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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 20 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": digests of various sources collected in the production of the book for sections on "Liberty, Sovereignty, and the Civil War", "The First British Empire", "Character of the People in the Age of Shakespeare", "Scotland and Ireland up to 1760", "Tory and Whig England (1660-1742)", "Party and Cabinet Government, 1660-1782", "World Power, 1689-1763", "Protestants and Puritans", "Commerce, Sea Power, and Discovery", "Language and Literature till the Birth of Shakespeare", "The New State", "The Laws of America, 1775-83", "America 1763-74", "The New Age, 1760-1792", and "The Industrial Revolution, Phase 1"., [1938] - [1945]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/442A-D
Scope and Contents Includes typed digests or pages from sources including: [Samuel] Gardiner's "Cromwell's Place in History" and "History of England, 1603-1642", Basil Williams' "The British Empire" and "The Life of William Pitt, Earl of Chatham", Hugh Egerton's "A Short History of British Colonial Policy", G L Beer's "The Old Colonial System", "The Cambridge Modern History", Edward Channing's "A History of the United States", Charles Andrews' "The Colonial Period of American History", [Peter] Hume Brown's...
Dates: [1938] - [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volumes 1 to 4, "The Birth of Britain", "The New World", "The Age of Revolution", and "The Great Democracies": page proofs., 1955 - 1958

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/441A-D
Scope and Contents

Includes loose and bound page proofs for the above volumes, with suggested corrections, amendments, and notes [mainly for volume 1] from various people [secretaries, literary assistants, printers, etc.] or organisations including: "C C W" [Charles Wood], "A H" [Alan Hodge], WSC, [John] Sundell of Cassell [and Company], "D K" [Denis Kelly], Time-Life [International], and [George Gordon] Allen.

Dates: 1955 - 1958
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles by WSC for the Daily Mail., 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/317
Scope and Contents Proofs and newspaper cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "I was conscious through it all" and "My New York [United States] misadventure" on WSC's accident in which he was hit by a motor car; "The Academy reveals Britain's brave gaiety" on the Royal Academy exhibition (including a draft of the article by Edward Marsh); "My happy days in the Bahamas "; "Words on the Irish Treaty" on the announcement by [Eamon] De Valera of the abolition of the Oath of Allegiance; "Lord Oxford [and...
Dates: 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Collier's magazine articles by WSC: 2., Nov 1938 - Apr 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/621
Scope and Contents Includes proofs and cuttings from Collier's for: "Today's Battles" (British title "War on Land" or "How the Armies will fight next time") on developments in military strategy in wars since the American Civil War, tanks, the difficulties facing an aggressor, and the importance of the infantry-man; "The Colony Racket" (British title "Great Britain and the German Colonies") on Germany's claims to have its former colonies returned, giving an historical perspective, comparing [Prince Otto von]...
Dates: Nov 1938 - Apr 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "My Life", News of the World: copy., Jan 1935 - Mar 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/522A-B
Scope and Contents Carbon copies of the following articles by WSC: "My Life" [in 12 parts]: "Looking Back on Sixty Years" on WSC's childhood, education and time at Sandhurst; "Frontier Days in India" on WSC's expedition to India with the 4th Hussars, and the frontier risings of 1897; "Charge of the 21st Lancers" on the battle of Omdurman and the Sudan Campaign; "Taken Prisoner by the Boers" on WSC as a war correspondent in South Africa; "My Escape from Pretoria"; "My Entry into Politics" on writing Lord...
Dates: Jan 1935 - Mar 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "My Life", News of the World": proofs., Jan 1935 - Mar 1935

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/523A-B
Scope and Contents Galley proofs of the following articles by WSC: "My Life" [in 12 parts]: "Looking Back on Sixty Years" on WSC's childhood, education and time at Sandhurst; "Frontier Days in India" on WSC's expedition to India with the 4th Hussars, and the frontier risings of 1897; "Charge of the 21st Lancers" on the battle of Omdurman and the Sudan Campaign; "Taken Prisoner by the Boers" on WSC as a war correspondent in South Africa; "My Escape from Pretoria"; "My Entry into Politics" on writing Lord...
Dates: Jan 1935 - Mar 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 8., 23 Nov 1941 - 28 Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/697
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "My adventures with the guerrilla fighters" on WSC's experiences during the rebellion against the Spanish in Cuba; "First things I remember" on his earliest memories of Ireland, Elizabeth Everest, his mother [Lady Randolph Churchill], Ventnor [Isle of Wight], [William] Gladstone's election victory in 1880, and his schooling at Brighton [Sussex]; "The man who gave me my first cabinet post" on WSC's memories of Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord...
Dates: 23 Nov 1941 - 28 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: WSC's articles for the Daily Mail., 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/339
Scope and Contents Proofs and cuttings of articles by WSC: "Gordon: a Christian hero's sacrifice" on the death of General Charles Gordon at Khartoum [Sudan] in defiance of government orders; "Ireland" on the electoral success of [Eamon] De Valera and Anglo-Irish relations; an article on the Soviet Union including comments on communism, food shortages and embargoes imposed by the British government; a review of J L Garvin's biography of Joseph Chamberlain; "August 4, 1914: a nation transformed" on the effect of...
Dates: 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence N-Z., 1880 - Jun 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/576A-C
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Sir] Walton Newbold on economic issues; Harold Nicolson; Terence O'Connor on subjects including wireless broadcasting, Ireland and WSC's attacks on his speech; Sir Michael O'Dwyer; Herman Ould on the role of John Galsworthy's play "Justice" on prison reform; Edward Marsh on subjects including submarine campaigns (3); [Thomas] Guy Paget; [1st Lord] Portsea [earlier Bertram Falle]; [Frederick] Ponsonby [later 1st Lord Sysonby] on a libel case and distress to King...
Dates: 1880 - Jun 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/148A-B
Scope and Contents Hansard copies of WSC's statements (9 July) on the occupation of Iceland by United States troops, the appeal for arms from Eire (Southern Ireland) to the United States, and British losses in Syria. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6446-7.Notes for WSC's statement (15 July) on the production debate, the Anglo-Soviet Agreement against Germany, its effect on Poland, and the end of the Syrian campaign. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Part published: Complete Speeches VI, pp...
Dates: 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 11 Mar 1920 - 15 Dec 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/60
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (11 March) on the union of the Air and War Ministries, and building up the RAF. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 2965 - 2974.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 June) on the need for forces in the Middle East, the situation in the Caucasus, the Crimea [Soviet Union] and Constantinople [later Istanbul, Turkey], and the need for more Territorial and regular army recruitment.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 June) on army...
Dates: 11 Mar 1920 - 15 Dec 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 16 Feb 1922 - 03 Aug 1922

