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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 33 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": book 11, "The Great Republic" [eventually included in volume 4, "The Great Democracies"]: various pre-war proofs., [1938] - [1945]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/412
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs and typed drafts (marked printer's copy and first revise) for: chapters entitled "Canada: 1660-1780", "Canada: 1780-1812", "Slavery and Succession", "America and the French Revolution", "The United States: 1797-1801", "Jeffersonian Democracy: 1801-5", "The United States: 1815-37" or "American Epic", "The American Civil War: 1862" or "America: 1862", "The War of 1812", "1840-50", "1850-60", "The Seven Days", "(Chancellorsville and) Gettysburg", "The Union in Danger",...
Dates: [1938] - [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": digests of various sources collected in the production of the book for sections on "Liberty, Sovereignty, and the Civil War", "The First British Empire", "Character of the People in the Age of Shakespeare", "Scotland and Ireland up to 1760", "Tory and Whig England (1660-1742)", "Party and Cabinet Government, 1660-1782", "World Power, 1689-1763", "Protestants and Puritans", "Commerce, Sea Power, and Discovery", "Language and Literature till the Birth of Shakespeare", "The New State", "The Laws of America, 1775-83", "America 1763-74", "The New Age, 1760-1792", and "The Industrial Revolution, Phase 1"., [1938] - [1945]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/442A-D
Scope and Contents Includes typed digests or pages from sources including: [Samuel] Gardiner's "Cromwell's Place in History" and "History of England, 1603-1642", Basil Williams' "The British Empire" and "The Life of William Pitt, Earl of Chatham", Hugh Egerton's "A Short History of British Colonial Policy", G L Beer's "The Old Colonial System", "The Cambridge Modern History", Edward Channing's "A History of the United States", Charles Andrews' "The Colonial Period of American History", [Peter] Hume Brown's...
Dates: [1938] - [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volumes 1-4, "From Earliest Years to 1485", "1485-1688, The Tudors and Stuarts", "Confronting the French, 1689-1815", and "The Nineteenth Century" [eventually entitled "The Birth of Britain", "The New World", "The Age of Revolution", and "The Great Democracies"]: superseded version (pre-war and post-war proofs)., [1938] - 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/415A-E
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (some described as "R E's" [returned empties] or debris; some marked first revise of 1 May 1954 or printer's copy) for: chapters or sections entitled "Church and State, 1066-1215, and the Quarrel with Beckett", "Tudor Rule", "Henry VIII and the Reformation", "Protestant and Catholic: the Reigns of Edward VI and Mary I", "Queen Elizabeth I", "Notes on the History of Law under the Tudors", "The Government of the Stuarts", "The Age of Expansion", "Charles I and the Great...
Dates: [1938] - 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volumes 1 to 4, "The Birth of Britain", "The New World", "The Age of Revolution", and "The Great Democracies": page proofs., 1955 - 1958

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/441A-D
Scope and Contents

Includes loose and bound page proofs for the above volumes, with suggested corrections, amendments, and notes [mainly for volume 1] from various people [secretaries, literary assistants, printers, etc.] or organisations including: "C C W" [Charles Wood], "A H" [Alan Hodge], WSC, [John] Sundell of Cassell [and Company], "D K" [Denis Kelly], Time-Life [International], and [George Gordon] Allen.

Dates: 1955 - 1958
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles., 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/231
Scope and Contents Proofs and cuttings of articles by WSC on the following subjects: a review of the speeches of Lord Birkenhead [earlier F E Smith]; the life of Lord Ypres [earlier Sir John French and Lord French] including a summary of his career and relationship to WSC; "Will the British Empire Last?" for "Answers" on the principle of self-government, the unifying effect of the British monarchy and the administration of India and Egypt; American industry and finance; "Socialist Quackery" for the Daily Mail...
Dates: 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles., 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/232
Scope and Contents Proofs and cuttings of articles by WSC on the following subjects: "Mr Macdonald's Opportunity" on the visit of Ramsay Macdonald to the United States; "The Naval Argument" on British and American naval policy; "Prohibition" in the United States; "California"; "Wall Street" on the Wall Street crash; "The Battlefields" about Virginia; "Hollywood"; "Palestine and the Zionists" on violence in Palestine and the need for reconciliation between Jews and Arabs; "Why We Lost" on the defeat of the...
Dates: 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: articles: Evening Standard 2., 13 May 1937 - 03 Sep 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/570
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "Defending the Empire" on the issue of Commonwealth defence, especially air and naval power; "America looks at Europe" on the good relations between the United States, Britain and France, American neutrality, Britain's war debt, and the American role in keeping gold prices stable; "The Rome-Berlin Axis" on relations between Italy and Germany, and Italy and Britain; "Vive la France!" on the fall of Leon Blum's Government...
Dates: 13 May 1937 - 03 Sep 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: articles: News of the World 2., Jun 1937 - Jul 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/565
Scope and Contents

Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "When the Crash Came to the United States" on the Wall Street Crash; "The Dominions are Partners of Empire" on the strengths of the British Empire; "Chief Factors in our Social Revolution" on the development of social legislation.

