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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 90 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Broadcasts, 1931-11 - 1952-07

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEL 1/7/17
Scope and Contents Texts of broadcasts by LSA on subjects including: Fairbridge Farm Schools in Australia; Empire defence; the economics of Empire; the 1935 Peace Ballot; the Empire and world peace; the politician versus the businessman; the Jewish settlement in Palestine; the Empire Producers Organisation; the way of peace; Germany's debt to European civilisation; tributes to Yugoslavia; why Italy should not become a German ally; the Balkans; commentaries on the war (1940, including Norway and Germany's...
Dates: 1931-11 - 1952-07
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 1., 07 Jan 1940 - 25 Feb 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/665
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "My Secret Tank Plans were Missing" on WSC's experiences at "Plugstreet" (Ploegsteert [Belgium]) during World War I, being shelled and thinking he had lost some secret tank plans; "My 17 Fateful Hours with Clemenceau" on being sent by [David] Lloyd George to see [Georges] Clemenceau on the Western Front, and his opinions of [Field Marshal Ferdinand] Foch and [General Lord] Rawlinson; "I Compel Lawrence of Arabia [T E Lawrence, later T E Shaw]...
Dates: 07 Jan 1940 - 25 Feb 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Political: Constituency: North West Manchester: Correspondence., Jan 1906 - Dec 1906

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 4/10
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Royle, Chairman of the Manchester Liberal Federation (18) on subjects including arrangements for the election (2); E Crosfield Pearson (4); Lord Loreburn [earlier Sir Robert Reid]; 2nd Duke of Westminster; Fred Brierley on the issues of importance to the Manchester electorate including socialism, Chinese labour in South Africa, education, Free Trade and Ireland (2); James Southern (6); William Westbrook on WSC's recommendations for local magistrates; Sir...
Dates: Jan 1906 - Dec 1906
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 10 Jan 1935 - 30 Jun 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/296A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Carl Bechhofer Roberts on subjects including his biography of WSC, and particularly the Abdication Crisis [of King Edward VIII, earlier Edward, Prince of Wales, later Duke of Windsor] (2); Ivy, Lady Chamberlain; Cosmo Lang [Archbishop of Canterbury]; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon], Foreign Secretary, on a speech by WSC in a foreign affairs debate, and his tribute to the Foreign Office; 1st Lord Cecil of Chelwood [President, League of Nations Union, earlier Lord...
Dates: 10 Jan 1935 - 30 Jun 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 29 Dec 1937 - 15 Jul 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/330
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Ramsay Muir [Vice-President, Liberal Party Organization] on the possibility of a by-election in Epping [Essex]; Lieutenant-General Sir [George] Tom Bridges on WSC's speech at Sheffield [Yorkshire, 31 May] and wartime conscription; Philip Noel-Baker; Don Pablo de Azcarate y Florez, Spanish Ambassador to Britain, on including Spain in WSC's call for a team of peace-seeking nations; 10th Lord Elgin (and 14th Lord Kincardine [earlier Lord Bruce]), President, General...
Dates: 29 Dec 1937 - 15 Jul 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 10 May 1938 - 31 Oct 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/332
Scope and Contents Correspondents, mainly on Czechoslovakia and the Munich Pact, include: [David] Graham Hutton; Roy Harrod on subjects including the general support for WSC's views on foreign policy, and a suggested electoral pact between WSC and the Labour Party (3); Lady Violet Bonham-Carter [earlier Violet Asquith and Violet, Lady Bonham Carter, later Lady Asquith of Yarnbury] on subjects including WSC's speech on the Munich Pact (5 October) (2); Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister, on his worsening...
Dates: 10 May 1938 - 31 Oct 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 28 Jan 1939 - 30 Apr 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/358A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Pears, President of the Society of Marine Artists (2); Katharine, Duchess of Atholl, on allegations of Nationalist atrocities in Spain; Group-Captain Lachlan Maclean (2); "Reggie" [Reginald Fellowes] (3); [James] Vincent Sheean; [Lionel] Archer Cust, Secretary, Royal Empire Society; 9th Lord de la Warr [President, Board of Education, earlier Lord Buckhurst]; Sir Horace Rumbold [former British Ambassador to Germany] on the Government's policy towards Hitler;...
Dates: 28 Jan 1939 - 30 Apr 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: correspondence and papers on Palestine., Feb 1939 - Aug 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/379
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Leo Amery on the situation in Palestine and criticising government policy (3); Nathan Laski congratulating WSC's speech of 23 May; Josiah Wedgwood asking WSC to sign a joint letter criticising government policy; [John] Paskin, [Principal] Private Secretary [to Secretary of State for the Colonies], on a hunger strike by some Jews in detention.Also includes: notes from WSC's secretary "K H" [Kathleen Hill]; a note on Sir John Simon [Chancellor of the Exchequer] on...
