [Lady] Oxford [and Asquith, earlier Margot Asquith] on the state of the war (2); Sir Earle Page on flowers sent by WSC and CSC; William Paley on "short snorters" and seeing WSC when he was in England; Gladys, Lady...
Dates: Jan 1942 - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, T-Z., Jan 1943 - Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/470
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Taylor on his health and sending salmon; [John] Joseph Tinker, Margaretta, Lady Winchilsea, [Rodney] Gallop (Foreign Office), the Sultan of Zanzibar [later Tanzania, Seyyid Sir Khalifa bin Harub], and Acting British Resident Zanzibar [?Sir Guy Pilling] on WSC's health; Sir Henry Tizard on the age of the Straits of Dover (3); Robert Trevelyan sending on a copy of a speech by his father Sir George Trevelyan at a Whitefriars Club dinner in 1904; [Sir] Hugh Tudor...
Dates: Jan 1943 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, T-Z., Jan 1940 - Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/399
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Archbishop of York William Temple, [Sir] Hugh Tudor, Alice, Lady Wimborne (2), 2nd Lord Wimborne [earlier Ivor Guest and Lord Ashby St Ledgers], and Edward, Duke of Windsor [earlier Edward, Prince of Wales, and Edward VIII], congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister; Captain William Tennant on Dunkirk [France]; Benjamin Tillett praising the "gallantry of the Sea Titans"; Ronald Tree and Sir Ralph Wedgwood, [Chairman] Railway Executive Committee, thanking WSC for...
Dates: Jan 1940 - Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, T-Z., Jan 1941 - Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/423
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Walter] Thompson [WSC's detective] on the loss of his son; [General Sir John] Dill [Chief of Imperial General Staff] on Sir Hugh Tudor; Will Thorne on "Jack" [John] Jones; [9th] Lord Torrington on reproducing a picture from WSC's "The Great War Illustrated"; Tudor on missing WSC at Placentia Bay, Newfoundland [Canada] and his news; [Harry] Vaisey sending on a pamphlet on the will of [Sarah] 1st Duchess of Marlborough; Euan Wallace thanking WSC for a letter; General...
Dates: Jan 1941 - Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence H-Z., Jul 1945 - Dec 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/2
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Quintin Hogg [later Lord Hailsham of Marylebone]; James Stuart [Chief Opposition Whip] (7); Sir George Harvie Watt (3); Leslie Hore Belisha on joining the Conservative Party; Pierson Dixon [Principal Private Secretary to the Foreign Secretary]; Ernest Bevin [Foreign Secretary] on British-United States relations (2); Ralph Assheton [later 1st Lord Clitheroe, Chairman of the Conservative Party] (4); Richard Law [later 1st Lord Coleraine]; Alan Lennox-Boyd [later 1st...
Dates: Jul 1945 - Dec 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence M-Q. (includes copies of wartime documents)., Feb 1941 - Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/7A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Baronessa Bettina de Malfatti on Italian royal affairs (2); 1st Lord Marchwood [earlier Frederick Penny] resigning as Honorary Treasurer of the Conservative Party; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin] (5) and Marjorie Maxse, Vice-Chairmen of Conservative and Unionist Party; Duncan Sandys on "Maycrete" houses; "Scribe", 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] (2); Anthony Bevir [Private Secretary to Prime Minister Clement Attlee], Sir Herbert Williams, and...
Dates: Feb 1941 - Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence with Oliver Lyttelton [later 1st Lord Chandos]., Oct 1946 - Oct 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/51
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Anthony Bevir [Private Secretary to Clement Attlee, Prime Minister]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from secretaries Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Elizabeth Gilliatt, Jane Portal [later Lady Williams of Elvel], Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow] and Chips Gemmell; and from WSC to some of those mentioned above and to Chairman of the Conservative [and Unionist] Party [1st Lord Woolton, earlier Frederick Marquis].Subjects...
Dates: Oct 1946 - Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.