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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 16 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": digests of various sources collected in the production of the book for sections on "Liberty, Sovereignty, and the Civil War", "The First British Empire", "Character of the People in the Age of Shakespeare", "Scotland and Ireland up to 1760", "Tory and Whig England (1660-1742)", "Party and Cabinet Government, 1660-1782", "World Power, 1689-1763", "Protestants and Puritans", "Commerce, Sea Power, and Discovery", "Language and Literature till the Birth of Shakespeare", "The New State", "The Laws of America, 1775-83", "America 1763-74", "The New Age, 1760-1792", and "The Industrial Revolution, Phase 1"., [1938] - [1945]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/442A-D
Scope and Contents Includes typed digests or pages from sources including: [Samuel] Gardiner's "Cromwell's Place in History" and "History of England, 1603-1642", Basil Williams' "The British Empire" and "The Life of William Pitt, Earl of Chatham", Hugh Egerton's "A Short History of British Colonial Policy", G L Beer's "The Old Colonial System", "The Cambridge Modern History", Edward Channing's "A History of the United States", Charles Andrews' "The Colonial Period of American History", [Peter] Hume Brown's...
Dates: [1938] - [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volumes 1 to 4, "The Birth of Britain", "The New World", "The Age of Revolution", and "The Great Democracies": page proofs., 1955 - 1958

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/441A-D
Scope and Contents

Includes loose and bound page proofs for the above volumes, with suggested corrections, amendments, and notes [mainly for volume 1] from various people [secretaries, literary assistants, printers, etc.] or organisations including: "C C W" [Charles Wood], "A H" [Alan Hodge], WSC, [John] Sundell of Cassell [and Company], "D K" [Denis Kelly], Time-Life [International], and [George Gordon] Allen.

Dates: 1955 - 1958
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles: Amalgamated Press., Jan 1934 - Aug 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/501
Scope and Contents Proofs, press cuttings and correspondence on the following articles by WSC: "Do Bye-Elections Count?" discounting the East Fulham bye-election, stating the differences between bye-elections and general elections and discussing the divisions in the Conservative Party; "Defence not Defiance" on the current strength of the country; "How we made the Irish treaty" in defence of the Irish Settlement [1922] and WSC's meetings with Michael Collins; "Will the League survive?" on the crisis facing the...
Dates: Jan 1934 - Aug 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles: Daily Mail., Mar 1935 - Nov 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/519
Scope and Contents Proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "To-day's Great Problems at Home and Abroad" on the threat of war; "The Grave Weakness of Britain's Defences" on the need to build up the Forces; "The Miracle of Our Balanced Budgets" on changes to the economy since 1929, and the contradictions between economic problems and a balanced budget; "Is Parliament Merely a Talking Shop?" on government by debate and the influence of Socialist and Irish members of Parliament; "What is the...
Dates: Mar 1935 - Nov 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles: Evening Standard., May 1935 - Jun 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/520
Scope and Contents Proofs of the following articles by WSC: "The King's 25 Years" [in 7 parts]: "The Accession" on the death of Edward VII, the background of Queen Mary and the political situation in 1910; "The King Faces his First Crisis" on David Lloyd George's 1909 Budget, the Home Rule Bill and the deadlock between the Houses of Parliament; "War Clouds Gather" on the House of Commons in 1911, industrial disputes, social organization, the Triple Entente between Britain, France and Russia, and the Agadir...
Dates: May 1935 - Jun 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Collier's magazine articles by WSC: 2., Nov 1938 - Apr 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/621
Scope and Contents Includes proofs and cuttings from Collier's for: "Today's Battles" (British title "War on Land" or "How the Armies will fight next time") on developments in military strategy in wars since the American Civil War, tanks, the difficulties facing an aggressor, and the importance of the infantry-man; "The Colony Racket" (British title "Great Britain and the German Colonies") on Germany's claims to have its former colonies returned, giving an historical perspective, comparing [Prince Otto von]...
Dates: Nov 1938 - Apr 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: miscellaneous correspondence, A-E, and correspondence on the Life magazine serialisation, of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Mar 1948 - Jul 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/52A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (4); Brigadier Hugh Harlock [Australian Army Representative in the United Kingdom] on accounts of the Australian Army's part in the war; William Deakin (2); Robert Mason (Foreign Office); George Crosfield; Count Edmund Carton de Wiart (2); Andre de Staercke [Secretary to Prince Charles, Regent of Belgium]; Olive Muir (4); Arthur Birse [one of WSC's wartime interpreters] thanking WSC for mentioning him; Robert Marshall [Private...
Dates: Mar 1948 - Jul 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "My Life", News of the World: copy., Jan 1935 - Mar 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/522A-B
Scope and Contents Carbon copies of the following articles by WSC: "My Life" [in 12 parts]: "Looking Back on Sixty Years" on WSC's childhood, education and time at Sandhurst; "Frontier Days in India" on WSC's expedition to India with the 4th Hussars, and the frontier risings of 1897; "Charge of the 21st Lancers" on the battle of Omdurman and the Sudan Campaign; "Taken Prisoner by the Boers" on WSC as a war correspondent in South Africa; "My Escape from Pretoria"; "My Entry into Politics" on writing Lord...
Dates: Jan 1935 - Mar 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "My Life", News of the World": proofs., Jan 1935 - Mar 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/523A-B
Scope and Contents Galley proofs of the following articles by WSC: "My Life" [in 12 parts]: "Looking Back on Sixty Years" on WSC's childhood, education and time at Sandhurst; "Frontier Days in India" on WSC's expedition to India with the 4th Hussars, and the frontier risings of 1897; "Charge of the 21st Lancers" on the battle of Omdurman and the Sudan Campaign; "Taken Prisoner by the Boers" on WSC as a war correspondent in South Africa; "My Escape from Pretoria"; "My Entry into Politics" on writing Lord...
Dates: Jan 1935 - Mar 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence N-Z., 1880 - Jun 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/576A-C
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Sir] Walton Newbold on economic issues; Harold Nicolson; Terence O'Connor on subjects including wireless broadcasting, Ireland and WSC's attacks on his speech; Sir Michael O'Dwyer; Herman Ould on the role of John Galsworthy's play "Justice" on prison reform; Edward Marsh on subjects including submarine campaigns (3); [Thomas] Guy Paget; [1st Lord] Portsea [earlier Bertram Falle]; [Frederick] Ponsonby [later 1st Lord Sysonby] on a libel case and distress to King...
Dates: 1880 - Jun 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, E-G., Jan 1942 - Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/442
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Eade [Editor] of the Sunday Dispatch (3) and Lovat Dickson [Director] of MacMillan and Company (2) on subjects including Eade going to Egypt and WSC binding copies of his works for him; Sir Crisp English on WSC's acute appendicitis in 1922; Michael Foot, [Acting] Editor, Evening Standard, on Low's cartoon "Winterton's Nightmare"; [Sir Alexander] Erskine-Hill congratulating WSC on his speech of 23 April; Wilfred Fish [WSC's dentist]; [Alan] Hodge [Assistant...
Dates: Jan 1942 - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence Sa., 28 Apr 1948 - 12 Oct 1959

