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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 18 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments, on volume 5 ("Closing the Ring") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Oct 1951 - Feb 1956

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/61
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: ?Robert Chapman; Michael Wilford and Frederick Leishman [Assistant Private Secretaries to Foreign Secretary]; Francis Fisher on confusion between Monte Camino and Monte Cassino [Italy]; Oswald Frewen on the role of "gooseberries" in artificial harbours; Ross Geddes on supplying petrol from Britain to France; Charles Wood [WSC's proof reader] on Admiral Sir Max Horton's role; Randolph Churchill (2) and 2nd Lord Jellicoe on the SAS' (Special Air Service) role; French...
Dates: Oct 1951 - Feb 1956
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments on volume 6 ("Triumph and Tragedy") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Oct 1953 - Dec 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/64A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Houghton Mifflin Company of Boston [United States] including President Henry Laughlin and Austin Olney (13) on subjects including a request to publish WSC's speech on hearing of his Nobel Prize award; representatives of Time-Life International including Daniel Longwell [former editor of Life Magazine] (10); representatives of the New York Times [United States] including Assistant Managing Editor Theodore Bernstein (8); Ernest Passant [Director of...
Dates: Oct 1953 - Dec 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence on producing volume 6 ("Triumph and Tragedy") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Mar 1949 - Nov 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/63A-C
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary of the Cabinet] (7); Harry Truman on WSC reproducing telegrams from him (2); representatives of Time-Life International including George Caturani, Connie Graebner, Walter Graebner, and Daniel Longwell [editor of Life Magazine] (47); John Killick [Private Secretary to Parliamentary Under-Secretary] (Foreign Office); Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz] (6); representatives of the Daily Telegraph including Managing...
Dates: Mar 1949 - Nov 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence on publishing WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War"), mainly with representatives of Time-Life International, including Daniel Longwell [editor of Life Magazine], Walter Graebner [London representative], Andrew Heiskell [publisher], Monica Owen Horne, Constance Babbington-Smith, and Renee Harmer., Aug 1945 - Jan 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/15A-C
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Henry Laughlin [President of Houghton Mifflin Company, publishers] (2); William Edwards, [Assistant Director] Federation of British Industries; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from: secretaries Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow], Chips Gemmell, Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Elizabeth Gilliatt, Grace Hamblin, Jane Portal [later Lady Williams of Elvel], Anne Hipwell, and...
Dates: Aug 1945 - Jan 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), A-B., Sep 1945 - Jun 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/18A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Deakin (9); [George Gordon] Allen (16); Sir John Slessor on information on the Coastal Command in 1943; Thomas Allen, publisher, on Canadian editions of the memoirs (5); 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] on Sir Edward Spears reviewing "Their Finest Hour" (volume 2); "Max", 1st Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken]; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (2); Ernest Passant, Director of Research, Librarian and Keeper of the Papers, Foreign Office...
Dates: Sep 1945 - Jun 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), C-I., Jun 1946 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/19A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann] on the atomic bomb; R V Jones; Sir Laurence Collier [British Ambassador to Norway]; William Deakin (12); Ian Colvin (4) including (2) on his book on [General Paul] von Kleist; Robert Sherwood; Sir Alfred Duff Cooper [later 1st Lord Norwich] (2); Sir Stafford Cripps sending on extracts from his diary for summer 1939; [George Gordon] Allen (2); Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (3) including (2) on sending draft chapters to...
Dates: Jun 1946 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), J-Pownall., Jan 1946 - Apr 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/20A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: R V Jones on bombing science (4); Lieutenant-General Wladyslaw Anders [former Commander, Polish forces in Iran and Palestine] on the Katyn [Soviet Union] massacre; Denis Kelly [WSC's literary assistant] (7); William Deakin (10); Daniel Longwell [editor of Life Magazine]; Frank Rye on the Westminster by-election [1924]; "Bill", 1st Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry, Editor-in-Chief of the Daily Telegraph]; 1st Lord Portal [of Hungerford, earlier Sir Charles...
Dates: Jan 1946 - Apr 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: The Second World War, Volume 4 "The Hinge of Fate", Various material., Feb 1942 - Oct 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/298
Scope and Contents Includes correspondence on corrections to be made to Volume 4 of "The Second World War" from individuals including: Denis Kelly (5); Charles Wood; WSC on a reference to [?Reginald] Dorman Smith; Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary to the Cabinet]; 1st Lord Ismay on the need to amend a reference to Gandhi taking glucose during his fast; the Visconde de Meirelles on the use of 'neutral' planes during the war; [George] Gordon Allen; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (2);...