Dates: Feb 1939 - Aug 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, A-B, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and praising his leadership and speeches. [please note that almost the whole file dates from 1940]., Jun 1903 - Feb 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/392A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Vyvyan Adams (4) including (2) on his attending a meeting addressed by WSC; [John] Sandeman Allen on [David Lloyd George]; [1st] Lord Alness [earlier Robert Munro]; Julian Amery [Attache HM Legation, Belgrade] on articles by WSC for publication in Yugoslavia (4); Leo Amery [Secretary of State for India and Burma] sending on a 1903 letter from WSC to him on the British Army; Group Captain [Charles] Anderson on the Ministry of Aircraft Production taking over the...
Dates: Jun 1903 - Feb 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, L-M. [please note that most material dates from 1941]., Feb 1941 - Feb 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/420
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: George Lambert; Harold Laski on the death of his father Nathan Laksi; "Jack" [John] Lawson (2); [Bernard] Sendall [Principal Private Secretary to Minister of Information] on United States recordings of WSC's speeches; Major [Richard] Eric Long (3) including (1) sending on a letter from [Robert] Hudson [Minister of Agriculture] on Long's gardener; [Dame] Edith Lyttelton [Mrs Arthur Lyttelton] (3) including (2) on an English Speaking Union luncheon; Oliver Lyttelton...
Dates: Feb 1941 - Feb 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office: Correspondence L - Q., 28 Jul 1939 - 20 May 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/366
Scope and Contents Correspondents, mainly congratulating WSC on his appointment as First Lord of the Admiralty, and on his broadcasts (1 October ["The first month of war"] and 12 November ["Ten weeks of war"]) include: George Lambton; Sir Walter Layton on reactions to WSC's description of the Germans as Huns; Frederick Leathers; "Charley" [7th Lord Londonderry, earlier Lord Castlereagh] on subjects including his differences with [Neville Chamberlain], Prime Minister, on foreign policy, the results of WSC's...
Dates: 28 Jul 1939 - 20 May 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: arrangements for the Conservative Party Conference at Blackpool [Lancashire], October 1946 (mainly letters of congratulation from the general public following WSC's speech)., May 1946 - Nov 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/9
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Ralph Assheton [later 1st Lord Clitheroe], Chairman of the Conservative Party [until July 1946] (2); James Stuart [Chief Opposition Whip]; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis], Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office [from July 1946]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from secretaries Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Elizabeth Gilliatt, Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow], and Honorary Secretary [Edmund]...
Dates: May 1946 - Nov 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence A-B., Nov 1945 - Dec 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/52A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Prime Minister Clement Attlee (3); Paul Beards [Assistant Private Secretary to Attlee]; Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Chatfield (2), General Admiral Conrad Albrecht (2), and Leslie Rowan [Principal Private Secretary to Attlee] (3) on pensions for German war veterans; James Stuart [Chief Opposition Whip] (4); 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] (2); Julian Amery on completing J L Garvin's life of Joseph Chamberlain; Bhimrao Ambedkar (2) (see CHUR 2/52A/41);...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Dec 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on the meetings and work of the Empire Parliamentary Association [later the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association]., Oct 1945 - Mar 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/49
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir George Harvie Watt; Sir Howard d'Egville, Secretary of the Empire Parliamentary Association (6); Sir Ralph Verney [Secretary to the Speaker of the House of Commons]; 1st Lord Nathan of Churt [Minister of Civil Aviation]; John Lockhart, Secretary of United Kingdom Branch of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association (3); Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip] (2). Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from secretaries...
Dates: Oct 1945 - Mar 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence D-L., Nov 1945 - Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/6
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Terence Garvey (Foreign Office) on the case of George Dace; Percy Cudlipp, editor, Daily Herald, and Patrick Donner (2) requesting WSC to write for them; Sir Orme Sargent [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs] on Kenneth de Courcy; Sir Paul Booth on the "Dog and Duck" circle; Eric Gandar Dower on his constituency position (2); Robert Jenkins; Henry Hopkinson [later 1st Lord Colyton, Head of Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat and Joint Director,...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence A., 05 Jan 1946 - 30 Jun 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/145A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Haile Selassie, Emperor [of Ethiopia] (2); Grant Duff Ainslie on the loss of India; "Brookie" [1st Lord Alanbrooke, earlier Sir Alan Brooke, Chief of Imperial General Staff] on subjects including the evacuation of British troops from Egypt (6); "Jimmy", 17th Duke of Alba, on subjects including Andres Revesz's biography of 1st Duke of Marlborough, and being prevented from leaving Spain (7); 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] on the country's need for WSC's...
Dates: 05 Jan 1946 - 30 Jun 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence A., 29 Dec 1945 - 20 Jul 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/166
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Leo Amery on subjects including offering his services in government, money for colonial development, WSC's speech [28 March 1950, "European Unity"] and the failure of Ernest Bevin [Foreign Secretary] to respond to it, and Israel's relations with Britain (8); Haile Selassie, Emperor of Abyssinia [later Ethiopia] (2); Philip Moore [later 1st Lord Moore of Wolvercote], Assistant Private Secretary to the First Lord of the Admiralty, on the commemoration of the United...