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/198
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Emir Zeid [Iraqi Ambassador to Britain]; [? Nourias Said, Prime Minister of Iraq]; 2nd Lord St Aldwyn [earlier Lord Quenington]; "Bobbety", 5th Lord Salisbury [earlier Lord Cranborne], Leader of the House of Lords and Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations, on subjects including Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Salisbury himself being unable to continue at the Commonwealth Relations Office, the de-nationalization of steel, appointing a deputy Foreign...
Dates: 28 Apr 1948 - 12 Oct 1959
Conditions Governing Access: Open except folios 14-16 which are closed under S37(1), S40 and S41(1) of the Freedom of Information Act on advice from the Cabinet Office. Review 2021.
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/148A-B
Scope and Contents Hansard copies of WSC's statements (9 July) on the occupation of Iceland by United States troops, the appeal for arms from Eire (Southern Ireland) to the United States, and British losses in Syria. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6446-7.Notes for WSC's statement (15 July) on the production debate, the Anglo-Soviet Agreement against Germany, its effect on Poland, and the end of the Syrian campaign. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Part published: Complete Speeches VI, pp...
Dates: 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 05 May 1938 - 25 May 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/129A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (5 May) on the Eire bill, Britain abandoning rights it had under the 1921 Treaty, and the role of [Eamon] De Valera [Prime Minister of Ireland]. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5948-55.Notes for WSC's speech (25 May) entitled "A private execution" on the replacement of 1st Lord Swinton [earlier Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister and Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame] as Secretary of State for Air, the state of air defence, and setting up a...
Dates: 05 May 1938 - 25 May 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 11 Mar 1920 - 15 Dec 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/60
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (11 March) on the union of the Air and War Ministries, and building up the RAF. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 2965 - 2974.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 June) on the need for forces in the Middle East, the situation in the Caucasus, the Crimea [Soviet Union] and Constantinople [later Istanbul, Turkey], and the need for more Territorial and regular army recruitment.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 June) on army...
Dates: 11 Mar 1920 - 15 Dec 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 07 Feb 1920 - 23 Feb 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/59
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 February) on the abolition of conscription, the need for an increase in the army, development in the Air Force and in tanks, the Territorial Army and troops for Ireland. Source material includes: an extract from the Naval, Military and Air Force Service Act, 1919; memoranda by WSC on estimates, and reliefs for foreign garrisons; [?] Francis Acland on estimates; [Lieutenant-General Sir George MacDonogh] Adjutant-General, on reliefs for...
Dates: 07 Feb 1920 - 23 Feb 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.