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/65A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (16 February), on the Irish elections, the dangers of delay, the Irish Boundary Commission, the interests of Northern and Southern Ireland and the position of Ulster. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 3192 - 3205.Speech notes for WSC's statement (23 February) on freeing the funds of Irish local authorities previously intercepted to fund compensation claims, and settling compensation for personal injury and injury to property between the British and Irish...
Dates: 16 Feb 1922 - 03 Aug 1922
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, source material and Hansard., 13 Jun 1921 - 15 Dec 1921

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/63
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (14 June) on policy in the Middle East, particularly Palestine and Mesopotamia [later Iraq], the formation of the Middle Eastern department, troops in the Middle East, the hand-over to an Arab government and army in Mesopotamia, the situation in Kurdistan and Jewish colonies in Palestine and Transjordan [later Jordan]. Source material includes Colonial Office notes on WSC's statement. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 3095 - 3111.A copy of Hansard (15...
Dates: 13 Jun 1921 - 15 Dec 1921
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 15 Apr 1931 - 18 Nov 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/94A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (29 April), entitled "The Budget" on the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Philip Snowden's adoption of WSC's own measures as former Chancellor, on the National Debt, the Unemployment Insurance Fund and taxation. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5016 - 5024.Speech notes for WSC's speech (13 May), entitled "India Office" on trade with India, the boycott on British goods and its harmful effect on Lancashire and the Indian people, and the political...
Dates: 15 Apr 1931 - 18 Nov 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 27 Jun 1932 - 14 Dec 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/101
Scope and Contents Typescript draft of WSC's speech (27 June), entitled "India" on 11th Lord Lothian [earlier Philip Kerr, Chairman, Indian Franchise Committee]'s scheme for enfranchising the Indian population. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5186 - 5189.Speech notes for WSC's speech (11 July), entitled "Reparations Abandoned" on the War Loan Conversion, the worsening economic situation, the need for international economic co-operation, the Lausanne Treaty, the ending of German reparations and the treatment...
Dates: 27 Jun 1932 - 14 Dec 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 07 Feb 1920 - 23 Feb 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/59
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 February) on the abolition of conscription, the need for an increase in the army, development in the Air Force and in tanks, the Territorial Army and troops for Ireland. Source material includes: an extract from the Naval, Military and Air Force Service Act, 1919; memoranda by WSC on estimates, and reliefs for foreign garrisons; [?] Francis Acland on estimates; [Lieutenant-General Sir George MacDonogh] Adjutant-General, on reliefs for...
Dates: 07 Feb 1920 - 23 Feb 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 16 Oct 1920 - 13 Nov 1923

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/62
Scope and Contents Speech notes and draft typescript for WSC's speech (16 October 1920, King's Theatre, Dundee, Scotland) on the tyranny of Bolshevism, the Socialist delegation to Russia, Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith, Leader of the Liberal Party]'s policy on Ireland and the need for firm action in Ireland. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 3018 - 3024.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (4 November 1920, United Wards Club Luncheon, Cannon Street Hotel, London), entitled...
Dates: 16 Oct 1920 - 13 Nov 1923
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 12 Feb 1921 - 24 Sep 1921

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/64
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (12 February, English-Speaking Union dinner, Hyde Park Hotel, London), entitled "Imperial Family Council" on the English speaking peoples, the unity of the Empire, and understanding with the United States. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 3063 - 3066.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (31 March, reply to Moslem delegation, Government House, Jerusalem [Palestine]), entitled "Justice for Arab and Jew" on Arthur Balfour [Lord President of the...
Dates: 12 Feb 1921 - 24 Sep 1921
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 20 Jan 1922 - 11 Nov 1922

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/66A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (20 January, National Liberal Council, Central Hall, Westminster, London) on the Government's standing, the strength of the Liberal and Conservative coalition, the need for stability and the preservation of liberal principles against the threat of Socialism. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 3159 - 3165.Speech notes for WSC's speech (27 January, Kenya Dinner, Hotel Victoria, London) on colonial policy in Kenya and Uganda, compared to the French policy in North...
Dates: 20 Jan 1922 - 11 Nov 1922
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., Feb 1933 - 24 Apr 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/104
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (February, Chingford [Essex]) on subjects including the National Government, economic affairs, unemployment, and India.Notes for WSC's speech (17 February, Queen's Hall, London, Anti-socialist and anti-communist union) on socialism and communism, the Soviet Union, Japan, India, and the Oxford Union motion against fighting for King and country. Also includes printed guide containing the text of WSC's speech. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5219-20.Notes for WSC's...
Dates: Feb 1933 - 24 Apr 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open

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