Dates: 29 Dec 1945 - 20 Jul 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence A - B., 29 Dec 1945 - 26 Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/160
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Christabel, Lady Aberconway, on WSC's cat (2); Max Aitken; Haile Selassie, Emperor of Ethiopia; "Alex", 1st Lord Alexander of Tunis [Governor-General of Canada] (9); Herbert Bruce [former Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario, Canada] on WSC's loss of the 1945 General Election and WSC's speeches in the United States; Arthur Meighen [former Prime Minister of Canada] on the need to maintain close relations with Britain, the menace of the Soviet Union to world peace and...
Dates: 29 Dec 1945 - 26 Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence D - G., 30 Jun 1946 - 06 Jun 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/162
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Helen, Lady D'Abernon (3); Arthur Christiansen, [Editor], Daily Express (2); Sir Clifford Norton, British Ambassador to Greece, on the funeral of Archbishop Damaskinos, former Regent of Greece; Archbishop Damaskinos on his gratitude to WSC; Charles de Gaulle on WSC's treatment of him in ["The Second World War"]; 18th Lord Derby [earlier Lord Stanley] on racing; "Ettie", Ethel, Lady Desborough (6); Sir Humphrey de Trafford on racing; Andre de Staercke, on the staff of...
Dates: 30 Jun 1946 - 06 Jun 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence M - Q., 31 Oct 1945 - 27 Jan 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/153A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Mabane [Director, Kemsley Newspapers] asking if WSC could contribute to the Sunday Chronicle on United Europe and fears of a Socialist State; Marjorie Madan on publishing quotations from WSC (4); Stuart Mais on dedicating a book to WSC; 1st Lord Margesson; Louis Marin, member, French National Assembly; Reginald Marnham [WSC's neighbour] (4); Douglas Marshall, MP for Bodmin [Cornwall] conveying greetings from his constituency; John Martin [former Private...
Dates: 31 Oct 1945 - 27 Jan 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 290 - 297, closed under S40 and S41(1) of the Freedom of Information Act on advice from the Cabinet Office. Review date: 1 Jan 2021.
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Public and Political: General: Visits and invitations: the Netherlands (May 1946): arrangements and official papers., 19 Nov 1945 - 19 Jun 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/234A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents on WSC's visit include: Sir Neville Bland, British Ambassador to the Netherlands (7); [Edgar] Michiels van Verduynen, Ambassador of the Netherlands to Britain, on arrangements for the visit and the award of an honorary doctorate to WSC from the University of Leyden (4); 13th Lord Reay [earlier Aeneas Mackay], Foreign Office (4); A P C van Karnebeek, First Secretary, Embassy of the Netherlands (4); J W Meijer Ranneft, former Chairman, People's Council in the Dutch East Indies...
Dates: 19 Nov 1945 - 19 Jun 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Proofs., 05 Apr 1906 - 23 May 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/21
Scope and Contents Proof copy (2nd revise) of volume of speeches by WSC on "The Record of the Government" and "Social Organisation", with extensive manuscript annotations by WSC, containing:.Speech by WSC (5 April 1906, House of Commons) entitled "The Conciliation of South Africa". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 607 - 14.Speech by WSC (31 July 1906, House of Commons), entitled "The Transvaal [South Africa] Consitution". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 647 - 62.Speech by WSC (17 December, House of...
Dates: 05 Apr 1906 - 23 May 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Proofs., 05 Apr 1906 - 09 Oct 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/22
Scope and Contents Proof copy (3rd revise) of volume of speeches by WSC on "The Record of the Government" and "Social Organisation" and "The Budget", with extensive manuscript annotations by WSC, containing:.Speech by WSC (5 April 1906, House of Commons) entitled "The Conciliation of South Africa". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 607 - 14.Speech by WSC (31 July 1906, House of Commons), entitled "The Transvaal [South Africa] Consitution". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 647 - 62.Speech by WSC (17...
Dates: 05 Apr 1906 - 09 Oct 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/45A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and extract from Hansard for WSC's speech (6 November, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the political divisions in the country; the charge of war-mongering laid against the Conservatives, and the need for steady government; the restoration of university representation in Parliament; the repeal of the Iron and Steel Nationalization Act; future parliamentary business, including the defence debate; keeping the Minister of Education out of the...
Dates: 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 10 Dec 1948 - 10 Oct 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/51A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (17 April 1953, Scottish Unionist Association Annual General Meeting, Green's Playhouse, Glasgow [Scotland]) entitled "The Government's Record" on subjects including: the latest Budget, including tax cuts and the encouragement of free enterprise; the strengthened Government position; relations with the Trade Unions; the drop in unemployment; support for the Welfare State; the housing situation; the Labour Government's financial mismanagement;...
Dates: 10 Dec 1948 - 10 Oct 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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