Dates: Jun 1937 - Jul 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 5., 13 Jul 1941 - 29 Aug 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/694
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "Sea raiders" on the German ships "Scharnhorst" and "Gneisenau" and their eventual destruction during World War I; "A speech that prevented war" on [David] Lloyd George's speech at the Mansion House [London] on the Agadir [Morocco] Crisis in 1911; "Why I believe in government for the people" on totalitarianism in Germany, ranking the citizen higher than the state, and comparing the constitutions of Britain and the United States; "A People...
Dates: 13 Jul 1941 - 29 Aug 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Official: Prime Minister: correspondence between WSC and President Dwight D Eisenhower [President of the United States]., 29 Jan 1953 - 31 Mar 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 6/3A-C
Scope and Contents ff 1- 139 are copies of letters and telegrams from WSC to President Dwight D Eisenhower, 07 Feb 1953 - 31 Mar 1955.ff 140 - 214 are copies of letters from President Dwight D Eisenhower to WSC, 02 Feb1953 - 29 Mar 1955.ff 215 - 282 are copies of correspondence between WSC and President Dwight D Eisenhower, 29 Jan 1953 - 24 Mar 1955. Includes original letters from Dwight D Eisenhower, James D Moffett (2nd Secretary, United States Embassy in Britain) and Winthrop Aldrich (United States...
Dates: 29 Jan 1953 - 31 Mar 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., Jun 1936 - 30 Mar 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/295
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Ormsby-Gore [Secretary of State for the Colonies, later 4th Lord Harlech] on the Peel Commission [into Britain's Palestine Mandate]; "Harold R" [1st Lord Rothermere, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on Randolph Churchill's interview with General Franco for the Daily Mail, and Franco's sensible policies; Oliver Locker-Lampson; 4th Lord Camden, President, Kent Council of Social Service; Philip Guedalla [Honorary Director, Ibero- American Institute of Great...
Dates: Jun 1936 - 30 Mar 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 10 Jan 1935 - 30 Jun 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/296A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Carl Bechhofer Roberts on subjects including his biography of WSC, and particularly the Abdication Crisis [of King Edward VIII, earlier Edward, Prince of Wales, later Duke of Windsor] (2); Ivy, Lady Chamberlain; Cosmo Lang [Archbishop of Canterbury]; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon], Foreign Secretary, on a speech by WSC in a foreign affairs debate, and his tribute to the Foreign Office; 1st Lord Cecil of Chelwood [President, League of Nations Union, earlier Lord...
Dates: 10 Jan 1935 - 30 Jun 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, A-B, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and praising his leadership and speeches. [please note that almost the whole file dates from 1940]., Jun 1903 - Feb 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/392A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Vyvyan Adams (4) including (2) on his attending a meeting addressed by WSC; [John] Sandeman Allen on [David Lloyd George]; [1st] Lord Alness [earlier Robert Munro]; Julian Amery [Attache HM Legation, Belgrade] on articles by WSC for publication in Yugoslavia (4); Leo Amery [Secretary of State for India and Burma] sending on a 1903 letter from WSC to him on the British Army; Group Captain [Charles] Anderson on the Ministry of Aircraft Production taking over the...
Dates: Jun 1903 - Feb 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, T-Z., Jan 1942 - Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/447
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Mavis Tate and Sir Reginald Wingate supporting WSC's leadership; Cecil Thomas, editor of the Daily Mirror, on his brother, [Sir] Shenton Thomas [Governor of Straits Settlements and High Commissioner for the Malay States] and Singapore; "Bendor", [2nd] Duke of Westminster, (4) on subjects including the landings in North West Africa, meeting WSC, and reminisces; Sir Courtauld Thomson on gifts of a desk once owned by Lord Beaconsfield and a Russian gold medal and on...
Dates: Jan 1942 - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence A-B., Nov 1945 - Dec 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/52A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Prime Minister Clement Attlee (3); Paul Beards [Assistant Private Secretary to Attlee]; Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Chatfield (2), General Admiral Conrad Albrecht (2), and Leslie Rowan [Principal Private Secretary to Attlee] (3) on pensions for German war veterans; James Stuart [Chief Opposition Whip] (4); 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] (2); Julian Amery on completing J L Garvin's life of Joseph Chamberlain; Bhimrao Ambedkar (2) (see CHUR 2/52A/41);...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Dec 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence D-L., Nov 1945 - Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/6