Dates: Feb 1942 - Oct 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Jan 1942 - 13 Apr 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/183A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (29 January) winding up a debate on the war situation and responding to parliamentary questions on subjects including: the vote of confidence in the government; general policy in the Far East; the defence of Singapore and Malaya [later Malaysia]; the scorched earth policy at Penang; the conduct of the war; and troops and supplies in India. Also includes correspondence from Oliver Locker-Lampson; Percy Harris; Sir Arnold Gridley; Colin Thornley [Principal Private...
Dates: 27 Jan 1942 - 13 Apr 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 23 Apr 1942 - 02 Jun 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/184A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (23 April) in secret session on the war situation including: Japan's entry into the war; setbacks including battleship losses; defence of the Admiralty over the escape of the German battlecruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau; events and operations in the Far East, the Middle East and the Soviet Union; air battles including the bombing of Germany; and aircraft and ship production. Also includes correspondence from: Maurice Dean [Assistant Under Secretary of State,...
Dates: 23 Apr 1942 - 02 Jun 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 08 Sep 1942 - 11 Sep 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/186A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (8 September) on the war situation including: his position as Prime Minister; the success of getting supplies to Malta; successes of United States and Australian troops against Japan in Pacific; the U Boat war; the United States mission of Harry Hopkins [Aide to President Roosevelt], General George Marshall [Chief of Staff, United States Army] and Admiral Ernest King [Commander in Chief United States Fleet and Chief of Naval Operations] to Great Britain; WSC's...
Dates: 08 Sep 1942 - 11 Sep 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Jul 1943 - 13 Oct 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/192A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (27 July) on the fall of Mussolini including an assessment of his regime and the principles to be used in negotiations with Italy; and also on events and operations in the Soviet Union and the bombing of Germany. Also includes correspondence from 1st Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin, British Ambassador to the United States]; Francis Keenlyside [Assistant Secretary in charge of Shipping Policy]; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the Cabinet]; and...
Dates: 27 Jul 1943 - 13 Oct 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 01 Dec 1944 - 08 Feb 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/205A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (18 January) on the war situation and foreign policy including: the certainty of victory; the importance of unconditional surrender; praise for President Roosevelt; the importance of establishing democratic government in liberated countries with reference to the situations in Italy, Yugoslavia, and Greece; casualty figures for troops from the United States and the British empire; the Soviet Union advance into Germany; and operations in Burma and the Philippines....
Dates: 01 Dec 1944 - 08 Feb 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 15 Feb 1942 - 15 Mar 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/188A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (15 February) on the fall of Singapore and reviewing the war. Subjects covered include: the Atlantic Charter and assistance provided by the United States; operations in the Soviet Union; the entry of Japan into the war; the Home Front and difficulties of food supply; and the strength of China. Also includes correspondence from James Stuart [Government Chief Whip]; Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Secretary of State for Air]; [General Wladyslaw]...
Dates: 15 Feb 1942 - 15 Mar 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 08 Feb 1944 - 12 Nov 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/204A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (2 March, Royal College of Physicians, London) on advances in medicine and science and the importance of a National Health Service. Also includes correspondence and source material from: 1st Lord Moran [earlier Charles Wilson] President of the Royal College of Physicians (2); Michael Reed [Private Secretary to Minister of Health]; notes and copies of correspondence from Leslie Rowan [Principal Private Secretary to WSC] and John Martin [Private Secretary to WSC];...
Dates: 08 Feb 1944 - 12 Nov 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and other material., 14 Jul 1941 - 11 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/152A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (14 July, County Hall, London) entitled the "Grit and Stamina of London" on the German bombing of London, the prospects for the future, and British bombing of Germany. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6448-52.Brief notes for WSC's speech (14 July, Civil Defence Review, Hyde Park, London). Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6447-8.Also includes cuttings from the Yorkshire Post and the Glasgow Herald reporting the above two speeches.Cutting from the Times on the...
Dates: 14 Jul 1941 - 11 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and other material., 08 Dec 1941 - 21 Jan 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/153
Scope and Contents Cuttings from the Listener containing the text of WSC's broadcast (8 December, BBC) entitled "The Great Alliance of Free Peoples" on the attack on Pearl Harbor [United States], liaison with President Roosevelt, and the declaration of war on Japan. [Repeat of WSC's speech delivered to the House of Commons earlier that day with one added paragraph; for further material see CHAR 9/149 and CHAR 9/180] Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6523-6.Notes for WSC's broadcast (24 December, Washington...
Dates: 08 Dec 1941 - 21 Jan 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 01 May 1945 - 31 May 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/209/5
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, May 1945.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: senior civil servants, including Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet]; the Chief Whip [James Stuart]; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; the Chiefs of Staff; "C" [Major General Sir Stewart Menzies, Head of Britain's Secret Intelligence...
Dates: 01 May 1945 - 31 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for minutes M 497/5 and C 42/5, which are closed on Cabinet Office instructions under S23 of the Freedom of Information Act. Review 2021.

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