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Terence Garvey (Foreign Office) on the case of George Dace; Percy Cudlipp, editor, Daily Herald, and Patrick Donner (2) requesting WSC to write for them; Sir Orme Sargent [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs] on Kenneth de Courcy; Sir Paul Booth on the "Dog and Duck" circle; Eric Gandar Dower on his constituency position (2); Robert Jenkins; Henry Hopkinson [later 1st Lord Colyton, Head of Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat and Joint Director,...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/45A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and extract from Hansard for WSC's speech (6 November, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the political divisions in the country; the charge of war-mongering laid against the Conservatives, and the need for steady government; the restoration of university representation in Parliament; the repeal of the Iron and Steel Nationalization Act; future parliamentary business, including the defence debate; keeping the Minister of Education out of the...
Dates: 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes, Hansard and source material., 12 Jul 1954 - 05 Sep 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/55A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and copies of Hansard for WSC's speech (12 July, House of Commons) entitled "Visit to the United States and Canada" on subjects including: WSC's concern at the lack of information given by the United States on their hydrogen bomb tests; his visit with Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon], Foreign Secretary, for personal talks with Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States; hopes for more open relations in future; his reception in Canada; Britain's common aims with the...
Dates: 12 Jul 1954 - 05 Sep 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/148A-B
Scope and Contents Hansard copies of WSC's statements (9 July) on the occupation of Iceland by United States troops, the appeal for arms from Eire (Southern Ireland) to the United States, and British losses in Syria. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6446-7.Notes for WSC's statement (15 July) on the production debate, the Anglo-Soviet Agreement against Germany, its effect on Poland, and the end of the Syrian campaign. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Part published: Complete Speeches VI, pp...
Dates: 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Jan 1942 - 13 Apr 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/183A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (29 January) winding up a debate on the war situation and responding to parliamentary questions on subjects including: the vote of confidence in the government; general policy in the Far East; the defence of Singapore and Malaya [later Malaysia]; the scorched earth policy at Penang; the conduct of the war; and troops and supplies in India. Also includes correspondence from Oliver Locker-Lampson; Percy Harris; Sir Arnold Gridley; Colin Thornley [Principal Private...
Dates: 27 Jan 1942 - 13 Apr 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 30 Mar 1943 - 08 Jun 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/191A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for a speech by WSC (not used) and part of a broadcast about India on calls for Indian independence, the achievements of the Indian army, Gandhi's fast and WSC's illness. Part of the notes form an unused section of WSC's broadcast of 21 March 1943 [see CHAR 9/193]. Source material includes correspondence from Leo Amery, Secretary of State for India and Burma (3), Francis Turnbull [Principal Private Secretary to Secretary of State for India] (2); a pamphlet on Britain and India;...
Dates: 30 Mar 1943 - 08 Jun 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 13 Jul 1943 - 21 Apr 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/198A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (29 March) on "a matter of confidence" relating to the deletion of a clause from the Education Bill which would accept equal pay for male and female teachers and an ensuing vote of no confidence. Subjects covered include: the strength of British democracy and the House of Commons and the principle of equality between the sexes. Includes note that the speech was not delivered. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 6916-7 (part).Speech notes and Hansard copy of...
Dates: 13 Jul 1943 - 21 Apr 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 27 Jun 1932 - 14 Dec 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/101
Scope and Contents Typescript draft of WSC's speech (27 June), entitled "India" on 11th Lord Lothian [earlier Philip Kerr, Chairman, Indian Franchise Committee]'s scheme for enfranchising the Indian population. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5186 - 5189.Speech notes for WSC's speech (11 July), entitled "Reparations Abandoned" on the War Loan Conversion, the worsening economic situation, the need for international economic co-operation, the Lausanne Treaty, the ending of German reparations and the treatment...
Dates: 27 Jun 1932 - 14 Dec 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Lecture tour of United States and Canada: Speech notes and typescript., 28 Jan 1932 - 08 Mar 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/99A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speeches (including 3 February, Public Music Hall, Cleveland, Ohio and 8 February, Economic Club Meeting, Hotel Astor, New York), entitled "International Finance" and "Deflation and War Debts" on the world economy, war debts and the Gold Standard. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5130 - 5133 (part).Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speeches (including 28 January, Brooklyn Academy of Music, New York, 7 February, Orchestra Hall, Chicago, and 8 March,...
Dates: 28 Jan 1932 - 08 Mar 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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